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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Father's Parenting Behavior, Parenting Involvement and Father-Child Communication on Children's Multiple Intelligence
Jang, Young Ae ; Lee, Young Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 529~546
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.529
The purpose of this study was to find the effects of parenting behavior, parenting involvement and father-child communicationon on children's multiple intelligence. For this purpose, 182 children selected from three elementary schools and their fathers participated in the study. The findings of this study are as follows : First, there were some significant differences in children's multiple intelligence according to the children's grade, gender, father's educational background and income. Second, there were some significant differences in children's multiple intelligence according to the parenting behavior, warmth acceptance, rejection restriction and permissiveness nonintervention behaviors, and to leisure activity, life guidance, study guidance of parenting involvement and to father-child open communication, problematic communication. Third, It was also found that children's grade, gender, father's educational background, warmth acceptance behavior, permissiveness nonintervention behaviors and open communication, problematic communication were all significant predictors of the children's multiple intelligence. In order to increase the children's multiple intelligence, parents should be warmer and more accepting and have open commnication with their children.
The Relationship between Directors' Servant Leadership and Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Mediation Effect of Teachers' Psychological Empowerment in Childcare Centers
Yang, Hui Jeong ; Min, Ha Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 547~557
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.547
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between directors' servant leadership, teachers' organizational citizenship behavior and psychological empowerment in childcare centers. The subjects were 479 teachers employed in childcare centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which required self-report by teachers, were used to investigate directors' servant leadership, teachers' organizational citizenship behavior and psychological empowerment. The collected data were analyzed by mean of Pearson's correlation, simple regression, hierarchial regression, by the use of SPSS Win 19.0. The results of our study was as follows. First, directors' servant leadership had a direct effect on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior. Second, teachers' psychological empowerment had a direct effect on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior. Third, directors' servant leadership had an indirect effect on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior mediated by teachers' psychological empowerment. Therefore, teachers' psychological empowerment partially mediated the relationship between directors' servant leadership and teachers' organizational citizenship behavior.
Effects of Maternal Employment, Child's Internet Immersion, Resilience and Parent-Child Relationships on Their School Life Adjustment
Oh, You Jung ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 559~569
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.559
This study examined the effect of maternal employment, child's internet immersion, resilience and parent-child relationships on their school life adjustment. The participants in this study consisted of 306 5th and 6th grad students from two elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeong-gi. Data analysis was conducted by t-tests, Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, school life adjustment was higher in non-employed mother than amongst employed mother. Second, the relationship between the factors showed that a lower internet immersion, the higher resilience, the parent-child's intimacy-support and allowance-provision was associated with a higher a school life adjustment. Third, the strongest predictors of child's school life adjustment were the intimacy-support of parent-child relationships and spontaneity of resilience.
Reinterpretation of Educational Meanings of Snack and Lunch Time in a Kindergarten Class of 4-Year-Old Children
Won, Yu-Ok ; Kim, Song-Yee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 571~586
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.571
The purpose of this study was to examine educational meanings of snack and lunch time of 4-year-old children and their teachers in a kindergarten class. The study was done in the Class of 4-year-old children in S Kindergarten located in Songpa-gu, Seoul. And 30 children of this class, Teacher A who is the teacher in charge of the Class, and Teacher B who is the researcher and teacher in charge of it participated in it. The study was carried out by the ethnography method and data collection was done through participation observation, interviews, video and voice recording, and data collection of photography shooting. The results are as follow: First, the children had private conversations, shared their cultures, deepened and expanded their existing concepts, expressed their emotions and relieved their tension, and strengthened relations with friends during the snack and lunch time. Second, the teachers promoted conversation and communication, gave the opportunity that the children can set the lunch table by themselves and tried to make the snack and lunch time with the children by discussing what they are how they are operated with them together. In conclusion, the snack and lunch time can be more meaningful time for children when there are proper educational plans and support of teachers which are considered children's viewpoints.
Effects of Self-Control, Parent-Adolescent Communication, and School Life Satisfaction on Smart-phone Addiction for Middle School Students
Lee, Su Jin ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 587~598
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.587
This study is to examine (the) effects of self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction on smart-phone addiction for middle school students. The 127 students who were classified as smart-phone addicts among first to third grade at two middle schools located in Gyunggido were sampled with a survey. T-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used. The results of study were as follows. First, smart-phone addiction make no difference according to adolescent's sex and grade. Second, the relations between smart-phone addiction and the factors included self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were negatively correlated. As a result, the higher self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were, the lower smart -phone addiction was. Third, it is significant as variable that adverse effect, low rank class of parent-adolescent communication and personal relationship, same class as the former of school life satisfaction exert influence on smart phone addiction.
Relationship between Adult Attachment and Psychological Well-Being of University Students: The Mediating Effects of Empathic Ability and Depression
Chae, Young Moon ; Kwak, Su Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 599~613
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.599
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of empathic ability and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and psychological well-being of university students. We conducted a survey on 318 university students in Cheongju-si and Hongseong gun. The data were analyzed by Pearson' productive correlation, hierarchical regression analysis and Sobel test. The results were as follows: Firstly, anxiety attachment, empathic ability and depression were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of university students. Depression was the strongest predictors psychological well-being. Secondly, depression mediated partially the relationship between anxiety attachment and psychological well-being, and empathic ability and depression mediated partially the relationship between avoidance attachment and psychological well-being. In conclusion, the empathic ability and depression mediate the effects of adult attachment on psychological well-being of university students. The implications and limitations of this study were discussed.
A study on the types of unmarried single women based on their subjective perceptions on single life
Wang, Seok Soon ; Ryu, Kyung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 615~631
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.615
In this study, we attempt to explore various possible types of unmarried single women. Main purpose of the work is to find out possible types of unmarried single women in terms of their subjective views on single life based on Q methodology. Q methodology is a research method to study and understand people's "subjectivity" or their points of view. Here, we applied Q methodology to unmarried single women's subjective evaluation of their own lives. Thirty-one Q-questions were prepared through literature review, and were offered to eighteen unmarried single women. As a result, the subjects could be classified into the following five different types: (Type 1) 'I love my work but I hate pressure (for marriage) from others', (Type 2) 'I feel anxiety and stress (on marriage) but I am still waiting for a true love of mine', (Type 3) 'My life is most important and I'd rather enjoy my single life without restraint from others', (Type 4) 'I am weary of continuing my single life, and now I really want to get married and form a family', (Type 5) 'I don't feel comfortable with dating, marriage life etc, I'd rather continue my single life with less stress'.
A Study on Ambivalence of Elderly Parents Toward Their Adults Children
Lee, Shin Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 633~647
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.633
This study considered whether intergenerational ambivalence has implications for elderly's psychological well-being so as to improve relationship between adults children and their parents and the qualities of the elderly lives. Subjects were 346 elderly parents whose ages 60 over. The statistics used for data analysis were reliability, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA and multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows; 1)The degrees of elderly's ambivalence of their adult children were 10.07, the data showed lower than median. 2)The elderly's ambivalence level significantly according to spouse, career, religion, relation of the adults children, and ambivalence level were associated with importance of the adults children, education. 3)The variables that affect the elderly's ambivalence level were spouse, importance of the adults children, education, religion, relation of the adults children, career, which explained about 19% of the total variance.
The Development of Textile Design based on Gime
Kim, Hyun-Mi ; Jang, Ae-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 649~658
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.649
Various paper ornaments appear in Gut, the rite of shaman in Jeju, and these are frequently called Gime, Gimekijeon or Gimejeonji. Gime are slips of white or colored paper, made to resemble the shape of god and used in the ritual shaman dances of Jeju. These Gime are hung around an altar, fastened to the end of a green bamboo pole, or held in the shaman's hands when they dance. The purpose of the study is to develop textile design based on the formative features of Gime, as a way of using Myth of shaman in Jeju. This study is used Gime made by 'Kim Yoon-Su' Simbang (shaman) who plays a role of Intangible Cultural Assets of The 71th 'Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut'. As a result, it was to develop the Komusaljang pattern, Seongjukkot pattern, Jijeon pattern, Jowoangki pattern and Cheoljjukdae pattern design of Jeju image using Gime that is one of the unique, indigenous pattern of Jeju.
A Study on Outdoor Apparel Market Segmentation by Benefits Sought - Focused on Middle School & High School Students -
An, Hyun Jin ; Lee, Jin Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 659~672
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.659
Nowadays, sports and outdoor market has been popular and expanding since the implementation of the five-day workweek and change of lifestyle. Outdoor clothing considered exclusive property of the middle-aged individuals in the past. Recently there is a drift towards having outdoor looking at the age of 10-20. The purpose of this study was to analyze the features of purchasing behaviors and demographics by each groups targeting middle school and high school students. The study was conducted with questionnaires towards people who live in the city of Busan and who have experiences of buying outdoor clothing. Data analysis was conducted via SPSS 18.0 with factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, cross tabulation, frequency analysis and Duncan's multiple range test. The results showed that there were five factors sought for outdoor wear benefits: Individuality/Fashion, Brand, Attractive appearance, Economic value, Comfort/Functional. Cluster analysis showed that there were four groups of outdoor wear benefits sought. Overall, the four groups were different in regard to purchasing behaviors and demographics. Based upon the results mentioned above, this study summarizes the key features of each group and can provide applicable suggestion for conducting strategic marketing activities.
Consumer Needs and Sensory Evaluation of Jacquard Fabrics for Blind Using Low Melting Polyester
Kim, Jeong Hwa ; Lee, Jung Soon ; Lee, Sung Young ; Lee, Seung Gu ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 673~686
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.673
The purpose of this study is to identify consumer needs and sensory evaluation of jacquard fabrics for blind using low melting polyester. Ten kinds of jacquard fabric used for this study were developed. Developed jacquard fabrics were assessed subjectively by 164 consumers using 7-point scale of 22 consumer needs and 43 sensory descriptors. The results were briefly summarized as follows: the most important parameter to choose fabric for blind was 'Easy-use' and the other parameters are 'Lightproof', 'UV-protect', 'Design', 'Price', 'Color', 'Insulation', 'Easy-care'. The image sensibility of jacquard fabrics was explained by six factors: feminine, active, modern, traditional, pure, cozy. Higher preference was found in jacquard fabrics of clear, natural, luxurious, simple, feminine, young, cozy, graceful image. The preference was predicted 38.2% with feminine, modern, pure, cozy, traditional factors. Correlation coefficient between image sensibility factor 1 and preference was 0.437. The 3 factors (feminine, modern, pure)were selected as significant image sensibility affecting preference.
Antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect of fabric dyed with Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts
Nam, Ki Yeon ; Lee, Jung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 687~699
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.687
This study was carried out to investigate the antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect of cotton and silk fabrics dyed with Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts by hot-water and methanol. The chemical composition of Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts by hot-water and methanol was analyzed by GC-MS. In the case of antifungal activity, dyed fabrics with hot water extract had no effect against chaetomium globosum fungus. But showing no growth in fabrics dyed with methanol extract, dyed fabrics with methanol extract showed very excellent antifungal activity. Silk fabric dyed with methanol extract showed excellent house dust mite repellent effect of 94.3%~96.0% against dermatophagodes farinae. The composition of Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts from hot-water and methanol was different. There were no terpene and its analogue peaks in hot-water extract. However there were terpene and its analogue peaks in methanol extract. From these GC-MS results, terpene was identified in methanol extract of Juniperus chinensis heartwood. Efficient ingredient of antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect was assumed terpene.
A Study on Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Habits and Lifestyle of Male and Female University Students in Deajeon
Kim, Mi Ja ; Kim, Kee Hyuk ; Kim, Hyeyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 701~709
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.701
The purpose of this study was to investigate the university student's dietary behaviors, lifestyle and nutrition knowledge. The survey were composed of 81 male and 64 female students at W University in Daejeon. Results of survey shown that BMIs of male students was 23.9 which is higher significant at p<0.001 than female students was 20.8. In lifestyle, dietary habit patterns of female students showed higher significant in meal if under stress and snack intake at p<0.05. In terms of dining-out, both female and male students like Korean food. However, female students like Western food and flour-based food than their male counterpart. While male liked Chinese and Japanese foods at p<0.05. A siginificant higher proportion of male students smoked (p<0.001); drink (p<0.01) and exercised (p<0.05) than their female counterpart. In terms of nutrition knowledge, males have higher scores (out of a possible 15 points) than female scores (p<0.01). The results of this study suggests that nutrition education can motivate and improve dietary management for dietary compliance. Therefore, a proper planned nutrition education programs for university students is an efficient and effective education method.
A Comparison on Dietary Habit and Foodservice Satisfaction of High School Students in Urban and Rural Areas
Hong, Eunja ; Koo, Nan Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 711~721
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.711
This survey was conducted to compare food habit and food service satisfaction of high school students in urban and rural areas. The questionnaires were collected from 130 students in Daejeon and 140 in Geumsan. 19.8% of students skipped breakfast because of no time(48.7%), just habit(28.2%), no appetite(20.5%), for weight control(2.6%). The dietary behavior of rural students was better than city in taking snacks and light meal(p<0.05). For health they concerned highly about nutrition label expiration date of processed foods(72.3%) and least in considering nutrition than taste & price(37.9%). The satisfaction of food served was highest in nutrition(3.31), and taste(3.28), smell (3.23), color(3.03), temperature(3.02). The food service satisfaction of rural students was higher than city in proper temperature(p<0.001), nutrition(p<0.01), color(p<0.001). The satisfaction of rural students was higher than city in quantity of bap & side dishes, quality of food materials(p<0.001). The satisfaction of rural students was higher than city in convenience of dining hall, rapidity of food distribution, offer of nutrition information, sanitation of utensils & meals(p<0.001). It is suggested that school dietitian in city should be more concerned about sanitary food service based on students' dietary life & preference.
Quality Characteristics of Bread Added on Chia seed Powder
Lee, Seung Bum ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 6, 2013, Pages 723~736
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.6.723
To examine the quality characteristics of bread made of different amounts of chia seed powder, a functional food ingredient, this study made bread by adding chia seed powder by 1%, 3%, and 5% of the flour weight. When bread dough properties were determined using mixograph, all doughs were appropriate for bread-making. In the evaluation of fermentation rate, the dough with 3% of chia seed powder CS 3 showed the most favorable fermentation rate during the first 60-min fermentation of the bread. According to CrumbScan, the fineness of bread pores were higher in control group than bread loaves containing chia seed powder. The volume of bread in control group was significantly lower than those of other experimental groups. The volume and specific volume were highest when chia seed powder was added by 3%. According to preference analysis, appearance and taste was best in CS 3, showing the highest overall score in preference. Therefore, the optimum amount of chia seed powder is identified to be 3% in bread-making.