Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Children's Emotional and Behavioral Problems Reported by Parents and Teachers and Associating Factors
Yuh, Jong Il ; Lee, Kyung Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 367~377
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.367
The purpose of this study was to examine children's emotional and behavioral problems using parent and teacher ratings. The study also explored how children's individual factors were associated with their problems. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Korean version (SDQ-Kr) was completed by parents and teachers of 157 elementary school students. Parents reported perceptions of their child's social skills. Children completed the measure of self-esteem. The results showed that moderate to strong correlations were found between parents and teachers, revealing a stronger correlation in regard to hyperactivity than to emotional problems. Self-esteem and social skill were associated with emotional and behavioral problems in children classified by socio-emotional developmental level. Integrating information from parents and teachers can provide a more complete portrait of a child's adjustment and can better identify a child's problems. These findings highlight that self-esteem and social skill may play critical roles in intervening on children's emotional and behavioral problems.
Effects of child neglect·abuse by parents, children's intimacy with teachers and peer attachment on boys' and girls' psycho-social maladjustment
Lim, Yang Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 379~393
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.379
This study aimed to investigate how child neglect abuse by parents, children's intimacy with teachers and peer attachment influenced boys' and girls' psycho-social maladjustment(aggression, social withdrawal and depression). The subjects were 2,264 elementary school students(boys: 1,180, girls: 1,084) in upper grades participating in the Korea Child Youth Panel Surveys. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, correlations and hierarchical regressions. The main results of this study were as follows. Firstly, regardless of children's sex, as child abuse levels by parents are higher, so children's aggression levels are higher. Also, children's intimacy with teachers and peer attachment moderated the effects of child neglect abuse by parents on both boys' and girls' aggression. But the patters of moderating effects were differed in children's sex. Secondly, child neglect abuse by parents didn't influence boys' and girls' social withdrawal and boys' peer attachment moderated the effects of child neglect by parents on boys' social withdrawal. Finally, child abuse by parents strongly influenced boys' depression, but child neglect by parents strongly influenced girls' depression. Also, there were no moderating effects of children's intimacy with teachers and peer attachment on the relation between child abuse neglect by parents, and boys' and girls' depression.
A Study on University Students' the Values of Marriage and Partner Selection Criteria according to their Parent-Child Relationship
Kim, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 395~408
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.395
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of parent-child relationship perceived by university students on value of marriage and partner selection criteria. Questionnaires were distributed to 467 university students with questions covering topics including general personal information and characteristics, parent-child relationship, value of marriage and partner selection criteria. To analysis the data, t-test, ANOVA, and two step cluster analysis was used. The female group A with passive parent-child relationship had high level of negative value of marriage, male group D with active parent-child relationship had high level of romantic and instrumental value of marriage. The male and female passive group considered external condition as a partner selection criteria more than male and female active group does. As a partner selection criteria, passive male group recognized internal condition more than passive and active female group does. and active female group recognized situational condition more than passive male group does. This study reveals that university students' parent-child relationship does have an effect on their value of marriage and partner selection criteria. It is therefore proposed that diversify objectives and education content of family life education should relate not only to individuals' value of marriage but also to their parent-child relationship.
The Effects of Mother-Child Interaction and Child's Social Behaviors on Child's Peer Acceptance
Chung, Jee-Nha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 409~420
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.409
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of mother-child interaction and child's social behaviors on child's peer acceptance. Participants were 108 4- to 5-year-old preschoolers(58 boys, 50 girls) and their mothers. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) mother-child interaction are generally correlated with child's peer acceptance. And child's prosocial behavior was positively correlated with child's peer acceptance, whereas child's aggressive behavior, asocial behavior and hyperactive-distractible behavior were negatively correlated with child's peer acceptance. (2) The most influential factor on child's peer acceptance was child's experience in session, the next influential factor was child's hyperactive-distractible behavior and the last influential factor was asocial behavior.
The Effect of Work-Family Reconciliation Policy on Intention to Keep Working of Working Mother with Children
Son, Jehee ; Kim, Eunjeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 421~441
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.421
This study investigates the influence of policy-related factors on the intention to keep working among mothers with children under 12 years old, especially focusing on the differences between the mothers with preschool children and elementary school children. The study also considers the individual, family, job characteristics of mothers with children, in order to draw the specific impact of policy factors. Data was collected through e-mails from 500 working mothers living in urban area, and 489 interview data were finally utilized in analyses. The results of analyses show that the level of awareness on work-family balancing policy significantly influences on the intention to keep working among mothers with preschool children. On the contrary, there is no statistically significant policy-related factors influencing on the intention to keep working among mothers with elementary school children. Both studies and social polices excessively focused on the mothers with preschool children in terms of work-family balancing issues. Working mothers with elementary school children have not been spot-lighted as beneficiaries from social policy, even though elementary school children also should be cared by others after school. Effective social services assisting work-family balance among mothers with preschool children should be more developed.
Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Cookies added with Baekbokrung(Poria cocos Wolf) Powder
Yu, Hyeon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 443~452
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.443
In this study, we assessed the quality characteristics and antioxidant activity of cookies containing various concentrations (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12%) of baekbokrung powder(BBP). To analyze quality characteristics, density and pH of dough, spread factor, moisture content, color(L, a, b), hardness, total polyphenol content, DPPH radical scavenging activity and sensory properties were measured. Moisture content, a value, hardness, total polyphenol content, and DPPH radical scavenging activity of the cookies significantly increased with increasing content of BBP, whereas pH and density of the dough, spread factor, L and b value of the cookies significantly decreased. The results of sensory properties showed that cookies made with 3% and 6% BBP did not differ significantly from the control, in color, taste and overall quality. Texture scores for the 3% and 6% BBP group ranked significantly higher than those of the other groups. Taken together, the result of this study suggest that BBP is a good ingredient for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of cookies.
The Effect of the Use of Nutrition Labeling on Dietary Attitudes, Dietary Habits, Nutrition Knowledge and Application of Nutrition Information to Daily Life among Housewives in Gyeonggi-provincial Area
Lee, Sun Hee ; Lee, Seung-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 453~465
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.453
This study surveyed 266 housewives residing in a Gyeonggi-provincial area for their dietary attitudes, dietary habits, nutrition knowledge, and application of nutrition information to daily life according to whether they use nutrition labeling. The survey on the dietary attitudes of the subjects showed that the points of "think that nutrition affects health", "quite interested in nutrition and health information", "like developing and trying new diverse recipes", and "persistently try new foods" were higher among those who check out nutrition labeling (Check group, n=112) than those who do not check out nutrition labeling (No check group, n=154). Reason for snacking, the Check group reported higher in the reasons of "for taking nutrients" but lower in the reasons of "do not eat enough meal" and "impulsively" than the No check group (p<0.01). Asked about why they check the nutrition labeling, the Check group answered "to compare products with each other" and "to purchase healthy food" whereas the No check group said "to decide whether the food is safe or not" and "to reduce body weight" (p<0.01). The Check group showed more recognition on the significance of the nutrition labeling and application to their actual daily lives than the No check group. Therefore, our results suggest that proper use of nutrition labeling is expected to improve dietary attitudes and dietary habits as well as enhance the application of nutrition information to actual daily life and promote health not only for the housewives but also for their family members as well.
Quality Characteristics of Kimchi with Mulberry Leaves Enzyme Liquid and its Acceptability by Middle School Students
Lee, Young-Sook ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 467~481
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.467
We investigated the effects of Mulberry leaves fermented enzyme liquid(MLE) addition on the quality of Kimchi which were fermented at
during 30 days. MLE was added to salted cabbage at concentrations of 0%(C), 0.4%(MLE1), 0.8%(MLE2), and 1.2%(MLE3) (w/w). pH in Kimchi added upon 1.2% of MLE, was higher than that of Kimchi without MLE after 12 days of fermentation. The titratable acidity was increased by the addition of MLE, and particularly Kimchi added 1.2% of MLE showed the slowest changed level. The degree of salinity were decreased in Kimchi with MLE as well as control group. However, MLE1 showed significantly lower salinity than MLE2, MLE3 and control group (p<0.001). L, a, b values of control group indicated significantly higher than the Kimchi with enzyme liquid concentrations(MLE1~MLE3). As compared with the control group, the cutting force in treated groups were increased during the fermentation period, and especially MLE3 showed the highest value of hardness. Moreover, that growth of lactic acid bacteria and total bacteria were inhibited by the addition of MLE. In the sensory assessment, the color, taste, and overall preferences were higher in MLE2 than control group and MLE1, MLE3. The acceptability of MLE as an additive in Kimchi among middle school students was higher than in the control sample, with an optimum additive of 0.8% MLE, based on the lowest volume of leftovers. Therefore, it was confirmed that addition of 0.8% MLE appears to be an acceptable approach to enhance the quality of Kimchi without reduction of acceptability.
A Comparative Study on Body Shape Perception and Satisfaction of Korean and Chinese Female University Students
Kweon, Soo Ae ; Yoo, Joung Ja ; Kim, Eun Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 483~500
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.483
Survey was conducted on 201 female college students who in at the university to analyze perceptions and satisfaction levels about their body shapes. Results revealed that the Chinese female students recognized that they had broader shoulder angles, bigger breasts and longer calves and legs than Korean female students whereas the Korean female students had larger hip and thigh circumference than Chinese female students. It was found that the Chinese female students had preference for drooping shoulders while the Korean students perceived themselves as thinner and have longer arms, fingers, waist measurement, torso thickness, calves, feet and legs are ideal body shapes. The results of this study show that body weight, height and chest size have a lot of influence on it and the Korean female students were less satisfied their body shape compared with the Chinese female college students. The correlation analysis indicated that body shapes were an important indicator of satisfaction and the thinner the body shape, chest, thigh, waist, finger, arms, the greater the satisfactions.
The Visual Evaluation for the Skirt of Women in 20s and 30s
Choi, Kyung Ok ; Lee, Young Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 501~514
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.501
In this study, visual images were analyzed with the representative seven kinds of selected skirts, by the differences of shape and length which are affecting to the images of skirts. In addition, the purpose of the study is to present the basic data for the skirt design and patterns those are appropriate to the preferred images of 20-30s. The results of this study are as follows. First, analyzed by the visual evaluation about the composing factors are as follows. Factor 1 is a Cute image factor, factor 2 is a charming image factor, factor 3 is a transversal factor, Factor 4 is active image factor, Factor 5 was classified as a longitudinal factors. Second, analyzed by the visual evaluation according to the shape and length of the skirt, 20-30s women's most preferred form of the skirt is pleated skirt which was highly evaluated looks good, beautiful, favorite, attractive factors. Non-prefered skirts are gored skirt which was highly evaluated not corny, not pretty, heavy, unattractive factors and gored skirt which was negatively evaluated with classic and dislike factors. In the length of skirt, the knee length short skirt is attractive, active and positively evaluated by the 20-30s women than long skirt. Therefore, the results of this study, there are almost no differences according to the age groups of 20-30s women. They are more affected from the length of the skirt rather than the shape.
A Study on the Plasticity and Characteristics on Jump Suit Shown in the Modern Fashion
Kim, Sun Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 515~527
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.515
This study is intended to develop the creative and high value-added products as well as the development of diversity for jump suit for the future by analyzing the trend and feature shown in jump suit in the modern fashion. In the research methodology, the analysis was carried out over a total of 351 work pieces on jump suit among those presented in the collection of Paris, Milan, New York and London from 2006S/S to 2013F/W as well as literature review. The aesthetic features on suit jump design introduced in the modern fashion could be characterized as the following. First, both upper and lower garments are composed with a simple array of items and the stress was put on modernity feature through minimal expression technique. The feature of solid simplicity was also given with achromatic color or neutral monochrome. Second, the feminity image was emphasized with adoption of such highlighting items as detailed add-ons, tops, camisoles and blouses that stress the organically curved streamline including silhouette, material itself, crease and drape that enable the direct and indirect exposition of human body and the expression of smooth curve in human body. Third, jump suit revealed the multipurpose feature as item available for the diverse wear such as working habiliment, sports wear, uniform, office wear and evening wear, depending on the terms and conditions. Fourth, the deconstructive characteristic appeared through integration with various items, destruction of formative structure, non-structural shape, and ambiguity in wearing method.
A study on the consumers' attitude toward before and after technique in cosmetic surgery advertisement by kind of surgery
Lee, Hyun Seon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 529~544
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.529
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect and potential problem of before and after technique in cosmetic surgery advertisements. This study would draw the positive and negative aspects in executing before and after technique by segmenting the surgical part(eyes, nose, and breast). And this study compared before and after technique with after technique and doctor(expert) endorser. Independent variables of this study are advertisement technique(before and after/after/doctor) and the kind of surgery(double eyelid surgery/ rhinoplasty/mastoplasty). Dependent variables of this study are general attitude toward advertising, hospital believability, ethical judgement toward advertising, intention to cosmetic surgery. This study is run as
factorial design with 30 subjects per cell, resulting in a total sample size of 270. The result of this study shows that advertising technique in cosmetic surgery advertisement important variable to mediate the effect. This study found that before and after technique was more effective than any other techniques. Also, this study found that the kind of surgery variable should be considered in the execution of cosmetic surgery advertisement. Therefore, the result suggests that the kind of surgery and advertisement technique should be spontaneously considered by cosmetic surgery clinic and advertising regulation organizations for the effective communication way and consumer protection.
Study on Korea cosmetics purchasing preferences - Focusing on domestic tourists -
Lee, Young-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 545~556
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.545
The most rapidly growing manufacturing could be cosmetics industries due to this phenomenon. In this study, the cosmetic distribution structure not to mention Korea, Asia's largest market, China and Japan are based on references. Purpose of study is to provide a basis for marketing strategy through the research process and results. Korea cosmetics market has been exerting a tremendous power of LG Household & Health and Amore Pacific as a major company. Cosmetics industry is rapidly booming around the mid-priced brand through internet shopping, TV shopping, and road shops. Cosmetics preferences were analyzed targeted at tourists by distributing questionnaire to 1500 in road shop and Myeong-dong from September 14 to October 13, 2013. The answers for the questions of the most awareness cosmetic brands in Korea are appeared in order of Laneige, Innisfree, The Face Shop. The satisfaction of the use of Korea cosmetic are 61.85% and the reasons are that in a variety of color cosmetics are 32.58%, the reaction of around that you look prettier are 29.34%. Therefore purchasing products are 49.14% of the color cosmetics and 24.93% of the functional products. Within the result of the survey, although the quality versus the price for the Korean cosmetic brands has been competitive advantage over yet from the advertising of Korea wave stars, the foreign purchasers have been willing to buy the color cosmetics and high-end performance products being the research and development of the continuously higher quality of the performance if the preceding even if being more expensive purchase price.
Internet Addiction and Life Satisfaction of Chinese Students in Korea
Fu, Wen Wen ; Kim, Min Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 3, 2014, Pages 557~569
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.3.557
As the number of Chinese students in Korea has significantly increased, the problems of students' life and academic achievement has appeared obviously. Utilizing an analysis on the relationship between the life satisfaction of Chinese students in Korea and the degree of internet addiction, the purposes of this research are to improve the quality of Chinese students' life and to contribute to the growth of Chinese students in Korea. A questionnaire-type survey was conducted on 350 Chinese college students in Daegu. The results of this study are as follows: First, the used time on internet games, chat and on-line TV differs from gender, the duration of internet games and their academic performance. Second, there are significant differences by gender, Korean ability, and academic performance in the life satisfaction of Chinese students in Korea. Third, Chinese college students in Korea are more addicted in the internet than Korean or Chinese college students at their own country. Fourth, the longer playing online game, the longer watching online TV, the less communicating with the Koreans, and the less satisfying with non -study related activities, the more Chinese college students of studying in Korea are addicted in the internet.