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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The effects of home literacy environment during the preschool period on first grader's language performance and school adjustment
Kim, Myoung Soon ; Kim, Ji Yeon ; Park, Young Lim ; Lee, Young Shin ; Shin, Bowon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 969~980
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.969
This paper reports on a study that examined the longitudinal and concurrent effects of the home literacy environment(HLE) on first grade language performance, and the effect of language performance on school adjustment. Study subjects were 469 first graders of 6 elementary schools. The parents' and teacher's reports were used to investigate the subjects' language performance, school adjustment, and the HLE before and after the elementary school entry. Findings from the study show that there is an association between the HLE during the preschool period and the HLE in first grade, and the HLE in first grade positively affects children's language performance. Also the children's language performance had a positive influence on their school adjustment. Therefore, it can be concluded that the HLE during the preschool period is a significant feature that lingers to affect children's language performance and school adjustment.
Study of empowerment Factors of husbands in multicultural families in Korea - based on Grounded theory -
Park, Jeong-Yun ; Anh, Jin-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 981~997
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.981
This study set out to examine the adaptation capabilities of husbands in multicultural families and further identify strengths to maintain a healthy multicultural family based on the grounded theory. For those objectives, the investigator had an ongoing interview with ten husbands that had a child in the setting of multicultural family and were judged to maintain a healthy family. Question analysis through the method of Strauss & Cobin and the abstraction and categorization process among similar concepts identified total 89 concepts, 24 subcategories, and 11 categories. In a paradigm model according to the axial coding results, the causal condition was "having an international marriage with the spouse"; the contextual conditions were "crisis in the development of multicultural family" and "general family conflicts"; the mediating condition was "positive self-rationalization"; and the central phenomena were "family-oriented value" and "cultural tolerance." The operation and interaction strategies for them were "forming communicative couple relationships," "cultivating cultural sensibility," and "utilizing unofficial external resources." The adaptation capabilities were "satisfaction with family life" and "pride in building a healthy multicultural family."
The effects of negative life events in pre-adulthood on adulthood depression: Mediator effect of interpersonal maladjustment
Jung, Joo Won ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 999~1012
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.999
The purpose of this study is to examine depression in adulthood caused by the influence of negative life events (disaster accident, physical violence and emotional abuse) in pre-adulthood and explore the mediator effect of interpersonal maladjustment. To carry out such task, 974 people who have had negative life event experiences before the age of 18 were chosen based on the data from the 2012 Korean General Social Survey(KGSS) and Stata 10.0 was used to do the analysis. As a result, it was found that there was a direct relationship between negative life events in pre-adulthood and depression in adulthood. Specifically, experiences from an accident or disaster had a direct impact on depression. Moreover, experiences of physical violence and emotional abuse not only had a direct influence on depression, but also through maladjustment, it had an indirectly partial mediator effect that increases the chances of depression. Through this result, it was evident that negative life events from pre-adulthood had a negative effect on continuous interpersonal maladjustment as well as psychological welfare throughout the adulthood. Therefore, there needs to be thorough prevention measures on negative life events in pre-adulthood and strongly take post treatment into consideration. Through building a safe life environment, great deal of social support from social organizations should be prepared systematically.
Development and Validation of Korea Midlife Family Resilience Scale(KMFRS)
Park, Hea Rhan ; Jeon, Gwee-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1013~1033
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1013
This study attempted to develop a valid and reliable instrument capable of measuring Korea midlife family resilience (The Korea Midlife Family Resilience Scale: KMFRS). An exploratory, non-experimental, cross-sectional, and quantitative design was used to develop and validate the KMFRS. A tentative factor structure of family resilience and an item pool of the scale were constructed through a comprehensive literature review and personal interview. The pilot study was conducted with 424 middle aged adults(40~59) to select items for a scale, resulting in a preliminary scale composed of 70 items. In the main study, the preliminary scale was administered to a national representative sample of 562 middle-aged Korean adults. The scale was filtered into 40 items by the item analysis and an exploratory factor analysis, resulting in 6 factors: Family Connectedness & Problem Solving, Family's Positive Perception of Adversity, Family's Economic Stability, Family Religion & Spirituality, Support of Extended Family, and Support of Friends & Neighbors. These 6 factors explained 61.82% of total variance. The findings of the current study indicate substantial support for the reliability and the validity of the KMFRS. Other challenges and suggestions for future research on family resilience scale are discussed.
The Effect of Green Growth Education on Young Children's Education Knowledge of Environmental Conservation and Eco-friendly Attitude
Lee, Su Jin ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1035~1048
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1035
The purpose of this research is to verify the effect of a 3-year-old's green growth education knowledge of environmental conservation and eco-friendly attitude. This study conducted a survey of 2 classes of 3-years-old children (totaling 45 children) located in Gyeonggi Province Shiheung. The experimental group consisted of 23 children while the comparison group was comprised of 22 children. Experimental treatment period was 5 primarily by the classroom teacher in the experimental group and 12 sessions going green growth program was compared to a group, the basic curriculum was operate as usual. The results of this research are summarized as follows. First, the result of the experimental group, which participated in green growth and did not participate in the control group, show that the early childhood of the experimental group has been improved about knowledge of environmental conservation and showed a statistically significant difference. Second, the result of the experimental group which participated in green growth show that the attitude of the experimental group improved an infant's environment-friendly conscience.
A Study on post-divorce adjustment and new partnership of immigrant single mother
Lim, Choon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1049~1069
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1049
The purpose of this study was to examine post-divorce adjustment and new partnership of immigrant single mother after divorce. 4 immigrant single mothers from Vietnam were interviewed and data were analyzed by qualitative method. The results were as follows. First, immigrant single mothers coped with stress after divorce through sending their children to Vietnam, working and remittance. Second, they began dating a new man in the work place who were of various nationalities, such as Korean, Vietnamese, Uzbekistan and developed partnership to remarry, cohabit or date with deep intimacy. Third, single immigrant mothers in various partnership like remarriage, cohabitation or dating were satisfied with intimate and loving relationships and support from both sides parents and the birth of new child. However, participants were anxious about the new partner's favoritism toward the biological child and discrimination against the new partner with an unfamiliar cultural background, for example, being from a like a Muslim country. The results suggested immigrant women after divorce showed various partnership on a path towards marriage and that we should pay attention to the aspects of change in multicultural families after divorce.
Children's self-regulation and problem behavior according to family interaction types
Cho, Soon Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1071~1087
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1071
The purpose of this study was to examine children's self-regulation and their problem behavior according to family interaction types. The subjects were 227 children and their mothers, and 14 teachers in Jeonbuk. To obtain family interaction types, self-questionnaires of FACES III are given to mothers. Also, self-questionnaires of children's self-regulation and problem behavior were given to teachers. The data were analyzed by computing t-test, ANOVA, Duncan post test, and multiple liner regression. The results were as follows. First, There was a difference in the children's self regulation and problem behavior, but not in family cohesion and adaptability, according to the children's sex, age, and family variables. Second, it was found that there was a difference in self-regulation and problem behavior according to family interaction types. It showed that self-regulation was higher and problem behavior was lower in the most 'enmeshed' families in cohesion and the most 'chaotic' families in adaptability. Third, considering the relative strength of each variable on children's problem behavior, it was shown that children's sex and age had the greatest influence on problem behavior, followed by self-regulation and family's cohesion. In conclusion, it is suggested that the efforts to improve family cohesion as a psychological environment should be made in order to increase the children's self regulation and to decrease the children's problem behavior.
The Relationship among Resilience of Young Children, their Interactive Peer Play, and Mothers' Overprotective Parenting Attitudes
Park, YoungShim ; Shim, SeongKyung ; Byon, KilHee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1089~1104
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1089
The objective of this research is to find out the relationship among resilience of young children, their interactive peer play, and mothers' overprotective parenting attitudes. The research was conducted for 455 children aged 3~5 and their mothers of day care centers in the cities of Kimje and Iksan. To measure resilience of young children, the rating scale for parents and teachers(Koo, 2010) adapting DECA(1999) was used. And the interactive peer play scale of Choi and Shin(2008) adapting PIPPS(1998) and the Parental Protectiveness of Do and Falbo(1999) was used. The results from this research are as follows. First, there is a generally significant positive correlation between resilience and interactive peer play of young children. Resilience of young children gets higher as interactive peer play of young children gets higher. Second, there is low negative correlation between resilience and mothers' overprotective parenting attitudes. Resilience of young children gets higher as mothers' overprotective parenting attitudes get low.
Factors Related to Depression of Married Female Baby Boomers in Busan and Gyeongnam Province by Employment Status
Kim, Eunkyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1105~1126
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1105
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors related to depression of married baby-boomer female by employment status. Data for this study was based on a convenience sample of 499 married female baby-boomer who have residence in Busan and Gyeongnam province. The prevalence rate of depression symptoms was 21.4%. The employment status made differences on the factors related to depression of married female baby boomers. Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with attitudes toward menopause, menopausal symptoms and marital satisfaction for both baby-boomer female with and without a job. While monthly household income, participation in voluntary associations and satisfaction with children were significantly related to depression symptoms of baby-boomer female without employment, perimenopausal stage, perceived size of social network was important factors for the depression of married female baby boomers with a job.
The Effects of Father's Socio-demographic Variables and Literacy Beliefs on Literacy Interaction between Father and Child
Son, Seung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1127~1140
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1127
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of father's socio-demographic variables and father's literacy beliefs on father's literacy interaction. Participants were 204 fathers who have children in 3 to 5 years of age. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The findings are summarized as follows: (1) Father's education level was generally correlated with 'father role efficiency', 'open interaction', 'picture-book reading interaction' (2) Monthly income of the household was related 'father role efficiency', 'positive feelings on reading books'. (3) 'Literacy ability development from books', 'father role efficiency', 'positive feeling on reading books' were correlated 'open interaction' and 'picture book reading'. But, 'literacy ability development from books', 'father role efficiency', 'positive feeling on reading books' were negatively correlated 'direct interaction'. (4) The most influential factor on father's 'open interaction', 'direct interaction' was 'literacy ability development from books'. The most influential factor on father's 'picture-book reading' was 'positive feeling on reading books'. These findings highlight that 'literacy ability development from books' and 'positive feeling on reading books' may play critical roles in father's literacy interaction. So, it is very important that adequate training and support on father's literacy beliefs for father's high quality literacy interaction.
The Moderating effect of Maternal Emotion-Related Socialization Behaviors on the Relations Between Preschooler's Effortful control and Prosocial behavior
Lee, Yoon-jeong ; Lim, Ji-young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1141~1154
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1141
The purpose of this study examined the moderating effect of maternal emotion-related socialization behaviors on the relations between preschooler's effortful control and prosocial behavior. In this study, subjects were 153 preschoolers and their mothers. The major results were as follows; there was a moderating effect of maternal emotion-related socialization behaviors on the relationship between preschooler's effortful control and prosocial behavior. Specifically, maternal negative emotion expression and response to the preschooler's positive emotion moderated the effect preschooler's effortful control on prosocial behavior. In conclusion, the impact of effortful control on preschooler's prosocial behavior were significant. Also, maternal emotion-related socialization behaviors(i.e., negative emotion expression and response to the child's positive emotion) affected on preschooler's prosocial behavior. The findings of the study will contribute to help maternal emotional interaction with their preschool aged children.
A Study of Family Relation Experiences of the Behavioral Problems of Adolescents
Kim, Sung Bong ; Hong, Dal Ah Gi ; Jung, Eun Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1155~1170
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1155
This study was performed to understand the structure of family experiences of adolescent behavior problems by analyzing and integrating family experiences in the family relationships. This study intends to discover in-depth family experience by analyzing the individual meaning of family experiences from client's wording. This study was performed in phenomenological method through analyzing the actual counselling cases. The results indicated that 9 units of meaning were derived on family relationships. In the family relationship domain, desire to die or kill others, guilt and resentment, not receiving the respect, mother's ignorance and verbal abuse to father were derived as primary components. Parents-children relationships-Not understanding about his father's drunkenness and disgust, getting exhausted, untrusted parents, unidirectional attitude without communication. Sibling Relationships-younger brother or sister to work off frustration.
The Analysis of Factors Influencing Fit by Ready-made Jacket Part preferred by Women in Twenties - Focusing on the Comparison between Female College Student Group and Fashion Model Group
Ha, Seon Ju ; Kang, Yeo Sun ; Choi, Hei Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1171~1189
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1171
In order to provide the basic data for creating the environment which can efficiently reflect prefer fit along with body size when selecting clothes size in the indirect purchasing environment, this study analyzed the difference of ready-made jacket part-specific fit preferred by fashion models in their twenties and female college students. This study was to analyze the impact of body size, recognition of body part-specific characteristics shape, body satisfaction on prefer fit of jacket. As for the difference of prefer fit depending on the body size, female college students preferred more loose fit than models. The difference according to recognition of body part-specific characteristics shape turned out to be significant for prefer fit depending on the degree of bend of neck, arm length, bend of back recognition and matching fit was found to be preferred as they recognize their body shape to be normal and the difference according to body satisfaction appeared to be significant in the terms of bend of back, hip width/protrusion, torso size/length, sleeve length, whole body shape and they turned out to prefer matching fit as they are satisfied with their body. As shown above, body size, recognition of body part-specific characteristics shape, especially body satisfaction have a great influence on prefer fit of jacket and therefore, if preparing for a size selection step according to body shape and satisfaction in the jacket size selection process, customers' satisfaction in jacket size may be improved and it is considered to be helpful for both consumers and sellers.
Jeogori Pattern Development for Female in Late 20s According to Shape of Upper Back
Eom, Ran-I ; Lee, Yejin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1191~1204
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1191
Even though a Han-bok, or traditional Korean costume, should be inherited since it is invaluable part of our culture, research on Han-bok is scarce. Since the development of a Jeogori pattern, the upper garment of Korean traditional clothes, is done mostly based on the chest size, the design does not completely consider on wearer's body shape. Moreover, unless made by an expert, trial and error is almost always necessary to improve the fit of the clothes. In this research, a Jeogori pattern was suggested that improves the fit based on the shape of the upper back(straight or bent) of a female in her late 20s who often wears a Han-bok and is comfortable when moving. Using a 3D virtual clothing system, the optimum pattern was selected based on the body shape. The final selection was made, and each subjects tried the garment on to evaluate the comfort when moving, along with its appearance, based on a seven point Likert scale. As a result, for a straight body shape, the optimum ease for the front bust width was 2.5cm, and that for the back bust width was 2.0cm. The optimum center back dart was 1.0cm. The optimum Geodae width was 7.6cm, and the optimum back Geodae point was 2.0cm. For the bent body shape, the optimum ease for the front and back bust was 2.0cm. The optimum Geodae width was 8.4cm, and the optimum back Geodae point was 1.5cm. Furthermore, if the Hwajang slope was set at half of the vertical distance between the laterals of the neck and shoulder, a fitted silhouette appeared, which is preferred nowadays. In the appearance evaluation, the final pattern designed in this research received higher scores than the original design(straight; p<.001, bent; p<.05). The results of the evaluation of the comfort when moving also showed higher scores for the final pattern that was designed.
Effects of local body heating and cooling on thermogram analysis of the extremity with hot pack
Kim, Soyoung ; Hong, Kyunghi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1205~1215
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1205
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of local heating and cooling of various body parts on the skin temperature of the exposed extremities including neck. Hot pack was used to warm up the body of seven participants for 15 minutes and it was removed as the temperature of the hot pack decreased after 15minutes of warming. Thermograms of body surface with and without hot pack were analyzed intensively to observe the efficiency of the local heating of shoulder, abdomen, back waist, and foot on the skin temperature of ten area of the subjects' body. The results indicated that the absolute skin temperature of front upper arm and thigh was significantly higher depending on the area of heating, especially, in case of abdomen and foot heating, which was not observed at the back of the body. The rate of skin temperature of extremities such as finger, palm and foot was significantly different depending on the body area of local heating. Generally, it was found that back waist heating was not efficient to warm up and maintain the skin temperature of the body after removing the hot pack.
Quality Characteristics and Antioxidative Effects of Dasik added with Lycii Fructus Extract
Lee, Young-Sook ; Seo, Eun-Ji ; Jeon, Seo-Young ; Kim, Ae-Jung ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1217~1229
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1217
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics and antioxidative effect of Dasik prepared with Lycii fructus extract(LD). LD were added in ratios (w/w) of 0(C), 5(LD1), 10(LD2), and 15%(LD3), and then proximate compositions, physicochemical properties, sensory evaluations and antioxidative effect of the Dasik were measured. LD1~LD3 samples showed higher contents of moisture, crude lipid, crude protein and crude ash as well as pH and sugar content compared to control (p<0.001). The total phenol content of LD samples (LD1, 31.5% ; LD2, 66.1% ; and LD3, 69.7%) was higher than that of control (4.71%). DPPH radical scavenging activity of LD3 showed the highest activity of 65.3%, whereas that of control (27.0%) was the lowest among samples. Additionally, ABTS radical scavenging activity of LD samples was higher than that of control (C, 38.9% ; LD1, 53.6%; LD2, 80.5% ; and LD3, 83.3%). The results of texture analysis on all samples showed that control had the highest but LD3 was the lowest (p<0.001). In sensory evaluation, the scores of appearance, flavor, taste and overall preference for LD2 was significantly higher than the samples(C, LD1, and LD2). Form the findings, this study suggests that 10% addition of LD was effective for preparation of Dasik in the aspects of the consumer acceptability and functionality.
Capital and Non-Capital Region College Students' Housing Costs and Their Perception and Status of Parental Supports
Yu, Seoyeon ; Jung, Yeojin ; Lee, Seyeon ; Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1231~1247
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.6.1231
The purpose of this study was to explore housing cost burden and financial support from parents to afford housing costs of college students from Capital and non-Capital regions. On-site and on-line questionnaire surveys were conducted to college students between March 3 and April 4, 2014, and total 241 useable responses were collected. Findings are as follow: (1) Jeon-se renters and monthly renters with deposit in Capital region were found to have paid greater housing costs than those in non-Capital region; (2) 86% of Jeon-se renters, 95% of monthly renters with deposit, and 80% of monthly renters without deposits were found to have received parental supports to pay housing costs; (3) respondents in Capital region tended to perceive influence of housing costs on housing choices greater than those in non-Capital region; and (4) more than a quarter of the respondents thought it would be proper to receive parental supports for all expenses until college graduation.