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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Effects of Participating Self-Growth Program on Ego-Integrity and Family Relationship Satisfaction of the Elderly Women
Choi, Soon Ho ; Yoon, Gyung Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~24
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.1
The objective of this study was to test the effects of participating self-growth program on ego-integrity and family relationship satisfaction of the elderly women. The subjects were 15 elderly women of low education. The levels of ego-integrity, including life attitudes, wisdom toward life, acceptance of life, and acceptance of death, and family relation satisfaction were measured before and after completing the program sessions. The program of eight sessions was conducted twice a week, for two hours. A significant difference in ego integrity, relation satisfaction with children, and relation satisfaction with grandchildren was found between pre- and post-test scores. The results show that elderly women can benefit from programs enhancing ego integrity and relation satisfaction with offspring. This study can be utilized in the Healthy Family Support Centers or the elderly welfare program for improvement of ego-integrity and parent-child relationship satisfaction of the elderly.
Consumption Stress Coping Types Among Married Women Consumers and Related Variables: Focused on Socio-economic Variables, Social Class, Perceived Health Status, and Consumption Stress
Bok, Mi Jung ; Seo, Jeong Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 25~38
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.25
This paper focused to classify the consumption stress coping types among married women consumers and to investigate the differences of socio-economic variables, social class, perceived health status, and consumption stress among coping types. Data were collected from 500 married women through online surveys in South Korea. Two factors of consumption stress(consumption stress before purchase, consumption stress after purchase), and three factors of consumption stress coping(Social support coping, problem solving focused coping, Passive avoidance coping) were identified. K-mean cluster analysis classified into 4 coping types with consumption stress coping. 15% of the sample were included to the passive coping type, and 25% were classified into the ambivalent coping type. 26.8% of the sample were identified to the active coping type, and 35.2% were maladaptive coping type. There were significant differences among the consumption stress coping types on education, family income, social class, health status, consumption stress after purchase. Consumer education programs should develop and implement especially for passive coping type and maladaptive coping type to cope effectively with consumption stress.
The Relationship between Consumer's and Sales Person's Unethics
Kim, Jung Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.39
The purpose of this study was to understand the differences of ethical attitudes as consumer and as salesperson among cosmetic salesperson. For this purpose, 128 cosmetic salespersons, Chunlabukdo, were sampled, 2007. The quesionnaire was composed of the demographic characteristics, attitudes toward the clients, the ethics related to work, and ethical attitudes as consumer. The differences were statistically tested at p<.10. The results of this study as follows; The sub-variables of attitudes toward customers were irresponsibility, understanding and respect for customers, and first priority to Sales persons. The ethics related to work's were sales of defected products, unfair sales practices, and unusual discount. Consumer ethics' were false and deception, invasion of Sales person's rights, and illegal. The types of consumer's ethics were distributed from 57.5% for the unethical consumers, 15.7% for the middle consumers, and 26.8% for the ethical consumers. The salespersons as the ethical consumers tended to show irresponsible attitudes to the clients and first priority to themselves rather than customers. Unethical consumers tended to treat their customers in an unethical sales manners.
Suggestions what need to be done to improve the airline services of the LCC
Kim, Jeong Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 49~67
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.49
The study aims to review airline services like the domestic line performance, the general flight fares and website discount fairs, reservation cancellation and cancellation charges, reroutings and personal discount system of the low cost carriers(LCC), and suggest what needs to be done to improve the airline service. The improvements to be made by the LCC should include increasing regular domestic lines, providing information compared for consumers, relieving the toll to call the service center, revising the conditions on reservation cancellation penalty, rerouting charges, revising the consumer dispute resolution standards, and promoting frequent fliers program. Development strategies should be established that can boost consumer benefits through the improvement of the airline services.
A study on the Purchasing and Wearing Conditions of Accessary in University Students
Lee, Jin Hee ; Do, Wol Hee ; Kim, Nam Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.69
The study will furnish university students-oriented accessary market with preliminary data by virtue of university students' wearing accessary conditions. It conducted by 151 university students in Jeon-Nam and Jeon-Buk during october through november, 2014. The questionnaire is composed of 17 questions and used 151 out of 152 copies as the final data, except for one insufficient reply. The analysis method carried out a technological statistics such as frequency count, percentage, average and t-test for every questions, used by SPSS 20.0. The investigation result is as follows; The overall numbers of answerers were 151 people, 36 male and 115 female, and showed that they purchase accessaries of less than 20,000won in a jewelry shop. According to the 86.1% of university students' answers, the most well known brand is OST and then Metrocity(76.2%), Swarovski(68.9%) came after. The most visit count is to a jewelry shop, once or twice in a month, on-line shopping malls and department stores came after. Rings and bracelets are purchased once or twice in a month, and earrings are mainly put on. When purchasing accessaries, quality and scarcity design are the most significant conditions, getting the information through internet and fashion magazines. The ground of purchasing accessaries is for self-contentment and for coordinating with their fashion, and also the difficult maintenance as well as untangled wool are defined as uneasiness of using accessaries. Furthermore, the original goods are preferred for rings and necklaces, unlike earrings and bracelets.
Clothing Behavior of Male Popular Music Enthusiasts
Jo, Sung Hee ; Park, Mi Hye ; Kim, You Jin ; Shin, Ji Young ; Park, Soon Jee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 79~96
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.79
The purpose of this research was to analyze the clothing behavioral attributes of male music enthusiasts. A questionnaire was developed based on previous researches. Respondents were men who were concerned with music in terms of a job, a major or a hobby. A total of 200 responses were analyzed by SPSS 20.0 through factor analysis with Varimax rotation, ANOVA with post-hoc test(SNK-test) and
-test. Music preference was classified into 3 factors: New age/jazz, Hiphop/dance, and Metal rock/ballad factor. 5 Clothing purchasing orientation factors were extruded: hedonic, planned, convenience, brand pursued, and fashion pursued purchasing orientation. Using those factor scores, 3 groups were classified: Group1(G1), preferring Hiphop/dance music with lower hedonic and brand/fashion pursued purchasing orientation; G2, preferring Hiphop/dance music with no interest in clothing shopping and fashion; G3, preferring New age music with high convenience and brand pursued purchasing orientation. In addition, there were significant differences among groups in clothing behavior such as social ostentation, individuality, self-expression, fashionability, conformity; in purchase motivation such as hedonic and trend/designer oriented purchase motivation; in information source like advertisement/media source; and in store choice criteria such as store light/music and popularity. The findings showed even the enthusiasts for the same music showed the different sopping orientation and different clothing behavior, suggesting that a personal value or taste can be a plausible factor to figure out attributes of consumers. An interest/involvement in clothing could be helpful to subdivide the music enthusiasts as the target market.
Selection and Design of Functional Area of Compression Garment for Improvement in Knee Protection
Lee, Hyo Jeong ; Kim, Nam Yim ; Hong, Kyung Hi ; Lee, Ye Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 97~109
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.97
Recently, because the market for compression wear now includes all consumers, not just professionals, various items for recovery after exercising or for enhanced effects from exercise have been introduced. In this research, a systematic and stepwise design process was proposed to develop compression garment that has both functional area and appropriate pressure to protect the knee when exercising. The U-V format functional area that wraps underneath the knee was selected by considering the shape and change in the skin length when bending the knee. After the selection of the functional area, a total of seven knee design areas, including the existing product, were designed to determine the appropriate pressure. After various movements, the compression garment was ranked in terms of support of the knee, level of pressure, discomfort of seam line, and comfort of popliteal; the preferred design was selected using the quad method. Four compression wear garments were produced using two selected preferred designs; the wear evaluation was performed using a seven-point Likert scale. As a result, the optimal reduction rate of the pattern was calculated based on Ziegert and Keil's method. The applied percentage of the fabric stretch at the upper part of the crotch was 66% for the width and 50% for the length; for the lower part of the crotch, only 66% for the width was applied. Moreover, it was determined that the design of the U-V knee protection part was preferred when a 7 mm square was placed at a 1 mm distance because this not only supports the knee but also allows the fabric to accommodate various skin deformations.
Shoes Satisfaction and Selection Criteria According to Women's BMI
Kim, Yong Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 111~122
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.111
The purpose of this study was to identify the shoes satisfaction and selection criteria according to women's BMI. Data was collected from 323 women in their 20-40's. Factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Chi-square test, and multi regression analysis were done. Women were segmented into the under weight group, the regular weight group, and the over weight group according to their BMI. The factors of shoes selection criteria were fit and practicality, appearance, fashion and brand, materials and sewing, comfort and economy, and size. Generally most women were satisfied with the styles of shoes but dissatisfied with materials and size. The underweight group's foot was shorter and narrower, shoes was shorter and heel height was higher but the over weight group was opposite. The under weight group were satisfied with higher heel and comfort and practical shoes. The regular weight group were satisfied with higher heel and comfort and economy shoes but the over weight group was dissatisfied with higher heel and comfort and economy shoes.
Current Status and Food Allergy Related-Dietary Behaviors of Atopy and Asthma-Friendly Elementary School Students in the Chungnam Area
Jeong, Kyung Jin ; Ly, Sun Yung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 123~135
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.123
In order to examine allergic disease experience rates of students at atopy and asthma friendly elementary schools located in Chungcheongnam-do and investigate their dietary behaviors, a survey on 250 parents of first to third grade students at four rural-type atopy and asthma friendly elementary schools was conducted. The number of students who had experienced allergic symptoms (allergic group) was 102 (40.8%). their breastfeeding duration was shorter than that of the non-allergic group (p<.001) and the former's weaning foods-feeding had started earlier than the latter's (p<.01). Regarding the eating habits, the non-allergic group was found to have breakfast and dinner better than the allergic group (p<.001). The number of students eating fruits as snacks was largest in the allergic group at 73 (71.6%), and as for the non-allergic group, their rate of eating fruits, milk and dairy products, and cookies and fries was at 25.7%, 22.3%, and 20.3%, respectively. A high percentage of the allergic group ate three times or less per month the animal food groups and dairy products (p<.001). Accordingly, for improvement in dietary behaviors of students who have allergy against food, nutrition education on regular eating, balanced intake of food, adequate intake of snacks and meals for proper growth and development and precise diagnosis of allergy-triggering food are necessary. In particular, as education on food allergy, implementation of practical education such as appropriate nutrition counseling by nutrition teachers is urgent beyond the one-way educational method of school newsletters.
Status and Training Demand on Dietary Education of Kindergarten Teachers in Jeonbuk Province
Park, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 1, 2015, Pages 137~148
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.1.137
The purpose of this study was to investigate the kindergarten teachers operation and demand of dietary education in Jeonbuk province. The study was carried out using a self administered questionnaire and the subjects were 148 kindergarten teachers. The questions were general characteristics of the subjects, operating status as frequency, place, education time, and training demand on dietary education. The results are as follows. All subjects were female(100.0%), more than half were 20's(62.8%) in their age, teaching career was 31.8% in less than 3 years, and 68.2% in more than 3 years. Frequency of the dietary education operation was 3 times per week(53.4%), place of education were classroom(81.9%), and education time was lunch time(87.5%). Twenty three point eight percent of the subjects recognized the facilities for education was lack, 32.6% of them did the education materials was lack. The desirable frequency of dietary education was 1~2 times per week(40.4%). About two third of the subjects(73.6%) recognized the objects of the dietary education was not only preschool children but also their parents. Most of the subjects(83.8%) had willing to get training, the proper training program was 10 hours(87.8%), and they prefer semester weekday(64.9%) than semester weekend(30.5%). Proper ratio in the core value of dietary education as environment : health : thanks was 31.8% : 40.9% : 27.2%. It is concluded that the demand on dietary education of kindergarten teachers is necessary for their education program in kindergarten.