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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Covert Narcissism and Supervisors' Servant Leadership on Childcare Center Teachers' Organizational Cynicism
Min, Ha-Young ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 149~157
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.149
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of teachers' covert narcissism and supervisors' servant leadership on teachers' organizational cynicism. The subjects were 279 teachers employed in childcare centers in K Province. Data was collected by questionnaires, which required self-report by teachers. The collected data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation, hierarchial regression, by using SPSS Win 19.0. The results of our study was as follows. First, main effects of teachers' covert narcissism and supervisors' servant leadership on teachers' organizational cynicism was observed. teachers' covert narcissism was positively associated with teachers' organizational cynicism. and supervisors' servant leadership was negatively associated with teachers' organizational cynicism. Second, supervisors' servant leadership was a better predictor of teachers' organizational cynicism than teachers' covert narcissism. Finally, interaction effects of teachers' covert narcissism and supervisors' servant leadership on teachers' organizational cynicism was not observed.
The Effect of Mothers' Depression on Preschool Children's Development: Focusing on the Mediation of Home Environment
Kim, Jung Min ; Kim, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 159~170
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.159
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among mothers' depression, home environment, and preschool children's development. The participants in this study were 199 parents of 3- to 5-year-old children. Statistical methods used for the data analysis were the frequencies, means, standard deviations, Pearson correlation, simple and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows. First, mothers' depression had a negative influence on home environment. Second, mothers' depression had a negative influence on children's development. Last, the effect of mothers' depression on children's development was partially mediated by home environment. The results suggest that mothers' depression and home environment may predict children's development.
A Study on the Bilingual Teacher Training Program for Married Immigrant Women
Kong, Suyoun ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 171~184
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.171
This study is aimed at proposing and managing a program to foster married immigrant women who have bilingual-bicultural abilities. Four stages of research processes were followed. Firstly, bilingual teacher training was contemplated field experience and preceding research. Secondly, specialist groups reviewed and verified considerations of content validity. Thirdly, seventeen valid participants were selected and they worked on programs of ten sessions. Fourthly, the effectiveness of the program was verified through a survey of satisfaction. This study has its significance as a program that reflects the theory and reality to establish their identity reinforce the capability and arouse the multi-cultural consciousness.
Residents' Interaction and Community Consciousness in the Urban Village Community - The Case of Sungmisan Village -
Park, KyoungOk ; Jung, JiIn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 185~204
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.185
The purpose of this study is to suggest factors for village activation and maintenance of urban village community, based on the survey of residents' interaction (neighbors relationship, using community facilities, and community activities) and their community consciousness of Seongmisan village, a successful case in Seoul. 171 residents answered the questionnaire, and the data were analyzed by the SPSS program. Major findings are as follows. 1) Families got social with neighbors, caused by common use of community facilities, nearness of houses, and kids' friendship; the number of neighbors to be expected to give help was mostly under 5. 2) Facilities used by residents more than 3 times a week were cooperative association and cafe 'Little Tree'. Facilities considered to be important by residents were living cooperative association('Doore'), kids daycare center, village school, cafe, and education center. 3) 'Village News' was mostly interested community activities; 'Village Festival' and 'Village Sports Day' were also mostly participated. 4) As for the village consciousness factors, more than 3 points of 5 marked in all the 3 categories; emotional intimacy, neighbor homogeneity, and village attribution. The village consciousness, however, showed statistically meaningful difference in residents' motivation to move into village, number of family members, age, income, period of residence, neighbors relationship, whether they participate in group activities and events or not.
The Effects of University Students' Identity and Parent's Marital Relationship on their Perceptions of Marriage
Han, Nu-Ri ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 205~218
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.205
By examining variables affecting university student's perceptions of marriage, this study aimed to better understand how to promote positive perceptions of marriage among university students. The study sample consisted of 488 university students and their parents in Incheon and Gyeonggi, Korea. For data analysis, t-test, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis were performed. First, results showed that individual growth, emotional stability, and overall perceptions of marriage varied by gender. And results showed that individual growth, institutional necessity, and overall perceptions of marriage varied by grade. Second, higher levels of perceptions of marriage among university students were significantly correlated with greater university student's identity, better parent's marital relationship. Third, the personal relations was most influential variable on university student's perceptions of marriage, followed by the parent's conflict and authority the mother's duties, followed by the target orientating, gender and grade. Overall, results suggest that parent's marital relationship is important for promotion of positive perceptions of marriage among university students. Also, systematic analysis of university student's identity and programs to address such problems are needed.
The Effect of the Elderly's Stress on Depression -Focused on Mediating Effect of Resilience and Moderating Effect of Social Activity-
Jeon, Young Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 219~236
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.219
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the elderly's stress on depression, and also to verify the mediating effect of the elderly's resilience and the moderating effect of their social activity between stress and depression. To achieve the purpose of this study, questionnaire survey was conducted. Research subjects of this study were 487 elderly people who were 60 years old and over in Gimhae area. Both the elderly participating in senior welfare center or community center and home care elderly people were included in survey. The study results are as follows: First, there were significant influence of the elderly's stress on depression. Second, the mediating effect of the elderly's resilience between stress and depression was verified. Both the direct effect of stress on depression and indirect effect of stress through resilience on depression were verified. Third, the moderating effect of the elderly's social activity between stress and depression was verified. It was found that the harmful effect of the elderly's stress on depression could be alleviated by participation in social activity. Through the study result, the elderly's resilience which is internal resource, is needed to be strengthened to alleviate depression derived from stress. Also, the elderly's active participation in social activity is needed to be encouraged to prevent the harmful effect of the elderly's stress on depression. Therefore, it is recommended that programs enhancing resilience of the elderly should be developed and the elderly should be supported to participate in social activity more actively.
The Relative Deprivation of the Households in Poverty through Cost of Living
Shim, Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 237~253
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.237
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative deprivation of the households in poverty, comparing with the households in non-poverty, and to find out the characteristics of household groups by the level of relative deprivation. The data for this study was from the 6th Korea Welfare Panel Survey(KOWEPS), consisting of total 5,552 households. The results are as follows: There were statistically significant differences in the objective cost of living, the subjective minimum cost of living, and the subjective adequate cost of living between households in poverty and households in non-poverty. There was statistically significant difference in the relative deprivation between households in poverty and households in non-poverty. Poverty was the factor for the relative deprivation of households.
Subjective Wearing Assessment and Clothing Pressure depending on the Pattern Reduction Rate of Developed Cycle Pants Using the 3D Human Scan Data
Jeong, Yeonhee ; Hong, Kyunghi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 255~266
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.255
In this study, we have developed the ergonomic pattern from the 3D human body reflecting cycling posture and extensibility of the stretch fabrics. Adjusting pressure level in the construction of athlete's tight-fitting stretch garments by reducing the original pattern is a challenging subject, which influence on the performance of the wearer directly. Therefore, in this study, relationships between the reduction rates of the 2D pattern obtained from the 3D human scan and resultant clothing pressure were explored to improve the fit and pressure exerted by reduced clothing pattern. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental garments were rated using a seven-point Likert scale on two consecutive days. While wearing the garments, subjects were asked to take five different postures including waist flexion, sitting and others. A Likert-type scale was used for the evaluation, with 7 points indicating the best fit in tight-fitting pants. Comparing 2/3T-pattern with T-pattern, the latter was superior to 2/3T-pattern in terms of adhere well to the waist and hip area in the 0.032 significance level. T-pattern was superior to 2/3T-pattern in terms of fitting and wear comfort. As results, the pattern obtained from the flexed body reflecting cycling posture already included the contraction and extension of the skin while cycling posture, so that the extra ease for movement and good fit was not need to be considered. The optimized reduction rates were determined with the proposed reduction rate, the resultant pressure range was within the range of
at eight locations on the body except front waist band and thigh band.
The Exotic Tastes and Characteristics of Colors in Matisse's Works
Lee, Keum Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 267~284
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.267
The purpose of this study is to extract the color chip from the works of Matisse with the exotic tastes, to analyze the characters of adjacent colors, and to suggest the color coordination of artistic character. The research method is based on the literature study which analyzes visual materials. The results are as follows. Considering the colors of Japanese taste, He employs vivid and strong tone in red, yellow, and blue, light tone in pink, purple, and green and deep tone in green, purple, blue and black. His color scheme is very bold and splendid. In his Algerian taste, red is very popular, but an attention should be paid in his development of orange and blue tones. In general, the usage of various tones brings colors into less relief and make the contrast of tones more conspicuous. His Spanish taste, based on red and orange, attracts attentions with strong impressions, but sometimes, dark or adjacent pale tones creates strong, mild and murky atmosphere. The Moroccan taste, based on the development of blue tones which have strong attraction implies the lightness but represents silent and calm. The Rumanian taste, represented in primary colors of red, yellow and blue and achromatic colors is bright and clear. In addition, its light tone in various colors represents peace and romance. The coordination of the exotic colors with the unique adjacent colors created by Matisse is not based on the established color coordination theory, but extracts colors in the aspect of culture borrowing. Therefore, it can double the effects of the color scheme expressed in the existing designs and be used as the global and multi-cultural design sources.
Comparisons of Thermal-moisture Properties in Combination of 3D spacer and Polyurethane(PU) Foam for Mold Brassiere Cups
Lee, Hyun Young ; Park, Huiju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 285~295
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.285
To identify optimized thermal properties of mold brassiere cup for improved thermal comfort during summer, we compared the thermal resistance and the water vapor permeability of Polyurethane (PU) foam, 3D spacer fabric and the two combined materials of the PU foam and the 3D spacer fabric. Four experimental mold brassieres were made of the materials for wearing test. Six women in their twenties evaluated the wearing sensation in the hot and humid environment. The changes in microclimate temperature and humidity while wearing test brassiere cups were measured. Results indicate that thermal resistance increased as more PU foam were combined, while the water vapor permeability was higher as the content of the 3D spacer fabric increased at thickness of 18mm and over. However, in the wear test, the PU foam brassiere was the most preferred in all ambient conditions due to its soft, flexible and smooth texture, despite its high thermal resistance and low water vapor permeability. This indicates that the textures of mold foams are more dominant properties than thermal properties for mold foams in determining the wear comfort of mold brassieres.
An Analysis on the Content Elements of Housing Area in Middle School Technology·Home Economics Textbooks by 2009 Revised Curriculum
Cho, Han Gyul ; Jang, Sang Ock ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 2, 2015, Pages 297~325
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.2.297
The purpose of this research is to analyze content elements of Housing area in 2013 middle school Technology Home Economics textbooks 1 and 2, total of 22 according to 2009 revised curriculum. The analysis method was content analysis, focusing on contents of main text, tables & figures, reading material, and activity materials by their content elements. This research will contribute in obtaining suggestion for the post curriculum/textbook development and helping teachers to perform a lesson. The results are as follows. First, Housing area included 1 to 4 content elements per each units, from 2 chapters and 6 units. The content elements stated in Home economics curriculum were total of 16 which consists of 'the meaning of housing,' 'housing types,' 'family forms,' 'family life style cycle,' 'life style,' 'neighboring environment,' 'co-living values,' 'air environment,' 'heat environment,' 'light environment,' 'acoustic environment,' 'space division,' 'circulation', 'effective use of space,' and 'sustainable dwelling practice.' All of these components are dealt with in every textbooks. Second, the numbers of content elements provided in each textbooks were the same, however they showed difference in their contextual aspect. Some contents need supplemental material for their lacking content element. Others need proper understanding of the concept because some showed different contents from the appropriate content elements. Third, repetitions in content elements were observed, the contents of 'co-living values' in textbook 1 and 'sustainable dwelling practice' in textbook 2 were similar in terms of eco-friendly housing, co-housing and universal housing. These two content elements should be merged as one next curriculum, or should be stated together in one subunit.