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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Effect of Gender and Time-Use on Elementary School Children's Self-Regulated Learning Ability
Chung, Ha Na ; Kim, Yu Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 741~753
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.741
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether elementary children's time-use and self-regulated learning ability was different according to gender and whether children's gender and time-use effects self-regulated learning ability. Participants were 2,122 children who participated in KCYPS longitudinal study from their first grade to third grade. Time-use was reported by children's parents. Children's self-regulated learning is invented by Yang(2000). Components of self-regulated learning scale was achievement value, mastery goal orientation, action control, academic time management. The major findings were as follows. First, children's self-regulated learning was different according to chidren's gender. Girls' achievement value, mastery goal orientation, academic time management scores were higher than the boys'. Second, children's daily time was different according to their gender. Third, children's daily time-use affected their self-regulated leaning, however children's gender didn't.
The Relationship between Parents' Neglect and Children's Academic Achievement : Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Self-Regulated Learning Ability and Sense of Community
Park, Eun Jung ; Lee, Yu Ri ; Lee, Sung Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 755~768
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.755
The purpose of this study was to verify the mediating effects on self-regulated learning ability and sense of community in the relationship between parents' neglect and children's academic achievement. The subjects used in this study were 2,218 6th grade elementary school students from the third wave sample of the 2012 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). For data analysis, the three-step mediated regression analysis by Baron and Kenny (1986) was performed and the Sobel test was carried out in order to verify the effectiveness of mediation effects. The main results of the present study were as follows. First, the self-regulated learning ability and sub-component factors of achievement value, mastery goal orientation, behavioral control, academic time-management revealed to have a partial mediation effect in the relationship between parents' neglect and children's academic achievement. Second, the sense of community also showed to have a partial mediation effect on the relationship between parents' neglect and children's academic achievement. The findings of this study provide a viewpoint to deeply observe the problem of parents' neglect in connection with children's self-regulated learning ability and sense of community, and can be used as practical data to develop various programs for the benefit of improving children's academic achievement.
A Study on the Effects of Self Control and Social Support on the Mobile Phone Dependence in Elementary School Students
Park, Jeong-A ; Chung, Jee-Nha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 769~781
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.769
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self control and social support on the mobile phone dependence in elementary school students. The subjects were 392 children(187 boys, 205 girls) in 5, 6th grade from two elementary schools in Gyeonggi-do. The mobile phone dependence was assessed by the Mobile Phone Dependence Scale(Ko Seong-Ja, 2012), self control was measured by the Self-control Scale(Nam hyeon-mi, 1999) and social support was assessed by the Social Support Scale(Han mi hyun, 1996). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlations and hierarchical regressions. The major results of this study were as follows: First, there was no significant difference in mobile phone dependence by sex of the children. Second, children's mobile phone dependence were correlated with self control and social support. Finally, children's self control, family support and peer support significantly explained the mobile phone dependence. But peer support appeared to have negative corelation on mobile phone dependence, but appeared to have static effect in regression result by suppressor variables. So it needs to explore statistical function of suppressor variables in follow-up studies. Also research of this study indicate that self control enhancement program should be developed and parents should communicate more frankly and affectively with their children in order to prevent children's mobile phone dependence.
The Effect of Parenting Attitude, Self-esteem and Peer Attachment on Emotion Problem
Ko, Mi Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 783~793
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.783
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Parenting Attitude, Self-esteem, and Peer Attachment on Emotion Problem. The study is based on data from first wave of 'Korean Child Youth Panel Survey 2010(KCYPS)' and the subjects of this survey were 2,098 1st grade junior middle school students. To measure the variables, this study used such scales as the parenting attitude scale, self-esteem scale, and peer attachment scale and emotional problem scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and structural equation modeling analysis. Results of structural equation modeling with data indicated that hypothesized structural equation model produced a good fit but, no direct effect between negative parenting attitude and peer attachment. The self-esteem have mediating effect between parenting attitude and peer attachment, emotion problem. The peer attachment have mediating effect between positive parenting attitude and emotion problem but, did not have mediating effect between negative parenting attitude and emotion problem. The implications for counseling and suggestions for future research are discussed.
The Effects of Family Ties on Suicidal Ideation of the Rural Elderly in Korea - Focused on the Meditating Effects of Community Consciousness -
Lee, Boram ; Lee, Jeonghwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 795~809
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.795
The suicide rate in South Korea has been the highest among the OECD countries for more than 10 years. In addition, the suicide rate among the rural elderly is much higher than that of the elderly in urban areas and that of younger generations. The purpose of this study was to examine the general tendencies of family ties, community consciousness and suicide ideation of the rural elderly in Korea. Also, this study aimed to verify the mediating effect of community consciousness between family ties and suicidal ideation. The data for this study came from 283 elderly people (over 65 years old) living in 11 villages in South Korea. The data was gathered from July to August 2013. Baron and Kenny's (1986) step based regression from the SPSS Win 18.0 program was used to analyze this data. This study also utilized the Sobel-test. The results of this study are as follows. First, the suicidal ideation of the respondents had a lower score than the median score. However, the magnitude of suicidal ideation was still significant. Second, this study found that family ties and community consciousness have both direct and indirect effects on the reduction of suicidal ideation. Lastly, this study examined the mediating effects of community consciousness. The findings of this study are of great significance because they reconfirmed the importance of establishing a social safety net in local communities to replace adult children who have relocated to urban areas.
Comparison of the Factors Related to Depression of the Female Elderly Living Alone by Region
Kim, Eunkyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 811~827
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.811
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors related to depression of female elderly living alone by region. Data for this study was based on the 2011 National Survey on Elderly. Total of 1,684(689 rural elderly, 995 urban) community samples of female elderly living alone participated in this study. Even though there was no difference of depression score by region, this study found that the effects of factors on depression were significantly different by region. Yearly income, subjective health, balanced exchange of emotional support and satisfaction with their children were significantly associated with depression of both rural and urban female elderly living alone. For rural female elderly living alone, average daily television viewing time, number of close friends and frequency of contact with friends/neighbors were significant predictors to their depression. In the case of urban female elderly living alone, exercise, frequency of message, email or telephone contact with friends/ neighbors and balanced exchange of economic support contributed significantly to the prediction of depression. Subjective health had the strongest effect on depression for both rural and urban female elderly living alone.
The study of the relationship among materialism, clothing shopping orientation and clothing impulse buying
Chung, Misil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 829~846
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.829
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of materialism and clothing shopping orientation on clothing impulse buying. The subjects were 309 female college students in Gyeongsang provinces. The obtained data were analyzed by reliability analysis, frequency, factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The major results of this study were as follows: First, two factors of materialism were identified: happiness pursuit materialism and possession pursuit materialism. Second, two factors of clothing shopping orientation were identified: conspicuous shopping orientation and hedonic shopping orientation. Third, a significant positive correlation was found among two factors of materialism, two factors of clothing shopping orientation, and clothing impulse buying. Fourth, possession pursuit materialism influences clothing impulse buying through conspicuous shopping orientation. Fifth, happiness pursuit materialism influences clothing impulse buying through hedonic shopping orientation.
Selection of an Optimal Commercial Brassiere for the Small-breasted Women and the Evaluation and 3D Analysis of the Wearing Appearance
Lee, Hyun Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 847~857
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.847
The ratio of small-breasted women occupies over 20% among Korean women in their twenties. However, the commercial brassieres for the small-breasted women were not fitted well to their breast shapes. In this research, the various commercial mold brasseries for small-breasted women were evaluated through the wearing test and the analysis of 3D images which were scanned from their torsos wearing the brassieres. In addition, professional panels performed the appearance evaluation based on the 2D front and side images captured from 3D images taken by 3D measurement systems. As the results, we found that small-breasted women preferred a 3/4 cup brassiere, of which volume is concentrated in the lower cup. The most preferred brassiere in wearing state shows that the characteristic angle between the chest and the upper cup is about 167 degrees, which is smaller than those of another brassieres, and that the ratio of the radius of curvature of the nipple part to that of the lower cup was about 0.78. These results provide important implications regarding the design of mold brassieres for small-breasted women in spite of the fact that these results represent the selected set of commercial brassieres. Therefore, further studies are highly demanded for the most suitable design information of mold cup for small-breasted women.
Characteristics and Dyeability of Chelidonium majus var. asiaticum Extracts with Different Solvents
Choi, Hyeong Yeol ; Lee, Jung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 859~871
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.859
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of the pigment characteristic and changes in dying conditions on the dying properties by extracting Chelidonium majus var. asiaticum using distilled water and ethanol as solvents. Changes in dying conditions include variations in dye concentrations, dyeing temperatures and time on dye uptake, and K/S Value was compared according to these changes. Additionally, color changes were observed through mordant. Ultraviolet-visible spectrum was used to investigate the pigment characteristic, and as a result, tannin was identified in distilled-water-extract, whereas berberine and chlorophyll were identified in ethanol-extract. In FT-IR analysis, tannin in distilled-water-extract was verified as hydrolyzable tannin. For ethanol extract, chlorophyll was verified through absorption band of C-H, which is aliphatic spectrum around
. From GC/MS analysis, oil components as well as terpine compounds were detected in ethanol-extract, and this, in turn, brings expectation regarding functionality. When dying in silk, dye uptake increased as concentration of the extract increased, and the optimum dyeing temperature and time were
and 60 minutes respectively. Dyed fabrics' colors were all basically Y-series colors, and adjustment in brightness and revelation of khaki color were also available depending on the type of the mordant. Color fastness, except for washing fastness, was good in silk dyed with distilled-water-extract. Thus, it can be concluded that by selecting the right extracting method and by doing proper dyeing and mordant according to the needs, these dyed fabrics can be used as eco-friendly, functional clothing material.
An Analysis on the Costume Design in Rhythmic Gymnastics Competition
Kim, Sun Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 875~887
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.875
The analysis in this work is about costumes among the rhythmic gymnasts in competition, which is intended to develop designs about rhythmic gymnastics costume and provide the basic material from the results. In its research method and range, the general information on rhythmic gymnastics was reviewed in literature and the case analysis was followed about costumes of world high rankers in competition during 2012~2015 seasons. Research showed the following results. First, leotard took a shape of skirt-added one-piece type, where a combination with long tight sleeve, round neck line, and stand-up collar had a relatively higher percentage in design. With regard to a bottom line of skirt, an amorphous type was most common that highlights rhythmical beauty without any particular form. This design exposed shoulders and waists on both sides, expressing the feminine beauty. Second, in color used mainly, white appeared most frequently. In its combination, more than three were employed. Third, transparent mesh was applied as basic, where lace and chiffon were used. Abstract pattern took the highest portion in pattern. Particularly, crystal bead or gradation coloring was used to maximize the visually splendid image, giving an effect of optical illusion as if neckless clothing, choker, bracelet, or glove were worn. Fourth, it appeared that the costume for each event was changed in every season, when only music was substituted but the same earlier costume was put on for the different event.
Review of Rural Housing Policies for Rural Revitalization Based on the Analysis of Rural Newtown Projects
Park, Jung-a ; Choi, Byungsook ; Kang, Inho ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 24, issue 6, 2015, Pages 887~901
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2015.24.6.887
This study aims to identify limitations and pending problems after reviewing the overall policies and status of rural Newtown projects, and to seek solutions to its problems. This study targeted the villages of 5 districts, which were developed as rural new-towns after 2009 and included the basic status and progress of the pilot districts. This study conducted a literature review to examine the basic status and progress of the pilot districts, and based on this, analyzed the demand prediction, site selection, project implementation, and housing and amenity facilities of the pilot districts. The study methods included literature reviews, on-site surveys, interviews with village representatives, and consultations with experts. According to the analysis results, a low occupancy rate of the Newtown project districts is because the prediction of occupancy demand was incorrectly completed before implementing the projects. Also, the eligibility for occupancy, such as age restriction and mandatory farming was too strict. Other problems included an absence of income generation support policies for rural returnees, a housing supply policy in disregard of agricultural characteristics, and a lack of understanding of maintenance of communal space, etc.