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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Dec 1995
Selecting the target year
Family Stress and Coping Strategies with Normal Child and Autistic Child
An, Gee-Yeoun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this research is to provide fundamental data, which is essential to develop counselling and educational program for autistic family, analyzing family stress and coping strategies of severely autistic child family, mildly autistic child family and normal child family. The result of this research is as follows: There are significant differences among severely autistic child family, mildly autistic child family and normal child family applying to three types of family stress. Also there are significant differences among severely autistic child family, mildly autistic child family and normal child family applying to religions supporting methods and relatives and friend's supporting methods. This research is not discussed that autistic child family with not education. Therefore the follow-up studies need to know that difference between with education and not with education.
Recognitions and Attitudes of the New Generation Family on the Family Life
Chong, Young-Sook ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 13~29
The purposes of this study are to investigate the characteristics of recognitions and attitudes of new generation family on the family life, and to help the family members of the new generation family to be able to adapt to the future family and society with the right senses and attitudes on the family life. Three-hundred married men and women who were less than 35 years old, and who continued marriage for less than five years were selected. The results of this study were as follow; 1) Types of family composition was mostly nuclear family, and got help from their parents in managing household work. 2) Most new generation family was more likely to share equal roles and rights in household affairs, decision making and ownership of real properties. 3) Most new generation family considered the personality and the sense of value as the most important conditions which their spouse must have. And they were affirmative to wives' employment. 4) Most new generation family wanted 2 children. And preferred showed that they did not care much about son preference. 5) Most new generation family showed strong sense of responsibility for taking care of their old parents. However, they showed independency of financial planning for later years. 6) In many ways of life, their recognitions and attitudes were progressive but their were conservative in practical life as the older generations did.
Social Networks and Self Perceived Competence in Middle Childhood
Kim, Myung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 31~38
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between social networks and perceived self-competence. The subject were 350 third and sixth graders selected from a public elementary school in Seoul. The children were administered the Pattison Psychosocial Network Inventory and The Self Perception Profile for Children. Three major questions are addressed; l)age changes 2)sex differences, and 3) the relation between the characteristics of social networks and self-perceived competence. Data were analyzed by pearson's product moment correlation, one-way ANOVA. Proportion measures were also used since they had allowed for the observation of relationship between two subsets of people within given categories(e.g.,the number of relatives divided by the number of relatives plus nonrelatives). The effects of age and sex of child on the number and daily contact with kin, nankin, peers, adults, males, and females were found. Sixth graders had a larger number of adults than third graders. While children had a greater number of adults than peers, they had more contact with peers than with adults in their network. It was found that boys had greater number of people in their network than girls. And boys had a larger number of and more contact with males, and girls had a larger number of more contact with females. The structure of childrens' social networks structure were correlated with perceived self-competence.
A Study on Contribution Rate to Matrimonial Wealth Accumulation of Urban Housewives
Lee, Jae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 39~50
To determine contribution rate to matrimonial wealth accumulation of urban housewives, a survey was made toward them by using questionaires from September 1994 to October 1994. Three hundred-eighteen housewives were randomly selected from Pusan area. The results obtained were as follows. Average contributing rate to household income was 65.7 percent for husbands and 34.3 percent for wives. The contribution rates evaluated by themselves of wives were 38.1 percent for the house property; 36.5 percent for the savings; 9.6 percent for the real estate; 5.2 percent for the land; 9.3 percent for the stocks & bonds; and 9.2 percent for others. It is suggested that 50 percent and over 50 percent of matrimonial properties have to be recognized to the wives who changed their occupations to house work and employed wives, respectively.
Adolescent Consumers' Attitudes toward TV Advertisements on and Purchasing Behaviors of the Sport Beverages
Kim, Shin-Ae ; Cho, Jae-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 51~61
The purpose of this study was to find out the characteristics of the adolescent consumers related to the attitudes toward TV advertisements on and purchasing behaviors of the sport beverages, and to test the role of the atitudes toward TV advertisements between the consumer characteristics and the purchasing behaviors of the sport beverages. The qusetionnaire method was utilized to 549 female and male junior and senior high school students in urban and rural areas. The results showed that the attitudes toward TV advertisement on sport beverage was related to the residentiae years in school, whom to buy, level of interests in sports, and level of knowledges of the beverages; purchasing behaviors of the sport beverages, whom to buy, gender, level of knowledges of the beverages, size of the allowance, and the residentiae years in school. The attitudes toward TV advertisements seemed to the intervenning role between the consumer characteristics and the purchasing behaviors among adolescent consumers.
Time Series Comparison of Urben Wage Workers' Education Expenditure among Different Social Classes
Ryu, Jeong-Soon ; Lee, Hee-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 63~74
Urben wage workers' education expenditure among different social classes from 1979 to 1993 has been compared. Eduction expenditure has increased much more than that of income resulting from income increase and government policy. Education expenditure gaps among social classes have showed to be an increasing trend although the ratio of education expense to the income has increased among low class families. Average income elasticity was 1.1 and this result showed that education expense was luxury good. Income elasticity of education expense among low class families have fluctuated more than any other classes resulting from construction business cycle and housing rent increase. Average Gini coefficient was 0.38 and turned out to be highest among 9 household expenditures, however it was in the trend of improvement from 81. But from 91 Gini Coefficient went up high again. Main reason for this increase was due to high social class families' eucation expenditure increase. Government's strong policies to enhance equality level of education opportunity and to support low class families are urged.
A Study on Bodice Basic Pattern Design for a Pregnant Woman
Na, Mi-Hyang ; Kim, Mi-Sun ; Park, Sung-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 75~83
A pregnant woman usually brings on a great change of her body line after the six month pregnant time. In particular, the abdomen is the biggest of all body parts, in the latter of her pregnance, compared with the fact of the bosom is as such for the common body line. Accordingly, we have the 10 main item to design a pregnant woman's proper pattern by the Body Volume Pre-Outline. The pregnent woman's bodice basic pattern of this study is designed loosely for hiding the change of body as the progress of pregnance, in order to be applied to a pregnant woman's pattern design variously.
A study on the Actual Wearing State of Brassiere : on Shape of Brassiere
Choi, Suk-Chul ; Yoon, Hae-Gyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 85~103
The purpose of this study was to get basic information about aspect of consumption, production, and hygiene of the brassiere, which should be mentioned. As the research methods, 2172 women who are living in Pusan, Korea were selected and were classified according to age, job, and marriage. In the data analysis, percentage, average, standard deviation, Chi square(
)-test were used. The results of analyzing data in this study are followed; 1. The mean age of first time wearing of brassiere is 14.1 years and the mean number of having brassiere is five. 2. For the anterior shape of brassiere, the wire type is extremely weared. The type that does not to want to wear is plunging type and most favorable type of brassiere is support type. 3. For the posterior shape of brassiere, extremely weared types are standard and straight type. Round type II is that does not to want to wear. 4. It is all type that showed statistical significance for age, job and marrige.
Analysis of Home Cooking Articles in Cho-Sun Daily Newspaper
Hwang, Guie-Ryeon ; Kim, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 105~111
This study was to investigate the trends of dietary life as based on the assumption that economic growth caused the change in dietary life. Newspaper articles on home cooking in Cho-Sun Daily Newspaper, published from 1961 to 1993, were analyzed, and the results are summerized as follows: (1) Total number of articles on home cooking was 817. Traditional Korean foods had been introduced more often than foreign foods, particularily after the third period(
). In the first period(
serving size of 5 had been adapted mainly, whereas serving size of 4 had been adapted more frequently after third period. (2) Vegetable foods were the most frequently introduced item in home cooking articles as a whole. In the third and forth periods starch foods had been reduced, whereas vegetable and meat foods had been increased in home cooking articles. Use of foods of the season had been reduced thanks to spreading of greenhouse and to improvement of food storage technology. (3) Traditional Korean foods were largely composed of kimchi, boiled rice, Korean style soup and stew which are basic foods in Korea. Foreign foods introduced were mainly beverage, alcoholic drink and salad. Since 1980 meat, chicken and vegetable dishes had been frequently introduced. In conclusion, the daily newspaper articles on home cooking reflect the changes in Koreans' food consumption pattern and consciousness of dietary life.
The Drinking Life of Youngsters aged between 20 and 30 - Focused on the University Students and the Workers in Chongju Area -
Kim, Jun-Sook ; An, Sung-Soon ; Kim, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 113~122
Nowadays drunken drive and other problems related to drinking have been increased in our society. Those problems, we believe, are just the outcomes of undesirable drinking life. To investigate the drinking life of youngsters aged between 20 and 30, 271 university students and workers in Chongju area were surveyed, focusing on attitude toward drinking, drinking behavior and drinking habits. The results are as follows: 1. Youngsters, regardless of their sex, have generous attitude toward drinking. 2. Youngsters usually drink to get along with their friends or fellow workers. 3. The university students drink alone more frequently than the workers do. And to drink alone occurs when they feel mental stress or face difficulties. 4. The university students and the workers do not differ in terms of average drinking frequency per month, the number of pubs they stop by per drinking occasion, and the king of liquor they take. 5. Above 80% of the car owners have experienced the drinking drive. And they tend to smoke more while drinking.
Synthetic Detergent and our Daily Lives as Consumers against Environmental Pollution.
Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 4, issue 1, 1995, Pages 123~133
Lately our environments have been destroyed by such new things as synthetic detergent. How to use detergent at home can be a decisive factor for decreasing water pollution because living sewage by using detergent at home is the main cause of water pollution. We consumers, therefore, should understand the relation between the chemical ingredients of detergent and water pollution and should choose detergent always taking the kinds of detergent, its washing pewer into consideration. We should also contribute to the protection of out environment by keeping the standard of using amount attached to the products.