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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
Selecting the target year
Children's Dramatic Play Behaviors in Same-Age and Mixed-Age Preschool Classrooms
Ha, Seung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to examine children's dramatic play and dramatic play themes in the same-age and mixed-age kindergarten classrooms. The subjects were 45 children in three classrooms of 4-year-olds, 69 children in three classrooms of 5-year-olds, and 60 children in three mixed-age classrooms of 4-and 5-year-olds. Observations were conducted by videotape recordings. Observation periods were of five-minutes duration. There were ten observations of children's indoor free-play periods. Four-and five-year-olds in mixed-age classrooms were more likely to engage in group-dramatic play than 4-and 5-year-olds in same-age classrooms. Four-year-olds in mixed-age classrooms were more likely to engage in domestic and family, war/violence, school, animal, and vehicle play themes than 4-year-olds in same-age classrooms. However, 5-year-olds in mixed-age classrooms were more likely to engage in family and school play themes than 5-year-olds in same-age classrooms. 5-year-olds in same-age classrooms were more likely to engage in vehicle and animal play themes than 5-year-olds in mixed-age classrooms. 5-year-olds in same-age classrooms did not differ from 5-year-olds in mixed-age classrooms on the war/violence themes used during dramatic play. In terms of sex differences, boys were more likely to engage in violence, adventure fantage themes than girls. Conversely girls were more likely to engage in family/marriage static play themes than boys.
A Study on Life-Style, Perceived Time Pressure, and Time Management Strategies of Married Women.
Seo, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 15~31
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship to the life-style, perceived time pressure and time management strategies of married women. The research issues are as follow : 1. How are Life-styles influence to the perceived time pressure according to employment status of marraged women? 2. How are life-styles influence to the time manegement strategies according to employment status of marraged women? 3. How much are the effect of life-style, perceived time pressure and the rest of variable on the time management strategies of marraged women? For the purpose of this study, 585 questionnaire were distributed to marraged women living in pusan. The data were analyzed by statistical methods such as Pearson's correlation, percentage, factor analysis, and regression analysis. The significant results are as follow : 1. According to the employment status, there were several differences among those life-styles which are influencing to the perceived time pressure. 2. According to the employment status, there were differences among those life-styles which are influencing to the time management strategies. 3. Independent variables about the time management strategies of married women showed life-style(B=.46), age(B=-.18), income(B=.15), perceived time pressure(B=.12). education level(B=.07). The results of this study can be attributed to develop the efficient strategy of reducing perceived time pressure of marraged women.
A Study on Cosmetic Purchasing Behaviors among Female College Students in Cheongju Area
Lee, Hee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 33~42
The purpose of this study is to investigate cosmetic purchasing behaviors among female college students in Cheongju area. Three-hundred female college students who were attending universities in Cheongju area were selected. Questionnaire survey method and SPSS computer program were utilized. The findings of this study were as follow: First, 8.5% of monthly disposible money was spent for cosmetic and this amount of cosmetic expenditure was a little burden to female college students. Second, most female college students began to make up from freshmen or sophomore. And they were making up for self-satisfaction rather than showing off. Third, the purchasing behaviors of female college students were most affected by TV advertisements. Fourth, female college students thought that cosmetic is a necessity rather than luxury for them. And they were considering quality when they buy cosmetic first and price second. Fifth, female college students showed that rather low level of impulse purchasing behaviors.
The Actual Condition and Role Recognition of Fashion Sales Related Persons in Women's Ready-to-Wear Shop
Ku, Yang-Suk ; Lee, Jung-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 43~53
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual condition of fashion sales related persons and analyze their different role recognition in women's Ready-To-Wear shops. A questionnaire was administered to 378 fashion sales related persons in department stores and individual shops. Data were analyzed by using crosstabs,
, t-test, Scheffe's test and ANOVA by using of SPSS PC program. The results of this study were as follows: 1. In the role of fashion salespersons, managers participated highly in the merchandise buying plan, actual merchandise buying and advertisement, and shopmasters participated in the management of salespersons and keeping good relation with customers and display. 2. There was significant difference according to the existence of shopmasters in sales promotion. Shops with shopmasters had regular sales and filed up customer cards. 3. Shopmasters and salespersons attached importance to fashion information, market information, sales result information, and managers attached importance to customer information, enterprise environment information in utilizing of informations. Managers considered customer survey very important but shopmasters and salespersons did not. Shopmasters, managers, and salespersons all attached importance to customers' preference survey as customers' information source. 4. There were significant differences in lifestyle survey, buying method survey, preference survey, street fashion survey, brand identity survey and advertizement effect survey of customers by the different roles of fashion salespersons. 5. There were significant differences in the degree of merchandise knowledge, service and after service in sales service recognition by the different roles of fashion salespersons.
A Study on Female Teachers' Clothing Wear Practice and Wearing Sensation depending on the Variables of Construction Factors
Cho, Kyeong-Sook ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 55~64
The aim of this study is to get the basic data to design the clothing for the female teachers. In this study, we survey the practice of the wear in the spring and the fall of the 422 female teachers in primary, middle and high school, and their wearing sensation according to clothing construction factors. The results are as follows: first, the female teachers frequently wear blouse and skirt, jacket and blouse, jacket and T-shirts, cardigan and T-shirts in upper wear. Second, most female teachers had troubles in their clothing at work. They had serious troubles in writing on the blackboard, due to the improper form and. length of the sleeves, and the inconvenience of their skirt is due to the improper length, while they go up the strains. Third, the comfortable factors of the female teachers' blouse are as follows; round neck line, soutien and peter pan collar, sleeve attatched bodice with a little loose armhole,
under from waist in length, front slit, and fastening bottons. In case of skirt, they perceive A-lined, flared, pleats skirt more convieniently than tight one, which are 10cm under from kneeline in length, side fastening system, back slit.
The Preference of Clothing Fashion Design and Clothing Purchase Behavior of Female University Students in Cheongju Area
Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Kim, Sun-Kyung ; Kim, Sun-Ju ; Kim, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 65~73
The purpose of this study was to investigate preference in clothing fashion design and clothing purchase behavior. The questionnaires were administered to 281 female university students in Cheongju area to measure of demographic information, preference in clothing fashion design, interest of fashion in clothing, and clothing purchase behavior. As statistical analysis, frequencies,
-test and ANOVA were used. The results were as follows : 1. There were different preference in clothing fashion design. 2. The female university students had moderate interest of fashion in clothing, and the interest of fashion in clothing were significantly different according to personal factors. 3. The female university students purchased mainly their clothings at department store, and they were purchased on sale. 4. Most of female university students purchased T-shirts and pants from February to April, 1995.
Immunogenecity of Low Molecular Weight Immunogens in Laying Hens
Lee, Kyong-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 75~80
The immunogenecity of low molecular weight (
) immunogens in laying hens was investigated. Immunogens were insulin derivatives and
). Insulin derivatives were reduced- carboxymethylated(RCM) insulin, and RCM-A and RCM-B chain of insulin. The yolk antibodies against RCM-A chain of insulin appeared after the first immunization. The yolk antibodies against RCM-B chain of insulin were elicited 5 weeks after the third booster injection. Although the anti-RCM-B chain yolk antibodies recognized native insulin, the anti-RCM-A chain yolk antibodies didn't native insulin. The anti-RCM insulin yolk antibodies were induced after the second booster injection and showed cross-reactivities with native insulin. On the other hand,
showed stronger immunogenecity than insulin derivatives. The
yolk antibodies were produced after the second booster injection and the peak titer was reached 3 weeks after the third booster injection.
Effect of Water/Rice Ratio on the Characteristics of Cooked Rice during Storage
Kim, Soo-Kyung ; Shin, Mal-Shick ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 81~88
The effects of water to rice ratio on the properties of cooked nonwaxy and waxy rice during storage were investigated by sensory evaluation and instrumental test by Instron. The result of sensory evaluation revealed more significant difference in most of texture characteristics than flavour. As the water to rice ratio increased, the moisture content of cooked rice increased and the value of moistness and plumpness increased but that of hardness decreased. Overall eating quality was the highest in cooked nonwaxy rice with 1.4(water/rice) and in cooked waxy rice with 1.2(water/rice). In the case of instrumental test, hardness showed highly significant difference and the value of hardness of nonwaxy cooked rice was greater than that of waxy cooked rice.
Needs Assessment of the Purposes of Korean Secondary School Home Economics Education
Chae, Jung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 89~98
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the rank of purposes of Korean secondary school home economics education related to three systems of action: technical, communicative, and emancipatory action by home economics(HE) teachers and HE teacher educators, (2) to compare differences between HE teachers and HE teacher educators concerning the degree of importance and achievement of the purposes of current Korean secondary school HE education. Respondents in this study were 225 HE teachers and 35 HE teacher educators. The survey method was used in this descriptive study. To determine the rank, Borich's needs assessment model was used. The data were analyzed by using t-test to compare the differences between the two groups. To promote a good life and the full development of human beings, to develop creative and critical thinking, to make morally defensible judgments, and to develop self-esteem were needed purposes for Korean secondary school HE education. Overall, the most high ranked purpose needs for both groups related to emancipatory action. The two groups were significantly different on the degree of the importance of evaluating family and social conditions, acquiring the skills needed as a wage earner and a homemaker, developing creative and critical thinking, and demonstrating proficiency of homemaking work. The teachers and teacher educator groups were significantly different on the degree of the achievement of making morally defensible judgments, understanding Korean traditional culture, and taking care of each other.
Comparisons of High School Students' Perspective on Home Economics
Kim, In-Sook ; Lim, Jin-Hee ; Han, Mee-Sun ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 99~111
The purpose of this study is to find some directions to enhance high school students' recognitions for the necessity of Home Economics(HE) education. 309 respondents were sampled from boys', girls' and co-ed high schools in Chongju. The questionnaire consisted of some items about the respondents' interest, necessity, and the required level for HE. The results are as follows : 1) Students from girls' high school and co-ed high school showed more interest in HE than did the students from boys' high school. 2) The recognition of the necessity for learning HE in high school was significantly differed according to the school systems. 3) The demand level on HE was 52.8 out of 100 point, which is fairly low. Girls from co-ed high school showed higher demand on HE than did the girls' high school. 4) The highest demand level of students in the detailed domains of HE was on consumption. And the students showed a comparatively high demand on health, job, and consumption, while showing low demand on clothing. 5) Students from boys' high school and co-ed high school favored practice-oriented HE education.