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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
Selecting the target year
A Study on Multiple Influences on Parenting
Jeun, Kyeung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 1~16
This study has examined multiple influences of several variables on parenting behavior by looking into illustrative studies. This study provides support to the view that various factors influence parenting and that parenting behavior is multiply determined. Characteristics of parents, children and the context in which parent-child relations occur cause different childrearing patterns among parents. This study can be summarized as follows: 1) Parental behavior is influenced to a large degree by what the parent brings to the situation. In other words, characteristics of the parent including personality characteristics, interpersonal skills, problem-solving skills, level of maturity, values and childrearing beliefs contribute to individual differences in parenting. 2) The parent's relationship history influences the personality characteristics that the parent brings to his or her adult roles. To understand who the parent is today, we have to look at who the parent was, and what the parent was doing in the years prior to parenthood. That is, we need to see the life course of the individual before parenthood. 3) Contextual variables including the immediate context and the larger context have proved to influence parental behaviors. Characteristics of the immediate context such as the quality of marital rationship can influence the parent's psychological well-being and his or her behavior toward the childen while characteristics of the larger context such as the economic situation and the neighborhood can influence the level of stress experienced by the parent and cosequently how the parent relates to his or her child. 4) In order to understand the development of the parent-child relationship we need to look at the characteristics of the child. Children may elicit positive behaviors from their parents, or they may possess characteristics that the parents find aversive thus leading to difficulties in the relationship. Therefore, much depends on the fit beween the characteristics of the parents and characteristics of the child. By examining multiple contemporaneous influences on parenting, this study could deepen the understanding of why parents have different childrearing patterns, why some parents fail to meet their children's demands and why parents act in certain ways. What we ultimately hope is that as we learn more about parenting and the development of parent-child relationships, we will be better able to provide parents with the supports they need to achieve their parenting goals.
A study on the Premarital Sexual Education Program(PSEP)
Jeoung, Min-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 17~35
The purpose of this study was to develope Premarial Sexual Education Program. This program was based on survey(466 data used) for the need of PSEP. The result were as followings: 1. The need of sex education was higher(92.9%) and the participation of this PSEP was 80.4%, so this program was systemic structure. 2. Their premarital sexual values were more permissive(52.2%) than the past. But women thought tha female would be vergin(27.1%) their inter course experience rate was 33.4% and Age of experience was under 23 year olds. 3. The unmarried persns wanted that PSEP was consisted of 10 sub themes : (1) pregnancy and child-birth(mean=4.4/5) (2) contraception and family planning(m=4.3) (3) sexual morality and sexual value(m=4.2) (4) sexual healthy family (m=4.1) (5) sexual open communication(m=4.1) (6) venereal disease and coping stratiges(m=4.0) (7) sex role learning(m=3.9) (8) sexual physiology(m=3.8) (9) premarital sex and unwed mother(m=3.7) (10) adultery and society(m=3.6) 4. They want that group meeting would be every Wensday or Friday evening and the required time is two hours. The instruction methods are expected lecture, discussion or seminar and viewing video tapes. 5. So PSEP was consist of 10 sub-themes: (1) orientation and self-disclosure(test, lecture, game) (2) sexual physiology(video tape, lecture) (3) pregnancy and child birth(lecture, video tape) (4) contraceptive methods and family planning(lecture, video tape, test, discussion) (5) sex role learning(test, lecture, role-play) (6) venereal disease and coping stratiges(lecture, video tape) (7) premarital sex and incest(cause study, lecture) (8) sex morality and sex value(seminars, lecture) (9) sexual open communication(seminars) (10) sexual healthy family(lecture, seminars)
Father's Perception of Parent Education with Children Aged 1 through 5 Year-Old
Chong, Young-Sook ; Chun, Eun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 37~52
The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of parent education programs for fathers with children aged 1 through 5 year-old. One-Hundred forty-four fathers were answered using questionaire designed to elicit their perception of fathering, the details of domain parent education, and parent education program. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively to determine the contents of parent education program as perceived by the fathers. The results of this study were as follows; 1. Fathers perceived about parent education as 'The training of living behavior', 'The education about essential method of living manners and the guidance for children.' Also, fathers commented some difficult points of raising children as; 'children' sickness', 'Parents' permission or control', and 'Childrens' stubborness'. Many fathers pointed their shortages; 'to be a model of habit and behavior', 'Lacking of enough experience and imagination to their children', and 'Limiting parent's patience to their children'. 2. On the domain of parent education, six subscales of requisite degree was very high. The highest requisite domains like three questions of 34 subordinate question was; 'to encourage their children their children', knowledge about how to develop children' emotions', 'knowledge of their influence to their children' humanity'. 3. Fathers answered that a parent education was needed in infant period. They choose suitable time and place, from p.m.6 to p.m. 9 on a day and once in a week in the kindergarten. Also, the contents of parent education program were needed in order as follows; 'Communication method with a child', 'Formation of living behavior'. Moreover, 77.6% of fathers wanted to participate in the parent education program.
Theoretical Frameworks to Predict Factors Associated With the Marital Quality and Stability
Kim, Yeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 53~72
This article reviewed the research on factors associated with marital quality and stability. Three major categories of factors were described, including background and context, individual traits and behaviors, and couple interactional processes. This review highlighted findings from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of the prediction of marital quality and stability. Particular attention was given to marital instruments and procedures that had a solid empirical foundation for understanding the concepts related to measure of marital quality and stability. Also, empirically based intervention programs that had been designed to prevent marital distress and divorce were investigated to figure out the relationship between communication factors and conflict resolution styles. Finally, three theoretical frameworks were drawn from empirical literatures, marital measurment instruments, and programs for marital strength to predict factors associated with the marital quality and stability. Recommendations for future research and implications were described.
Stressors of Students in High School
Kang, Young-Ja ; Choi, Yong-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 73~86
The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors of students in high school. Demographic data such as educational level of parents, mother's employment, family type, level of living, and students' growing place and their sex. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Ducan Multiple Range Test. Students' stressors showed partial sex differences in each sub-category. Females feel more stress greater physical and mental health, sibiling relationship, whereas males feel more stress greater girl and boy friends. Students' stressors showed partially significant differences in only home environment and family stressors according to demographic variables. That is, home environment stressors differed in educational level of parents, mother's employment, family type, level of living, and students' growing place except mother's employment. Family stressors showed partially significant differnces in only family type and level of living.
The Infuluential Variables on the Stress of Disordered Elderly Family Caregivers and General Elderly Family Supporters.
Hong, Sang-Ook ; Bae, Ok-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 87~98
The purpose of this study was to investigate the infuluential variables between general character, social support and stress of family caregivers for disordered elderly family and family supporters for general elderly. The study was conducted through interviews with 177 family caregivers and questionaires with 218 supporters in Taegu and Kyeongbuk province. The data were analysed with the spss
statistical package using frequency, correlation, multiple regression, and path anaysis. As results of this study were as follows: Disordered elderly family; degree of physical and psychological disorder, caring-time per day, social support are important factors affecting the stress. General elderly family; digree of physical and psychological disorder, monthly family income, social support are important factors affecting the stress.
A Study on Credit Card Cognition and Use of College Students
Lee, Jae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 99~107
This study has been peformed on the consumption tendency, and knowledge and cognition of credit cards among college students. A total of 327 subjects from the college students was surveyed in Pusan area. The major findings of this study were summerized as follows; First, the rate of credit card possession of the students was 19.6%. The card possession showed significantly different in age, personal expense, income. Second, the level of knowledge of the credit card was low(23.1 points). Also, the level of knowledge was significantly different in sex, age, major, personal expense, income and credit card ownership. Third, the cognition of credit cards was medium(51.3 points). The cognition of the credit cards was significantly different only in the card possession. Fourth, the behavior of credit card was not significantly different in the group. Fifth, there were significant relationships between the knowlege and cognition. This result implied that the group with higer levels of knowlege tended to show more favor of credit cards. For the rational consumption of the college students, the students need to be educated about advantage and disadvantages of the credit cards.
A Study on the Attitude of Consumers about Fashion Catalogues
Park, Ok-Lyun ; Wang, In-Sook ; Kim, Eun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 109~121
The purpose of this study are (1) to examine the reality of contacting with fashion catalogues, (2) to examine the consumer's attitude towards fashion catalogues, (3) to examine the correlation between consumer's attitude towards fathion catalogue by sex and age. It was found that, concerning frequency of contacting with fashion catalogues, women contact with them more frequently than men, and lower ages than higher ages. Also, it was shown that, both man and woman with merchandise catalogues, lower ages with merchant catalogues, and higher ages with mail order catalogues. With regard to methods of contacting with catalogue, it was found that men come to contact mainly through mail, women through the displayed goods in the sales shops, lower ages through the displayed goods in the sales shops and higher ages through mail. Concerning the consumer's attitude towards fashion catalogues, meaningful difference was shown in interesting level, attention level, information offering level and information utilizing level by sex. By age, meaningful difference was shown in interesting level, attention level, information offering level, information reliability level, information utilizing level and purchasing satisfying level. Regarding correlation between consumer's attitude towards fashion catalogues by sex, meaningful correlation was shown between all consumer's attitude. By age, meaningful correlation was not found, between 36 to 45 years old, between information reliability level and interesting level, and attention level, and information offering level, and information utilizing level but meaningful correlation was shown between consumer's other attitude.
A Study on the Wearing Comfort in Velvet Fabrics
Cho, Ji-Hyun ; Ryu, Duck-Hwan ; Lee, Yj-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 123~130
The purpose of this study is to examine and to evaluate the wearing performance of pile materials to produce velvet fabrics which have excellent wearing comfort. Acetate velvet, Cuprammonium rayon velvet were combined as textiles for clothing and acetate and viscose rayon were as textiles for lining at the environmental condition of temperature
, relative humidity
and air velocity 0.25 m/sec. Wearing comfort among 4 materials combinations(Aa, Av, Ra, Rv) was examined and compared. The results are as follows. The investigation of mean skin temperature for environmental temperature and material combinations showed that the mean temperature had a significant difference at the p<0.01 level in accordance with environmental temperature and material combinations.(Aa>Av>Ra>Rv) Moreover, in clothing climate only clothing temperature tended to increase almost linearly but at
there was no significant difference among textiles for lining compared with the other environmental temperatures. In subjective sensations thermal sensation and comfort sensation showed a significant difference in environmental temperatures and materials.(Aa>Av>Ra>Rv) Though a subject felt warmer, more humid, and more uncomfortable at
for all of the material combinations comparing with the other temperatures, there was no significant difference in materials.
A Study on Clothing Behavior by Clothing Involvement
Ku, Yang-Suk ; Choo, Tae-Gue ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 131~143
The purpose of this study was to investigate clothing involvement and clothing behavior of women and to indentify the relationship between clothing behavior and clothing involvement. The data were analyzed using percentage, frequency, factor analysis, ANOVA, Scheffe test, t-test, and Multiple Regression. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Five dimensions of clothing involvement were derived by factor analysis such as fashion, interest pleasure, symbolism, and perceived buying risk. 2. There were significant relationships between clothing involvement dimensions and demographic characteristics such as age, educational background and family income level. Those who were younger and not married showed positive relationship among fashion, interest and pleasure of clothing involvement dimensions. Those who had higher educational background showed positive relationship with clothing involvement. Those who were empolyed showed higher clothing involvement with symbolism and perceived buying risk. 3. Age, marital status, and educational background showed important variables as factors that exert influence on clothing behavior: Those who were younger and not married attached importance to interest aesthetics, psychological dependence, and fashion. Those who were older and married attached importance to modesty and comfort. The more educated respondents were more concerned about interest aesthetics, symbolism, psychological dependence, and fashion. 4. The fashion of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in fashion, interest, symbolism, and psychological dependence of clothing behavior, and negative relationship in modesty and comfort. The interest of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in aesthetics and interest, and negative relationship in modesty and comfort of clothing behavior. The pleasure of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in psychological dependence, management, interest, and pleasure of clothing behavior. The symbolism of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in symbolism, modesty, conformity, psychological dependence, and fashion of clothing behavior. The perceived buying risk of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in management, conformity, and comfort and negative relationship in symbolism and fashion of clothing behavior.
Modern Fashion by Automatism Techniques of Surrealism Paintings
Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 145~159
Surrealism was originated from the influence of dadaism as one of the new movement in the 20th C. That movement denied the traditional art form, searched the man's inner consciousness and subconsciousness, and discovered automatism as a means to realize this. In this paper, 1 studied the relationship between fashion and art trend, investigating the influence which surrealistic idea and its expression made on modern fashion. Surrealism has expanded and developed the creation of fashion for the 20th century, by supplying a new and good idea th fashion design, and in the coming 21th C., it will greatly contribute to the development for future form of clothes, carrying out the essential function of clothes, which is called the expression of human nature in the harmonization with man.
Nutrition Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Breast-Feeding and Food Habits in Relation to the Expected Infant Feeding Method among Male and Female College Students
Hyun, Wha-Jin ; Lee, Jo-Yun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 161~171
In order to provide the basic data on an education program for successful breast-feeding, the nutrition knowledge of and attitudes toward breast-feeding and the factors associated with infant feeding decision among male and female college students were investigated. The majority of students had correct knowledge of the maternal-infant bonding through breast-feeding and knew more about baby-centered benefits than about mother-centered benefits of breast-feeding. Students' attitudes toward breast-feeding were not so positive as expected, and male students had more positive attitudes toward breast-feeding than female students had. 54.8% of students answered to practice breast-feeding longer than 3 months. Nutrition knowledge scores and attitude scores were significantly higher in the breast-feeding decision group than in the formula-feeding decision group. The students residing in a rural community decided breast-feeding significantly more than the students residing in an urban community. It was concluded that nutrition knowledge about the breast-feeding played a significant role in deciding infant feeding method. In order to increase breast-feeding decision rates among college students, the education program may need to focus on understanding of correct nutrition knowledge about the benefits of breast-feeding. Also it would be important to have male students participated in education program.
Awareness of Nutrition Labeling by Female Consumers in Northern Area of Kyonggi-Do
Im, Hyun-Seul ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 173~186
The purpose of this study was to investigate consumers' utilization and satisfaction of the current food labeling system, their awareness of the nutrition labeling and its necessity, and their acceptance of the future enforcement of nutrition labeling. Questionnaires were distributed to 500 adult female consumers in Northern area of Kyonggi-do. Out of 402 questionnaires collected 358(89.1%) were analyzed using SAS computer program. The findings of this study were as follow: First, in the aspects of consumers' utilization and satisfaction of the current food labeling system, although they payed much attention to the food labels when they purchased food goods, the degree of their satisfaction in food labels was low. Among items in food labels they payed more attention to the expiration date, the date of production, and the name of manufacturer. However, the current food labeling system does not offer sufficient and reliable informations to consumers. Second, in the awareness of nutrition labeling and its necessity, majority of consumers appeared not to have seen the nutrition labeling in food products either domestic or imported. However, 93% of respondents answered that nutrition labeling is necessary. Third, in terms of the consumers' acceptance of enforcement of nutrition labeling, they were affirmative in bearing the increased costs, and their expectation to the beneficial effects of enforcement of nutrition labeling was stronger than worrying about the disadvantages or side effects of it.
소비자의 감성만족을 위한 제품의 개발
Lee, Gu-Hyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 191~195
인간의 오감을 이용한 식품의 품질평가
Kim, Sang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 196~198
감성공학적 접근방법과 섬유제품의 개발
Hong, Gyeong-Hui ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 199~203
전북지역 영유아 보육시설의 급식관리 실태평가
Lee, Yeong-Eun ; Kim, Hyang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 204~206
자취하는 남녀 고등학생의 영양지식과 식생활 관리 및 식사실태
An, Seong-Ja ; Kim, Yeong-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 207~207
한국 무복(巫服)의 사회심리학적 연구(1)
Yang, Mi-Gyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 208~210
중학교 가정과 교육목표의 필요도에 대한 인식
Yu, Hwa-Rim ; Jeong, Yeong-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 5, issue 2, 1996, Pages 211~213