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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1997
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
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A Comparative Study on the Orphanage and Normal Children's Affective, Cognitive Perspective-taking Ability
Park, Kyoung-Oak ; Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to comprehend the age-related differences in the relationship and developmental tendency between Orphanage and Normal Children's affective and cognitive perspective-taking ability. The subjects were 5-year-old (N=64) and 7-year-old (N=64) children. In each group, there were equal number of boys and girls, 128 Children were composed of(male: 32, female: 32) and orphanage Children(male: 32, female: 32). Feshbach & Roe's child perspective-taking ability test was modified for this study and the test included four facial expression cards and six different stories including three types of affection. In the procedure of study, after a set of story cards containing one of three affective types, the subject was asked to retell the story shown in each cards to study cognitive perspective-taking ability, and for the affective perspective-taking ability. Then the subject was asked to tell the feeling of the hero in the story and to select one of the four facial expression which is consistent with the feeling. The cognitive perspective-taking ability and affective perspective-taking ability response were coded three kinds of scoring respectively. Scored data were analyzed with MANOVA. t-test, Pearson Correlations and Fisher-z test. The results were shown as follow : First, both Orpanage and Normal Children's the cognitive and affective perspective-taking ability increased with age. Secondly, both Orpanage and Normal Children's perspective-taking ability was lower than Normal Children's perspective-taking ability. Thirdly, both Orpanage and Normal Children's correlation between cognitive and affective perspective-taking ability increased with age.
Effects from Social Supports and Global Self-Worth on Children's Stresses
Han, Jong-Hye ; Park, Sung-Ok ; Lee, Young-Whan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~27
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects from social supports and global self-worth on stresses for the children. The subjects were 438 children of the 5th grade in Elementary School and the first grade in Junior High School in Taejeon. The instruments used for this study were Children's Social Support, Global Self-Worth and Stress Scale. The data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression and path analysis. The main results of the study were as follows; 1. The stresses were different depending on age. When the family and the teacher give higher social supports, the 5th graders have higher global self-worth. When the family gives higher social supports, the stresses were decreased for the 5th graders. When the children have higher global self-worth, the stresses were decreased. 2. When the first graders in Junior High School experienced higher global self-worth and social supports from their friends, family, teacher, the stresses were decreased. 3. The first graders in Junior High School experienced more stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in parent-related and academic-related domains. But the first graders in Junior High School experienced less stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in friend-related domains. 4. The path analysis showed that social supports from friends and family explained 15% of the stresses for the 5th graders in elementary school. Social support from friends, family, and teacher explained 28% of the stresses for the first graders in Junior High School. 5. For the 5th graders in Elementary School, social supports from friends and family had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the global self-worth had direct influence on children's stresses. But for the first graders in Junior High School, social supports from friends, family, and teacher had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the social supports from friends had direct and indirect effects on children's stresses. 6. For predicting the stresses, the most significant variable was the global self-worth for the 5th graders in Elementary School and the first graders in Junior High School.
Financial Communication and the Equality of Financial Power Perceived according to the Preferences to Housewives' Employment and the Financial Management Leadership among the Employed Housewives
Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 29~39
This study was to explore the effects of the preferences to housewives' employment and the type of household financial management leadership on the financial communication and equality of financial power perceived by working wives. From results of this study, the followings were concluded: 1. Housewives' income power leaded to the increase of their financial decision-making leadership and the more active participation to the financial matters. 2. The influences of husbands' leadership on the household finance were greater than one of wives' leadership. Depending on who has the financial management leadership, there were the differences on degree of the understanding and the discretion. 3. Although joint management style was popular today. the major management leadership was belonged to husbands based on the traditional value of sex role in the household financial management area.
Consumer Roles and Practical Methods for Environmental Preservation
Shon, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 41~53
Environmental issues are increasingly important in consumer decision-making. This paper focuses on the consumer's role in consumption process-purchase, use, and disposal, which has significant environmental consequences. And this paper discusses several approaches to motivate consumer's awareness and responsibility for the environment and further his/her lifestyle change. The Green Consumer should be able to consider the implications of his/her lifestyle choices as well as his/her purchase, use, and disposal decisions. Consumer education and various consumer movements for environment preservation should keep the goal in perspective, which is not only to motivate consumer's long-term behavior change but also to consign his/her buying power and political power to help make changes where he/she really counts.
A Study on Basic Pattern Design for a Pregnant Woman
Na, Mi-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 55~64
The purpose of this study was to make suitabl skirts pattern for pregnant woman on the basis of their physical characteristics. 9 women who were 3,5,8 and 10 months pregnant were measured using Martin's anthropometric instrument on 12 items and sliding gauge on 4 items. The measures were analyzed statistically. Skirts pattern was developed based on the measurements of the essential items for skirts construction. The sensory evaluation was applied to estimate fittness and comfort in Rim's method skirt pattern. The items which showed a remarkable and significant increase were anterior waist circumference, anterior waist height and abdominal circumference. The anterior part of waist and abdorminal sections projected forward gradually. According to statistical analysis on the questionnaire, all the items showed significant difference between the new and the Rim's method skirts pattern with the new pattern having higher scores.
A Study on the Effective Teaching Methods of Fashion Illustration
Joung, Heui-Ok ; Park, Sook-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 65~77
The purpose of this study was to suggest effective teaching method of fashion illustration based on the results of examing the use of fashion illustration required by fashion designers and the ways of teaching used by professors teaching fashion illustration. The methods of this research were based on questionnaires. Questionnaire I was responded by 73 fashion designers working for fashion industry. Questionnaire II was answered by 52 professors teaching fashion illustration in colleges and universities. The results were as follows 1. In the examination of fashion illustration used by fashion designers in fashion industry, the flat was found to be most frequently used for market research, design sketch, presentation and specification. The illustration of wearers' form for making trend maps. So the flat was found to be the method that is most used by fashion designers. As for the coloring materials, markers were most frequently used that are of easy use, and the texture was mostly expressed by attaching fabric swatches. Two or three body poses are used for each style of clothing. 2. The effective teaching methods of fashion illustration that fashion designers and professors teaching fashion illustration consider are first, to teach the flat more precisely, second, to increase use of markers as coloring material, third, to teach various types of model poses. And fourth, the texture needs to be a little bit less expressed by focusing only on the effects because fabric swatch is used.
The Effects of Emotions Elicited Clothing Product on Product Satisfaction and Using in Postpurchase Processes
Rhee, Young-Sun ; Kim, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 79~88
The postpurchase process is the phase that consumers evaluate products or services while using them. And then, they may experience satisfaction/dissatisfaction and emotions elicited products or services. The satisfaction and emotions may be important concepts in consumer behavior such as brand attitude, purchase intentions and using. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of emotions elicited clothing products on product satisfaction and using in postpurchase. The subjects in this study were selected 500 females. The data were collected by using questionnaires, and 431 data were analysed. The results were as follows: The emotions in postpurchase process were consisted of three dimensions; unpleasure, pleasure, security/activity. These three emotions had the causal effects on product satisfaction significantly, and the unpleasure influenced stronger than others on satisfaction. In addition, the emotions were related to using and the ownership of clothing products. The emotions of pleasure and the security/activity influenced on the ownership, and the security/activity and unpleasure influenced on using clothing products. Therefore, the results in this study imply that consumption emotions elicited clothing products would be multidimensional, and the emotional factors would be important indicators for explaining the satisfaction. The positive affects were related to using clothes, which is, the consumer would have fulfilled their hedonic desires by wearing clothes. Also, the positive affects would be the basis for marketing strategies of sales promotions in clothing products.
Clothing Values and Country of Origin of Clothing: A Comparision of Korea and England University Women
Song, Jung-A ; Choo, Tae-Gue ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 89~96
The purpose of this study was to determine the clothing value, awareness of and concern about clothing's country of origin in Korea and England university women. University women in Korea and England were surveyed to determine the importance attributed to 32 descriptors defining 8 clothing values. Awareness of, and concern about, clothing's country of origin were determined mean-scores, t-test and
-analyses were done. A different rank order of importance for clothing values exists for both groups. The Korea sample rated aesthetic, economic, theorical, political, exploratory and sensory significantly higher and social, religious significantly lower than England sample. England sample appeared to be more aware, concerned about clothing's country of origin than Korea sample. More Korea women were able to recall country of origin. Over half Korea sample but less than 22% England sample recalled purchasing primarily domestic apparel.
A Study on Seon of the Ming(明) Dynasty Costume
Lee, Sang-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 97~109
Sean means a narrow cloth added to the edge of costume or cushion. At the beginning, Seon was originated to prevent from fraying warp of cloth or wearing out of cloth. However, with the progress of clothing culture, it is used to satisfy the human desire of decoration and enhance the function of costume. The Seon appeared on costumes of Ming dynasty was simple compared to that of the period preceeding it. The position of Seon was mostly at neckline, end of sleeves and hemline. The width of Seon also was quite monotonous and lacks of varieties. The patterns of Seon were limited to ax, cloud and dragon and cloud and chinese phoenix. And the colors used were also limited to four colors, namely Blue, Red Crimson and Black. In Ming dynasty, the same colors of Seon as those of the costume were more preferably used, while different colors of Seon were used in the previous era. The reason why Seon in Ming dynasty show simple design and use the same colors as those of the costume was due to Ming dynasty's desire to represent and to enhance her castic political structure. The need for class distinction was expressed through the pattern rather than the colors of the costumes themselves. While, in Ming dynasty, Bo(補) which was attached to the breast and the shoulders was used to represent the social class because it could be easily distinguished. In Ming dynasty, to stress Bo and to make Seon less conspicuous, Seon became simple and the colors of Seon were same as those of the costumes avoiding strong contrast in style and colors.
A Study Needs Perception Toward Educational Purposes of Home Economics Subject in Middle Schools
Ryu, Hwa-Rim ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Chae, Jung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 111~127
This study was to examine home economics (HE) teachers' and the 1st-grade students' needs perception toward the purposes of HE education in middle school which has been practced since 1995 for both male and female students. This study, attempted (1) to analyze needs priority among the educational purposes of HE subject in relation to three systems of actions; (2) to compare differences between HE teachers' and students' perception concerning the degree of importance and achievement of the educational purposes of HE subject: and (3) to examine what they conceive as the problems In the current HE education. The survey was conducted with the samples of 600 1st-grade middle school students and 101 middle school HE teachers during the period of February-March 1996. The questionnaire used in this study was a modified version which had already been developed along with the 6th HE curriculum. For data analyses, SAS program was utilized to get Means and to perform both discrepancy test and t-test. The findings of this study were summarized as follows: first, with respect to each group's perception of the importance of the purposes related to three systems of action, HE teachers emphasized the importance of the purposes related to emancipatory action, while students placed more emphasis on the purposes related to technical action. Second, in terms of the degree of achievement, students had more positive perception on the degree of achievement of the purposes related to technical action than HE teachers did. Both groups marked low level of recognition on the degree of achievement of the purposes related to emancipatory action. Third, with respect to needs priority, HE teachers placed the first priority on emancipatory action, the second on technical action, and the last on communicative action: in the case of students, the first priority was on technical action, the second on communicative action, and the last on emancipatory action. In addition, the analysis of the opinions on the 6th curriculum revealed that most respondents found it necessary to secure adequate amount of classes for HE education. Also they shared the recongnition that HE curriculum should be renovated into the one which would fully appreciate the purposes of HE education from the perspective of the practical concerns of action which are distinct from the functional and technical concerns of passive learning. The findings of this study can serve as basic data for establishing the new purposes of HE education which put more emphasis on the purposes related to emancipatory action: as well as for developing an enhanced curriculum and reinforcing the identity of HE education.
Modern Fashion applying the Technique of Depaysemont of Surrealism Paintings
Lee, Eun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 133~134
이소말토올리고당을 사용한 스폰지 케익의 특성
Lee, Gyeong-Ae ; Lee, Yun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 135~135
가계의 저축 및 차용형태에 관한 연구 - 청주시 가계를 중심으로 -
Sim, Yeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 136~137
산처리 옥수수 전분의 특성 및 효소저항전분의 수율
Lee, Sin-Gyeong ; Mun, Se-Hun ; Sin, Mal-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 138~138