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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
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Chief's Perception of Institution Management Related to Types of the Institution for the Child Care and Education - Space Usage Behavior of the Institutions Related to Child Care and Education(VII) -
Park, In-Jeon ; An, Ok-Hee ; An, Gee-Yeon ; Suk, Ju-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~9
The major purpose of this study was to investigate chief's perception of institution management according to the types of the institution for the child care and education. The subjects for the analysis were 220 chiefs who actually run the institutions for the child care and education, including kindergarten, private nursery, group day care home, and private educational institute. The data were analyzed by the five different methods, which were frequency, percentage, chi-square test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test, using the 7.5 version of SPSSWIN program. The major research results were that (1) the chiefs of the institutions for the child care and education have suffered many difficulties in the administrative and financial respects ; (2) the main area in need of the government's assistance is either that of personnel expenses for teachers or that of expenditures necessary for improving their status ; and (3) on the whole chief's perception of institution management differed by the types of the institution for the child care and education.
A Study of Husband's Stress, Communication, Family Cohesion and Adaptation in Families Living Apart and Living Together
Hong, Sang-Ook ; Bae, Ok-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 11~24
This study aims to compare the husband's stress, communication, family cohesion and adaptation which contribute to the internal structure of conjugal understanding between families living apart from one another and those living together. The data for analysis was derived from questionnaires. 172 husbands from families living apart and 185 husbands who live with their families. The data was treated by spss pc+ program and the methods of analysis were frequency, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Husband's stress in conjugal understanding in families living apart was higher than those who live with their families. 2. Between the husbands whose families are living apart and those who are living together, there were no significant differences in effort levels to overcome stress, family cohesion, family adaptation and communication needs for conjugal understanding. 3. Husbands who live with their families communicate differently according to the degree of their stress levels. 4. Low stress levels led to high family cohesion and family adaptation in both cases. 5. High communication levels led to high family cohesion and family adaptation in both cases.
Recall and Development of Organizational Strategy for Script-Based Category Typicality in Preschool Children
Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 25~38
The purpose of this study was to examine developmental trends in script-based organization strategy and relative influences of age, use of organizational strategy and category typicality of lists on children's recall. The subjects were 120 infant children, -40 four years old, 40 five years old, 40 six years old. All subjects were received 1 of 2 slot-filler lists of items differing in category representativness. Data were analysed by two-way Anova, Duncan's post-hoc test and Multiple Regression analysis. The major findings were as follows. 1. Recall and use of organizational strategy were increased with age. 2. At each age level, children showed high level of recall and organization strategy for category typical than category atypical. 3. Children's age, use of organizational strategy and category typicality of list significantly predicted children's recall. 42% of the variance of children's recall was explained by three variables. The relative influence of age to the prediction of children's recall was the strongest.
Current State of the Childrearing Culture in Korean Families
Chong, Young-Sook ; Park, Young-Yae ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 39~51
This study was carried out with the purpose of capturing current state of Korean family life culture related to childrearing. The Questionnaire developed for this study in order to delineate the values and perceptions related to general childrearing practices in present Korean families consisted of 73 items concerning prenatal care and child birth, child caring and rearing, and role division and value education. Subjects were mothers of young and primary school children currenly residing in Seoul area and Choongchung province of South Korea. Four hundred and four questionnaires were analyzed, and the summary of results were as follows. First, both the respect for children's individual needs concerning food, clothing, and health-related behaviors and the pursuit of convenience in everyday life on the part of mothers appeared to be important and valued by Korean mothers. Second, the basic values and traditional meanings of family events such as prenatal care, children's birthday, especiall the first one, and family rituals and gatherings still appeared to be exsiting and influential, but there seemed to have been some changes both in their formal aspects and detail contents. Third, meaningful differences in childrearing attitudes were found according to mother's place of growth, educational level, and her employment status. Finally, traditional distinction between sexes and sex-role division in childrearing seemed to have weakened to some extent, which was particularly among mothers with higher educational level or residing in big cities.
The Analysis of Leisure Participation of the Elderly in Chungbuk Province - Focused on the Elderly Living Alone or Living with their Spouse -
Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 53~60
The purposes of this study are to investigate the leisure life, focused on the leisure participation of the elderly living alone or living with their spouse in Chungbuk, and to provide some suggestions from the perspective of the well-being of the elderly. Two hundred fourty four elderly persons were selected, and questionnaire was utilized for collecting data. The results are as follows: The elderly who were living alone or living with their spouse frequently participated in time spending activities and family oriented activities. The structure of leisure participation differed significantly according to the respondent's age, educational level, health status, and monthly average income. The significant independent variables influencing the leisure participation of the elderly were educational level and monthly average income, and further, the most important variable in influencing the elderly leisure participation was the educational level.
A Study on the Information Search, Information Use and Search Outcome of Adolescent Consumers -Focus on Clothing Purchase Behavior-
Heo, Jin-Young ; Kim, Young-Seen ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 61~74
The purpose of this study is to investigate the information search, information use and search outcomes. 420 students in Chungnam and Taejon area were surveyed. Questionnaire survey method and multiple regression and path analysis were used. Some major conclusions were as follows: 1) The levels of the information search, information use and search outcomes were relatively low. 2) The volumes of information search and the contents of information were mainly affected by psycho-behavioral variables. 3) The level of information use was affected by the content of information, desire to seek information, involvement, and previous knowledge. 4) The search outcome was affected positively by the information use, involvement, volume of information search, desire to seek information, and perceived risk. 5) The volume of information search and the information use were the parameter of the search outcomes.
Convenience Food Type and Convenience Food Consumption Behavior of Wives in Korea
Jae, Mie-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 75~84
The purpose of this study was to classify the type of the convenience food and examine the consumption behavior of convenience food of wives according to socio-economic and demographic variables and psychological variables. The survey was conducted using interview during October 1 and October 30, 1996. The data used in this study included 186 women with husband present living in Pusan. Statistical analyses were conducted using frequencies, percentiles, mean, oneway ANOVA, Duncan test and factor analysis. The major findings were as follows: 1. The convenience food was classified as 5 types : Korean style side dishes, soy-bean paste, delivery food and cleaned vegitables, noodles and side dishes for a lunch-box, canned and retort foods. 2. Wife's age, income, number of family members, education, tenure, level of employment status, attitude toward convenience food, family goal orientation and job goal orientation were sinificantly related to the convenience food consumption behavior of housewives.
Financial Management Behavior and Subjective Level of Consumption of Rural Households
Sohn, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 85~95
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between financial management behavior and subjective level of consumption of rural households. In this study, financial management behavior was defined to include 'budgeting' and 'expenditure management'. Data were collected from the 215 rural households in 13 different provinces of Chungnam, and 203 households were used for the analysis. Frequency distribution, means, and path analysis were employed for the statistical analysis. Major findings were as follows. Budgeting behavior had a significant positive effect on rural households' subjective level of consumption, while expenditure management behavior didn't have any significant effect. This implies that active and systematic financial management behavior such as budgeting is more effective than relatively passive financial management behavior like expenditure management on the enhancement of economic well-being of rural households. Age, education, and number of non-farm earners had indirect effects on the subjective level of consumption through budgeting behavior. Income stability had a direct effect and income had both direct and indirect effects on the subjective level of consumption.
A Study on Stress Level and Coping Strategies of Reemployed Wives
Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 97~108
The purpose of this study was to examine the family resources, stress level, and coping strategies of reemployed wives, to direct the better psycho-physical environment, and to enhance the quality of their home environment for reemployed wives. The data were analyzed with the frequency, percentage, factor analysis, mean(S.D), reliability, and regression using SPSS windows program. The major findings were as follows : (1) There were significant relationships between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the family resources and stress level. Personal-psycho resources was important variable in the family resources. The household work and value of household work were most influential. (2) Influential variables on stress level were income and working hours, resources of family task sharing. (3) Influential variables on coping strategies were age, reemployed time, and family task sharing. Coping strategies was effected by the reasons of employment.
The Robe Styles of the Statues of Buddha of Shilla and Cave of Mt.Tien-Lung
Lee, Soon-Deuk ; Park, Sook-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 109~118
This study is focused on finding out the differences in wearing robe styles of Buddhist Statues between Shilla and Tien-lung Mountain. (1) Shilla Buddhist Statues are wearing Pyun-Sam that is similar to Jeogori(the traditional jacket of Korea). (2) Bok-Gyen-Uy of Tien-lung Buddhist Statues are roundish shape, and that of Shilla Buddhist Statues are oblique line. It is possible to conclude that these shapes are very concerned with the wearing style of each nation. (3) We can find another difference in the chest sash. Chest sach of Tien-lung Buddhist Statues is more functional, but that of Shilla Buddhist Statues is more decorative. (4) Wearing Kasa, Young-Ja(i,e.string of kasa) is used in Shilla Buddhist Statues, but not in Tien-lung Buddhist Statues. This the most different thing between Shilla Buddhist Statues and Tien-lung Buddhist Statues.
The Evaluation of Thermal Properties of Pesticide Protective Clothing using the Surface Temperature Controlled Thermal Manikin
Choi, Jong-Myoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 119~127
The purpose of this study was to evaluate thermal properties of pesticide protective clothing made of three different nonwoven fabrics which have barrier properties of pesticide. In order to assay the thermal properties of experimental clothing, thermal resistance measurements for clo value and thermographic assessment were conducted using a surface temperature controlled thermal manikin. The thermal manikin was dressed with underwear and experimental clothing. Air temperature in a climate chamber was kept at
and its humidity was 70% RH. Air velocity was controlled at less than 0.15m/s. Inner radient temperature was almost equal to the air temperature. The basic thermal insulation value(Icl) of underwear was 0.28 clo. The thermal properties of the experimental clothing were varied according to the type of material used in construction. The basic clothing insulation value for C1(spunbonded nonwoven fabric), C2(spunlaced nonwoven fabric), C3(SMS nonwoven fabric) were 0.705 clo, 0.725 clo, 0.738 clo respectively. The C3 experimental clothing made of SMS resulted in higher surface temperatures than the others with more yellowing spots being evident on the thermogram.
A Study on the Actual State of Wearing Korean Traditional Clothes and Purchasing Factor
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 129~138
Recently much attention is paid on the interest in putting Korean traditional clothes into practical use with reviewing a traditional culture. Thus, this study was made of clarifying the difference from sex and group by investigating morderns' consciousness, manner, purchasing and wearing state of Korean traditional dress. - It shows that since about the half of the person inquired doesn't wear the clothes once in a year, its frequency of wearing is very low. - The main reason for not wearing that clothes is due to its uneasiness of wearing. - In purchasing the clothes, color, tinning, quality of the clothes are important in order, and bright and luxurious colors are much favored. - About the half of the inquired possess that clothes, with most of them having about one or two dresses. - In a sort of their possession, man has Jeogori and Baji etc. and woman has only Chima, Jeogori and Sochima, or so. - It shows that while their interest in Korean traditional clothes is high, the interest in its practical wearing point of view is low. - In case of adult, interest in that clothes is relatively high in comparison with other group.
The Effects of Underwear on Clothing Microclimate, Physiological Responses, and Subjective Sensations During Summer
Kim, Yang-Weon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 139~146
The actual clothing conditions of male collegian were surveyed to analyse clothing contents and the rate of wearing underwear. Then, clothing microclimate, physiological responses, and subjective sensations were investigated through wearing trials on human body in climatic chamber based on the results from the survey. The results were follows: 1. Male collegian wore T-shirts, jeans, and socks in summer, and total clothing weight per body surface area was
. The number of clothes for upper body were 1 layer, but the number of clothes for lower body were 2 layers. Subjective sensations have no significant difference with wearing underwear. 2. Most physiological responses including temperature inside clothing, mean skin temperature, skin temperature of chest, abdomen, thigh, and lower leg, and sweat rate, were higher in with-underwear than in without-underwear. But pulse rates were not significantly different between with-and without-underwear.
A Study on Brassiere Wearing by Elementary School Girls
Yi, Kyong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 147~165
The object of this study was to help designing of well-fit and comfortable brassieres for the elementary school girls through the survey on actual condition of wearing brassieres. The subjects of investigation for this study was the elementary school girls in the province of Jeonbuk and Taejeon city. The conclusion of this study was as follows; The 40.2% of the total subjects were wearing brassieres like the 63.3% of the fourth, the 85.4% of the fifth, and the 89.7% of the sixth grade students. The main reason of non wearing brassieres was for the underdeveloped breast, and also that of wearing brassieres was for the good shape of the breast. The main types of brassieres were ranked "Tank Top type", "Mold type", and "Adolescent girl-Bra". They had started to wear brassieres by the recommendation of adults who were their mother or teachers, and usually wearing brassieres all day. They usually purchased brassieres "with mother together" or "only by their mother". The standard of choosing brassieres was also ranked by FASHION, CONVENIENCE, SIZE, TOUCH, and SWEAT ABSORPTION. The total score of satisfaction for wearing brassieres was showed "Average score" and the score higher in Jeonju and Taejeon than in Kunsan. The higher grade and fatter was showed decreasing the score of satisfaction. The higher grade became, the more various for the size and preferable a pure cotton fabric for brassieres. The favorite types of brassieres were "Sport Bra" and "Volume-up Bra". They usually purchased a little larger size than their original size of that.
The Effect of Natural Color Difference and Mordanting in the Onion Coats Dye
Hong, Kyung-Ok ; Shin, In-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 167~173
Having silk dyed with some pigment extracted from the skin of an onion, examined the change of color by time and frequency of dyeing and a mordanted cloth, and the antibiosis of a dyed cloth and a mordanted cloth. The result of this were as follows ; 1. The pigment of an onion was easily extracted in the hot water of
and much more extracted as the temperature of water rises(
). 2. As a result of dyeing it by the change of time, 30minutes, 60minutes, 90minutes and the frequency of dyeing, once, twice, three times after filtering the extracted solution, the one dyed three times for 30minutes was the best. 3. The difference of color of a mordanted cloth was the highest in the mordant of
on the basis of the value of L of the non-mordant dyed three times. 4. The mordant of copper sulfate was proved to have the highest antibiosis in the antibiosis of a dyed cloth and a mordanted cloth, and it was proved that the pigment of the skin of an onion had excellent antibiosis.
A Study on the Change of Physical Properties of Lining Fabric by Washing
Song, Kyoung-Hun ; Jung, Young-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 175~182
This study was to investigated physical properties of lining fabric (Nylon, Acetate, Rayon and Polyester) such as shrinkage, tensile strength, moisture regain and crease resistance. The results were as follows. 1. The number of repeated washing times and the concentration of the detergent almost didn't affect on the change of tensile strength. 2. As washing increase more, the shrinkage of all sample was more increased. In the case of Rayon, it was showed that shrinkage was high by
times washing. In the case of Nylon, it was showed minus shrinkage according to frequency of washing. 3. The moisture regain was very decreased by 1 times washing. But the moisture regain was increased with increase in frequency of washing and resulted in it was showed a similar value with controls. 4. As the frequency of washing and the concentration of detergent increase more, the crease resistance was decreased considerably because the elasticity of fiber decreased by mechanical force such as tension, bending and pressure and alkali.
Effect of Ondol on Physiological Responses during Sleeping (IV)
Lee, Soon-Won ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 183~195
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Ondol on the bedclimate, microclimate and physiological responses of occupants. Four healthy female subjects slept for seven hours in thermal environment of detached house and apartment respectively. Their bedclimate, microclimate, skin temperature, weight loss of body, weight of bedcloth and sleepwear, body movement and subjective sensation were measureed for this study. The results were as follows; The differences of bedclimate, microclimate, skin temperature were significant according to season and residence styles. The occupants of the detached house showed higher temperature and humidity inside quilt and clothes than those of the apartment did on apartment environment. The occupants of the detached house showed higher weight losses of body, heavier weights of quilt than those of the apartment did on apartment environment in the spring, autumn and winter, lower weight losses of mattress in the autumn and winter. The occupants of the detached house moved more than those of the apartment on apartment environment when sleeping. The occupants of the detached house felt higher thermal sensation and lower humidity sensation than those of the apartment did. The occupants of the detached house felt more comfortable than those of the apartment on detached house environment, while the occupants of the apartment felt more comfortable than those of the detached house on apartment environment. The thermal environments of the apartment and the detached house had an effect on the bedclimates, microclimates of occupants and therefore the physiological responses such as skin temperature, rectal temperature, weight loss of body, perspiration and subjective sensation are different during sleeping according to their residential styles on the same environment.
Taste Sensitivity and Changes in Taste Intensity with the Addition of MSG
Koo, Nan-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 197~203
The recognition thresholds of sucrose, NaCl, citrate, caffeine, and MSG solution were determined and the effects of MSG on four basic tastes were also investigated by the sensory evaluation. The recognition threshold of sucrose was 0.451%, NaCl 0.01%, caffeine 0.005%, citrate 0.004%, and MSG 0.033%. When MSG was added to 10% sucrose solution, the intensity of sweetness significantly decreased by 0.8% MSG. The sweetness of sucrose indicated the decreasing tendency according to the addition of MSG. When MSG was mixed with NaCl solution, the intensity of saltiness significantly increased. With an addition of MSG to the citrate solution, sourness was suppressed. The bitterness increased slightly in a caffeine solution when mixed with MSG.
Survey on Food Habits, Health Condition and Precaution for Disease for the Health Improvement of Community People in Taejon
Yoon, Eun-Young ; Lim, Young-Hee ; Wang, Soo-Gyung ; Koo, Nan-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 205~216
The objectives of this study were to investigate some problems related to health and to identify citizen's needs related to nutrition education program. The data were analyzed by using
-test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple range test. The food habits score was 70.0 of 100. The score of man was 69.0, while that of woman was 72.6. Since woman's food habit was better than man, education to man is more needed. Man's BMI was 22.5 and that of woman was 21.4. W/H ratio of man was 0.85 and that of woman was 0.80. BMI and W/H ratio increased as age increases. Systolic blood pressure was 123.5mmHg and diastolic blood pressure was 83.2mmHg. All age groups need the education of blood pressure control. Since subjects who did regular exercise were only 26.3%, these community people needed more regular exercise, specially woman. It turned out that subjects were afraid of cancer, hypertension, cerebral vascular diseases which are related with food habits. The disease or symptom having the highest mobility were dental disease, gastroenteric disorder, headache and constipation. They asked for counselling about health, diet therapy, protection methods of disease and menu planning etc. The program of education for health and good food habits should be developed according to subjects's age, sex, education etc. These results showed primary needs on the curriculum of citizen's education program for enhancing health. In addition, we suggest the research on the practical curriculum of nutrition education program.
Assessment of Foodservice Management Practices in the Educare Centers in Jeonbuk Province
Lee, Young-Eun ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 217~233
Foodservice management practices in 52 educare centers in Jeonbuk province were evaluated in order to provide basic informations and guidelines for the standardization of foodservice management and facilities in the educare centers. The survey was conducted using the structured questionnaire. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Only 10% of the centers investigated had the stationed dietitian, therefore most of foodservice management was not conducted by a professional personnel. The average number of kitchen employees was 1.3 and significantly different with type(p<0.05) and size(p<0.001) of the centers, which was not enough to meet the regulation. 2. Menu planning was performed mostly(59.6%) by managers and teachers of educare centers. Food items were purchased(94.7%) and recieved(91.6%) by kitchen employees or center managers and teachers. Produced foods were also evaluated(97.7%) and distributed(100%) by kitchen employees or center managers and teachers depending on their experience without any supervision of the professional personnel for the mass production. 3. Among the centers studied, 84.6% of them conducted nutrition education programs regularly by teachers. About 77.3% of them evaluated that these programs did not accomplish the proper training for good food habit because of the lack of nutritional knowledge(54.5%) and educational media(27.3%). 4. In general, the hygienic maintenance was evaluated as fair state to need the improvement. 5. Kitchen facilities and equipments were similar to those of home cooking and did not meet the standards for institutional practices. Besides, automated machinery and tools for safety, sanitation and improvement of work efficiency were far short. 6. Log book for the foodservice management was not prepared properly, which made the systematic planning and operation of the foodservice facilities difficult.
The Beverage Consumption Patterns among Elementary.Middle.High School Students and Teachers
Kim, Hyang-Sook ; Kim, Young-Nam ; Sin, Mal-Sik ; Lee, Kyoung-Ae ; Baik, Su-Jin ; Jo, Sook-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 235~245
This survey was carried out to investigate the beverage consumption pattern. The Questionnaire, which consists of preference, quantity of daily consumption, selection, consumption of traditional beverages and so on, was distributed to elementary, middle and high school students and Home Economics teachers. Compared with teachers, students prefer soft drinks to coffee and tea. The factor considered as important appeared taste when they choose beverages. The reasons why they drink beverage were its being tasty and their heavy thirst. Among traditional beverages, sikhae was consumed most frequently at home. More than 50% of respondents answered that they had experiences of drinking whachae, soochungkwa, citron tea and ginger tea.
Educational Program Development for Improvement of the Quality of Life of Community Residents
Lim, Young-Hee ; Wang, Soo-Gyung ; Yoon, Eun-Young ; Koo, Nan-Sook ; Kang, Young-Ja ; Park, Sung-Ok ; Sohn, Sang-Hee ; Cha, Sung-Ran ; Lee, Hae-Young ; Kim, Yang-Weon ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 247~266
The purposes of this study were to investigate problems related to quality of life and to identify residents needs for the university educational program for the community residents. The data were analyzed by using
-test, F-test and multiple range test. Findings of this study provided some useful implications to develop educational programs for community people. These implications are as follows. In the aspect of home management, the need for education about time management was relatively high and the degree of time conflicts was varied to family size, educational level of house, housewife's employment status and outside work time. In the program area of economic life, education for enhancing ability to cope with unexpected events and impulsive consumption behavior, and education for money management technique and value clarification should be included. There were significant differences in the parents' role difficulties according to mother's age and income. Especially parents' role difficulties were children's social emotional development and educational activity. The major problems in management of clothing and textile products were the change of textile sensation, the poor quality of necessaries, and discoloration. This result suggests that education programs on management of clothing and textiles should be developed. In health and food management it showed that subjects were afraid of cancer, hypertension, cerebral vascular diseases in relation with food habits. Hence program of education for health and good food habits should be developed.
한국의 리콜제도와 현황과 생활복지
Ye, Jong-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 271~276