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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Nov 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jul 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
Selecting the target year
Parental Authorities Perceived by Children of Elementary and Middle School
Jang, Hye-Ja ; Chong, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to measure perceiving extent on father and mother's authority - domain perceived by child and the some materials for bringing up authority - domain in according to the sex and development level of child. The study subjects were children of 3rd elementary schools and 3rd middle schools at Cheong - ju city Chungcheongbuk - do and duration for investigation was from Sept. 24, '97 to Sept. 28, '97. The measuring sample was "Parents' Authority Index" by Kim, Kyeong - hee(1990). The Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, t - test and ANOVA using the SPSSWIN program. The conclusion of this study were as follows; 1. The perceptive extent regarding parents' authorities has shown very voluntary differences in identity authority. It has shown voluntary differences ligitimacy authority and competency authority as well. 2. In the father's authority - domain based on the child's sex, girl group recognized higher than boy group for the ligitmacy authority as a elementary school students. 3. In the father's authority - domain aspect based on child's developing level, for the ligitmacy authority boy group showed most voluntary difference. In the mother's authority based on child's developing level, all of boy and girl group recognized highly exchange authority with a voluntary difference. 4. In concering the correlation of each authority - domains to father and mother percevied by children, it was shown the highest within identical realm.
Investigated Characteristics of H.T.P Test Responses According to Home Environment Variables
Park, Sung-Ok ; Kwon, Jung-Im ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 15~27
This study investigated characteristics of H.T.P test responses according to home environment variables. The subjects were 183 children in the fifth grade at an elementary school in Taejon. SAS was utilized in order to analyze data using x2 technique. The result of the study were as follows. The more home environment stimuli the children were provided by parents, the more stable in emotion they were. Especially four out of six home environment variables were found significant in helping children become emotionally stable, confident, well-adjusted, and high in achievement. These four variables were language stimulus, social maturity educational resources, and housing environment. It is concluded that children used to be provided with good home environment including language stimulus, social maturity, educational resource, housing environment, and plenty of family activities in order to become emotionally stable, confident, high in achievement, and adjustment.
A Study on the View of Choice of Spouse and Marriage of Unmarried Women's College Students
Kim, Young-Ock ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~43
This study was carried out to investigate the view of the choice of spouse and marriage of unmarried women's college students. Most respondents in this study think that the optimum age for marriage is 27 and prefer a seniority in age of 3-4 years who feels in love as the future husband. Also, they wish that the job of future husband be a technical expert. Approximately 63% of respondents recognize the necessity of marriage but 38% of respondents do not show a positive opinion for marriage. They also expect the emotional stabilization or partnership from marriage. Majority of respondents show a negative response to the marriage as means to solve economic difficulties. However, only 25.9% of respondents strongly show the negative opinion. In the acquaintance of the opposite sex in the purpose for marriage, most respondent are negative. However, they are positive in keeping virginal purity prior to marriage. Also, it has revealed that respondents want a partnership through allotment in domestic duties including baby sitting rather than household management through patriarchal system. In household economy, they prefer sharing living expenses and having a job after marriage. In choosing an ideal husband, although the academic background is considered as an important factor, but the present occupation is more important than the academic background. Also, one of the priority to choosing a spouse is influenced by each household circumstance and economic balance. About half of respondents want their parents-in-law to be alive, however, few respondents want to live together with parents-in-law.
A Study on the Money Management Behavior of Adolescents
Chi, Keum-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~62
The purpose of this study was to investigate the money management behavior of adolescents and to examine the demographic variables and consumer behaviors which influence the money management. The subjects were 347 high school students in Chonju, Korea. The main results were as follows; 1) The mean score of the money management behavior of adolescents were 3.06. Among the variables, evaluating showed the highest score, and implementing was the second highest score. 2) The significant variables which influence the money management for adolescents were application of the information sources, sex, reference group, participation of the financial decision-making for the family, number of the siblings, tendency for materialism.
An Analysis of the Relationships of Food Expenditures and Household Socioeonomic Characteristics: For Urban Salary and Wage Earner Households
Lee, Yoon-Geum ; Yang, Se-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~79
The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationships between food expenditures and household socio-economic characteristics. Data used were taken from the 1996 National Survey of Family Income and Expenditure Survey. This study revealed that total food expenditures for urban salary and wage earner households were 347,798 won, which accounted for 27.0 percent of the total consumption expenditures and food away from home expenditures marked for 8.4 percent of the total consumption expenditures. Household income, household size, age of household head, occupation of household head, education of household head, housing tenure, wife's employment status, gender of household head, and children's age were all important factors in predicting the food consumption expenditures for urban salary and wage earner households.
A Study on the Coping Behaviors with Economic Crisis of Korean Households
Lee, Kyoung-Ok ; Jung, Yong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 81~93
Now in Korea, many households are facing with economic crisis. The study based on the premise that household economic status could keep as stable as before economic crisis depending on the coping behavior of housewives as a manager of household. The purpose of this study was to find the coping behavior patterns with economic crisis of housewives, and to examine the socio-demo-economic factors which influence the coping behavior with economic crisis of housewives. Major findings were as follows; (1) The principal two patterns of coping with economic crisis were active coping behavior and passive coping behavior. (2) The most frequently used coping behavior pattern was passive coping behavior. (3) The patterns of coping with economic crisis were influenced by the socio-demo-economic factors.
A Study on the Development of a Home Pood Production Frequency Scale
Cha, Sung-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 95~107
Difficulties in the measuring home food production activities obstructs development of home production activity related studies. For solving such problems, this study intended to develope a home food production frequency scale. The data were collected from 219 housewives in Taejon. Validity, reliability, correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used to test home food production frequency scale. The scale's validity and reliability were reveled considerable potential for its use to ascertain relationships between home food production activity and other family variables.
The Study of Relationship among Housewive's backgrounds, Laundry Practice, Laundry Concept and Interests about Environmental Pollution
Ryu, Duck-Hwan ; Lee, Bong-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 109~124
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationship among housewive's backgrounds, laundry practice, laundry concept and interests about environmental pollution. Two separate samples were selected to study a possible relationship among housewive's backgrounds, laundry practice, laundry concept and interests about environmental pollution in rural and urban areas. Using SAS (Statistical Analysis System), the results of this study were as follows: 1. There were significant differences in laundry practices by age, education, occupation, housing type and income. But there was no difference in laundry practice between the rural area and urban area. 2. There were significant differences between laundry awareness and age, education, occupation, housing type and income. But there was no difference in laundry awareness between the rural area and urban area. 3. There were significant differences in environmental interest by age, education, occupation, housing type, income. There were significant differences in environmental interest between the rural and urban areas. 4. There was a significant relationship in laundry awareness, environmental interest and laundry practices between the rural area and urban area. It was concluded that a housewife who has a greater environmental interest showed greater awareness in laundry practices.
The Effects of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Fibers on the Warm/Cool Touch of Insulating Nonwovens
Kim, Hee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 125~134
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of heat transfer characteristics of fibers on the Qmax of insulating nonwovens. The effects of fiber type, moisture content, washing cycles on the Qmax were observed. The correlations between Qmax measured by KES-F7 system and subjective warm/cool touch perception test was analyzed. The results obtained were as followed: 1. Heat transfer characteristics of fibers effected on the Qmax of insulating nonwovens. 2. Moisture transport properties of fibers effected considerably on the Qmax of nonwovens and the increasing rate of Qmax by increasing moisture content was much higher at wool than polyester. 3. As a result of subjective perception test, subjective warm/cool touch and wettness of wool nonwoven was increased obviously by increasing moisture content. 4. At the same moisture content, wool nonwoven showed higher subjective cool touch and wetness than polyester. 5. In the physical properties of nonwovens, thickness was the most effective factor on the Qmax of insulating nonwovens.
A Study on the Dance Costume of Egypt
Im, Sang-Im ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 135~150
The purpose of this study is on the dance costume of ancient Egypt. First, after the present study looked onto a specialty of Egyptian dance, and then the present study classified Egyptian dress into type and form, quality of material and color tone, hair and headdress and other ornaments. Fundamentally, this study was intended to understand the traditional culture and to grasp the peculiarity of Egyptian dancing dress. This study was progressed as a theoretical research by using documents, photographs, literatures of museum, etc. The results of the study could be summarized as follows. Egyptian dancing featured the earliest form of stage dance in the world and improved religion dancing and sideshow dancing getting out of the form of primitive dance, and also there were professional dancers who developed highly skillful dancing technique. They played a role in disseminating it to many countries of the Mediterranean sea. Dancers of Egypt wore a variety of cloths like the general people. Accordingly, there were no big differences in qualify of material, color tone and other ornaments as well. Yet in accordance with improvement of dance, there was a show-up of clothing of professional dancers and changing of detail parts. So dancing dress was formed while distinguished from general clothing. Therefore, dancing dress of Egypt represents racial characteristics, activity, originality and pursues not authority, but respect of physical beauty or natural beauty.
Moisture and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Waterproof and Water Vapor Permeable Coated Fabrics
Cho, Ji-Hyun ; Ryu, Duck-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 151~163
The purpose of this study was to investigate the thermal resistance and the liquid/vapor water transfer characteristics of four waterproof and water vapor permeable coated fabrics with the ground fabric called nylon taffeta. In order to establish the experimental environment, outdoor temperature and humidity in Taegu during the last three years were examined and the experiment was performed at (1)
, 50% R.H., (2)
, 60% R.H., (3)
, 65% R.H., which were the average standards in spring and fall. The test results were as follows ; 1. Among physical parameters, the thinner the thickness was, the higher the water vapor permeability was. But the porosity in thickness was not proportional to water vapor permeability linearly. 2. The thicker the thickness of specimens was and the smaller the bulk density and porosity were, the higher the thermal resistance. And the results also shown that the larger the temperature difference between the environmental temperature and the hot plate was, the more the difference of CLO values was apparent. 3. Since the contact angle of all specimens are above
, the all specimens have a good performance in waterproof. The more the specimens surface were rough, the higher the thermal resistance was. 4. According to the result of performing moisture transfer test using the simulating body skin-clothing-environment system, the humidity sensor placed in between the fabric and the environment detected the full saturation in 10 minutes after the experiment had began at
, 50% R.H. and in 15 minutes after the experiment both at
, 60% R.H. and at
, 65% R.H. 5.
values of the humidity sensors placed in between the human body and the fabric and in between the fabric and the environment fluctuated repeatedly within the range of
, 60% R.H., and
, 65% R.H.
A Study on Application Methods of Knit Design for Manufacturers using CAD System
Yang, Kyung-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 165~178
Knitwears it was only for the innerwear, but which has become more available for sportswear and highly valuable formal-dresses for women's apparel and is set a trend toward high value-added products worldwide. Also the industry connected knitwears is more widely applicative than woven industry and is running on the well founded basement for the small enterprises. This study notes that what problems are caused and which utilities can be expected when we design knitwears by Primavision and Texpia CAD system considered the programs for development of domestic knitwears industry. There are much various benefits for designing knitwears from CAD system as shortening working hours, convenience, accuracy, quality control and productivity. It doesn't depend on designer's technique, sense and experiences, but provides, through building the design accuracy, chance to have a precise communication with buyers to be satisfied with the multiplicity, uniqueness and high-quality resulting from reducing the mistake on the operation. But there are some problems for using CAD design system those are no selections for the form, type and thickness of the yarn. Even though it is knitted by the same gauge, the texture conditions show complete difference if the form and thickness is different with. The gauge control without regarding those ought to be improved and the yarn designing function should be appended like in a tektite design. And the CAD design system can not reflect the variables of operating knitting machine and needle. The CAD design system provides the manufacturers with merits those they can change the colors easily to select which one appeals to the customer and check the effects of producing and modeling on monitor. But, in the each producing progress, there are still problems to reduce the practical steps, so intensive care is required of each part.
Needs for the Educational Subjects of Practitioners in Apparel Distribution Industry in Taejon and Chongju
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Kim, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 179~192
The purposes of this study were to investigate the needs for the educational subjects of practitioners in apparel distribution industry and to examine the relationship between the needs and their socio-demographic variables. And it was intended to be used as basic data to develop the curriculum for continuing education in university. The subjects were consisted of 473 practitioners in apparel distribution industries in Taejon and Chongju. A questionnaire was used and classified into seven areas--basic area textile science, design, clothing construction, fashion marketing theory, fashion marketing practice and business management. Descriptive analysis, t-test and ANOVA were used for statistical analyses. The results of this study were as follows: First, the educational needs of subjects by practitioners were in the following order: 1)fashion marketing practice, 2)design, 3)fashion marketing theory, 4)business management, 5)clothing construction, 6)textile science, 7)basic area. Second, the educational needs of subjects by practitioners were also related to their socio-demographic variables like educational background, work area, type of market, total work experience, years in present job, and the role. It was implied that subject areas like fashion marketing and design with theory and practice we of most importance for practitioners in apparel distribution industry. Therefore, a university curriculum of continuing education for them should take into account of those factors mentioned above.
Comparison on Similarity of Clothing between Modern and Gothic, and between Post-Modern and Renaissance Period
Park, Sook-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 193~210
The purpose of this study is to compare the similarity of clothing between Modern and Gothic, and between Post-Modern and Renaissance Period. The results are as followes: The beauty of ideal body was changed from unemphasis of body line to emphasis of the erotic espects of body. The style of clothing was changed from simple and functional in order to give freedom in action, to various and complicated in from, and even uncomfortable in order to emphasize individuality. Decoration on clothing like details, trimmings, and various accessories were not prefered in Gothic and Modem Period, but very popular in Post-Modern and Renaissance Period.
Fit and Problems of Ready-to-Wear Garment in Women
Kim, Yang-Weon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 211~217
To investigate the fitting and its problems related in clothing fit and to get basic data to develop fitted ready-to-wear garment, total 238 subjects were surveyed during the period of May, 1997 in Taejon. The major results were as follows; 1. The results showed that most subjects had purchased ready-to-wear garments in a department store. 2. The fit of ready-to-wear garments is more suitable in the upper wear such as T-shirts and blouse than in lower wear such as skirts and pants. 3. Fitting problems in ready-to-wear garments were identified, including sleeve length, shoulder area. 4. A variety of fitting problems in ready-to-wear garments were showed waistline, thigh girth, sleeve length. 5. There were significant differences between the demographic variables, i.e. marital status and occupation and clothing problems.
College Students' Consumption Behavior on Commercial Kimchi in Taejon
Koo, Nan-Sook ; Park, Eun-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 219~226
The survey was conducted to investigate the consumption aspects of commercial kimchi and the future pattern of kimchi consumption. The college students(473) were randomly selected from six universities in Taejon. Ninety seven percent of students had taken the commercial kimchi. They chose kimchi manufactured by the famous company(62.4%), merchant in market(16.9%), and agricultural corporation(14.4%). In purchasing the commercial kimchi, qualty(76.0%) was considered as the most important factor and then price(13.1%), brand name(5.1%). The main reason for disliking commercial kimchi was indicated as 'different taste from home-made' by the male and 'additives added in kimchi' by the female(p<0.01). The maintenance of aging condition was believed the most essential factor to increase the consumption of commercial kimchi. Two thirds of the subjects anticipated to take home-made kimchi after marriage. Half of them replied to want to take kimchi made by traditional method, even though to buy the sauce for kimchi-making sold in market. More female students were willing to purcase the sauce for kimchi-making than the male(p<0.01).