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Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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Journal DOI :
The Society Of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
The Study about the "Donguisasangshinpyun" focused on the Sasang Prescriptions of "Donguisusebowon"
Lee, Seung-Yun ; Bae, Hyo-Sang ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~17
1. Background and purpose: The purpose of this study is to find the characteristic of "Donguisasangshinpyun" through comparison and analysis of "Donguisusebowon" and "Donguisasangshinpyun". 2. Methods: First we compare the composition of Sasang prescription with the same name in "Sinchukbon" and "Gabobon" to the composition of Sasang prescription in "Donguisasangshinpyun" "Donguisasangshinpyunchebang"(東醫四象新編劑方). And we compare the difference of "Donguisusebowon" and "Donguisasangshinpyunchebang" about symptom of Sasang prescription. The third is to find the utilization of Sasang prescription in "Donguisasangshinpyun" "Donguisasangyongyakhuebun"(東醫四象用藥彙分). 3. Results and Conclusions: 1) There are some Sasang prescriptions with the same name in "Donguisasangshinpyunchebang", "Sinchukbon" and "Gabobon". The composition of Sasang prescription in "Donguisasangshinpyun" is based on "Sinchukbon" better than "Gabobon". 2) The symptom of Sasang prescription in "Donguisasangshinpyunchebang" are more various than the symptoms in "Donguisusebowon". We find new symptom of Sasang prescription in "Donguisasangshinpyun" that does not exist in "Donguisusebowon". 3) The Sasang prescription of "Sinchukbon" is utilized much more than the Sasang prescription of "Gabobon" in "Donguisasangyongyakhuebun".
Reinterpretation of Taeyang disease(太陽病) in "Shanghanlun(傷寒論)" Based on the Pathologic Perspective of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
Lee, Ji-Won ; Shin, Seung-Won ; Kwak, Sang-Hyup ; Kim, Yeong-Jun ; Lee, Jun-Hee ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 18~28
1. Objectives: Purpose of this paper is to study the reinterpretation of Taeyang disease(太陽病) in "Shanghanlun(傷寒論)" based on the pathologic perspective of Sa-sang Constitutional Medicine by comparing factors as pathologic mechanisms, clinical symptoms, and remedies. 2. Methods: The texts referred to pathologic mechanisms, clinical symptoms, and remedies of Taeyang disease(太陽病) described in "Donguisusebowon Gabobon(東醫壽世保元 甲午本)", "Donguisusebowon Sinchookbon(東醫壽世保元 辛丑本)", and Shanghanlun(傷寒論)" in "Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑)" were analysed. 3. Results and Conclusions 1) Early phase of Ulgwang symptomatic pattern(鬱狂證 初證) and of Mangyang symptomatic pattern(亡陽證初證) of Kidney Heat-based Exterior Heat disease(腎受熱表熱病), a category of Soeumin(少陰人) diseases, were described by adopting pathologic models of Taeyang-sangpung symptomatic pattern(太陽傷風證) and Sanghan-hyeol symptomatic pattern(傷寒血證) from "Sanghanlun(傷寒論)". 2) Soyang-sangpung symptomatic pattern(少陽傷風證) of Spleen Cold-based Exterior Cold diseae (脾受寒表寒病) and Hyunggyeok-yeol symptomatic pattern(胸膈熱證) of Stomach Heat-based Interior Heat disease(胃受熱裏熱病), categories of Soyangin(少陽人) diseases, were described by adopting pathologic models of Taeyang-yangsangpunghan symptomatic pattern(太陽兩傷風寒證), Soyang-sangpung symptomatic pattern(少陽傷風證) and Tayangbyong-sahak symptomatic pattern(太陽病似瘧證) from "Sanghanlun(傷寒論)". 3) Baechu-pyo symptomatic pattern(背顀表病輕證) and Hangual symptomatic pattern(寒厥證) of Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold disease(胃脘受寒表寒病), a category of Taeeumin(太陰人) diseases, was described by adopting pathologic models of Taeyang-sanghan symptomatic pattern(太陽傷寒證) and Hangual symptomatic pattern(寒厥證) from "Sanghanlun(傷寒論)". 4) Je-Ma Lee reinterpreted various diseases classified as Taeyang disease(太陽病) with the pathologic perspective of Sa-sang Constitutional Medicine. Different from existing medicine, diseases were analysed and treated by the standard, constitution of the patient.
A Study on the Pathology and Therapeutics of Epigastric Discomfort in the Soeumin Taeeum Symptomatology
Seo, Young-Kwang ; Lee, Ji-Won ; Lee, Jun-Hee ; Choi, Won-Cheol ; Lee, Eui-Ju ; Kho, Byung-Hee ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 29~42
1. Objective: Gastric Stuffiness (心下痞證) in the Soeumin Taeeum symptomatology (少陰人 太陰病) in Sasang Constitutional Medicine shows an interesting evolutionary process. Originally found in the texts of Sanghanlun (傷寒論), the perspectives regarding the symptoms of Gastric Stuffiness were expanded by many medical scholars and Lee Jema. To comprehend the Jema's concept of Taeeum symptomatology and utilize his prescription clinically, it deserves to study on the Gastric Stuffiness in Donguisuseowon (東醫壽世保元). 2. Methods: Many texts including Sanghanlun (傷寒論) and Dongeuibogam (東醫寶鑑) were reviewed in order to track the evolutionary process concerning the symptoms of Gastric Stuffiness. Also, Lee Jema's works including the different versions of Donguisuseowon (東醫壽世保元) were reviewed to examine the development of Lee's concepts regarding the Gastric Stuffiness in the Soeumin Taeeum symptomatology. 3. Results and Conclusions: 1) Most of the previous concepts on Gastric Stuffiness were generally similar to those found in Sanghanlun, especially in that they addressed Yang deficiency of the middle triple energizeer as the central pathogenic process. 2) Lee Jema's views on the epigastric discomfort in the Soeumin Taeeum symptomatology evoloved over time and culminated in the finalized pathology and therapeutics appearing in his last work, the Shinchuk version of Donguisuseowon (東醫壽世保元). 3) 4 kinds of prescription which invented by Lee Jema to treat the Gastric Stuffiness in the Soeumin Taeeum symptomatology can be matched to the prescription of Sanghanlun respectively. However through evolutionary process of Jema's prescriptions, the indication of them expanded: not only to treat Gastric Stuffiness but to diverse symptoms of Soeumin.
The Origin, Changes and Compositive Principles of Hyangsayangyi-tang
Kang, Mi-Jeong ; Lee, Jun-Hee ; Koh, Byung-Hee ; Lee, Eui-Ju ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 43~50
1. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the origin, changes and the constructive principles of Hyangsayangyitang (XiangShaYangWeiTang). 2. Methods: Hyangsayangyi-tang and other related prescriptions were analyzed in terms of pathology, based on "Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑)", "Donguisusebowon Chobongwon(東醫壽世保元 草本卷)", "Donguisusebowon Gabobon(東醫壽世保元 甲午本)", "Donguisusebowon Sinchukbon(東醫壽世保元 辛丑本)". 3. Results and Conclusions: (1) The origin of Hyangsayangyi-tang is Hyangsayukgunja-tang from "Gongshin Uigamseo(龔信 醫鑑書"). Hyangsayangyi-tang inherited some of the principles from"Euihangangmok(醫學綱目)" Jeonssiyigong-san's (全氏異功散) application. (2) "Gabobon(甲午本)"'s prescription emphasizes the effect of lossen up by using Pogostemonis Herba(藿香). "Sinchukbon(辛丑本)"'s prescription emphasizes the effect of warm up stomach by using Zingiberis Rhizoma(乾薑). (3) Ginseng Radix(人蔘), Atractlodis Rhizoma White(白朮), Glycyrrhizae Radix(甘草), Paeoniae Radix Alba(白芍藥) support Soeumin's spleen root (脾元), and Zingiberis Rhizoma(乾薑), Myristicae Semen(肉豆蔲) warm up stomach, and Pinelliae Rhizoma(半夏), Citri Pericarpium(陳皮) circulate Qi, Crataegi Fructus(山楂), Amomi Fructus(砂仁), Cyperi Rhizoma(香附子) encourage digestion to maintain descending Yin.
Usages of Aconite
Lu, Huan-Yu ; Kang, Mi-Jeong ; Lee, Ji-Won ; Yoo, Jung-Hee ; Lee, Jun-Hee ; Koh, Byung-Hee ; Lee, Eui-Ju ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 51~58
1. Objectives: After arranging the contents of the usages of Aconite mentioned in the literature - "Dongmu", a power trend me to further study the details of the usages of Aconite. 2 Methods: This study mainly refers to; "Dongmu-YuGo(東武遺稿)"(DYG), "Donguisusebowon-SaSangchobongyun(東醫壽世保元四象草本卷)"(DSS), "Donguisusebowon-GabObon(東醫壽世保元甲午本)"(DGO), "Donguisusebowon-ShinChukbon(東醫壽世保元辛丑本)"(DSC), and the research was written in order to find out the physiology and pathology of Soeumin in SCM. 3 Results and Conclusions 1) Taking aconite in a scale of 3 to 15 gram as common dosage, especially, when a person was critically ill, the dosage of 45 gram was used. Different dosages of aconite were chosen in accordance with some other different conditions, such as the purpose of reducing fever or mid-energizer warming, urinary volume, presence or absence of edema, stages of growth of diseases. In addition, we found a remedy using Remedy Single head garlic(獨頭蒜) instead of aconite. 2) Adverse toxic effects of aconite can be serious, it is dangerous to patients who are administered with aconite in massive amounts or take it in different concocting methods, therefore, further evidence about the laboratory experiments studied in animals and clinical dataare needed to confirm the scope for more widespread and accurate usages of Aconite.
A Report on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Constitution Theory and Chinese Health Administration Center
Kim, Sang-Hyuk ; Joo, Jong-Cheon ; Hwang, Dong-Uk ; Lee, Si-Woo ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 59~66
1. Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to report Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Constitution Theory and the present state of Chinese Health Administration Center. 2. Methods: We visited China for "China Technology Survey" in 2009. Our purposes were to research for the study of constitutional medicine in China and to search for the Development Plan of Constitutional Medicine Through the Research of Chinese Constitutional Medicine. This paper is the report of the "China Technology Survey". 3. Results & Conclusions: In China, the concept and diagnosis of TCM constitutions is nine(Balanced Constitution, Qi-deficient Constitution, Yang-deficient Constitution, Yin-deficient Constitution, Phlegm-dampness Constitution, Damp-heat Constitution, Stagnant blood Constitution, Stagnant qi Constitution, Inherited specific Constitution). And Chinese government established the Classification and Diagnosis Standards for the Constitutions of TCM in 2009. TCM Constitution Theory is being widely applied at Health Administration Center that treats 'predisease' patients. Theses Chinese clinical implications of constitutional medicine are a good example for "Sasang Constituional Medicine" Care Service.
Study for Research Trends on Sasang Constitutional Medicine by Researchers in Other Fields
Lee, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 67~74
1. Objectives: The research papers published by researchers in other fields except Oriental medicine were analyzed to study the research trends and characteristic of Sasang Constitutional medicine. 2. Methods: Systematic searches were performed on KISS, RISS, KISTI and DBPIA and finally 123 papers were selected. The publication year, research field of the first author, title's characteristic, research topic and the classification method of Sasang Constitution were investigated. 3. Results and conclusions: 1) In the analysis of publication year, the number of studies on Sasang Constitution has increased dramatically since 2000. 2) In the analysis of the first author's research field, physical training, nursing, engineering and food and nutrition were the majority. 3) In the analysis of the research topic, the classification method of Sasang Constitution was the majority. 4) In the analysis of the classification method of Sasang Constitution, QSCC II was the most popular method accounted for 68% and interview by specialist of Sasang Constitutional medicine accounted for 42%.
A Study on the Relationship between Hyungsang Classification and Sasang Constitutional Diagnosis
Jang, A-Reum ; Jeon, Soo-Hyung ; Park, Se-Jung ; Lee, Hyun-Mi ; Kim, Kyu-Kon ; Lee, Yong-Tae ; Ji, Gyu-Yong ; Lee, In-Sun ; Kim, Jong-Won ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 75~86
1. Objectives: This study was performed to research the relationship between Sasang Constitutional medicine and Hyungsang medicine. 2. Methods: Four hundred and thirty applicants are involved in this study. They are devided into Sasang Constitution and Hyungsang Classification 3. Results and Conclusions: There are significances between Sasang Constitutional diagnosis and Hyungsang Classification. There are significantly more Bangkwang-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Taeyangin and Bangkwang-body, Jung-kwa, Soyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Soyangin. There are significantly more Dam-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Taeeumin and Bangkwang-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Soeumin.
Two-Stage Decision Tree Analysis for Diagnosis of Personal Sasang Constitution Medicine Type
Jin, Hee-Jeong ; Lee, Hae-Jung ; Kim, Myoung-Geun ; Kim, Hong-Gie ; Kim, Jong-Yeol ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 87~97
1. Objectives: In SCM, a personal Sasang constitution must be determined accurately before any Sasang treatment. The purpose of this study is to develop an objective method for classification of Sasang constitution. 2. Methods: We collected samples from 5 centers where SCM is practiced, and applied two-stage decision tree analysis on these samples. We recruited samples from 5 centers. The collected data were from subjects whose response to herbal medicine was confirmed according to Sasang constitution. 3. Results: The two-stage decision tree model shows higher classification power than a simple decision tree model. This study also suggests that gender must be considered in the first stage to improve the accuracy of classification. 4. Conclusions: We identified important factors for classifying Sasang constitutions through two-stage decision tree analysis. The two-stage decision tree model shows higher classification power than a simple decision tree model.
Correlation of Sasang Constitution and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Jung, Woon-Ki ; Yoo, Jun-Sang ; Koh, Sang-Baek ; Park, Jong-Ku ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 98~109
1. Objectives: This study is to investigate the association of Sasang Constitution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). 2. Methods: One thousand five hundred forty five persons, more than 40 years old, participated in the community based cohort in Wonju City and Pyeongchang City of South Korea from October 29th in 2007 to February 26th in 2008. The diagnosis of COPD was confirmed by spirometry and based on the diagnostic criteria developed by GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) standard. Relating items like height, weight, BMI(Body Mass Index), martial status, income, drinking, smoking and education were checked using questionnaires and Sasang Constitution was diagnosed by a specialist using PSSC(Phonetic System for Sasang Constitution), facial photos and check-up lists. 3. Results: There were 88 persons(5.7%) who had mild COPD. Old age(more than 60's) and male were significant risk factors of COPD. But smoking, drinking and Sasang Constitution were not risk factors of COPD. But there were many Soeumin who had mild COPD in terms of Sasang Constitution irrespective of sex. 4. Conclusions: Low BMI(<23kg/m2) and low income also were significant risk factors. And Sasang Constitution might be the variable to manage COPD patients, but more researches are needed.
An Analysis of Eating Behaviors in Normal-Weight Males across Different Sasang Constitutional Types
Shin, Hyeon-Sang ; Park, Byung-Ju ; Kang, Mi-Jeong ; Lee, Ji-Won ; Jang, Hyun-Su ; Noh, Hwan-Ok ; Lee, Eui-Ju ; Koh, Byung-Hee ; Lee, Jun-Hee ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 110~121
1. Objectives: This investigation compares the eating behaviors across normal-weight male groups of different Sasang constitutional types. 2. Methods: We recruited 31 male participants aged 20-35 with BMI 18.5-23. The eating behavior was assessed using Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), Bulimia Test Revised (BULIT-R), Korean Version of Eating Attitude Test-26 (KEAT-26), and Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). 3. Results: 1) Assessments made by GSRS, KEAT-26, and BULIT-R were not significantly different across different Sasang constitutional types. (p<0.05) 2) The Soeum group showed significantly lower BMI and body weight compared to the Soyang and Taeeum groups. 3) The Emotional eating subscale of DEBQ differed significantly across different Sasang constitutional types. (p<0.05) 4) The Soeum group showed a significantly lower Emotional eating subscale score of DEBQ compared to the Soyang and Taeeum groups. 4. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that emotional factors could influence eating behaviors differently across different Sasang constitutional types, in which the Soeum type is less affected than the Soyang type by emotional states.
A Study on Growth Pattern according to Sasang Constitution
Kim, Na-Young ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Shin, Mi-Ran ; Yoo, Jun-Sang ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 122~131
1. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find out the growth pattern according to Sasang Constitution. 2. Methods: One hundred forty seven students in the first grade of high school were classified into three groups(So-yangin, So-eumin, Tae-eumin) by QSCC II. We obtained the growth distance curve and growth rate, annual increment based on the Health Record according to Sasang Constitution. Health Record ranged from the first grade of the elementary school to the first grade of high school. And we calculated the Body mass index(BMI) and Mid-parential height(MPH). 3. Results: In case of Male, So-eumin and Tae-eumin showed linear growth patterns, but So-yangin showed rapid growth from 13 to 14. In case of Female, all of the groups showed similar growth pattern. But Tae-eumin showed a more growth from 8 to 9 than So-yangin groups. 4. Conclusions: Growth Pattern seemed to be different according to Sasang Constitution.
Safety on Hazardous Substances of Soeumin Kwakhyangjeonggi-san
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Huang, Dae-Sun ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 132~140
1. Objective: To compare the contents and transfer rate of hazardous substances in crude, washing solution, crude after washing, decoction and remnant after boiling. 2. Methods: The heavy metal contents of each step were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) and mercury analyzer (MA-2). In order to analyze pesticides in each sample we used simultaneous multi-residue analysis of pesticides by GC/ECD, which was followed by GC/MSD analysis to confirm the identity of the detected pesticide in each sample. In addition, the contents of sulfur dioxide (SO2) were performed by Monier-Williams distillation method. 3. Results: 1) Contents (mg/kg) of heavy metals in decoction of all herbal medicine prescriptions were not detected. 2) Transfer rates (%) of heavy metals from crude to remnant were As (83.3%), Cd (100.0%), Pb (182.6%) and Hg (100.0%). 3) Contents (mg/kg) of residual pesticides were not detected. 4) Transfer rate (%) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from crude to remnant was 44.2%. 4. Conclusion: Our results showed that boiled herbal medicine prescriptions which we take is safe from the hazardous substances.
Stimulation of the Immune Response by Herbal Formulas for Taeeumin
Jung, Da-Young ; Ha, Hye-Kyung ; Lee, Ho-Young ; Lee, Jin-Ah ; Lee, Nam-Hun ; Lee, Jun-Kyoung ; Huang, Dae-Sun ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 141~151
1. Objectives: Three herbal formulas (Yuldahanso-tang, Chungsimyonja-tang, and Taeeumjowi-tang) for Taeeumin were applied to investigate the immunological activities on antigen (Ag)-specific or Ag-non-specific immune responses in murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized mice. 2. Methods: This study was carried out in nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in RAW 264.7 cells and cellular proliferation in mouse splenocytes according to three herbal formulas. C57BL/6 mice were immunized intraperitonially with OVA/aluminium (
/mouse) on day 1, 8, and 15. Three herbal formulas were administrated to mice orally for 3 weeks from day 1. On day 22, OVA-, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-, and concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated splenocyte proliferation and antibodies (OVA-specific antibodies of the IgG, IgG1, and total IgM classes) in plasma were measured. 3. Results: Yuldahanso-tang and Chungsimyonja-tang increased NO synthesis in RAW 264.7 cells. Three herbal formulas significantly enhanced cellular proliferation by LPS and Con A in splenocytes from OVA-immunized mice (p<.001). Three herbal formulas for Taeeumin also significantly enhanced plasma OVA-specific IgG, IgG1, and total IgM levels compared with the OVA/Alum group. 4. Conclusion: These results suggested that three herbal formulas for Taeeumin could be used as stimulator of immune response.
Two Cases of Persistent Hiccup Patients with Soyangin Hyeongbangdojeok-san
Kim, Koo ; Oh, Seung-Yun ; Kwon, Young-Mi ; Joo, Jong-Cheon ;
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 152~159
1. Objectives: This study aims to report symptomatic improvement of a Soyangin persistent hiccup patient with Hyeongbangdojeoksan. 2. Methods: The patient was treated with Hyeongbangdojeok-san and acupunctural therapy. The patient's chief complaint and ordinaty symptoms were observed during the outpatient care period. 3. Results and Conclusions: In results, Soyangin patients's hiccup and ordinary symptom as well as improved. The management of the constitutional pathological syndromes by constitutional perspective than focusing on the symptoms of hiccups will provide more comfortable life and better health levels.