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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems
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The Society of Information Storage Systems
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Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Sep 2005
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Evaluation of Static Error Signal for Super Slim Optical Pick-up
Kang, S.M. ; Cho, E.H. ; Sohn, J.S. ; Kim, W.C. ; Park, N.C. ; Park, Y.P. ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 115~120
As a popularity of a portable digital device such as a cellular phone, a digital camera and a MP3 player is spreading, the demand of the mobile storage device increases rapidly. A bluray technology using 405nm laser diode and objective lens having high NA(Numerical Aperture), 0.85, satisfies a miniaturization and a high capacity which are the requirements of the portable device. To develop SFFOP(small form factor optical pickup), it is prerequisite to minimize the number of optical components and establish evaluation and assembly method of micro optical pickup system as well as mass production method of micro optical component. To minimize optical elements of optical pickup, there have been many researches to use P-HOE(Polarized Holographic Optical Element) due to its extremely small size and versatile function. However, P-HOE is handled and assembled very accurately in SFFOP. In this paper, static error signal detection method is developed for an alignment of P-HOE in SFFOP. Using developed static error signal detection method, P-HOE can be aligned very accurately with real time result of static error signals of pickup such as FES(focusing error signal) and TES(Tracking Error Signal). The developed static error signal detection method is verified by the evaluation of commercialized DVD Pickup. And finally. developed static error signal detection method is applied for the assembly of P-HOE in SFFOP system satisfies specification of BD(Blu-ray Disk).
Development of Twin-Objective Actuator with Radial Tilt Function for Blu-Ray Disc Recorder
Kim, Seok-Jung ; Heor, Tae-Youn ; Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Ahn, Young-Man ; Chung, Chong-Sam ; Park, Soo-Han ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 121~126
Recently, an optical disc system has been proposed using blue laser diode, high NA objective lens and groove only disc structure. A new method is needed to readout CD and DVD in this Blu-Ray Disc Recorder. In order to readout CD and DVD in Blu-Ray Disc Recorder, we adopted dual-lenses actuator in consideration of optical utilization efficiency, optical performance and insurance of sufficient W.D(working distance). This dual-lenses actuator has two objectives in radial direction, one is for CD/DVD and the other is for BD. We had to solve the induced problems of collision between disc and lens, DC tilt increase, AC tilt increase, 2nd resonance deterioration and AC sensitivity drop caused by disposing two lenses in an actuator. Also we developed high response twin- objective actuator with radial tilt function to apply high-speed BD Recorder or BD Player. Consequently we presented that two kinds of dual-lenses actuators for BD Recorder have been possessed good performance in 3 axis directions. And we measured eye patterns of CD, DVD and BD by using one BD optical pick-up with dual-lenses actuator.
Manometer Scale Mark Formation using Thermal Reaction For Storage Application
Jung, Moon-Il ; Kim, Joo-Ho ; Hwang, In-Oh ; Kim, Hyun-Ki ; Bae, Jae-Cheol ; Park, In-Sik ; Kuwahara, Masashi ; Tominaga, Junji ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 127~131
We report a nanometer scale mark formation using a
thin film or a TbFeCo rare-earth transition metal film and the mechanism. The multi-layer samples(
) were prepared with a magnetron sputtering method on a polycarbonate or a glass substrate. By laser irradiation of approximately a few nanoseconds, nanometer scale marks were fabricated. During the fabrication process, the thin films were thermally reacted or inter-diffused during the laser irradiation. 75 nm bubble marks in the PtOx multi-layer sample by an approximately 4-ns laser irradiation. Inside the bubble mark, Pt particles with a few nanometer sizes are distributed. The
nm bubble marks in the TbFeCo multi-layer sample by a few nanosecond laser irradiations. We will report the detail structure of the samples, the bubble mark formation process and the mechanism.
Simulations of time dependent temperature distributions of Super-ROM disk structure using finite element method
Ahn, Duck-Won ; You, Chun-Yeol ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 132~136
It is widely accepted that the reading mechanism of Super-RENS(super-resolution near field structure) and Super-ROM(super-resolution read only memory) is closely related with non-linear temperature dependent material properties such as refractive indices, phase change. Furthermore, the dynamic change of the temperature distribution also an essential part of reading mechanism of Super-RENS/ROM. Therefore, the knowledge of the temperature distribution as a function a time is one of the important keys to reveal the physics of reading mechanism in Super-RENS/ROM. We calculated time-dependent temperature distribution in a 3-dimensional Super-ROM disk structure when moving laser beam is irradiated. With a help of commercial software FEMLAB which employed finite element method, we simulated the temperature distribution of ROM structure whose pit diameter is 120-nm with 50-nm depth. Energy absorption by moving laser irradiation, time variations of heat transfer processes, heat fluxes, heat transfer ratios, and temperature distributions of the complicate 3-dimensional ROM structure have been obtained.
A New Approach to Servo System Design in Hard Disk Drive Systems
Kim, Nam-Guk ; Choi, Soo-Young ; Chu, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Kang-Seok ; Lee, Ho-Seong ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 137~142
In this paper, we propose a new servo system design strategy to reduce the position error signal(PES) and track mis-registration(TMR) in magnetic disk drive systems. The proposed method provides a systematic design procedure based on the plant model and an optimal solution via an optimization with a 'Robust Random Neighborhood Search(RRNS)' algorithm. In addition, it guarantees the minimum PES level as well as stability to parametric uncertainties. Furthermore, the proposed method can be used to estimate the performance at the design stage and thus can reduce the cost and time for the design of the next generation product. The reduction of PES as well as robust stability is demonstrated by simulation and experiments.
A Novel Volume Hologram Encryption Using Complementary Data and Binary Amplitude Mask
Kim, Hyun ; Kim, Do-Hyung ; Lee, Yeon-H. ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 143~149
In this paper we propose a novel volume hologram encryption system with binary amplitude masks rather than phase masks, in which volume holograms can be securely recorded against the attacks by a third party. In our system, the encryption is done by multiplexing two volume holograms in such a way that an original binary data page is first stored as a volume hologram by interference with a binary amplitude mask and then the complementary data page is stored as another volume hologram by interference with the complementary binary amplitude mask over the first hologram. The operation principle of our system is explained with the well-known theory of recording and reading a volume hologram in a photorefractive material and the experimental results are presented. Experimental data show that our encryption system is protected from blind decryptions by randomly-generated incorrect amplitude masks.
Study of Inter-Track Crosstalk in Holographic Read Only Memory to Determine Optimal Track Format
Kim, Kun-Yul ; Yoon, Pil-Sang ; Kang, Byung-Bok ; Park, Joo-Yeon ; Nam, Ha-Eun ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 150~154
The effects of track format on the inter-track crosstalk of holographic ROM system are investigated. To quantify the effect of inter-track crosstalk for various track width and pitch, we defined Signal to Crosstalk noise Ratio(SCR) as a criterion. A numerical simulation is used to obtain the SCR as a function of track widths and pitches. We compared different 4 track widths having 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6
considering resolving power of lens and recording density. The simulation results show that the SCRs for each track width are maximized at the track pitch which has the value of 0.72, 0.72, 0.74, and 0.5
respectively. Next, for the three sets with track width-pitch(0.4-0.72, 0.5-0.74, 0.6-0.8
) which showed the maximum SCR, we set a minimum pit length so that all sets have a DVD equivalent data density and compared RF signals passed from the slit. The simulation results show that when the track width, pitch, and minimum pit length have 0.5, 0.74, and 0.4
respectively, the difference between the maximum and minimum value of the RF signal showed the greatest value. Also, we investigated RF signal in case of using an amplitude inversion mask, which transmitted regions are inversed against the conventional mask. The simulation results show that the better RF signal may be obtained by using an amplitude inversion mask.
Hardware Channel Decoder for Holographic WORM Storage
Hwang, Eui-Seok ; Yoon, Pil-Sang ; Kim, Hak-Sun ; Park, Joo-Youn ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 155~160
In this paper, the channel decoder promising reliable data retrieving in noisy holographic channel has been developed for holographic WORM(write once read many) system. It covers various DSP(digital signal processing) blocks, such as align mark detector, adaptive channel equalizer, modulation decoder and ECC(error correction code) decoder. The specific schemes of DSP are designed to reduce the effect of noises in holographic WORM(H-WORM) system, particularly in prototype of DAEWOO electronics(DEPROTO). For real time data retrieving, the channel decoder is redesigned for FPGA(field programmable gate array) based hardware, where DSP blocks calculate in parallel sense with memory buffers between blocks and controllers for driving peripherals of FPGA. As an input source of the experiments, MPEG2 TS(transport stream) data was used and recorded to DEPROTO system. During retrieving, the CCD(charge coupled device), capturing device of DEPROTO, detects retrieved images and transmits signals of them to the FPGA of hardware channel decoder. Finally, the output data stream of the channel decoder was transferred to the MPEG decoding board for monitoring video signals. The experimental results showed the error corrected BER(bit error rate) of less than
, from the raw BER of DEPROTO, about
. With the developed hardware channel decoder, the real-time video demonstration was possible during the experiments. The operating clock of the FPGA was 60 MHz, of which speed was capable of decoding up to 120 mega channel bits per sec.
Design and Optimization of Suspension with Optical Flying Head Using Integrated Optimization Frame
Kim, Ji-Won ; Park, Kyoung-Su ; Yoon, Sang-Joon ; Choi, Dong-Hoon ; Park, Young-Pil ; Lee, Jong-Soo ; Park, No-Cheol ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 161~168
This paper optimizes the optical flying head(OFH) suspension using the integrated optimization frame, which automatically integrates the analysis with the optimization and effectively implements the repetitive works between them. The problem formulation for the optimization is suggested to improve the dynamic compliance of OFH and to shift the resonant frequencies caused tracking errors to high frequency domain. Furthermore, the minimization of the effective suspension mass that leads to decrease the so-called 'lift-off' as the disk-head separation acceleration divided by the suspension load is taken into consideration. In particular, this study is carried out the optimal design considering the process of modes tracking through the entire optimization processes. The advanced suspension that reduces the effective mass of the suspension and increases the resonant frequencies of sway and
torsion over 10kHz is achieved by using the integrated optimization frame.
Non-contact Vibration Suppression of a Rotating Flexible Disk
Um, Yo-Han ; Lee, Ho-Ryul ; Lee, Sung-Ho ; Rhim, Yoon-Chul ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 169~174
Current information storage devices read/write data on the rotating disk. The axial vibration of a rotating disk should be suppressed for the successful operation of the device. Information storage devices widely used in these days adopt relatively thick disk which is stiff enough to suppress axial vibration under allowable limit. However, the thickness of the disk is going to be thinner and thinner as the small form factor of the devices is getting preferred by the consumer. In this study, a stabilizer system, which is composed with 8 air bearings, is proposed for suppressing the axial vibration of a
thick PC disk in a non-contacting manner. The performance of the stabilizer system is simulated by numerical computation and then confirmed its results through a series of experiment. A thin and flexible disk has various vibration modes when it rotates in high speed. The stabilizer system generates positive as well as negative pressure due to the rotation of flexible disk so that the force due to the pressure distribution pushes and pulls rotating disk in a non-contacting manner. The balance between positive and negative pressure forces can be obtained by adjusting the area and the slope of the air bearing surface. The axial vibration of the flexible disk of 120mm diameter is suppressed successfully from over
peak-to-peak value at the rotational speed of 5,000rpm.
The Fabrication of SiOB by using Bulk Micromachining Process for the Application of Slim Pickup
Choi, Seog-Moon ; Park, Sung-Jun ; Hwang, Woong-Lin ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 175~181
SiOB is an essential part of slim optical pickup, where the silicon mirror, LD stand, silicon PD are integrated and LD is flip chip bonded. SiOB is fabricated with bulk micromachining. Especially the fabrication of silicon wafer with stepped concave areas has many extraordinary difficulties. As a matter of fact, experiences and knowledges are rare in the fabrication of the highly stepped silicon wafer. The difficulties occurring in the integration of PD and SiOB, and highly stepped patterning, and silicon mirror roughness and how-to-solve will be discussed.
Fabrication of Large Area Silicon Mirror for Integrated Optical Pickup
Kim, Hae-Sung ; Lee, Myung-Bok ; Sohn, Jin-Seung ; Suh, Sung-Dong ; Cho, Eun-Hyoung ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 182~187
A large area micro mirror is an optical element that functions as changing an optical path by reflection in integrated optical system. We fabricated the large area silicon mirror by anisotropic etching using MEMS for implementation of integrated optical pickup. In this work, we report the optimum conditions to better fabricate and design, greatly improve mirror surface quality. To obtain mirror surface of
off-axis silicon wafer from (100) plane was used in etching condition of
with 40wt.% KOH solution. After wet etching, polishing process by MR fluid was applied to mirror surface for reduction of roughness. In the next step, after polymer coating on the polished Si wafer, the Si mirror was fabricated by UV curing using a trapezoid bar-type way structure. Finally, we obtained peak to valley roughness about 50 nm in large area of
and it is applicable to optical pickup using blu-ray wavelength as well as infrared wavelength.
Coverlayer Fabrication of Small Form Factor Optical Disks
Kim, Jin-Hong ; Kim, Jong-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 188~191
Two different coverlayers which is useful for an optical buffer and a mechanical protection made of not only UV resin but also polycarbonate coversheet were prepared on small form factor optical disks. Thin coverlayer of 10
and thick coverlayer of 80
were fabricated. 10
-thick coverlayer was coated using UV resin material by spin coating method for the flying optical head application. On the other hand, 80
-thick coverlayer using coversheet with the resin bonding material was prepared for the non-flying optical head application. Both cases, the thickness uniformity seem to be the primary prerequisite factor, and it was analyzed. Thickness of 10
-thick UV resin coverlayer could be controlled within
range and 80
-thick coversheet could be controlled within
range. However, the yield of such thickness tolerance was not good. New design of metal housing holder and polycarbonate outer ring was adopted to diminish the ski-jump phenomenon. Specifically, the polycarbonate outer ring was very effective to reduce the ski-jump. However, it should be careful to maintain uniform edge between disk and ring for the perfect coverlayer.
Replication of High Density Patterned Media
Lee, Nam-Seok ; Choi, Yong ; Kang, Shin-Ill ;
Transactions of the Society of Information Storage Systems, volume 1, issue 2, 2005, Pages 192~196
In this paper, we investigated the possibility of replicating patterned media by nano-injection molding process with a metallic nano-stamper. The original nano-master was fabricated by E-beam lithography and ICP etching process. The metallic nano-stamper was fabricated using a nanoimprint lithography and nano-electroforming process. The nano-patterned substrate was replicated using a nano-injection molding process without additional etching process. In nano-injection molding process, since the solidified layer, generated during the polymer filling, deteriorates transcribability of nano patterns by preventing the polymer melt from filling the nano cavities, an injection-mold system was constructed to actively control the stamper surface temperature using MEMS heater and sensors. The replicated polymeric patterns using nano-injection molding process were as small as 50 nm in diameter, 150 nm in pitch, and 50 nm in depth. The replicated polymeric patterns can be applied to high density patterned media.