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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Information Systems
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The Korea Association of Information Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2002
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2002
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The Effect of Risks and Strategic Recognition on the Degree of IT Outsourcing
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~28
Today, IT outsourcing has become a very important management strategy of implementing information systems in organizations. This paper investigates the risks and strategic recognition as a key factors effecting on the degree of outsourcing, Specifically the risks of outsourcing and its four components-control risk, economical risk, technical risk, relational risk-are examined to be a negative effect on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is examined to be a mediator factor between the risks and the degree of outsourcing. To empirically test these relationships, data are gathered from senior IT managers in 62 corporations. Results of this study show that the degree of outsourcing is strongly influenced by control risk, economical risk, relational risk. But technical risk does not influence on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is found that is mediator concern with the risks and the degree of outsourcing. The results indicate to provide a good framework to minimize the risks for IT outsourcing success.
The Influence Factor of Integration of Information System Knowledge Management and Information Technology
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 29~49
Recently the paradigm of business management has changed. The businesses have restored to ERP or BPR to integrate their information system. But now they are trying to find out a new competitiveness in tacit knowledge of individuals. The creative company has come to put much weigh on the value of their employee′s "non-patternized" knowledge. And this trend has seen a development into a theory of knowledge management in which "non-patternized" knowledge, along with explicit knowledge, is also considered as a source of competitiveness. With the hypothesis that the recognition of the knowledge management and the utilization of the information technology will have influence on the integration of the integrating the information system information system into a new phase, this study carries out a research on the effects of knowledge management and information technology on management achievement. According to this study the distribution of knowledge has an effect on the integration of information system and management achievement. The asset of knowledge, however, has little effect on them. This means that the recognition of the asset of knowledge alone can't affect the management achievement, but when combined with the recognition of the distribution of knowledge, it can have influence on the management achievement. Thus, a company has to enhance the recognition of the distribution of knowledge. And with this, a company can have a business management based on management achievement and the integration of information system utilizing information technology and the recognition of knowledge management. A company has to promote it business achievement by integrating the information system utilizing information technology and recognizing knowledge management.
An Empirical Study on Critical Success Factors in Implementing the Web-Based Distance Learning System : In Case of Public Organization.
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~74
The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate critical success factors for effective implementation of web-based distance learning system. First of all, four critical success factors are theoretically derived from reviewing previous research. They are: (1) learner-related factor including the variables such as teaming ability, learning attitude, and attending motivation, (2) environmental factor including the variables of physical and mental support for learners, (3) instructional design factor represented by one variable, the degree of appropriateness of learning contents, and (4) the factor concerning the level of self-directed learning readiness embracing the variables such as curiosity for learning, openness towards challenge of learning and affection for learning. Subsequently, the relationships between these four critical success factors and the degree of learning satisfaction are empirically investigated. The data for empirical analysis of the research are collected from 1,020 respondents who have already passed the web-based distance learning courses which have been implemented in Information and Communication Officials Training Institute. Out of 1,020 responded questionnaires, 875 data were available for statistical analyses. The main results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the most important factor for successful implementation of the web-based distance learning system is shown to be the instructional design factor, and in the next place, the self-directed learning readiness factor, the environmental factor and the learner-related one in sequence. Secondly, additional analysis of the variables included in the instructional design factor shows that availability of practical information and knowledge is the most influencing variable, and next, interesting composition of contents, reasonable learning amount, optimal level of instruction, and understandable explanation are significantly important in the descending order. Lastly, among learning motivators, strong intention of acquiring business knowledges and skills is found to be the most important satisfier in the web-based distance learning. The theoretical contribution of this study is to derive a comprehensive model of critical success factors for implementing the web-based distance learning system. And, the practical implication of this study is to propose efficient and effective guidelines for developing and operating the web-based distance learning system in the various kinds of organizations.
Case Studies on the Utilization of Information Technology and e-Business in Building the e-Government - Cases of KICIT and EC-Bank -
Shin, Hoe-Kyun ; Yoochin Nam ;
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 75~103
Factors Affecting Usage of E-Marketplace - E-Business Infrastructure, Expectation of Competitive Advantages, and Perceived Barriers
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 105~127
The objective of this study is to analyze factors affecting usage of b2b e-marketplace. For this purpose, we suggest a research framework where the factors are e-business infrastructure, expectation of competitive advantages and perceived barriers with current and future usages as result variables. For empirical test, 219 companies are surveyed and 177 valid ones among them are analyzed. In result, e-business infrastructure and competitive advantage affect to both current and future usage positively and perceived barriers affect to future usage negatively. The results shows the following two: First, many companies expect improvement of competitive advantages such as bargaining power and efficiency by usage of e-marketplace. Second, for more aggressive usage of e-marketplace, it is important not only to build e-business infrastructure but also to resolve perceived barriers.
A study of contents management in the B2B of Make-to-order
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 129~149
Contents are the critical factors for website success. It is important to give the right information to each customer. For this, not only systematic classification but also management of contents is necessary. With regard In the former, some studies are found, but not for the latter. This paper proposes some methods of efficient contents management, which include customized service, push service of technology information, and real-time offering service. For each of them, the process of management is defined focusing on the B2B under make-to-order environment. The methodology is applied to the case of a marine engine manufacturing company.
Comparative Study on the Critical Success Factors of Information Systems of Small-and-Medium-sized Companies : Electronic Industry versus Textile Industry
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 151~173
The purpose of the current study is to identify the critical success factors of information systems in small-and-medium-sized firms in general, and also to investigate any differences of those critical success factors between two different industries: the electronic and textile industries. To accomplish this purpose, we collected and analyzed 115 and 108 questionnaires from the electronic and textile industries respectively. From the results of statistical analysis, critical success factors of small-and-medium-sized companies in general were obtained, and critical success factors from two industries were compared and the differences were able to be identified. The results of the analysis of the questionnaires are as follows: 1) The organizational characteristics of the electronic industry showed some differences from those of the textile industry; 2) Small-and-medium-sized companies in the electronic industry appeared to have some differences from companies in the textile industry in terms of critical success factors of information systems. Such factors as education and training, quality level of software, capability of users, business processes, standardization of data management, level of organization, user involvement, support of top management were significantly different between two industries.
Building an Electronic Approval Module Using Multi-Level Security
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 11, issue 1, 2002, Pages 175~198
This paper is to develop a security module for electronic approval systems. Electronic documents are created, transmitted and saved in the company's intranet computer network. Transmitting electronic documents, however, brings us a security problem. Communications among various computer systems are exposed to many security threats. Those threats are eavesdropping, repudiation, replay back etc. The main purpose of this paper is to develop a module which provides the security of electronic documents while they are passed from one place to another This paper applies Multi-Level security to the electronic approval system that guarantees security of electronic documents from many threats. Multi-Level security controls the access to the documents by granting security level to subject users and object electronic documents. To prevent possible replay back attacks, this paper also uses one time password to the system. The security module is composed of client program and server one. The module was developed using Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 and Microsoft SQL Server 7.0. The code uses Richard Bondi's WCCO(Wiley CryptoAPI COM Objects) library functions which enables Visual Basic to access Microsoft CryptoAPI.