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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Information Systems
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The Korea Association of Information Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
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A Research on Information Technology and Corporate Strategy - From the Perspective of CEO
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 5~25
The research investigated CEO´s perception about information technology(IT) and corporate strategy by analyzing CEO's letters appeared in annual reports. Particularly, this paper examined whether there are differences in CEO's perceptions about IT among industries, and time frame. The target industries are manufacturing, distribution/services, banking, and telecommunication； the target time frames are 1996 through 1999. Also, this research examined whether CEO's perceptions about If have positive effects on organizational performance. Major findings are： First, there are distinctive differences among industries in the number of times IT was mentioned, the types of applications discussed, and the content of the discussion. Second, the number of times IT was mentioned increased over time. Third, there is a slightly positive relationship between the number of times IT was mentioned and organizational performance； but, the finding is hard to generalize.
The Influence of Weight Adjusting Method and the Number of Hidden Layer있s Node on Neural Network있s Performance
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 27~44
The structure of neural networks is represented by a weighted directed graph with nodes representing units and links representing connections. Each link is assigned a numerical value representing the weight of the connection. In learning process, the values of weights are adjusted by errors. Following experiment results, the interval of adjusting weights, that is, epoch size influenced neural networks＇ performance. As epoch size is larger than a certain size, neural networks＇performance decreased drastically. And the number of hidden layer＇s node also influenced neural networks＇performance. The networks＇performance decreased as hidden layers have more nodes and then increased at some number of hidden layer＇s node. So, in implementing of neural networks the epoch size and the number of hidden layer＇s node should be decided by systematic methods, not empirical or heuristic methods.
A Empirical Study about the Influence Factors and Performance Factors of User Satisfaction : Based on National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~59
This study empirically tests that user satisfactions are influenced by factors focusing on information systems. The findings are as follows； 1. User Participation on information systems influence significantly system reliability, system usage and work environment. 2. Only top management's support on information system influences significantly efficient system usage. 3. Ability of user computing on information system influences significantly system usage.
A Study on the Advancing Status and Suggestions for the Development of CALS
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~86
CALS(Commerce At Light Speed) which originated in the early 1980's in the military sector is now an integral component in our global strategy to further heighten competitiveness. Through integration and streamlining of production, distribution, technical information and management, CALS will certainly lead the world out of these economically challenging times and into new global prosperity. However, not much effort have been focused on the development and diffusion issues of component technologies such as ERP/SCM(Enterprise Resourses Planning/supply Chain Management), PDM(Product Data Management), and BPR(Business Process Reengineering) related with the CALS in electronic industry. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the advancing status and to present suggestions for the development of the CALS in electronic industry. In order to achieve the purpose, the case study has been conducted using the questionaries on the end-users and the interviews on the managers in the CALS area. The case study cover 57 users of the CALS for the three outstanding electronics(L, S, and D Electronics) in Korea. The questionaries include five success measures and eleven diffusion factors for the component technologies such as ERP/SCM, PDM, and BPR. In summary, the CALS will serve as the bases for exciting corporated innovations and the common business framework which facilitates the realization of Virtual Enterprise and Electronic Commerce in the 21st century.
The Development of a Cyber World Culture Expo and Electronic Tourism Market System
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 87~108
The tourist industry is expecially one of the successful areas for the application of electronic commerce because it is an information-intensive and consumer-oriented industry where information and services play a large part in transaction processes. A electronic tourism market which integrates tourist information systems, reservation systems, and real-time broadcasting systems based on the Internet Web was developed by a collaborative team of Dongguk University and Daou Tech. Inc. with sponsorship of Kyongbuk province and Minister of Information Communications of Korea. Based on the development case of the system, this paper proposes development and operations strategies of electronic market in the tourist industry. The paper reviews the development strategies in the perspective of potential travelers, technology, cooperation among players, and development methodology. The paper also discusses strategies which are able to be employed as the guideline in order to operate the system.
A Study on Information Usefulness of Intellectual Capital
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 109~128
This paper examined the significance of Intellectual Capital. In recent years the number of companies whose value lies largely with their intellectual capital has increased dramatically. Dr. Margaret Blair of the Brookings Institute reported a significant shift in the makeup of company assets. In 1978, her study showed that 80 pecent of the firms＇value was associated with its tangible assets, with 20 pecent associated with its intangible assets. By 1998, only 30 pecent of the value of the firms studied was attributable to tangible assets while 70 pecent was associated with the value of their intangibles. This paper used the result of her study. This paper tested the correlation of enterprise value and intellectual capital, cash flow, net income and net assets. The results showed that the correlation of enterprise value and intellectual capital was most significant.
The Change of Production Technology and the Information Satisfaction of Management Accounting
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 129~155
This study empirically examined the relationship between the level of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) and the information amount of management accounting, such as nonperiodic and future information, and nonfinancial performance. We also investigated the effects of the fit between AMT and accounting informations on the performance of management accounting-information systems (MAS). In this study, the information satisfaction about MAS is used as the surrogate of MAS performance. The results show that the information amount of management accounting is positively associated with the stage of AMT. It is also proved that the information amount of MAS which matches with the level of AMT increases the information satisfaction. However, the information amount that is not compatible with the stage of AMT can not contribute to the improvement of information satisfaction.
An Exploratory Study on the Knowledge Management Process Models
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 157~188
Today a knowledge management systems (KMS) is an enabler for gaining competitive position in the market environments. However, it is just recognized as a conceptual management paradigm not as realistic management philosophy in an organization. A firm just accustomed to deal with tangible assets such as inventory and buildings based on the cumulated experiences. However, the firm often struggle with how to define and apply the knowledge management system into its real business activities such as business strategy and productivity. For example, one of textile company, E-land, in Korea found the way how the firm utilize intelligent assets of its employees to overcome the performance differences among the employees in an organization to increase their ability. Managers in an organization should fully understand and try to figure out the concept of knowledge management systems to implement KMS more efficiently and effectively. Even though lots of previous knowledge management literature proposed several unique knowledge management process models, they have their own terms, process sequences, or different approaches. There are three common knowledge management processes： knowledge creation, knowledge store and search, knowledge sharing process. In this study, a new KM process theoretical framework based on the previous researches is developed. This study will guide to those who will adopt or implement of KMS in the organization in near future.
Why Systems Analysts Ignore Socio-Organizational Concerns During Systems Analysis\ulcorner
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 189~216
Internet Based Managing Design and Production Processes in a Distributed Global Environment
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 217~234
This paper is to develop an information infrastructure to support managing process in design, planning, production, and quality control. Multi-media data set of design, product, and management information flow between organizational units of a virtual enterprise. The process is the logical organization of people, technology and practices incorporated into work activities to make an end product. The core of the infrastructure is the enterprise framework which coordinates activities and controls the process. The proposed framework manages collaborative activities across space and time, and between users and computers who share information in virtual community. It utilizes knowledge distributed through virtual community and fosters cooperation between organizations. The framework provides the following facilities； coordinating activities, sharing data and processes, visualizing multi-media data, customizing and updating processes, reusing data and processes. This paper covers design and manufacturing activities but our focus is initially targeted at design area.
Development of Near Optimal Simulation Technique for the Postal Routing Decision
The Journal of Information Systems, volume 9, issue 1, 2000, Pages 235~255
Facing in very rapidly changing environments via information technologies, we need to study and develop new information technologies in postal delivery service in korea. We study to find the near optimal route for the better postal service between the collection centers. Optimal routing decision for the postal delivery is NP-Hard. The main purpose of this paper is to develop the near optimal simulation technique for the postal routing decision We consider the distance between collection centers, and the quantity of post articles in the collection center to obtain the near optimal route. We use the heuristic algorithm to obtain the near optimal solution for the transportation route of postal articles. Also, we try to show the transportation route by using the map after deciding the near optimal route.