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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Chemical Society
Editor in Chief :
Byeong Moon Kim
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 1991
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
An Efficient and General Synthesis of Perfluoroalkyl Dithioketals
In Howa Jeong ; Yong Ki Min ; Young Sup Kim ; Kwang Yun Cho ; Keun Jae Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 355~356
Synthesis of 3-Amino-4-Methylidene-2-Azetidinone via a Thermal Elimination Reaction
Sung Hoon Kim ; Ghilsoo Nam ; Eun Sook Jang ; Dae Yoon Chi ; Joong-Hyup Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 357~358
Synthesis of Fosfazinomycin B
Ik Joong Kang ; Suk In Hong ; Yong Joon Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 358~359
Synthesis of Methoxythiazolidine Fused Heterocycles
Kee-Jung Lee ; Jae Uk Jeong ; Dae Ock Choi ; Seong Heon Kim ; Seongkon Kim ; Hokoon Park ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 360~361
Selectivity in the Lactone Formation via C-H Insertion Reaction of Diazoacetoacetates
Eun Lee ; Eun Kyung Kim ; Kyung Woon Jung ; Ki Ho Lee ; Yong Seong Kim ; Kwang Ho Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 361~363
Metallomicelle-Nucleic Acid Interaction: Copper (II) Dodecylsulfate-Catalyzed RNA Cleavage
Thong-Sung Ko ; In-Sang Park ; Hyeong-Won Ryu ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 363~365
Correlation Between Cross-Interaction Constant and Transition-State Imbalance
Ikchoon Lee ; Chang Sub Shim ; Hai Whang Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 365~367
Electrochemical Study of Nickel(II) Complexes with Diaza-Macrocyclic Ligands in Acetonitrile
Moo-Lyong Seo ; Zun-Ung Bae ; Tae-Myoung Park ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 368~370
The electrochemical behavior and the complex formation between N
and 1,7-diazs-15-crown-5 and 1,10-diaza-18-crown-6 in acetonitrile solution have been studied by DC polarography, differential puke polarography and cyclic voltammetry. Nickel(Ⅱ) complexes gave a single well-defined wave. The formation constants of their complexes were 1
, respectively. Nickel(Ⅱ) ion was found to form complexes of 1-to-1 composition with 1,7-diaza-15-crown-5 and 1,10-diaza-18-crown-6. In addition, reduction steps were irreversible and the reduction current were diffusion controlled. The electrochemical reduction mechanism of Ni(Ⅱ)-macrocyclic diaza-crown complexes in acetonitrile solution is estimated.
Crystal Structure of 3-[4-(2-Ethoxy-2-phenylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]-2-methyl-1-phenyl-1-propanone (Eprazinone) dihydrochloride,
Euisung Kim ; Hyun Song ; Choong-Souh Yun ; Hyun-So Shin ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 371~373
The crystal structure of eprazinone dihydrochloride,
2HCl, has been determined from 2102 independent reflections collected on an automated Nonious CAD-4 diffractometer using graphite-monochromated
radiation. The crystals are monoclinic, space group P
/n, with unit cell dimensions a=11.381(2), b=28.318(2), c=7.840(1)
, F(000)=968, and Z=4. Final R value is 0.071 for independent 2102 observed reflections. The molecule assumes an extended conformation. The piperazine ring has a normal chair conformation and the four carbon atom are planar with a maximum displacement of 0.004
for C(18) atom. The two chloride ions are hydrogen bonded to the two piperazine nitrogen atoms [N(14)
Optically Active Intermediate from the Degradation of (-)-Laudanosine, a Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloid, with Ethyl Chloroformate
Dong-Ung Lee ; W. Wiegrebe ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 373~376
Degradation of (-)-laudanosine, a 1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloid, with ethyl chloroformate (ECF) afforded an optically active chloro-carbamate as an intermediate. The reason why this intermediate exhibits an optical activity was investigated by comparison with the reactions of some model compounds with ECF. It may be supposed that the chloride group in a hypothetic carbenium ion intermediate stands very closely to the chiral center, so conserving optical activity. However, a neighboring group effect can not be excluded.
Peptide Synthesis with Polymer Bound Active Ester. Ⅱ. Synthesis of Pyrazolone Resin and Its Application in Acylation Reaction
Jong-Bum Kim ; Yoon-Sik Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 376~379
Pyrazolone group containing resin was tested as an acyl carrier in solid phase peptide synthesis. Several kinds of dipeptide derivatives were prepared by aminolysis reactions of Boc-amino acid-pyrazolone resin active ester with various carboxyl protected amino acid derivatives. It was found that the rates of aminolysis reactions were largely dependent on the bulkiness of the amino acid side chains, the carboxyl protecting groups, and the swelling property of the resin. All the dipeptide derivatives were obtained in high yield in 20-30 minutes, and the pyrazolone resin could be reused repeatedly in peptide synthesis without any change of its reactivity.
Synthesis of 1-(N-carbobenzoxythiazolidinyl)-2-hydroxy-3-ethoxycarbonyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-
Byung Hee Yoon ; Hak Soo Lyu ; Jee Hyun Hahn ; Chan Mug Ahn ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 380~382
Pictet-Spengler reaction of the N-hydroxytryptophan ethyl ester (4) with N-protected thiazolidine aldehyde (8) has been carried out. The product, compound (9b), might be a possible precursor for the eudistomins C, E, K, and L.
A nonlinear Study for the Schlogl Models with some Kinds of External Input. I.
Moon H. Ryu ; Dong J. Lee ; Il D. Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 383~387
A new perturbation theory called as star expansion method is used to obtain the nonlinear retarded solution of the Schlogl models with some kinds of external input. The approximate nonlinear solutions are compared with the exact solution, linear solutions, and those obtained by the Feynman method.
A Theoretical Study of Gas-Surface Phonon Scattering: Model He-Si(100) Bulk and Reconstructed Surfaces
Seung Chul Park ; Chang Hwan Rhee ; Woong Lin Hwang ; Yoon Sup Lee ; Myung Soo Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 387~392
We present a theoretical investigation of the inelastic atom-surface phonon scattering for a model He-Si(100) system by the classical trajectory-quantum forced oscillator(DECENT) method. Single and multi-phonon transition probabilities of normal modes are calculated for several initial beam orientations and several initial kinetic energies. In order to understand surface structure effects, the calculation has been done on both reconstructed and unreconstructed surfaces of the He/Si(100) system. The origin of mode specificity for energy transfer is discussed. The contribution of one, two, and multi-phonon events to the total energy transfer between 0 and 600 K is also given.
Formal Synthesis of Isocomene
Hyo Won Lee ; Jae Hyun Lee ; Ihl-Young Choi Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 392~397
A stereocontrolled synthesis of (
)-isocomene (1) via selective monoketalization of tricyclo[6.3.0.
]undeca-4,7-dione(13) was reported. Grignard reaction of bicyclic enone 10, which was prepared from 2-methyl-1,3-cyclopentadione, gave the 1,4-addition product 11. The subsequent aldol condensation product 12 was converted to mesyl derivative 13. Transformation from 13 to the desired product 19 was achieved by a series of reactions, i.e., the selective monoketalization at C-4 carbonyl group, the elimination of a mesyl group, Birch alkylation, methylation at C-6, the reduction of carbonyl group, the dehydration of alcohol 18, and hydrolysis of the ketal group.
Effects of van der Waals Bonding on the Collisional Dissociation of a Highly Excited Chemical Bond
Yoo Hang Kim ; Hyung Kyu Shin ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 397~403
Dissociation of a highly excited diatomic molecule in the Ar + Ar…
and Ar +
collisions is studied using trajectory dynamics procedures in the collision energy range of 0.050 to 1.0 eV. Between 0.050 and 0.2 eV, dissociation probabilities are very large for the complexed system compared to the uncomplexed system. This efficient dissociation of
is attributed to the ready flow of energy from the incident atom to the large-amplitude vibrational motion of the excited O2 via the van der Waals bond. Thermal-averaged dissociation probabilites of
in Ar + Ar…
near room temperature are nearly two orders of magnitude larger than those of
in Ar +
On the Critical Scattering Phenomena of a Nonpolar Binary Liquid Mixture
Dong J. Lee ; Shoon K. Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 403~406
Light scattering phenomena are discussed for a nonpolar binary liquid mixture composed of an optically active solute and an optically nonactive solvent in the critical region, using the Fisher theory. Comparing them with those in the case that the Ornstein-Zernike theory is satisfied, the appropriate analytic results are obtained and discussed.
A Mechanistic Study on Acyl Transfer Reactions of Aryl Substituted Benzoates Between Aryloxides
Ik-Hwan Um ; Jae-Shin Jeon ; Dong-Sook Kwon ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 406~410
Second order rate constants have been measured spectrophotometrically for reactions of 4-nitrophenyl substituted benzoates with various aryloxides and aryl benzoates with p-chlorophenoxide. The reactivity has exhibited significant dependences on the electronic nature of the substituent in the acyl moiety of the substrate and in the nucleophilic phenoxide, while the substituent in the leaving phenoxide has little influenced the reactivity. The Bronsted coefficient
values so obtiained support that the present acyl transfer reaction proceeds via a stepwise mechanism in which the nucleophilic attack would be the rate-determining step. Interestingly, the magnitude of the
nuc increases with increasing reactivity, implying that the reactivity selectivity principle is not operative in the present system. The failure of the reactivity selectivity principle is attributed to a change in transition state structure upon the substituent variation in the present acyl transfer reaction.
Salt Effects on the Critical Micelle Concentration and Counterion Binding of Cetylpyridinium Bromide Micelles
Jong Jae Chung ; Sang Wook Lee ; Joon Ho Choi ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 411~413
The effects of electrolyte on the critical micelle concentration (cmc) and bromide counterion binding in the micelles of cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB) have been investigated by UV spectroscopy and conductance measurements. Salts used in this study decreased cmc in the order $Cl^-\;<\;Br^-\;<\;NO3^-$ (which parallels the lyotropic series for the inorganic anions) and the effects on cmc followed the equation proposed by Shinoda: log cmc = A - B log (cmc + [NaX]). In the equation, constant B represents the counterion binding to the micelles at cmc and for the micelle of CPB at
, B=80.76%. The association constant for the binding of counterions to long chain cations within micelles was also derived from the cmc values and counterion binding constant to the micelles.
Effects of Light Intensity on the Steady-State Fluorescence Quenching Kinetics
Mino Yang ; Sangyoub Lee ; Kook Joe Shin ; Kwang Yul Choo ; Duckhwan Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 414~423
Effects of light intensity on the steady-state fluorescence quenching kinetics are examined for general cases where the bimolecular quenching can occur via long-range energy transfer processes and the potential of mean force between the energy donor and acceptor molecules is not negligible. Approximate analytic expressions are derived for the steady-state quenching rate constant and for the ratio of the steady-state intensity of unquenched to quenched fluorescence. The analytic results are compared with the exact results obtained from numerical analysis and the results of conventional theories.
Memory of Initial States in Scattering over Attractive Potential Energy Surface for Atom-Diatom Collisions
Seung-Ho Choi ; Hyung-Rae Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 423~429
Global and local memory functions, defined by Quack and Troe, were calculated for the rotationally inelastic collision of O + SO(v, j)→ [O--S--O]→O + SO(v, j'). It is seen to decrease steadily as total energy increases. Distribution of scattering cross section over product rotational states also shows the decreasing memory of initial state as total energy is increased. These results are interpreted in terms of energy scrambling at high energy due to the availability of more phase space and also the influence of strong dynamical constraints.
Photoionization of N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine in Polar Solvents
Min Yeong Lee ; Du Jeon Jang ; Minyung Lee ; Du-Jeon Jang ; Dongho Kim ; Sun Sook Lee ; Bong Hyun Boo ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 429~433
The photoinduced electron transfer reactions of N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD) in various polar solvents were studied by measuring time-resolved fluorescence. The temperature dependence on the fluorescence decay rate in acetonitrile, methanol, ethanol and buthanol was carried out to obtain the activation energy and Arrehnius factor for the photoinduced electron transfer reaction. It was found that as the dielectric constant of the solvent increases, the activation energy and the reaction rate increase. This implys that the Arrehnius factor is important in controlling the photoinduced electron transfer reaction rate. In water, TMPD exists in three forms (cationic, protonated and neutral forms) due to the high dielectric constant and strong proton donating power of water. The photoinduced electron transfer reaction was found to be very fast (< 50 ps) and also the long liverd component in the fluorescence decay profile attributable to the photoexcited protonated form of TMPD was observed. Probably, the reaction pathway and the reaction coordinate seem to be different depending on the solvents studied here.
Mechanistic Studies on the Anormalous Photocycloaddition Reaction of 5-Styryl-1,3-dimethyluracil and 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene: Formation of the “Apparent Forbidden” [
Eun Ju Shin ; Ho Kwon Kang ; Sang Chul Shim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 434~437
Irradiation of 5-styryl-1,3-dimethyluracil (5-SDU) with 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene (DMB) gives a [4+2] cycloadduct which is converted into a [2+2] cycloadduct on the prolonged irradiation. Triplet sensitization, quenching, and external heavy atom effect on the [4+2] photocycloaddition reaction demonstrate the singlet pathway and salt effect excludes a radical ion pair precursor possibility. Polar solvents increase the reaction efficiency implying a polar exciplex involvement in the [4+2] photocycloaddition reaction. Inverse temperature dependence both on the reaction and DMB fluorescence quenching of 5-SDU indicates the presence of a singlet exciplex intermediate.
Photocatalytic Decompositions of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives by Semiconductors
Koon Ha Park ; Jung Hae Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 438~440
Each aqueous solution (pH = 1) of acetic acid, acetamide, and acetonitrile produces carbon dioxide and hydrogen at 300 K when irradiated in the presence of semiconductors such as titanium dioxide, platinized titanium dioxide, etc. Similar results were obtained for each of benzoic acid, benzamide, and benzonitrile. Based on the relative amount of carbon dioxide, nitrile is believed to be transformed into carboxylic acid through the intermediacy of amide. A mechanism in which hydrogen atom and hydroxyl radical are involved is presented.
Intramolecular Proton Transfers of 2-hydroxy-4,5-naphthotropone
Du-Jeon Jang ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 441~444
The intramolecular proton transfers of 2-hydroxy-4,5-naphthotropone in room temperature solutions are studied using static and time-resolved absorption and emission spectroscopy. Dual normal and tautomer fluorescence is observed in ethanol solution, while only the tautomer fluorescence is observed in cyclohexane solution. The fluorescence lifetimes and quantum yields in ethanol and cyclohexane solutions indicate that in hydrocarbon solvents, rapid intersystem crossing competes with proton transfer in the first excited singlet state. Transient absorption spectra and kinetics indicate that proton transfer also undergoes in the first triplet state with a transfer time of ∼ 3 ns. No transient absorption from the tautomer ground state indicates a rapid back proton transfer in the ground state.
Direct Synthesis of Trisilaalkanes
Il Nam Jung ; Gyu-Hwan Lee ; Seung-Ho Yeon ; Mi-Yeon Suk ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 445~449
A series of trisilaalkanes has been prepared in high yields by the direct reaction of
-chloromethylsilanes with metallic silicon in the presence of copper catalyst using the stirred reactor equipped with a spiral band agitator at the carefully controlled temperature between
Disilaalkane compounds were obtained as the minor products. Cadmium was found to be a good promotor for the reactions, while zinc was an inhibitor.
Contribution of Electrophilic Interference on Solvolytic Reactions in Fluorinated Alcohol Mixtures
Dae Dong Sung ; Yang Hee Kim ; Kyu Chul Kim ; Tae Seop Uhm ; Ikchoon Lee ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 449~453
The degree of electrophilic interference on the solvolytic reactions of model substrates has been studied in fluorinated alcohol solvent mixtures. With variation of solvent composition of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol(HFP) and 2-propanol (PrOH) mixtures, the magnitude of electrophilic solvent assistance was changed inversely with the degree of nucleophilic solvent assistance. The contribution of electrophilic interference for 2-adamantyl tosylate showed higher than tert-butyl chloride in HFP-PrOH mixtures. Through a correlation of nucleophilic solvent assistance and electrophilic solvent assistance based on the method of double differences, HFP-PrOH mixture showed a big discrepancy from non-fluorinated alcohol systems.
Re-Calculated Self-Exchange Rate Constants of Some Copper(I,II)-Polythiaether Complexes in Aqueous Media
Chi-Woo Lee ; Doo Soon Shin ; Tong Seek Chair ; Keon Kim ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 454~455
A Convenient Method for the
-Lactam Formation from
-Amino Acids Using Triphenylphosphine-Hexachloroethane-Triethylamine-Acetonitrile System
Bong Young Chung ; Kyu Cheol Paik ; Cha Soo Nah ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 456~456
A New Method for the
-Lactam Formation from
-Amino Acids Using N,N-Bis[2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl]phosphorodiamidic Chloride
Jeong, Bong Yeong ; Go, Un ; Na, Cha Su ;
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, volume 12, issue 4, 1991, Pages 457~457