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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
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Biology of Perennial Weeds : As A Basis for Their Control
Ito, Misako ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 309~316
Weed flora of agricultural area in Korea
Kim, S.C. ; Oh, Y.J. ; Kwon, Y.W. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 317~334
Weed flora and floristic composition were reviewed in lowland rice field and upland crop area. For lowland rice field weed flora was not much changed since 1971. About 29 weed species belonged to 18 families were occurred. However, floristic composition of dominant weed species has greatly changed mainly due to introduction of herbicides. The predominant weed species in 1971 when herbicide was not used were Rotala indica, Eleocharis acicularis, Monochoria vaginalis, Echinochloa crus-galli, while these for in 1991 were Eleocharis kuroguwai, Sagittaria pygmaea, S. trifolia, Echinochloa crus-galli and M, vaginalis, respectively. In 1981 weed survey, E. crus-galli was no longer troblesome weed. However, this species became important again thereafter by introduction of herbicide mixtures with pyrazolate, bensulfuron-methyl or pyrazosulfuronethyl. For upland crop area, 216 weed species belonged to 46 families were recorded. One hundred and sixtyfive of these were grown in winter crop area while 189 weed species occurred in summer crop area, respectively. Among these, 138 weed species were grown in both crop seasons. In general, summer crops had less number of weed species compared to winter crops. Even though the dominant weed species varied by crop the most common weeds were Chenopodium album, Alopecunrs aqualis, Stellaria alsine and S, media for winter crops and Digitaria sanguinalis, Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album and Acalypha australis for summer crops, respectively.
Fresh-water Algae Occurred in Paddy Rice Fields III. Identification and Propagation of Green Algae
Lee, H.K. ; Park, J.E. ; Ryu, G.H. ; Lee, J.O. ; Park, Y.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 335~351
The identification of green algae which were collected from paddy rice fields of the whole nation was conducted in 1991, and also the reproduction processes of three important green algae were investigated. The green algae identified were 46 species in 16 families including 4 species in the Volvocaceae, 4 species in the Palmellaceae, 3 species in the Ulotrichaceae, 3 species in the Oocystaceae and 6 species in the Scenedesmaceae. It was recognized that the algae which have caused a large injury to the flooded direct-seeded rice in Seosan reclaimed saline land was the genus Cladophora. The green water blooms on paddy water were induced mostly by the concentrated populations of suspended green algae such as the genera, Chlamydomonas and Stichococcus. A rapid propagation of Hydrodictyon was resulted from the asexual reproduction forming autocolony in each mother cell. The sexual and asexual reproduction processes of Oedogonium and the sexual reproduction process of Spirogyra were observed.
Fresh-water Algae Occurred in Paddy Rice Fields IV. Identification of Stoneworts, Euglenoids and Diatoms
Lee, H.K. ; Park, J.E. ; Ryu, G.H. ; Lee, J.O. ; Park, Y.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 352~361
The identification of the stoneworts, euglenoids and diatoms which were collected from paddy rice fields was conducted in 1991. In the division Charophyta. Chara braunii Gmelin was identified. Two species in the genus Euglena, 1 species in the genus Phacus and 3 species in the genus Trachelomonas were identified in the division Eugrenophyta. The total number of species identified as the diatoms was 21 species in 6 families including 5 species in the Coscinodiscaceae, 3 species in the Fragilariaceae, 1 species in the Achanthaceae, 9 species in the Naviculaceae, 1 species in the Cymbellaceae and 2 species in the Nitzschiaceae. Generally, a concentrated population of Eulgena on paddy water caused green water blooms, but the color of the water blooms at the cyst formation stage was changed to red. In soil flakes with brown tint, the diatoms belonging to the order Pennales were numerous in microscopic view.
Response of Kneeing Ability of Rice Varieties and Echinochloa Species
Kim, S.C. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 362~367
The experiment was carried out at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station in 1984 and 1990 to obtain the basic information on kneeing responses of rice cultivars and Echinochloa species. Kneeing response of rice cultivars was not directly related with cultivar group(Tongil-type vs Japonica-type), maturity, culm length, or other agronomic traits and thus concluded that kneeing ability was soly peculiar cultivar character based on its genetic background. Cultivars having relatively great kneeing ability were Yeongdeog 1(Japonica), Seogwangbyeo(Tongil-type). Somjinbyeo(Japonica), Pungsanbyeo(Tongil -type), Hangangchalbyeo(Tongil-type), etc. while these for low kneeing ability cultivars were Chilseoungbyeo, Gayabyeo, and Samgangbyeo that were all belonged to Tongil-types, respectively. Two Echinochloa species were not much differed from each other in kneeing ability. However, kneeing ability of Echinochloa species was much greater than rice cultivars. Kneeing ability of Echinochloa species was not differed by culm node order : all the visual nodes(5~6 nodes) exhibited similar kneeing ability having more or less 30
in each node.
Changes in the Polypeptide Patterns of Oat Root Tips Exposed to Alachlor
Kwon, S.W. ; Park, K.I. ; Kim, J.C. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 368~373
The effect of alachlor treatment on protein synthesis was studied. Protein synthesis was inhibited by
M of alachlor 5.8% and 86.5%, respectively, while did not occur blow
M alachlor. Soluble protein of alachlor treated oat root tips was examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The proteins extracted from oat root tips showed that they were made up of subunits blow 100 kd polypeptides by SDS-PAGE. As compared to control, high molecular proteins(above 47 kd) were inhibited of oat root treated with alachlor, while low molecular proteins(below 23 kd) were increased. Two-D gels showed that alachlor caused decrease(1-6 spots) or increase(7-10 spots) in number of polypeptides on silver staining. The intensity of some polypeptides of soluble proteins (molecular mass of 83 kd : 1, 2 spots, 70 kd : 3, 4 spots, and 47.5 kd : 5, 6 spots) decreased in alachlor treatment, whereas the intensity of other peptide bands (20 kd : 7 spot and 16 kd : 8, 9, 10 spots) increased. Oat root tip proteins present in the neutral zone are masked by diffusing of major proteins, but proteins in acid zone are resolved minor proteins.
Resistance of the medicinal plant Jiwhang (Rehmannia glutinosa) on paraquat
Kim, J.S. ; Chun, J.C. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 374~379
Response of medicinal plants(58 species in 28 families) cultivated or naturally grown in Korea on paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium ion) was determined. All the plants, except for Jiwhang(Rehmannia glutinosa Liboch.) were killed by paraquat at 0. 8kg
. Jiwhang showed a great resistance to paraquat. The phytotoxic effect did not occur in Jiwhang with paraquat applied at 3.2kg
. Only 10% growth inhibition of Jiwhang was obtained at 4.8kg
. Normal growth of Jiwhang also occurred when at 0.8kg
of paraquat different application dates from 2 leaf stage(LS) to 8 LS and/or five-repeated applications at 20-day intervals starting from 3 LS were employed. However, Jiwhang was completely killed by glyphosate[N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine], 2,4-D[2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid], and dicamba[3,6-dichloro-2-methoxy benzoic acid]+2, 4-D at the respective recommended rates.
Comparison in Tolerance to Quinclorac among Followed-by Crops of Paddy Rice
Kuk, Y.I. ; Noh, S.U. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 380~386
Among 19 reasonable followed-by crops of paddy rice, tomato, eggplant, cucumber and lettuce could be classified into the acute susceptible, water melon, carrot, kidneybean and tobacco into the chronic susceptible, red-papper, onion, garlic, spinach, chinese cabbage, cabbage, radish, crown-daisy and barley into the relative tolerant group, respectively. Even the susceptible crops showed different phytotoxic response to quinclorac by differing of seedling growth stages. Comparing of g followed-by species to 7 different paddy herbicides(include of quinclorac) at 120-180 days after soil application, the growth of tomato, garlic, rye-grass, and cucumber could be negatively influenced by one of other several commercialized herbicides than quinclorac, and tomato by quinclorac was the most serious among others.
Counter-measure for Reducing Residual Effects of Quinclorac to Followed-by Crops of Paddy Rice
Kuk, Y.I. ; Han, S.U. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 387~392
For reducing the residual effects of Quinclorac to followed-by crops of paddy rice, three tests by different soil improvers, different cultural performances with tillage and application of composts, and cultivation of different depletion crops were evaluated, respectively. Among seven soil improvers, activated carbon, composts and perlite showed significant promisable feasibility to reduce phytotoxicity of tomato seedlings as affected by Quinclorac residuals, And comparing to untreated check, the application of tillage and composts prior to transplanting of tomato seedling could helpful to reduce Quinclorac residuals in the soil, but tomato and lettuce, most susceptible crops to Quinclorac, were not remarkably protected by those cultural performances. Also among cultivation of depletion crops just after rice harvest, Italian ryegrass, tall fescue, rape and oats engaged to deplete and reduce Quinclorac residuals for tomato seedling growth, however alfalfa and hairy vetch, relatively susceptible plants to Quinclorac were not promisable.