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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Sprouting and Emergence Properties of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Lee, H.K. ; Lee, I.Y. ; Ryu, G.H. ; Lee, J.O. ; Lee, E.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 233~238
The experiment on sprouting and emergence properties of Eleocharis kuroguwai was conducted at laboratory and greenhouse conditions in 1993. Most of tubers had the apical dominance of buds at sprouting and had the competitive relationship for mesocotyl elongation. When pyrazosulfuron was applied on soil surface, all of apical buds were killed, but the first and second lateral buds survived to 50% and 90%, respectively, and the third lateral buds were almost at presprouted state. The tubers at 10-15cm deep soil emerged 1 week late and 35% low in emergence rate compared with the tubers at 2-5cm deep. As the plants emerged from the deep soil, the mesocotyl and the roots were distributed at deep soil more or less. Among the tubers buried at 10cm and 15cm deep soil, 25% and 30% respectively were not emergerd due to the suspension of mesocotyl elongation. Although the roots and shoots were removed from the tubers at the stage of 20cm high, all of mother tubers emerged again even 2 weeks late.
Physio-ecological Characteristics and Control of Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. var. amurensis (Kom.) Ohwi. - 1. Gernmination and Emergence Under Several Environmental Conditions
Im, I.B. ; Lee, S.Y. ; Huh, S.M. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 239~244
As a fundamental study to control Alopeuclus aequalis Sobol. var. amurensis(Kom.) Ohwi., on dominant weed in barley and dry seeded rice cultivation on paddy fields, several factors which would have closer relations to its germination and emergence, were examined. The results are as follows. The dormancy of seeds were broken at dry-heat treatment of
. The germination rate of the seeds was high in order of 15>10>20>
and was very low at more than
. The emergence of A. aequalis was influenced little for the light, but had a tendency to be good on the dark condition. The seeds dried on room temperature germinated few but them treated on
for 24 hours were germinated over 80%. The A. aequalis occured few in the saline soil of salt concentration of more than 0.25% and the germination rate of seeds was very low on the over 0.5% solution of NaCl. On the solution of pH 6.0~12.0, the germination was not effected for pH but was very few on pH 2.0. At the paddy-lowland which have cultivated the soybean for three years A. aequalis emerged a few.
The Initial Growth of Scirpus planiculmis and its Herbicidal Response for the Screening
Hwang, I.T. ; Choi, J.S. ; Lee, B.H. ; Hong, K.S. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 245~251
The initial growth and herbicidal responses of Scirpus planiculmis were examined under both laboratory and greenhouse condition. Initial growth of S. planiculmis at two different soils(soil A and B), was compared with the growth at normal paddy soil, and growth rates at two soils were 32% and 86% as compared to the growth rates at normal paddy soil. Two different soils were soil A(rice-uncultivable) and soil B(rice-cultivable). Transplanted(2.5 leaf stage) and direct seeded rice(Dongjinbyeo) could not grow at soil A. The growth of transplanted rice at soil B was almost same as the growth at normal paddy soil, but the growth of direct seeded rice was 50% of the growth at normal paddy soil. S. planiculmis among the perennial weeds was most tolerant to NaCl, and Cyperus serotinus, Eleocharis kuroguwai, Sagittaria pygmaea, Sagittaria trifolia, Potamogeton distinctus were followed. The intial growth rate of S. planiculmis was more rapid than C. serotinus. Cutting types and times of corm reduced 20-40% of the initial growth of S. planiculmis. During the initial growth of S. planiculmis, the growth of S. planiculmis was severly inhibited by the earlier removal of corm from seedlings, and it represents that the corm plays an important role in the initial growth of this species. Bentazone among 14 commercialized herbicides showed the best safety on direct seeded rice and the highest control effect agaist S. planiculmis.
Studies on the Sprouting Characteristics of Scirpus planiculmis and Storage Methods of Corm for the Herbicide Screening
Hwang, I.T. ; Choi, J.S. ; Kim, S.E. ; Hong, K.S. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 252~257
The sprouting characteristics of Scirpus planiculmis and storage methods of corm for the herbicide screening were investigated under both laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Sprouting and elongation of S. planiculmis corms were continued during storage at low temperature (
) and wet condition. However, sprouting of corm was failed when the surface water was removed from the corm, and elongation was reduced by the treatment of 0.5-1.0% sodium chloride(NaCl) solution. Alternate temperature was more effective on the sprouting of S. planiculmis corm than constant temperature. Optimum temperature for the sprouting of S. planiculmis corm was alternation between
. Storage at
for 10 min. or 14.7% dehydration made the corm of S. planiculmis to fail for sprouting. S. planiculmis corm was more tolerant to sodium chloride than Echinochloa crus-galli or Oryza sativa(Donginbyeo) seeds. Sprouting rate was decreased by cutting of the corm. Sprouting percent by vertical cuttings, horizontal cuttings, and vertical plus horizontal cuttings were 72, 56, and 28%, respectively.
Weed Flora Changes in Lowland Rice Field in Gangweon Province
Kim, K.S. ; Kim, J.R. ; Ko, J.H. ; Sa, J.G. ; Chang, J.S. ; Kim, D.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 258~264
The weed survey in lowland rice field in 1992 was conducted to identify weed population change as affected by different elevation, soil type and cultivation pattern at Gangweon province. There were more perennial weeds in plain and east coastal area while more annual weeds in mid alpine and alpine area. Meanwhile, perennial weed species was more dominant at ordinary and sandy soil but annual weed species was more dominant at poorly drained soil. In general, hand and machine(30 day old seedling) transplanting would result in higher dominant weed species of perennial while there was more annual weed species in machine (10 day old seedling) transplanting and dry seeding, respectively. Also, annual weed species was more predominant at spring plowing time compared to autumn plowing time. Particularly, there was change in dominant weed species with time. In 1971 annual weed species was more predominant but perennial weed species was highly dominant in 1981 and 1992.
Herbicidal Activities of Dinitroaniline Compounds in Turfgrass
Lee, Y.D. ; Kim, S.J. ; Kim, K.W. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 265~271
This study was conducted to determine the herbicidal activity, persistance, downward movement and effect on bentgrass of 7 dinitroaniline herbicides such as benefin [N-butyl-N-ethyl-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzenamine], beslogine [N,N-dibutyl-2,6-dinitro-4-trifluoromethylaniline], prodiamine [2,4-dinitro-
-dipropyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-benzenediamine], pendimethalin [N-(1-ethylpropyl)-3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzenamine], trifluralin [2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzenamine], ethalfluralin [N-ethyl-N-(2-methyl-2-propenyl)-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzenamine], and oryzalin [4-(diprop-ylamino)-3,5-dinitrobenzene-sulfonamide) together with bensulide [O,O-bis(1-methylethyl) S-[2-[(phenyl-sulfonyl) amino]ethyl]phosphorodithioate] and siduron [N-(2-methylcyclohexyl)-N'-phenylurea) as the control. In addition, distribution of pendimethalin and benefin into bentgrass was also determined. Prodiamine, benefin, and pendimethalin at the 1/16 dose of the recommended rate showed very high herbicidal activity(
) on Digitaria sanguinalis, but ethalfluralin and bensulide showed
at the 1/4 dose of the recommended rate, showing difference in herbicidal activities among dinitroaniline herbicides. All the herbicides except for pendimethalin had the lower herbicidal activity in sandy soil than that of clay-loam soil. Benefin, beslogine, prodiamine, oryzalin, bensulide and siduron persisted in the soil for about 50 days, but pendimethalin persisted in the soil for about 35 days, and trifluralin and ethalfluralin for about 25 days. Ethalfluralin, oryzalin and bensulide were the most mobile(downward movement) of the 9 herbicides studied. Less mobility was observed in the turfgrass condition than that of the bare soil. Beslogine bensulide prodiamine and benefin had no injury effect on bentgrass(Agrastis atolonifera L., penncross creeping bent grass). However, herbicides like oryzalin, trifluralin and pendimethalin reduced the dry weight of bentgrass by 12%, 30% and 40%, respectively. No significant difference in distribution of pendimethalin and benefin into inner part of leaves, surface and wax layer of bentgrass was observed, and thus it seems that different phytotoxic effect between pendimethalin and benefin may be attributed to different metabolism and mode of action.
Biological Properties of Benfuresate and Cinosulfuron for Chemical Control of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Lee, H.K. ; Lee, I.Y. ; Ryu, G.H. ; Lee, J.O. ; Lee, E.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 272~279
In order to compare the biological properties of benfuresate and cinosulfuron as herbicides for the chemical control of Eleocharis kuroguwai, some experiments were conducted at greenhouse and field conditions in 1993. Benfuresate and cinosufuron moved to 2cm and 6cm deep in paddy soil and inhibited the growth of E. kuroguwai. Benfuresate was absorbed into the roots of E. kuroguwai. whereas cinosulfuron was absorbed into not only the roots and shoots but also the mesocotyls. After the emergence was inhibited by the soil application of herbicides, the percentage of regrowing numbers was higher at cinosulfuron than at benfuresate, whereas the growth rate was higher at benfuresate on the contrary. Benfuresate brought about complete death of buds as a killing type, but cinosulfuron produced lots of abnormal shoots as an inhibiting type. Benfuresate was able to apply on soil surface from the preemergence to the early stage of 2cm high, but cinosulfuron was able to use from the preemergence to the stage of 15cm high. The foliar application of cinosulfuron showed a good control effect, but it induced a severe phytotoxicity to rice. A good control effect of Benfuresate/bensulfuron GR lowered at the late stage, but that of cinosulfuron/mefenacet/dymron GR at the early stage maintained until the late stage of 65 days after transplanting.
Selective Mechanism of Oxvfluorfen and Chlormethoxynil in Crops and Weed Species
Lee, J.H. ; Pyon, J.Y. ; Lee, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 280~290
The germination and the nutrient culture tests in the growth chamber and pot experiment under two types of soil conditions were conducted to determine the selectivity of oxyfluorfen and chlormethoxynil in crops and weeds and for characterization of selective mode of action, the absorption study was also conducted with different absorption methods and application time using
-oxyfluorfen. Oxyfluorfen showed more growth inhibitory effects than chlormethoxynil. In the nutrient culture test, rice growth was greatly inhibited at 2-leaf stage than at 4-leaf stage, and the shoot parts were more inhibited than the root parts. By preemergence application of both herbicides, higher growth inhibition was observed in sandy loam soil than in clay loam soil. Absorption and translocation of
-oxyfluorfen were higher by foliar application than by root treatment, and selectivity of crops and weed species may be explained partly by the amount of absorption.
Varietal Difference of Growth Inhibition by Ouinclorac in Tomato Seedling
Lee, Y.M. ; Shin, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 291~297
Seedlings of eight varieties of tomato were treated on the soil surface by each six application rate (0 to 5g ai/ha) of herbicide quinclorac. Percent of control in plant height at 7 days after treatment ranged from 69% to 81% at 5g ai/ha application of quinclorac. At 28 days after treatment those of (2-26)*836038 and (TR*VC8-1)-1-2F4 were 88% and 89%, respectively. However, those of other six varieties except former two varieties were 61% to 68%. The variations of percent of control in shoot dry weight among eight varieties were larger than those in plant height. Those of (2-26)*836038 and (TR*VC8-1)-1-2F4 were also higher than those of other six varieties at 4 - 5g ai/ha application of quinclorac.
Residue of Herbicide Napropamide and Change of Microorganism in Upland Soil Under Different Environmental Conditions
Han, S.S. ; Jeong, J.H. ; Choi, C.G. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 298~313
Residue of herbicide napropamide [N,N-dimethyl-2-(1-napthoxy)-propionamide] and change of micro-organism were investigated in upland soil under different environmental conditions. Half-lives of degradation were 28.3 days in the sterile soil and 14.6 days in the nonsterile soil, respectively. These results suggest that microorganism remarkably affected the decomposition of napropamide. Napropamide was rapidly degraded in order of 60% > 80%
40% soil moisture content of field water-holding capacity. Numbers of bacteria and total microbes in 60% moisture content was more than those in 40% moisture content. The more the napropamide degradation was rapid in lower soil pH. The total number of microorganism increased by lapse of time after treatment of napropamide at pH 5.5. The decomposition rate of napropamide was rapid in the order of
of soil temperature actinomycetes in napropamide treatment plot was more than these in nontreatment plot and also at
bacteria in napropamide treatment plot was more than those in nontreatment plot. Napropamide degradation was more rapid and number of microorganism was more abundant at the concentration of 10ppm than at that of 20ppm. The half-life of napropamide was longer in the clay loam soil than in the silty loam soil. The half times in laboratory test than in upland field. Numbers of microbes in the experiment under all the test environmental condition was not significantly different between treatment and nontreatment of napropamide.