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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1982
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1982
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Weed Control and Plant Toxicology
Matsunaka, Shooichi ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 71~72
Morphological Responses of Plants to Herbicides
Ichizen, Nobumasa ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 73~74
Studies on the Occurrence of Upland Weeds and the Competition with Soybeans
Lee, Key-Hong ; Lee, Eun-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 75~113
Studies were carried out 1) to define the shape and size of sampling quadrat and its number of observations for weed experiments, 2) to characterize the growth and community of major summer weeds under upland condition and 3) to investigate the factors influencing competition between weeds and soybeans under weed-free and weedy conditions in early and late season cultures. No significant difference was noted among different shapes of quadrat (regular, rectangular, band, and circular) in the sampling efficiency of weeds. The results also suggested that the minimum size of quadrat was 0.25
and the minimum number of replication was 2 times per plot. The major dominant weeds were about 10 species in the experimental field and the total number of weeds was in the range of 70 - 1,600 plants per
. Among the weeds Digitaria sanguinalis and Portulaca oleracea were the most dominant species. Growth amount and reproduction capability were also measured by weed species. Five different weed communities were identified in the field. The degree of dispersion by weed species and association among weeds were investigated. Intra-(within soybeans) and inter-specific (between soybeans and weeds) competition were studied in early and late season cultures of soybeans. The average yield of soybeans per plant was significantly decreased in both season cultures due to intra-specific competition as the planting density of soybeans increased, On the other hand, the average yield of soybeans per l0a was proportionally increased to the increase of planting density and the rate of its increase was more significant under weedy than weed-free condition. Most of the agronomic characteristics of soybeans were affected by weeds and its degree was greater in sparse planting than in dense planting and in early season than in late-season culture. Digitaria sanguinalis was the most competitive to soybeans in early season and both of Digitaria sanguinalis and Portulaca oleracea affected primarily the growth of soybeans in late season with about the same competitiveness. The occurrence of weeds was significantly decreased in early season and slightly decreased in late-season by dense planting of soybeans. The total growth amount of weeds was also considerably decreased by increase of soybean planting density both in early- and late-season cultures. The occurrence of Digitaria sanguinalis which was the most dominant in both seasons, and its growth amount was significantly decreased as the planting density of soybean was increased. On the other hand, the occurrence of Portulaca oleracea which was only dominant in late-season culture did not show significant response to the planting density of soybeans.
Study on Competition Ecology of a Perennial Weed Sagittaria pygmaea Miquel in Paddy Field
Lee, H.K. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 114~121
Sagittaria pygmaea Miquel is widely infested and is the most dominant perennial weed in paddy field in Korea. This study was carried out in order to clarify the factors influencing tuber production and the competition ecology. The tuberization capacity in the paddy field transplanted with the small seedlings of rice was higher than in the paddy field transplanted with the vigor seedlings of rice. The stage which rice plants were most damaged by S. pygmaea plants was the period from 31 to 37 days after transplanting. According to the increasing of Eleocharis acicularis Roem. in the condition of rice cultivation, the number of S. pygmaea plants was remarkably reduced. Small size tubers planted within deep soil produced less tubers than large size tubers did. The number of plants and tubers were remarkably increased under the high levels of fertilization. Phosphorus was essential as well as nitrogen for tuberization. And the tuberization capapcity was different with the organic matter content in soil and with the soil moisture.
Herbicidal Phytotoxicity in Relation to the Korean Soil Properties
Ryang, Hwan-Seung ; Chun, Jae-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 122~128
Practical Classification of Herbicide by Two-dimensional Ordination Analysis in Transplanted Lowland Rice Field
Kim, Soon-Chul ; Park, Rae-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 129~140
Herbicides were classified by two-dimensional ordination analysis based on the weed flora which was not controlled by application of a particular herbicide. The number of herbicide group was varied depending upon the weed community type and the experiment site. The technique of the two-dimensional ordination analysis gave more comprehensive informations about selecting of herbicides for increasing the herbicidal efficacy, for increasing the weed spectrum and for reducing the herbicide cost by mixing of herbicides. The two-dimensional ordination analysis could be used not only herbicide classification and selecting effective herbicide or herbicide combination but also can be used for the evaluation of systematic application of herbicides.
Effects of IAA Seed Pretreatment on Reduction of CNP and Butachlor Injury to Rice
Pyon, J.Y. ; Kwon, Y.W. ; Lee, E.W. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 141~145
In order to determine the possibility of reducing rice injury caused by CNP and butachlor application, the effects of IAA seed presoaking on CNP and butachlor action against early growth of rice seedlings were investigated under flooded direct-seeding and dry-seeded conditions. CNP and butachlor injury to rice was reduced by soaking rice seeds at 0.1, 1.0 and 10ppm of IAA solution for 36 hours before seeding under flooded condition and thus shoot length and dry weight of rice seedlings increased compared with those of IAA untreated seedlings. IAA seed pretreatment also overcame the inhibitory effect of CNP and butachlor under dry-seeded condition. Effect on reducing rice injury by IAA pretreatment was more remarkable when CNP applied under dry seeded condition and butachlor under flooded condition.
Effect of Herbicide Mixtures on Tuber Formation and Control of Sagittaria pygmaea Miq.
Oh, Y.B. ; Shim, I.S. ; Park, S.H. ; Bae, S.H. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 146~151
Herbicide mixtures, butachlor + naproanilide, CG113 + naproanilide and benthiocarb + naproanilide were tested in order to control Sagittaria pygmaea Miq., one of the most serious perennial weeds in paddy field of Honam area. 92% of tuber of Sagittaria pygmaea Miq. was distributed within 9cm from the soil surface and number of emerged Sagittaria pygmaea Miq. increased until 40 days after rice transplanting but decreased thereafter. Number and dry weight of survived Sagittaria pygmaea Miq. were much less in butachlor + naproanilide, CG 113 + naproanilide and benthiocarb + naproanilide treatments than perfluidone and it was controlled by up to 95% by mixture treatments. Number of rhizome of Sagittaria pygmaea Miq. was decreased by all herbicide treatments and especially mixture treatment significantly reduced rhizome formation compared to perfluidone and 2.4 -D treatments. CG113 + naproanilide treatment caused phytotoxicity that tip of leaf sticked to leaf sheath curvedly in Indica
Japonica rice, Iri 358, but it was recovered within 10 days after herbicide treatment.
The Effect of Isoproturon on Herbicidal Properties, Crop Injury and Yield in Barley and Wheat Cultivation
Ryang, Y.S. ; Kim, J.S. ; Han, S.S. ; Ryang, H.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 152~159
To investigate the effect of isoproturon (N,N-dimethyl-N-4-isopropyl phenyl urea) on weed-killing, crop injury and yield of barley, several experiments were conducted by application time, dosage, cultivars and soil texture. For the effective control of weeds the optimum application time was foliage application after winter. Alopecurus aequalis SOBOL was effectively controlled when isoproturon should be applied at three to four leaf-stage and most annual broad-leave weeds emerged through winter and spring could be controlled when applied even at five to six leaf-stage. But among the broad-leave weeds Vicia amoena Fisch. was resistant to isoproturn. The optimum application rate of isoproturon was 240g-300g/10a (prod.). Among 11 cultivars of barley and wheat, phytotoxicity of Olmil, Jokwang and Rye was slighter than that of the other cultivars when isoproturon was treated by foliage application after winter. At the time of foliage application after winter, the variation of phytotoxicity and effectiveness was a little despite the difference of soil texture and the grain yield of barley was higher in the plots treated 240-300g/10a than in other treated plots.
Herbicide Combinations of Oxyfluorfen and Paraquat for Early and Late Post-emergence Uses in Pear Orchard
Guh, J.O. ; Kim, K.W. ; Pyon, J.Y. ; Kim, I.K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 160~168
Nine combined dosal levels of Paraquat and Oxyfluorfen were compared on pear orchard to control Digitaria adscendens Henr, and others, namely Commelina communis L., Erigeron annuus L., Echinochloa crusgalli P. Beauv var. oryzicola Ohwi, etc.. By treating as an early-postemergence, the mixtures showed higher control effects than 85% of the whole weeds, but the control effects in the mono-treatments of respective herbicide were only 20% or so. On the other hand, as a late-postemergence, the control rates were fluctuated from 31% to 94%. However, there was no significant difference in Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between both efficacies. Thus indicate that the action style of synergistic effect was not influenced by the application time, and the levels of mixtured dosages should be adjusted by the application times and interfering conditions.
Distribution and Control of Aquatic Weeds in Irrigation and Drainage Canals
Pyon, J.Y. ; Shim, I.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 169~174
The distribution of major aquatic weeds in irrigation and drainage canals along Dongjin river and the degree of infestation of aquatic weeds were investigated throughout Korea, and chemical control of aquatic weeds was also studied. The major aquatic weed species in irrigation and drainage canals along Dongjin river were Leersia japonica, Ceratophyllum demersum, Zijania latifolia, Nuphar japonicum, Phragmites communis, Vallisneria asiatica, Trapa natans, Myriophyllum verticillatum, and Potamogeton crispus. Zijania latifolia, Phragmites communis, and Leersia japonica were troublesome weeds among emerged weeds throughout Korea. Caratophyllum demersum was most serious weed and Myriophyllum verticillatum, Potamogeton crispus, Vallisneria asiatica, and Potamogeton oxyphyllus were also heavily infested among submerged weeds. Leersia japonica was controlled by paraquat at 73.5g/10a glyphosate at 91.5g/10a, and fluridone at 74.7g/10a, Zijania latifolia by paraquat at 220.5g/10a, glyphosate at 366.0g/10a, and fluridone at 74.7g/10a, and Ceratophyllum demersum and Potamogeton crispus by 2,4,5-TP at 540g/10a and fluridone at 1008/10a.
Rice Production and Weed Control in Arkansas and Texas in the United States
Lee, Key-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 2, issue 2, 1982, Pages 175~187