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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1985
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1985
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Herbicidal Properties of Perfluidone
Han, Seong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 3~6
A Study of the Mode of Action of CGA 82725 and DOWCO 453
Kim, Jae-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 7~8
Herbicide Resistance in Plant Tissue Culture
Kim, Kil-Ung ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 9~13
This study was conducted to evaluate herbicide resistant plant through tissue culture. Callus was induced from embryos of Echinochloa crusgalli Beauv. (var, oryzicola Ohwi, var. caudata Kitagawa and var, crusgalli). An optium medium for callus induction and succinate dehydrogenase activity in inducted callus were detected and callus growth of various varieties of Echinochloa crusgalli was assessed under the treatment of various rates of butachlor[N-(butoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)acetamide]. MS medium seemed to be the most appropriate to induce callus from the embryos of varieties of E. crusgalli by using 2,4-D about 5.5mg/l as a hormone source. The activity of succinate dehydrogenase in inducted callus showed positive reaction against to TTC(2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride) regardless of concentrations of butachlor and varieties of E. crusgalli, indicating that all the callus induced were alive. The callus growths derived from seeds of E, cnesgalli were greatly affected by various rates of butachlor and were completely inhibited at the highest concentration of butachlor,
, regardless of varieties of E. crasgalli.
of butachlor inhibited 24.6% of the callus growth of E. crusgalli Beauv, var. oryzicola Ohwi, while E. crusgalli Beauv. var. crusgalli showed 42% of inhibition, showing that there was difference in response of varieties of E. crusgalli Beauv. to butachlor.
Investigation of Weed Flora In Protected Semi - Irrigated Rice Seedbed
Yim, J.H. ; Chun, J.C. ; Ryang, H.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 14~18
This experiment was conducted to characterize the weed flora in protected semi-irrigated rice seedbeds. There are 22 species in 16 genera and 12 families, consisting of 13 annual and 9 perennial weeds in protected semi-irrigated rice seedbed in Jeonbug province. The highest frequency was obtained with Echinochloa crusgalli(L.) Beauv., Cyperus difformis L., Eleocharis acicularis Rome et Schult, and Monochoria vaginalis Presl. Sites showing Simpson's index ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 reached 82% and 89% of all sites studied in 1983 and 1984, respectively. Dominant weed species were E. crus-galli and C. difformis in both years studied and the community dominance has changed from 0.67 in 1983 to 0.61 in 1984.
Effects of Colored Polyethylene Film Mulching on Germination, Emergence, and Growth of Weeds
Pyon, Jong-Yeong ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 19~23
Soil temperature was higher in clear or blue polyethylene film and bare soil than in black or green polyethylene film and straw mulching. Light transmission was low in black, blue or green colored polyethylene film and straw mulching. Germination of weeds was generally high under clear polyethylene film but black polyethylene film inhibited the germination. Germination of Portulaca oleracea, Setaria viridis and Amaranthus retroflexus increased under blue polyethylene film but inhibition of germination was observed in Erigeron canadensis, Avena fatua, Chenopodium ablum, Digitaria sanguinalis and Echinochloa crusgalli. Green polyethylene film mostly inhibited germination of weeds except A, fatua, C. album and E. canadensis. The greatest number of weeds emerged was obtained in clear polyethylene film, next in bare soil but green or blue polyethylene film inhibited the emergence of weeds. However, no emergence of weeds was observed under black polyethylene film. The highest dry weight of weeds was obtained in clear polyethylene film, next in bare soil, but green or blue polyethylene film and straw mulching caused suppression of weed growth. No weeds were grown under black polyethylene film.
Weed Emergence and It's Competition in the Differently Cropped Paddy Fields in Southern Districts
Heo, S.M. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 24~34
To estimate the fundamental situation of weed emergence and it's competition to paddy rice (critical competition period and threshold level) in the southern paddy area in Korea, two rice cultivars (Pungsanbyo and Tongjinbyo) under two cropping periods (Mono- and After-barley-cropping) were experimented. As a result, the dominant weed species (Monochoria vaginalis and Scirpus juncoides Roxb.) and the better emerging conditions (rather at the monocropping and cv. Punsanbyo) were identified. Also, the main components of yield decrease (25-55% of the weed-free check) of both cultivars as affected by weed competition were the number of spikelets, panicle and ripening rate in monocropping, and the ripening rate and grain weight in after-barley-cropping, respectively. Under the situation of combinated dominance with Monochoria v. and Scirpus j. among others, the duration of critical competition periods was enlarged.
Effect of Varous Factors on Emergence and Control of Sagittaria pygmaea Miquel
Han, S.S. ; Ryang, H.S. ; Konnai, M. ; Takematsu, T. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 35~42
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of environmental factors affecting emergence and control of Sagittaria pygmaea Miquel in greenhouse. Emergence of S. pygmaea delayed as the amount of rice straw increased. When the tuber was sowned at 5 to 7㎝ soil depth the emergence of S. pygmaea delayed more in the hard condition of soil than that of the soft condition the large size tuber of S. pygmaea showed less control rate than the small size one at the rate of 2 to 3㎏ prod/10a of butachlor-naproanilide mixtures. The tubers of S. pygmaea seeded at the deeper soil depth decreased weeding efficicy of this mixture. Butachlor-naproanilide mikture showed higher weeding effects at the high temperature and at 2 to 4cm depths of water management than those of the low temperature and at 0cm and 6cm water depths. Weed control rate increased as the rate of butachlor-naproanilide mixture increased. The rate of 4㎏ (prod.)/10a showed good weed effect regardless of application times till 7.5 leaf stage of S. pygmaea. Tuber production of S. pygmea increased as the application time of mixture delayed.
Bud sprouting and Tuberization of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Kim, Kil-Ung ; Kwon, Soon-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 43~49
This study was conducted to investigate the existance of dormancy in newly collected tubers of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi from paddy fields and to determine the effect of various growth regulators on the bud sprouting and tuberization of E. kuroguwai. The maximum percent sprouting of E. kuroguwai collected at every month during winter was less than 60% regardless of varied collection tunes until 50 days after incubation, suggesting the presence of dormancy in E. kuroguwai tubers. This dormancy was markedly broken as the time went by, probably due to the exposure of tubers the extremly low temperature. The treatment of
increased bud sprouting about 10 and 11 times, respectively, than that of the untreated control indicating that BA seems to be one of the most effective agents among the growth regulators used on the bud sprouting of E. kuroguwai. Foliar application of BA increased tuberization of E. kuroguwai by an average of 34.4% as compared with the untreated control. The highest increase, 39.8% was obtained with BA treatment at
Effects of Weed Removal Time on Growth and Yield of Maize
Kang, Y.K. ; Park, K.Y. ; Jong, S.K. ; Park, S.U. ; Moon, H.G. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 50~55
Effects of weed removal time on maize growth and yield were evaluated in the fields dominated with Poligonum spp., Chenopodium album, Echinochloa crusgalli and Digitaria adsendens from 1982 to 1983 in Suweon. Weed removal treatments were as follows: (a) kept weedfree all season, (b) weeded at 10 day intervals after maize emergence but stopped weeding at 3,5,7,9 leaf stages, (c) weeds initially removed at 3,5,7 and 9 leaf stages and the plots then kept weed free, (d) weeds left all season. Maize kept weed free from maize emergence to 7 leaf stages showed no grain yield reduction due to competition from weeds emerging later, but weeding from emergence to 3 and 5 leaf stages reduced grain yield 46 and 44%, respectively, in 1982 and 29 and 18%, respectively, in 1983. Weeding at 3 leaf stage and thereafter did not influence grain yield but initial weedings at 5, 7 and 9 leaf stages reduced grain yield 10, 36, and 67%, respectively, in 1982 and 14,18, and 21%, respectively, in 1983. Responses of maize to weeding time in the dry matter yields were same as in the grain yields.
Butachlor and 1,8- Nphthalic Anhydride Effects on Post - Germination Growth, Anatomy and Root - Cell Membrane Permeability of Rice
Chun, J.C. ; Hwang, I.T. ; Han, M.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 56~62
Effects of butachlor [N-(butoxymethyl)-2-chloro-2', 6'-diethyl acetanilide] and 1,8-naphthalic anhydride (NA) on post-germination growth, mesocotyl and root anatomy and root-cell membrane permeability of rice (Orvza saliva L.) were investigated. Lengths of mesocotyl and radicle were markedly decreased as the application rates of butachlor increased from 0.1 to 100 ppmW and NA from 1 to 100 ppmW, but there was no effect on coleoptile elongation. Application of butachlor-NA resulted in increase in coleoptile elongation, but decrease in mesocotyl elongation. Partial breakdown of cortical cells in root and mesocotyl was caused by either trutachlor or NA treatments, resulting in increase in intercellular air space. Further increase in the intercellular air space of root and mesocotyl was obtained when butachlor was applied in combination with NA. Increase in root-cell membrane permeability occurred when either butachlor or NA was applied. However, butachlor-NA treatments resulted in reduction in the permeability.
Factors Affecting Herbicidal Phytotoxicity and Efficacy of Antidote, CGA 123' 407, in Rice Nursery
Kim, Soon-Chul ; Lee, Soo-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 63~72
To establish the method of integrated weed management in rice nurserybed, phytotoxic factors of herbicide and antidote efficacy were evaluated at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station in 1982 and 1984. Seven hundred eighty four research items were carried out as weed control research since 1961. While 65% of these were belonged to rice research, only 6% was attributed to nurserybed among rice research. More herbicidal phytotoxicity exhibited when seedbed was pressed just after seeding than sand covered or uncovered seedbed and also this phytotoxic symptom enhanced by using intact seed compared to pregerminated seed. Rinsing practice of seedbed reduced the phytotoxic effect of butachlor and this effect was more pronounced with the number of rinsing operation increase and at the pressed plot. However, herbicidal efficacy was not significantly decreased by rinsing operation. Growth of rice seedling hardly affected where the herbicide was absorbed through root only compared to absorption from both of root and shoot for pyrazolate, butachlor and thiobencarb. Herbicide antidote `CGA 123'407' completely protected from the phytotoxic effect of pretilachlor without arising any adversal effect in weed control. However, without antidote, pretilachlor showed the most severe phytotoxic symptom among used herbicides.
Improvement of Herbicide Use in Crop Production. X. Interpretations in Tank - mix Use of Aciflurofen and Haloxyfop - methyl for Weeding on Late - season Cropped Soybeans (Glycine max L.)
Guh, J.O. ; Lee, K. ; Kim, D.K. ; Hong, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 73~84
25 tank-mixed combinations between Haloxyfop-methyl at 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2 kg ae/ha and Acifluorfen at 0, 0.082, 0.163, 0.245 and 0.326 kg ai/ha were applicated at post-emergence on the late-season cropped soybean(Glycine max) fields predominated by grasses and assessed on the weeding efficacy. A most abundant weed species on the experimented fields were found at September (25 species). The broadleaved weed species and sedges were successively and proportionately emerged by the control rate of grass species. From the mono-treatment of each herbicide, Haloxyfop-methyl was recognized as a highly selective one between grasses and soybean, and Acifluorfen between broadleaf weeds and soybean, respectively. By combined application with both herbicides a synergistic weeding efficacy was detected on total weed species, however antagonistic or additive on each weed groups. Among other traits of soybean, stem dry weight was influenced by weed competitions during October, number of pods per plant during August and seed yields during whole periods. For most effective and reasonable weeding, no less than 0.4 kg ai/ha of each herbicides should be applicated in combinations.
Effect of New Herbicides(CGA 82725 & DOWCO 453) on Membrane Permeability in Bean Leaf Tissue
Kim, Jae-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1985, Pages 85~88
Leakage of electrolytes from leaf discs of treated bean (Phaseolus velgaris L.) plant was the criterion used to investigate the effect of four herbicides on the permeability of leaf-cell membrane. CGA 82725 (2-propynyl 2-((3, 5-dichloro-2 pyridinyl) oxy) phenoxy prpanate) at
increased significantly cell membrane permeability within 1 h after 12 h treatment. Significant increase in cell membrane permeability was also detected at
of DOWCO 453 (Haloxy-methyl 2-(4 (3-chloro- 5-(trifuluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl) phenoxy) propanate. The effect of dinoseb (2-(1-methylpropyl)-4, 6-dintrophenol) on cell premeability was detected at
after 12h. The highest conductivity measurement was obtained from paraquat (1, 1'- dimethyl-4, 4'-bipyridinium ion). Increase in cell membrane permeability was not always associated with injury symptoms such as appearance of necrotic area in leaves.