Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1986
Selecting the target year
Growth, Development, and Morphological Characteristics of Echinochloa colona
Chun, J.C. ; Moody, K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~6
The growth, development, and morphological characteristics of Echinochtoa colons (L.) Link were determined through one life cycle. E. colons emerged 2 to 3 days after seeding (DAS) and reached the two leaf stage by 8 DAS. During the early growth stages, root length was greater than plant height, but the relationship was reversed from 4 weeks after seeding (WAS). Tillering started from the third leaf of the main culm as the sixth leaf on the main calm emerged. The unfolding of the leaves and tillering followed a regular pattern during the vegetative growth period. This resulted in the production of 19 tillers (5 primary, 12 secondary, 1 tertiary, and I nodal) at the 14-leaf stage. Shoot-root weight ratio was highest just before panicle initiation. The second spike from the top of the panicle was the shortest and produced the fewest seeds. Thereafter, spike length and the number of seeds per spike generally increased, the lower the position of the spike on the panicle. Seeds on the lower spikes weighed less and had lower germination ability than those from the upper spikes. Adventitious roots arose from the leaf sheath bases of a flowering stalk. The ability to produce adventitious roots was greater in a younger stalls than in an older stalk.
Effects of Different Water Depths on Emergence of Barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli P. Beauv.
Kang, Byeung-Hoa ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 7~12
This experiment was conducted to investigate effects of different water depths on emergence, emerged soil depth and growth of E. crus-galli in Seoul, Korea. Plant number of emergence was decreased with deepened water depth, and dry weight of plant was especially negatively affected. However, a few E. crus-galli were emerged under 24 cm water depth. Soil depth of germination was increased as water depth decreased, and a few E. crus-galli were emerged below 10 cm soil depth under - 12 ㎝ water depth. But most E. crus-galli were emerged in ca. 2 cm soil depth under water depth over 0 cm.
Germination behavoir of Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus and the Density Effect on Barley Grain Yield
Chang, Y.H. ; Ha, Y.W. ; Maeng, D.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 13~17
This experiment was carried out to study the germination behavior and the density effect of Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus on barley yields. Seed dormancy of C. bursa-pastoris was broken on middle of July. No light was required for germination of C. bursa-pastoris seeds. Higher germination showed at
. Effective temperature for dormancy breakdown of seed was at
for 30 days rather than at
. Reduction in barley yield showed with increasing the plant density of C. bursa-pastoris.
Effects of Growth Regulators on the Tuberization of Perennial Weed, Cyperus serotinus Rottb.
Kim, K.W. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 18~24
This study was conducted to determine the possible role of growth regulators and the effect of foliar part cutting on the tuber formation of C. serotinus. Foliar application of 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) increased tuber number and fresh weight of C. serotinus by an average of 24.7% and 32.4%, respectively, as compared with the untreated control. However, the tuberization of C. seratinus was inhibited by single treatment of abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellic acid (GA) as the concentrations increased. As compared with the untreated control, BA at
M and combination of BA
M increased 31.8% and 53.7% of tuber number, respectively, but GA at
M decreased tuber number by 21.9%. 15㎏/10a of nitrogen under three levels of BA resulted in the highest number of tuber formation of C. serotinus, an increase of 24.7% as compared with the untreated control. GA treated increased flowering of C. serotinus by an average of 4.8% based on the untreated control. Tuber number and fresh weight of C. serotinus was markedly inhibited as the number of cutting times increased. Three times cutting inhibited tuber number and fresh weight of C. serotinus by 76.1% and 96.6%, respectively, under nitrogen of 15kg per 10a as compared with the untreated control.
Hormonal Effect on the Callus Induction from Perennial Weeds
Kim, B.C. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 25~32
This experiment was conducted to evaluate effect of various hormones on callus induction, and on plantlet formation on various media, and to detect of Londax [Methyl 2-[[[[[(4,6-dimethoxy pyrimidin-2-yl) amino] carbonyl] amono] sulfonyl) methyl] benzoate] and Basta[Ammonium-(3-amino-3-carboxy-propyl)-methyl phosphinate] on callus growth and reaction of succinate dehydrogenase in callus against TTC, using various species such as Eleocharis kuroguwai, Cyperus serotinus, Oryza sativa (samgangbyeo) and Echinochloa crusgalli P. Beauv. var. caudata Kitagawa. The optimal levels of 2,4-D in MS medium seems to be different among species tested, 2.0 ppm for rice and E. crusgalli, 1.0 ppm for Eleocharis kuroguwai, and 4.0 ppm for C. serotinus derived callus from shoot-tip. In case of combination of 2,4-D with BA, 1.0 plus 0.3 ppm appeared the most appropriate level to induce callus from rice and E. kuroguwai, and I.0 plus 0.1 ppm for C. serotinus and E. crusgalli. When 2,4-D treated with TIBA, 1.0 plus 0.5 ppm appeared the most appropriate rates to induce callus derived from seeds of rice, E. crusgalli, seeds of C. serotinus and E. kuroguwai, 1.0 plus 0.3 ppm for shoot-tip of C. serotinus. Positive reaction of succinate dehydrogenase against TTC was observed regardless of calli and herbicides tested, indicating that they all are alive, and these herbicides were not able to kill the calli tested within the short period of time 20 hrs treatment. Regardless of plant species used, the rate of plantlet formation from callus was very low. However, some plantlet formed from E. crusgalli at 0.8 ppm of 2,4-D plus 8.0 ppm of kinetin, and from E. kuroguwai at 1.6 ppm of 2,4-D plus 16.0 ppm of kinetin, showing effectiveness of 2,4-D with kinetin mixture treatment. No callus was induced from C. serotinus treated with Basta from
. In general, rice was the least susceptible to Basta among plant species tested, followed by E. crusgalli, and E. kuroguwai. In Londax treatment, rice showed the least inhibition rate in callus growth. Callus was induced from rice even at
of Londax. However,
of Londax completely inhibited callus induction from the test species. Rice showed most tolerant to both herbicides, indicating the existence of different responses among plant species.
Effect of Different PE Mulching Duration on the Competition Ability of Sesame Growing in Association with Various Weed Communities
Lee, J.I. ; Kang, C.W. ; Kwon, Y.W. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 33~41
This experiment was conducted to determine the influence of weed competition in sesame and the periods for weed control. Competition periods (days), for which sesame was seeded under transparent polyethylene film at May 15, were 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, and full growth season of sesame. Weed control periods (days), for which sesame was seeded under black polyethylene film at June 15, were 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, and full growth season of sesame. Dominant weeds were Ponulaca oleracea, Digitaria sanguinalis, Acalypha australis, L. Cyperus arnuricus, Arenaria aesrphllifolia, Cardamine flexucosa, Mollugo Stricta and Digitaria eschaemum. The number of weeds was maximum at the 30 days after planting. Broad leaf weeds were dominant than grass weeds, and then decreased the total number of weeds by the reason of major decrease of broad leaf weeds. However, the weight of weeds increased continuously. No weeds appeared until the 15 days after planting and the weight of broad leaf weeds was heavier than that of grass weeds until 45 days after planting. However, grass weeds were heavier than broad leaf weeds after 60 days after planting. The hazards of weeds on the growth and development appeared seriously from the 60 to 75 days after planting, but main yield reduction appeared from 30 days after planting. Therefore once more hand weeding should be practiced within 30 days after planting to minimize yield decrease. Serious hazards by weed growing appeared by removing black PE film after 15 to 30 days after planting in growth characteristics and 30 days later in grain yield. Leaf growth showed maximum from 45 to 60 days after planting and then decreased as compared with the continuous increase of stem and root in optimum planting, transparent PE film mulch and hand weeding. Leaf growth didn't show reducing in PE film mulch and weedy check but total weight of weeds increased and growth of sesame decreased as compared to PE film mulch and hand weeding. Leaf, stem and root growth of sesame, and weed weight under black PE film mulch showed same tendancy and lower growth of sesame as compared with optimum planting, transparent PE film mulch. Correlation between sesame yield and weeds weight were r =
in the optimum planting and r =
in the late planting, so that the more weeds increase, the lesser sesame yield.
Effect of Herbicide, Naprpamid on the Weeding Growth and Yield of Sesame under Vinyl Mulching Cultivation
Lee, H.S. ; Ra, S.Y. ; Oh, S.M. ; Kim, J.I. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 42~47
To select herbicide for sesame under vinyl mulching, growth and yield of sesame and effects of weed control were investigated in various herbicides treatment with standard alachlor. Even if alachlor showed high effects in weed control, it coused phytotoxicity under vinyl mulching. But napropamid 150g ai. per 10a was not only highly effective for weed control but also stable in herbicide injury. Therefore, napropamid-treated plots showed remarkably flourishing growth and high yield compared with alachlor 66g ai. per 10a.
Studies on Factors Affecting the Injury Caused by Simetryne to Rice Plants of Tongil Variety
Ryang, H.S. ; Kim, I.G. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 48~58
In order to eluciate the factors affecting the injury caused by simetryne(2-methyl thio-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-S-triazine) to rice plants of Tongil variety(Indica
Japonica), the leaching properties of simetrynes, compared with Japonica varieties, Mangyeung and Sadominori were investigated. Bioassay technique and
-simetryne for leaching study and bioassay for the characteristics of the rice plants were employed. The leaching range of simetryne was very narrow regardless of soil types under upland soil conditions but it increased little in Silt clay soil and greatly in Sandy loam soil under flooded soil conditions. The amount of the roots of Tongil Jas a little more than that of Mangyeung and the roots of the Tongil mostly distributed near the surface soil while those of Mangyeung rooted deep into the soil. The foliage area and the rate of transpiration of Tongil were larger and greater than those of Mangyeung by 1.3 times and 1.65 times, respectively. The sensitivity of Tongil to simetryne was about 3 times larger than that of Sadominori in water culture.
Effects of Pretilachlor, Pyrazoxyfen, Pyrazolate and Their Combinations on Barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus - galli P. Beauv.
Kang, Byeung-Hoa ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 59~66
This experiment was conducted with pot trial to evaluate effects of pretilachlor [2-chloro-2', 6'-diethyl-N(n-propoxythyl) acetanilide], pyrazoxyfen [ 1,3-dimethyl-4-(2,4-dichloro benzoyl)-5-phenacyloxy-pyrazole], pyrazolate (4-(2,4-dichloro benzoyl)-1,3-dimethyl-pyrazol-5-yl-p-toluenesulphonate] and their combinations on Echinochloa crew-galli. Herbicides were treated with different dosages under 3 cm water depth at 1st and 2nd leaf stages of E. crus-galli. E. crus-galli showed stunted symptom by treatment of pretilachlor and etiolation by treatment of pyrazoxyfen or pyrazolate after 4 days from treatment. Stunting and chlorosis degrees of E. crusgalli increased with high dosage of all herbicides at lst and 2nd leaf stage. Combination of pyrazoxyfen+pretilachlor (6+1.5)G or pyrazolate+pretilachlor (6+1.5)G showed positive synergistic effect of herbicidal action on E. crus-galli, therefore these combinations can control E. crux galli in paddy field with lower dosage than each single treatment of herbicides. Herbicidal effect of pyrazoxyfen on E. crus-galli was similar to pyrazolate in single treatment and combination with pretilachlor.
Effect of Insecticide and Fungicide on Phytotoxicity of Herbicide in Rice
Chun, J.C. ; Hwang, I.T. ; Han, M.S. ; Jang, B.C. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 67~75
This study was undertaken to investigate the interrelation between herbicide and insecticide and fungicide on rice (Oryza saliva L.) at various growth stages. Carbamate insecticide BPMC (2-sec-butylphenylmethyl-carbamate) severely inhibited germination of rice when applied alone and in combination with herbicides tested. No germination inhibition was obtained with thio- and dithiocarbamate pesticides. Post-germination growth of rice was severely inhibited by the treatments which were combined with BPMC irrespective of herbicides studied. Phytotoxicity of pendimethalin (3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitro-N-1-ethyl propylamine) was reduced by antagonistic effect of organophosphorus compounds. When herbicides were applied with either insecticide or fungicide, post-germination growth of rice was more greatly affected by the concentration of herbicides than that of insecticides or fungicides. Most of herbicide-insecticide or herbicide-fungicide treatments did not cause great phytotoxicity on rice when applied 5 days after transplanting. Foliage activity of phenoxy herbicide 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid) and MCPA [(4-chloro-o-tolyl) oxy acetic acid] increased with addition of carbamate and urea pesticides.
Comparative Study on the Inactivation of Oxyfluorfen Mixture with Paraquat or Glyphosate in Soil
Guh, J.O. ; Cho, Y.W. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 76~84
All combinations of oxyfluorfen in 5 dosages and glyphosate in 4 dosages were used to assess the onto-drifting pattern of herbicide inactivation in three different type, such as check soil (
), organic soil (
), and micro-organism soil (
). The plant used for bioassay was rape-hybrid. From the results, it was recognized that the herbicide inactivation is strongly achieved in order of
soil. Also, the inactivation of oxyfluorfen in soil tended to depend rather on soil microorganisms than organic matter, and to be promoted earlier by paraquat mixture than by that of glyphosate. Average 50 and 95% inactivated time (in days) of herbicides were getting shorten in order of
, rather prolonged in mixture than in oxyfluorfen single treatment, and rather prolonged in high dose than in low dose, respectively.
Weed Emergence in Orchard and Comparison of Weeding Performance of Some Orchard-Herbicides (Single and Mixture Products)
Guh, J.O. ; Cho, Y.W. ; Lee, Y.M. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 85~96
From the two differently located orchards (even-site with adult tree and slope-site with young tree), weed emergence and the effect of various orchard herbicides on them were comparatively experimented. Weed emergence was assessed in emergence frequency, biomass, relative frequency, and herbicide responses were checked with the variarions in the above weed emergence characters and the weeding values. Herbicides applied were paraquat, glyphosate, oxyfluorfen, napropamide and ustinex using the recommended rates, respectively. Weeds emerged were 7 life-forms, 23 families and 45 species. Among other families, weeds Umbelliferae, Commelinaceae, Gramineae and Polygonaceae couldn't classified in any similarly correlated cluster. However, according to "1-Q mode cluster analysis" of each herbicide performances, "paraquat or glyphosate" with "napropamide or oxyfluorfen" were selected as the most unrelated herbicide pairs expecting the best combination value in mixture model, respectively.