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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Oct 1987
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
Selecting the target year
Studies on physio-ecological characteristics of local collections of Monochoria vaginalis Presl.
Park, K.H. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 3~11
The study was conducted to identify growth habit of Monochoria vaginalis gathered from three different locations (Suweon, Jeonju and Milyang). The plant height, number of leaves and dry weight of M. vaginalis gathered from three different locations were greatly affected by the seeding dates. The earlier the seeds of M. varginalis sown, the greater M. vaginalis grew, In general, the earlier seeding dates produced significantly longer plant height, number of leaves and dry weight than those of later seeding dates, showing no difference in the collection of weed seeds in different locality. The earlier seeding dates resulted in the earlier flowering, but the interval between dates of seeding and flowering decreased progressively as the seeding times were delayed. Seed production was not significant among three locations and but seeding date on June 15 produced th highest seed production as compared with other seeding times. No. of flowers and capsule per pot among yield components were two major factors affecting seed production.
SEED DORMANCY AND GERMINATION BEHAVIOUR OF ECHINOCHLOA COLONA
Chun, J.C. ; Moody, K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 12~18
Seed dormancy and germination responses to light and gases were determined for Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. E. colons seeds did not require a period of after-ripening for breaking dormancy. Water movement occurred readily across the seed coat. Repeated cycles of hydration and dehydration reduced viability and thence germination. Water imbibition for 24 h increased seed moisture by 21%; seeds returned to their original weight after drying at room temperature for 13 h. Removal of seed-coats increased germination in the dark. Light stimulated germination. Germination at a daylight intensity of 51.9
or less was significantly reduced. Germination of seeds which were exposed to light for 1 h each day was significantly less than that of seeds exposed for longer than 2 h a day. Seeds subjected to blue light had delayed and decreased germination compared to seeds exposed to red light. Ethylene or carbon dioxide exogenenously added in the presence of light stimulated germination. The addition of the two gases together had a synergistic effect. In the dark, however, the two gases did not increase germination.
Germination Induction of Some Weed Seeds Stored Under the Dry and Low Temperature Condition
Cho, K.Y. ; Kim, J.S. ; Kim, Y.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 19~28
These experiments were conducted to recognize the germination change in relation to storage period, using 25 kinds of field-collected weed seeds stored under the dry and low temperature (
), and to establish a simple germination induction methods in some kinds of them. No or weak dormancy was observed in Lepidium virginicum, Rumex japonicus, Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense, Aeschnomene indica and Ludwigia prostrate. The germination of Digltaria sanguinalis, Portulaca oleracea, Amaranthus spp., Echinochloa crux-galli, Polygonum persicaria, Cyperus iria, and Aeschynnmene indica was enhanced by
treatment for 20, 2, 2, 50, 40, 3 or 5 minutes, respectively. Favorable germination in Polygonum persicaria and Echinochloa crus-galli was obtained by soaking in water for 25 days and 50 days, respectively. Moisture treatment for 21 days and 14 days caused the enhancement of germination in Cyperus difformis and Aneilema keisak, respectively. Combination of various treatments in Cyperus iria was most effective when the seeds treated with
for 3 minutes incubated in alternating temp. after soaking in 0.2%
, but their effect on Digitaria sanguinnlis was little.
Regrowth of Bulrush (Scripus juncoides Roxb.) by Seasonal Mowing
Huh, S.M. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 29~34
The number of regrown shoots per plant for 2 weeks after mowing sharply increased in response to late mowing until June 6, and then the increments were slow. The number of regrown shoots for July 30 were many with early mowing until May 14, and then the numbers were rapidly decreased. The plant height regrown for 2 weeks after mowing was increased until May 14, and then decreased. The plant height regrown for July 30 was not sensitive to mowing time and the development was linearly shown. The fresh weight regrown for July 30 was only increased by late mowing. The regrowth rate of shoots for 2 weeks after mowing was much higher than untreated control and the ratio was decreased with late mowing and the ratio to untreated for control for July 30 was decreased up to 50% by late mowing. The regrowth rate of plant height for 2 weeks after mowing was rapidly decreased, but slowly decreased for July 30 mowing. The regrowth rate of fresh weight was higher until May 22, and then rapidly decreased by late mowing. The decreasing tendency for 2 weeks after mowing was more prominent them for July 30. The annual regrowth rates in shoots and plant height were slowly decreased, but the decreasing rate in fresh weight was rapidly done until May 15, and then decrement became up to 30% by late mowing.
Reproductive Growth of Seeds and Overwintered Stump of Bulrush (Scirpus juncoides Roxb.)
Huh, S.M. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 35~44
Differing in water conditions, the dry matter weight per plant was highest at 0 cm flooding depth, and was decreased at above 2 cm flooding depths. The shoot and spikes per pot developed best at flooding depths of 0 and 2 cm, but worst at -5cm or above 4cm flooding depths. The dry matter weight of shoots was linearly increased, but the weight of roots was sharply decreased according to high temperature after flower initation. The shoots and spikes per pot developed more effectively at 25
than at 35 or 15
. The number of shoot and spike per pot were decreased according to higher shading. The effects of shading of 25-45% were not significantly small. The natural white and yellow spectra were the most effective to increase dry matter weight, shoots and spikes per pot. The dry matter weights of shoot and root per plant were not significantly different among at: 50 and 75% clay. The number of shoots were best and continuously increased at 75% clay, and the increments at 0 and 100% clays showed the lag period at early stage. The pattern of spikes was similar to shoots with less difference in various clay composition. The dry matter weight per plant in paddy field and upland field was basically similar. The numbers of shoot and spike were increased in response to increased fertilizer levels up to 20Kg per 10a of each component.
Duration of Competition and the Competitive Ability of Red Rice with Rich by Replacement Diagram
Ree, D.W. ; Kim, J.C. ; Kim, Y.H. ; Hong, Y.K. ; Son, S.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 45~51
This experiment was conducted to find out the critical competitive period and competitive ability of rice against red rice. Plant height and number of tillers of rice decreased as red rice competed with rice during active tillering stage. The maximum tillering stage of rice competed with red rice became about 10days earlier than those non-competed. Significant yield reduction of rice was observed in the plots competed for 20 days after transplating or longer. Such a yield reduction can be mainly attributed to the decrease in number of panicles per hill and grain number per panicle. In a replacement diagram for rice and red rice, their competition is turned out being antagonized. The relative yield total was considered lower than 1. Grain number, culm and panicle length of rice was not affected significantly by inter-specific competition. Rice grain yield reduction was highly correlated with the number of panicles of red rice. Three hundred panicles/
of the red rice were necessary to reduce rice grain yield by 50% of the check plot.
Growth and Yield of Peanuts Affected by Weeding Time and Periods in Bare Soil and Under the P. E. film Mulch
Kang, K.H. ; Lee, S.S. ; Lee, K.H. ; Hwang, H.B. ; Lee, S.B. ; Ye, B.D. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 52~57
To know the effects of weeding periods (weeding from 12 days, 28 days and 42 days after seeding to harvest, and weeding from seeding to 14 days, 28 days and 42 days after seeding) and growing conditions such as transparent polyethylene film mulch (P.E. mulch) and bare soil on growth and yield of peanuts, "Yeongho-Tangkong" was planted on May 10, 1984. Under P.E. mulch, the number of weeds was higher, but the weed dry weight was lower than in bare soil by the middle of July. Sixty days after seedings, the length of main stems in weedy check plots was longer, but shoot dry weight was lower compared to weed free plot. In the correlation coefficients between weed dry weight and the shoot dry weight of peanut on July 14, the growth retardation of peanuts due to weeds was showed earlier under P.E. mulch than in bare soil. Shoot dry weight, shelling ratio, number of seeds per pod, 100 pod weight, and seed yield were higher under P.E, mulch compared to bare soil. But weed dry weight, length of branches, number of pod bearing branches, number of pods per square meters, and pod yield were similar between P.E. mulch and bare soil. Shoot dry weight of peanuts, length of branches, number of pod bearing branches, number of pods per square meters, pod yield, 100 pod weight, 100 seed weight, and seed yield in weed free plots from 28 days after seeding to harvest (28 DAS-Harvest) were higher compared to weed free plots from 42 DAS-Harvest. However, in the weed free plot from seeding to 42 days after seeding seed yield was lower than that of the continuous weeding plot due to lower number of pod bearing branches and number of pods per square meters. When weed was not controlled at the later growth stages of peanuts, reduction in seed yield due to weeds was greater in bare soil than that under P.E. mulch.
Application Methods for Enhancing Phytotoxicity of Glyphosate I. Effects of Surfactants and Spray Volumes on Leaf Retention of Various Plant Species
Lee, J.J. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 58~63
Laboratory and greenhouse studies were conducted to evaluate effects of spray volumes and surfactants, L-77 and Triton CS-7 on leaf retention of glyphosate in Zea mays, Hordeum vulgare, Artemisia princeps, Trifolium repens and Equisetum arvense. Leaf retention was increased when glyphosate with L-77 or Triton CS-7 was applied in a spray volumes of 10-20 l/10a in Zea mays and 40 l/10a in Artemisia princeps but decreased when spray volumes were higher than above volumes and 40-80 l/10a in Trifolium repens. Hordeum vulgare leaves retained more spray when glyphosate with L-77 or Triton CS-7 was applied in all spray volumes tested. Equisetum arvense retained higher amount of spray by application of glyphosate with L-77 compared with Triton CS-7 and no surfactant treatments.
Application Methods for Enhancing Phytotoxicity of Glyphosate II. Effects of Surfactants, Spray Volumes and Simulated Rain on Herbicidal Efficacy of Glyphosate
Lee, J.J. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 64~73
Field and greenhouse trials were conducted to evaluate application variables including spray volume, surfactant, and simulated rain affecting phytotoxicity of glyphosate for enhancing efficacy of postemergence herbicides. Glyphosate phytotoxicity was increased by addition of surfactants, L-77 and Triton CS-7 to glyphosate solution in Artmesia princeps and Equisetum arvense and addition of Triton CS-7 to glyphosate solution enhanced control of Trifoliurn repens. Simulated rain within 4 or 8 hours after glyphosate application reduced glyphosate phytotoxicity. However, addition of L-77 and Triton CS-7 to glyphosate solution increased glyphosate phytotoxicity reduced by simulated rain in Artmesia princeps and Trifolium repens.
Behavior of New Heribicide Bensulfuron methyl (DPX-F5384) in Soil
Jang, I.S. ; Moon, Y.H. ; Ryang, H.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 74~77
This study was undertaken to elucidate the behavior of herbicide bensulfuron methyl [ methyl 2-[[[[[(4, 6-dimethoxy pryrimidine-2yl) amino] carbonyl] amino] sulfonyl] methyl] benzoate] in soils under flooded conditions using the test plant Monochoria vaginalis Pres 1. Besulfuron methyl moved to 3cm depth in clay loam soil and 4 cm depth in sandy loam soil. Herbicide-treated layer was found 0 to 2 cm profile in the former and 0 to 3 cm profile the latter. The half life (GR50) was 87 days in clay loam soil and 78 days in sandy clay loam soil. The period of inactivation lasted for 110 days in clay loam and 100 days in sandy clay loam soil.
Interaction of Brassinolide with Other Known Plant Growth Regulators
Choi, C.D. ; Takematsu, T. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 78~83
This study was attempted to evaluate the combining effect of HBR (homobrassinolide) with the known growth regulators such as GA (gibberellic acid), BA(6-benzyl aminopurine), IAA (indole-3-acetic acid), B-9 (N-dimethylamino succinamic acid) and CCC (2-chloroethyl-trimethylammonium chloride) on the growth of radish hypocotyl. A single application of HBR increased hypocotyl growth as its rates increased from 0.1 to 1.0 ppm, showing a maximum increase at 1.0 ppm. GA and BA had no direct effects on hyopcotyl growth, but IAA showed some effect as its concentration increased. However, the mixed application of HBR with GA, BA and IAA increased the length of radish hypocotyl as the concentration of HBR became higher. The mixture of HBR with GA and BA showed antagonistic reaction on radish hypocotyl growth, but synergistic effect was shown in the higher rate mixture of HBR with IAA in the range of HBR at 0.03 to 0.30 ppm with IAA at 3.0 to 10.0 ppm, but antagonistic or additive response at the mixture of low rates. An increased growth of hypocotyl by HBR was ified by CCC, showing the strong antagonistic reaction, but B-9 was not able to ify HBR's effect on hypocotyl growth.
Effect of Brassinolide and Auxin Type Plant Growth Regulators on Radish Petiole Curvature
Choi, C.D. ; Takematsu, T. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 84~89
This study was conducted to determine the combining effects of a synthetic brassinolide such as homobrassinolide (HBR) with auxin types on the curvature of radish petiole. HBR has no direct effect on the petiole curvature of radish, regardless of concentrations used. Among the natural known plant growth regulators, NAA at 100ppm showed the highest ourvature at 12 hours after treatment. The synthetic auxins such as 2,4-D and MCP resulted in about three times greater effect on curvature than the untreated control, and their effects lasted till 36 horns after treatment, showing much better effect on curvature than that of the natural auxin types of plant growth regulators. The mixture of MCP at 3 ppm with HBR at 100ppm increased petiole curvature of radish seedlings as much as three times greater than that of a single application of HBR. However, the mixture of HBR at 100 ppm plus 2, 4-D at 100ppm increased the petiole curvature of radish seedlings about eight times greater than that of the HBR single application, showing existance of strong synergistic reaction and the most effective combination, and suggesting possibility of a prectical implementation in agriculture.
Selection of Herbicide Tolerant Variant Through Cell Culture
Kim, S.C. ; Chung, G.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 90~97
An attempt was done at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station in 1986-'87 to obtain herbicide tolerant variant through cell culture. Immatured rice grain was more rapidly and efficiently formed callus in dehulled rice culture method for both rice cultivar types, Tongil type (Indica/Japonica) and Japonica-type. However, Japonica-type cultivar was generally superior than Tongil-type Cultivar in callus formation. Expression rate of herbicide tolerant variant varied depending upon rice cultivar, plant species and herbicide properties. In case of Nagdongbyeo (Japonica) at the first subculture, 46.3% of total callus pieces appeared as herbicide tolerant variant in herbicide media of CGA142464 and followed by NC-311 (11.6%), Butachlor (7.5%), 2.4-D (2.1%), Quinclorac (0.89%), and Propanil (0.25%), in order. This degree of appearance of herbicide tolerant variants rapidly increased as passage of subculture was advanced. Herbicide tolerant callus hardly regenerated as normal plant even though large variations exhibited among culture media.
Effect of Carbofuran on Rice Growth
Kim, Soon-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 98~106
The effect of carbofuran (2, 3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-benzofuran-7-ylmethyl carbamate) on rice growth was evaluated as a direct growth stimulant of rice. For this, several laboratory and field trials conducted from 1981 to 1986 at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station. Carbofuran solution affected the germination of rice seed. The growth of seminal roots was adversely affected by the increase of carbofuran concentrations while the length of single root became longer with the concentration increment up to 50 ppm. Carbofuran application (0.18g ai/
) at the rice nurserybed significantly enhanced the rice growth and recovered from the Low temperature damage. The enhancement effect was more pronounced at the plot that applied carbofuran before rice seeding as soil incorporation than top-dressing. The effect of growth enhancement further extended to transplanted lowland rice. This effect was greater at double cropping area (late of June transplanting) compared to single cropping area (May transplanting). Among important agronomic traits, the increment of panicle number was the most important direct effect for increasing rice grain yield by carbofuran application. Carbofuran application also exhibited the reducing effect against low temperature damage at reductive division stage and at rice heading stage and against submergence damage at booting stage through enhancement of fertile grain ratio, ripening ratio or photosynthetic activity.