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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Oct 1987
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
Selecting the target year
A Looking-over of Weeds - BASED ON SOME EXAMPLES IN JAPAN -
Ueki, Kunikazu ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 109~114
Use of Radioactive Isotope Technique in Weed Science
Ishizuka, Kozo ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 115~121
Study About the Appearing Mechanism of the Effect of Allelopathy
Takahashi, Michihiko ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 122~129
Effects of Light and Storage Condition on the Germination of Oenothera lamarckiana Seeds
Kim, J.S. ; Hwang, I.T. ; Koo, S.J. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 130~138
The effects of light and storage conditions on the germination of Oenothera lamarckiana were investigated. Germination was induced by red light, but inhibited by green, blue or infrared. No germination occurred in the dark. Radicle was more photosensitive than other parts of the seed. The rate of germination was proportional to increase in Light intensity ranging from 10 to 3000 Lux. Photosensitivity occurred 6 hrs after water imbibition of air-dried seeds. Maximum photosensitivity was detected 1-2 days after seeding under the light condition at 300 Lux. Germination was almost completed 3 days after seeding. When seeds stored in the chilling and wetting condition were kept at constant temperature in the dark, they germinated well. Air-dried seeds, however, didn't germinate. Whereas, the seeds which kept at alternating temperature had the tendency that seeds stored at room temperature (25
) germinated better than those stored at low temperature (4
Effect of bentazon and propanil application on the photosynthesis of the rice plants, Monochoria vaginalis and Cyperus serotinus
Ku, Y.C. ; Park, S.H. ; Park, R.K. ; Joug, S.K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 139~143
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of herbicide on the photosynthetic activity of the weed and rice plant. Two rice cultivars "Nongbaeg" and "Taebaegbyeo" were tested with butachlor, Molis-M, and perfluidone at 5 days after transplanting. Bentazone and propanil were sprayed at 25 days after transplanting. Photosynthetic activity was varied with herbicide and varieties. Generally, application of herbicide resulted in decreased photosynthetic activity. Indica
Japonica variety showed more sensitive to herbicide than Japonica variety. Recovery of the photosynthetic activity was faster in the bentazon than the propanil.
Identification of Allelopathic Substances from Polygonum hydropiper and Polygonum aviculare
Woo, S.W. ; Kim, K.U. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 144~155
Water extracts of polygonum hydropiper and Polygonum aviculare completely inhibited the germination of lettuce seeds. Methanol extracts from these two species also inhibited the seed germination of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Oenothera odorata. Fifteen phenolic acids in total were identified by GLC from P. hydropiper and eighteen from P. aviculare. The most common phenolic acids identified from P. hydropiper were sinapic, salicylic+vanillic and ferulic acid presented in all the fractions. In addition, salicylic+vanillic, tannic+gallic, sinapic, ferulic and p-coumaric acid seemed to be important phenolic compounds in terms of quantity. However, salicylic+vanillic acids were the unique phenolic acids occurred in all the fractions of P. aviculare. The others such as tannic+gallic, sinapic, ferulic, p-coumaric acid, p-cresol and catechol present in large amount appeared also the important phenolic substances influencing allelopathic effects of P. aviculare. Linolenic acid and oxalic acid were the major fatty and organic acids in both plant species, presented in 2.38mg/g and 20.588mg/g in P. hydropiper, 3.70mg/g and 14.288mg/g in P. aviculare, respectively, which seem to be exhibiting allelopathic effects of these plants. Total alkaloids were presented in low amount such as 0.20% in P. hydropiper arid 0.22% in P. aviculare which may not be important elements. Pet. ether extracts were 2.42% in P. hydropiper and 1.65% in P. aviculare, which exhibit another potential for allelopathic effects that need further investigation. Various authentic phenolic compounds at different concentrations inhibited the germination of lettuce seed, indicating that the phenolic substances identified here may be directly related to biologically active substance.
Determination of Allelopathic Activity in Dominant Upland Weeds
Chun, J.C. ; Han, K.W. ; Jang, B.C. ; Shin, H.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 156~164
Allelopathic activity of dominant upland weed species was determined using aqueous and methanol extracts and dried residues of the weeds. Germination and seedling growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) and sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) were greatly inhibited by 2% (w/v) aqueous extracts of Artemisia asiatica Nakai and Portulaca oleracea L., respectively. Great phytotoxicity on both indicator plants occurred by 2% (w/v) aqueous extracts of Capsel/a bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. A complete inhibition in germination and seedling growth of radish was caused by 2% (w/v) methanol extract of A. asiatica. There was about 90% inhibition in germination and seedling growth of sesame due to 2% (w/v) methanol extracts of A. asiatica, P. oleracea and Trifolium repens L. Phytotoxic effects varied with extract solution, weed species and indicator plants employed, indicating that the weed species contained different contents and kinds of allelopathic chemicals. Water potential and pH adjusted to those of the extracts did not affect germination and seedling growth of the indicator plants. Phytotoxicity increased with increasing concentration of the extracts obtained from four suspected alleopathic weeds. Soil-incorporated plant residues of A. asiatica and P. oleracea caused greater phytotoxicity on radish than those of C. bursa-pastoris and T. repens.
Adsorption, Movement and Decomposition of New Herbicide Bensulfuron-methyl in Soils
Jang, I.S. ; Moon, Y.H. ; Ryang, H.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 165~170
This study was undertaken to elucidate the behavior of herbicide bensulfuron-methyl[methyl-2-[[[[[(4,6-dimethoxy pyrimidine-2yl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]methyl]benzoate]in soils. Adsorption of the herbicide in soils was mainly correlated with content of organic matter and clay, and canon exchange capacity. Adsorption distribution coefficient(Kd value) in clay loam soil was greater than those in loam and sandy loam soils. The Kd value decreased in the order of zeolite, bentonite, halloysite and laziolite clay minerals. Bensulfuron-methyl moved to 3cm deep in clay loam soil and 4cm deep in sandy loam and herbicide treated layer was 0 to 2cm profile in the two soils. The decomposition rate of bensulfuron methyl varied with the soil properties. The rate was slower in sterilized soil than in nonsterilized. Addition of organic matters to the soils accelerated the decomposotion. The degradation was more rapid in 30
soil temperature than in 20
Growth and Lodging of Paddy Rice as Affected by Paclobutrazol Application under the Different Level of Nitrogen Fertilizer
Im, I.B. ; Lee, S.Y. ; Lim, M.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 171~178
This study was conducted to examine the possibility of complete lodging. prevention, the growth and yield of the paddy rice plant by paciobutrazol 0.6%G application at 15 days before heading under the several levels (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 kg/10a) of nitrogen fertilizer in 1986. Culm length was shortened 10-15% by paclobutrazol application. The shortened rate of internode was very extreme on the 3rd and 4th internode in paclobutrazol application. Moment the height of center gravity and lodging index turned higher with increasing nitrogen fertilizer, on the other hand, those of paclobutrazol application were smaller than control. Lodging degree (0~4) was 1~3 above 25kg/10a level of nitrogen fertilizer in control, however, no more than 1 at 45kg/10a level of nitrogen fertilizer in paclobutrazol application. Ripened grain ratio and grain weight of paclobutrazol application were larger than those of control. Yield increased more 15-26% in paclobutrazol application than control. The nitrogen level of maximum yield was about 25kg/10a in control, but was 31kg/10a in paclobutrazol application.
Effect of CGA 123'407 on Reducing Injury of Rice Plants to Pretilachlor, Butachlor and Benthiocarb
Lee, H.Y. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 179~185
Laboratory studies were conducted to evaluate safening effect of CGA 123'407 (4,6-dichloro-2-phenyl-pyrimidine) against pretilachlor, butachlor, and benthiocarb in rice plants. Butachlor and benthiocarb at 50 ppm or higher concentrations significantly inhibited rice growth and pretilachlor gradually inhibited growth of rice plants with increase in concentration starting from 0.5 ppm. CGA 123'407 at 0.1 ppm or higher concentrations was effective in reducing injury of rice plants when butachlor and benthiocarb were applied at rate of 10 ppm. Rice injury from pretilachlor at 10 ppm was also reduced by addition of CGA 123'407 at 0.25 ppm or higher concentrations Herbicidal activity of pretilachlor, butachlor, and benthiocarb was not affected by mixture treatments of CGA 123'407.
Development of Selective Heribicide for Control of Weeds in Turf
Han, Seong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 186~199
This study was carried out to investigate the growth of Korean lawn grass (Zoysia japonica Steud.), penncross bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huda) and seaside bentgrass (Agrostis spp.) under application of 21 pre- and post-emergence herbicides and the weeding effect of 14 annual and 4 perennial weeds with them for the purpose of the systematic chemical weed control in turf. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Napropamide, napropamide + triclopyr and benefin were safe for Korean lawn grass and two kinds of bentgrasses when they were treated at 4 and 25 days after transplanting of turfgrasses. Simazine, lenacil and bentazon inhibited the growth of bentgrasses, but not Korean lawn grass. 2. The preemergence application of simazine, benefin and napropamide + simazine showed excellent control for Digitaria sanguinalis, Cyperus amuricus, Chenopodium album, Portulaca oleracea and Centipeda minima. Lenacil was excellent for control of all the tested weeds except Chenopodium album, napropamide excellent for them except Cyperus amuricus and Portulaca oleraces, and bentazon good for them except Digitaria sanguinalis. When simazine was treated with either napropamide or triclopyr at preemergence of weeds, weeding effect increased without inhibition of lawn growth. 3. The postemergence application of mecoprop, bentazon, benefin + dicamba and benefin + mecoprop was safe to bentgrasses. All the tested postemergence herbicides except simazine + atrazine did not inhibit the growth of Korean lawn grass. 4. Other postemergence herbicides mecoprop and triclopyr were excellent for the control of Echinochloa crusgalli and those except benefin and mecoprop excellent for Kummerovia striata. Digitaria sanguinalis was controlled by treating with all the tested post emergence herbicides and Cyperus amuricus controlled only by bentazon. 5. The growth rates of bentgrasses treated with simazine, lenacil and napropamide + simazine were lower than that of hand-weeded check, and those of benefin, bentazon, napropamide, napropamide + triclopyr, stomp, bensulide and triclopyr were higher than that one when applied at spring season. Korean lawn grass growth appeared to be good under application of all the tested preemergence herbicides at spring. Lanacil and bentazone showed poor control of Echinochloa crusgalli, and bensulide showed poor control of Erigeron canadensis. Also, napropamide and bentazon were not good for Kummerovia striata control. However, at the respective rates of all the tested herbicides, these three weeds were greatly controlled by 85-100% of weeding effect. 6. At the application of autumn season, bentazon, napropamide, pendimethalin, benefin, napropamide + triclopyr, bensulide and triclopyr seemed to be safe against three kinds of turfgrasses. But simazine, napropamide + simazine inhibited the growth of bentgrasses except Korean lawn grass. In terms of weed control performance, triclopyr was poor for controlling Echinochloa crusgalli and bentazon and stomp for Poa annua, napropamide, benefin and bensulide for Stellaria medico. Stellaria uliginosa and Cerastium caespitosum were well controlled by all the tested preemergence herbicides. 7. Korean lawn grass was safe when paraquat and glyphosate were treated at the dormanant season of turfgrass. These herbicides showed excellent controll of Poa annua but poor control of perennials in order of Trifolium repens < Miscanthus sinensis < Calystegia japonica < Artemisia asiatica. 8. In field test, all of 19 herbicides seemed to be safe when treated at Korean lawn grass. All of 10 preemergence herbicides were excellent for controlling annual weeds, but poor for perennial ones. All of 9 postemergence herbicides showed a excellent control for broad-leaf weeds.
Development of Herbicide Resistant Plant Through Plant Tissue Culture
Kim, K.U. ; Kim, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 200~207
This study was conducted to select and develop herbicide resistant plant through tissue culture. Growth response of seedlings and callis of various rice varieties with Echinochloa species was assessed under the treatment of various rates of butachlor [N-(butoxy methyl)-2-chloro-2', 6'-diethyl acetamide] and simetryne [2,4-bis(ethyl amino)-6-methyl thio-1,3,5-triazine]. Further, succinate dehydrogenase activity was determined in herbicide treated callus to characterize different response of plants to herbicide. Rice variety like Sangpung showed relative resistance in both callus and seedling states against butachlor, indicating maintenance of resistance. However, in the simetryne treatment, the similar response was not observed in callus and seedling state, although there was a great different response among plant materials against simetryne. Rice variety which exhibited resistance in callus and seedling states showed low succinate dehydrogenase inhibition index. Succinate dehydrogenase inhibition index can be used as an important marker characters to differentiate varietal response of plant to herbicide. Rice plant was differentiated from butachlor and simetryne tolerant callus treated at
M is growing under the growth chamber and can be used for resistant source.
Herbicidal Efficacy of Newly Developed Several Herbicides in Rice
Kim, S.C. ; Lee, S.K. ; Kim, D.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 208~219
Newly developed several herbicides were evaluated as paddy rice herbicide at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment in 1986. And also, the general situation of rice cultivation between Korea and Japan was compared. Twenty-nine herbicides of the total 59 herbicides were used as paddy rice field in Korea while these were 100 and 187, respectively, in Japan. Among paddy rice herbicides, butachlor was the most important herbicide in both countries. However, the degree of concentration to a particular herbicide was greater in Korea compared to Japan; consumption rate of single butachlor to the total herbicide were 66.5% for Korea and 11.9%r for Japan, respectively. Pyrazolate, pyrazoxyfen and quinclorac were the most promising hebicides in pressed-type rice nurserybed in terms of herbicidal efficacy and phytotoxic effect. For transplanted paddy rice field, single application of NC-311 or combining applications of NC-311 with butachlor or quinclorac gave excellent results at the weed community that was dominated by Echinochloa crus-galli, Aneilema japonica, Ludwigia prostrata, Scirpus hotarui, Cyperus serotinus, Potamogeton distinctus and Eleocharis kuroguwai. Particularly the above combining applications maintained their excellent herbicidal effect up to 3 leaf stage of E. crus-galli without arising herbicidal phytotoxicity. Pyrazolate and three sulfonyl urea herbicides (DPX-5384, NC-311 and CGA 142464) exhibited very high safety against rice. However, Japonica type rice cultivar was a little bit more sensitive than Indica/Japonica type rice cultivar. On the other hand, the effect of these herbicides against E. crus-galli was very strong. Herbicidal effect against E. crus-galli was enhanced through shoot absorption for sulfonyl urea herbicides and root abosorption for pyrazolate and quinclorac, respectively.
Herbicidal Selective Activity of Oxyfluorfen to the Selected Rice Cultivars and Major Paddy Weed Species
Kim, Y.J. ; Guh, J.O. ; Pang, S. ; Choi, K.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 220~235
The experiment was carried out to find the feasibility of using Oxyfluorfen in the paddy fields by investigating the difference of selective activity of Oxyfluorfen among rice cultivars and major paddy weed species. The dosage of Oxyfluorfen that show selective activity between rice cultivars and weed species ranged from 0.1 to 0.4kg ai/ha. The degree of growth inhibition was in order of whole-plant soaking application > root soaking application > stem bandage application, and in that case
M Oxyfluorfen was treated after emergence. Especially the growth inhibition of rice cultivars and Cyperus serotinus was low, among others. Photosynthesis was severely inhibited at the Oxyfluorfen level above
M in all the tested weeds, but inhibition of respiration was not to be seen. Isolated single cells of two rice cultivars and Cyperus serotinus were tolerant to
M Oxyfluorfen,but those of Echinochloa crus-galli and Sagittaria pygmaea were susceptible comparatively. The growth inhibition of suspension cultured rice cell induced by the increments of Oxyfluorfen concentration, and the degree of inhibition was higher in C.V. Mushakdanti than in C.V. Aichiasahi.
Interpretation of Weeding Efficacy by Mixture Use of Herbicide Combination, Oxyfluorfen and Glyphosate
Guh, J.O. ; Cho, Y.W. ; Lee, K.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 7, issue 2, 1987, Pages 236~242
The study was conducted to interprete the fluctuation of weed vegetation in plant-sociological impacts as affected by the mixture use of oxyfluorfen and glyphosate with various dosages. Also, intended to know the real interaction between two herbicides in weeding efficacies. The better efficacy from the above mixture was recognized than from the oxyfluorfen + paraquat mixture on the perennial-sites. In lower rate mixture of oxyfluorfen, the dominance index was increased by the annual grass species (ie. Digitaria), and of glyphosate by the biennial Stellaria and perennial species (ie. Artemisia). Also, the positive maximum action of both oxyfluorfen and glyphosate in various mixture rates was categorized upto 0.55kg ai/ha for oxyfluorfen and 0.35kg ai/ha for glyphosate, respectively. However, the interaction between the above two herbicides recognized actually as negative. Consequently, the use of mixture compound of oxyfluorfen with glyphosate are expected rather to promote the control efficacy of specific weed species, to enlarge the weeding spectrum and to prolong the weeding periods than to reduce the application rate of both chemicals depending on any synergic interactions.