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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Oct 1988
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Characterization of Weed Occurrence in Garlic and Red Pepper Fields
Woo, I.S. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 1~8
In order to get basic information for establishing weed control methods, weed distribution was surveyed at 15 days interval in garlic and red pepper fields at 8 locations in Chungnam Province. In garlic fields, 68 weed species(27 families) were distributed. Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album and Digitana sanguinalis were most dominant and Equisetum arvense, Alopecurus aequalis, and Setaria viridis dominant among them. Highest number of weeds emerged in May and dry weight or weeds was more heavy in June and summer broadleaf weeds were most abundant throughout garlic growing period. In red pepper fields, 38 weed species(17 families) were distributed, D. sanguinalis, Cyperus amuricus and P. oleracea were most dominant and Echinochloa crus-galli, Eleusine indica, D. violascens, and Centipeda minima also dominant among them. The highest number of weeds were emerged in June and summer, grasses and summer broadleaf weeds were more abundant in June and July. Seasonal Shannon's diversity index(H'), maximum diversity(Hmax') and eveness(J') for the Shannon diversity index, and Simpson index were high in both red pepper and garlic fields. Interspecific competition(probability for interspecific encounter) was more severe than intraspecific competiton.
Gross Morphological and Herbicide Susceptibility Variation in Collections of Echinochloa Species
Chun, J.C. ; Shin, H.S. ; Kim, J.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 9~14
Three varieties of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. and five collections different in gross morphology from the E. crus-galli species were obtained in a lowland rice field located in Jukjeol-Ri, Soyang-Myeon, Wanju-Kun, Jeonbug to compare the ecological and physiological characteristics. There were great variations in seed dormancy, relative growth rates, days required to panicle emergence and panicle morphology among the collections. On the basis of the cluster analysis using the different characteristics, the collections were divided into three groups; E. crus-galli var. frumentaceae and its two ecotypcs, E. crus-galli var. echinata and its two ecotypes, and E crus-galli var. crus-galli and its one ecotype. There were differential responses in percent germination and post-germination growth of the collections to butachlor (2-chloro-2', 6'-diethyl-N-butoxymethyl acetanilide).
Interaction between Light and other Factors Affecting Germination of Oenothera lamarckiana Ser. Seed.
Kim, J.S. ; Hwang, I.T. ; Koo, S.J. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 15~22
In this experiment, interactions between light and other factors such as chilling, alternating temperature, moisture, content, oxygen, and seed coat which affect germination of Oenothera lamarckiana Ser. seed were investigated to study the physiological effects of light on the germination. Light induced the initial stage of seed germination before radical protrusion by affecting embryo rather than seed coat even under anaerobic condition or low water potential (-18 bars). This light effect on germinability of seed was suppressed by blue light irradiation and the effect was increased with increment of blue light intensity and irradiation time. However, the blue light effect was reversible. Chilling, alternating temperature, softening of seed coat and light showed promotive interaction in the induction of seed germination. Irradiation of filtered light (monochrome), however, reduced chilling effect on germination. Hydrogen-ion concentration and gibberellic acid treatment had no effect on light or dark germination.
Physio-Ecological Characteristics of Purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.)
Park, J.S. ; Kim, K.U. ; Lee, Y.D. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 23~27
This experiment was conducted to determine germination ability, life cycle, regrowth ability of Portulaca oleracea L. The newly harvested seeds from P. oleracea flowered before July 15 were able to germinate, but percent germination decreased markedly as the flowering time was later than July 15, showing no germination of seed collected at Sept. 12 which were flowered at August 30, 76.5% of seeds can be germinated in the light as seed stored in room condition for 90 days, but in dark condition, it needed 2 years of seed storage for germination. Low temperature treatment at
for 5 days enhanced seed germination of P. oleracea in both light and dark conditions. The maximum vagetative growth was observed at 30 to 75 days after seeding. The late seeding time such as July 1 shortened the period of vegetative growth. However, regardless of the seeding times, the first flowering was observed at about 40 days after seeding. Leaf numbers, shoot lengths, fresh and dry weights were greatly affected by the seeding dates, showing that the earlier seedings produced significantly higher shoot length, fresh and dry weight, leaf numbers and branch numbers than those of the late seedings. When all branches were removed on 68 days after seeding, their regrowth ability was 50.3% and cuttaged branches showed 78.1% regrowth as compared to intact plant.
Effect of Standing Water and Cultivation on Emergence of Echinochloa glabrescens
Kim, Jong-Seog ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 28~32
The effects of standing water and cultivation frequency on emergence of Echinochloa glabrescens Munro ex. Hook were determined at varied seeding methods under simulated field conditions for 4 months. In soil-incorporated seeding method total emergence for 4 months was highest in saturated condition followed by 4, 2, and 8cm standing water, whereas total emergence of seeds sown at the soil surface was highest at 2cm standing water followed by 4cm, saturated soil, and 8cm standing water. Within 2 weeks the emergence was highest at 4cm and lowest at 2cm standing water with the soil-incorporated seeding, but the seeds sown at the soil surface with 2cm standing water resulted in the highest emergence. Ratio of emergence within 2 weeks over total emergence during 4 months was lowest at 2cm standing water in the soil incorporation, indication that 2cm standing water would be the critical water level for E. glabrescens. Since most of the seedling was emerged within 2 weeks just before cultivation, the emergence pattern was little affected by cultivation at each standing water level.
Effect of Fertilizer and Shading on Emergence of Echinochloa glabrescens, Monochoria vaginalis and Cyperus difformis
Kim, Jong-Seog ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 33~36
The emergences of Echinochloa glabrescens, Monochoria vaginalis, and Cyperus difformis seeds were little affected by fertilizer application. All shading treaments resulted in decrease in emergence of E. glabrescens, while shading up to 67% slightly stimulated emergence of M. vaginalis and C. difformis. The peak emergence of E. glabrescens was at two week after sowing in the full sunlight, 31, and 52% shading, but no peak emergence at the 67% shading. Emergence peaks of C. difformis were observed during 6 to 8 weeks after sowing for all shading levels employed.
Differential Absorption and Translocation of Oxyfluorfen Between Selected Rice Cultivars
Guh, J.O. ; Ishizuka, K. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 37~44
A serial study on differential response in absorption and translocation of
-oxyfluorfen was conducted by use of a group of selected rice cultivars as the tolerant or the susceptible to oxyfluorfen. Trial 1. Differential response in absorption and translocation of selected cultivar group. The susceptible cultivar group has reached as higher rate as 209%, 193%, 344%, 204% and 152% of the tolerant cultivar group in root absorption rate per unit dry weight, lower-shoot absorption rate, higher shoot absorption rate, whole amount of absorption, and the rate of translocation from bottom to shoot, respectively. Trial 2. Differential Response in Absorbtion and translocation of selected cultivar as affected by exposed portion and time.
Regardless of cultivar, the rate of root absorption has effectively realized but the translocation was significantly limited.
Lower portion of shoot has also achieved a higher amount of absorption but the translocation was very limited.
By relaying the exposure time. the amount of root absorption was ted increasing, and persistent absorption was rather effective in the susceptible (cv. Mushakdanti) cultivar than the tolerant (cv. Chokoto).
Translocation of oxyfluorfen from shoot to root was tended to easily attaining in both cultivars.
Differential Absorption and Translocation of Bensulfuron-methyl Between Selected Rice Cultivars
Guh, J.O. ; Pyon, J.Y. ; Ishizuka, K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 45~52
A serial study on differential response in absorption and translocation of
-bensulfuron-methyl was conducted by use of a group of selected rice cultivars as the tolerant or the susceptible to bensulfuron-methly. Trial 1. Differential Response in Absorption and Translocation of Selected Cultivar Group. The susceptible cultivar group has reached as higher rate as 102%, 113%, 115%, 127% and 113% of the tolerant cultivar group in root absorption per seedling, per unit dry weight, and the rate of translocation from bottom to shoot, respectively. Trial 2. Differential Response in Absorption and Translocation of Selected Rice Cultivar as Affected by Exposed Time of Root Portion upto 48 hrs.
Regardless of leaf stage of experimented plants, the amount of absorption per seedling and per unit dry weight has reached rather higher in the susceptible(cv. IR 1846) than the tolerant (cv. Chinsurah Boro II). However, separating by portions, the tolerant was realized higher rate of aborption in root but the susceptible in shoot, respectively.
Translocation rate from root to shoot, namely the individual seedling based rate of radioactivity in shoot to total radioactivity, was significantly higher in the susceptile than the tolerant.
Depending on higher rate of seedling growth at the time of chemical treatment, the susceptible (cv. IR 1846) was seemed more sensitive even at equivalent rate of absorption and translocation.
Varietal Response of Tobacco Plants Through Tissue Culture to Butachlor and Bialaphos Herbicides
Bae, Y.Z. ; Kim, K.U. ; Jeong, H.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 53~58
This study was carried out to determine effect of butachlor [N.-(buthoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl) acetamide] and bialaphos [2-amino-4(hydroxy)(methyl) phosphionyl] butyryl-alanylalanine sodium salt on the germination of tobacco seed, induction and growth of callus from tobacco. Further, fatty acids and ammonia content of tobacco calli were determined. Bialaphos had no effect on tobacco seed germination, but the growth of seedling was markedly affected by an application of 10 ppm bialaphos. However, regardless of varieties tested, tobacco seed germination was completely inhibited by
of butachlor. At an application of
butachlor, tobacco seeds were to some extent germinated and showed further growth. Hyangcho among varieties tested, showed the most tolerant response to butachlor. In induction of callus from various tobacco varieties and their growth, aromatic type of tobacco varieties exhibited the most tolerance against bialaphos. However, no distinct varietal differences were determined in the treatment of butachlor. The major fatty acids identified in tobacco calli were palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid. No marked difference in terms of fatty acids was observed among tobacco varieties used, but it was observed that there was the higher ratio of quantity in unsaturated fatty acids over saturated one, bialaphos treatment accumulated about 9 times higher ammonia content than that of the untreated control, giving an evidence that bialaphos might inhibit glutamine synthetase activity.
Phytotoxicity Herbicides in Water-seeded Rice Culture
Pyon, J.Y. ; Oh, S.H. ; Kim, S.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 59~63
In order to select herbicides which may feasible to water-seeded rice culture, pot trial was initiated to determine phytotoxicity of rice plants to pyrazolate, bensulfuron methyl, chlormethoxynil, and benthiocarb under water-seeded condition. Pyraolate at 300 and 600 g ai/10a did not show crop injury and growth inhibition of rice plants. Bensulfuron methyl at 5.1 g ai/10a and benthiocarb at 210 g ai/10a were relatively safe to water-seeded rice plants when treated at 5 days after seeding. Chlormethoxynil at 210 g ai/10a showed crop injury and growth inhibition of rice plants and thus may not feasible to water-seeded rice culture.
Lodging Related Traits and Yield of Two Rice Varieties as Affected by Paclobutrazol at Different N Levels and Split Rates
Lee, Suk-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 64~70
An experiment was carried out to know the effects of paclobutrazol on the lodging related traits and yield of a japonia (Seomjinbyeo) and an indica (Samgangbyeo) rice variety grown at 3 N levels (10, 20, 30 kg/10a) and 3 N split rates [basal + top dressing 15 days after transplanting (DAT) : top dressing 25 days before heading (DBH) was 100 : 0, 80 : 20, and 60 : 40]. Paclobutrazol (3kg/10a of 0.6% G) was applied 15 DBH and lodging related traits were observed 3, 13, 23, and 33 days after heading (DAH). The results obtained summarized as follows. 1. Culm length was increased as N level increased, but decreased by application of paclobutrazol. Culm length was not affected by N split rates in both varieties. 2. Lodging was not occurred at all plots, but lodging index of Seomingbyeo was much greater than that of Samgangbyeo. In both varieties loding index increased up to 23 DAH due to an increase in fresh weight and a decrease in breaking strength and levelled off thereafter due to a decrease in both fresh weight and breaking strength. 3. Culm length of Seomjinbyeo and fresh weight of shoot and culm length of Samgangbyeo were positively correlated with lodging index, but breaking strength was not correlated with lodging index in both varieties during the most of ripening stages. Direct effect of culm length contributing to lodging index was positive and much greater than that of fresh weight and breaking strength in Seomjinbyeo, but in Samganbyeo direct effect of culm length and fresh weight was positive, but that of breaking strength was negative with similar magnitudes. 4. Yield in brown rice of Seomjinbyeo was not affected by N level, but split application of N increased yield. In contrast, yield of Samgangbyeo was increased as N level increased, but yield was not affected by N split rates. Paclobutrazol did not affect yield of rice in Seomjinbyeo, but decreased yield by 5.2% in Samgangbyeo due to a decrease in the number of spikelets per panicle.
Effects of a Growth Retardant Paclobutrazol on the Growth and Yield Related Elements of Peanut (Archis hypogea L.)
Lee, H.S. ; Cho, J.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 71~89
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a growth retardant, Paclobutrazol on the growth, yield and its components. and physiological traits in peanut cv. Saeddle (early variety) and Nampung (medium variety). The results are summarized as follows : Main stem and branch length of both varieties were remarkably retarded at early growth stage application, but the retardation effect was reduced at late growth stage application. Number of branches was increased remarkably by treating 60ppm at 20days after seedling (DAS) in early variety. Lodging ill medium variety was not observed through growth period when 120ppm of Paclobutrazol was applied while lodging was not appeared between 40 DAS and 80 DAS in early variety. The numbers of riped pods in early variety was increased when application of 120ppm at 40 DAS was made while it was increased as application of 120ppm at 90 DAS in the medium variety. Cercospora leaf spot was reduced by spraying at 40 or 50 DAS regardless of concentration and varieties. Chlorophyll content and photosynthetic activity increased when paclobutrazol was applied during 40-60 DAS in early variety while these were observed at 90 DAS in medium variety. Seed weight tended to increase as paclobutrazol application was delayed. The ratio of pods to seeds was higher at 60ppm-40 DAS in early variety while it was higher at 120ppm-90 DAS in medium variety.
Notes on Scientific Names of Weeds in Korea
Lee, H.K. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 90~98
Studies on Ecology and Control of Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa oryzicola Vasing.) and Other Annual Weeds in Paddy Fields
Miyahara, Masuji ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1988, Pages 103~113