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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Dec 1989
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
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Weed-Ecological Classification of the Collected Barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli(L.) Beauv.] in Korea - II. Classification of collected barnyardgrass in growth pattern by multivariate clustering
Im, I.B. ; Guh, J.O. ; Lee, Y.M. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 1~15
The seventeen barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.] accessions, which were collected national-widely in 1986 and selected two times through 1987, were experimented at 1988. To identify the ecological properties of the collected accessions of native barnyardgrass species as a weed, the experiment was conducted with Wagner pots in size of I/500a and under PE film house. 1. Accessions were classified into 5 specific groups in plant type properties by use of data from plant height, number of maximum tillers, erectness, culm length and panicle type, among others. 2. As for species identification, they were clustered into 3 similar groups and 2 individual species by use of data from color, first-glumer type, and erectness. 3. Four groups were identified for elongational properties by plant height of 22 days old seedling, length of culm, panical, leaf length and width, and inter-node and spikelet, among others. 4. Properties on quanititative growth were classified into 4 groups and 1 individual accession corresponding to differential plant height of 22 days old seedling, length of culm, panical, inter-node, leaf-sheath, spikelet, first-glumes length, grain, number of tillers, spike, and grain weight. 5. Due to different daily increasing rate in seedling height, dry weight, number of tillers and ratio in dry weight to plant height, the growth rate properties were clustered into 4 groups and one individual accession. 6. Properties on seedling growth were classified into 4 groups by use of differential date in length and width of first-leaf, plant height, number of tillers, and dry weight of young and medium aged seedling. 7. Responding to heading date, the accessions were classified into 3 groups : temperative sensitive, medium, and short-day length sensitive types, respectively. 8. By integrating of all quanititative and attributable characters, the seventeen accessions were clustered into 4 groups and 2 individual accessions.
Weed-Ecological Classification of the Collected Barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli(L.) Beauv.] in Korea - III. Intra-specific variation of collected barnyardgrass species and accessions to herbicides response
Im, I.B. ; Guh, J.O. ; Lee, D.J. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 16~27
The six barnyardgrass [Echinochloa oryzicola (vasing.) Vasing.] and seventeen barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-gadli (L.) Beauv.] accessions, which were collected national widely in 1986 and selected two times through 1987. To study different growth response due to herbicide, pyrazolate, bifenox, quinclorac, the experiment was conducted with herbicide agar culture without nutrients, 1. Albinistic discoloration due to pyrazolate was more sensitive in E, crus-galli than E. oryzicola and among barnyardgrass accessions, Kumi, Ichon-A, Ichon-B, Boun-B and Kwangju-B were rather susceptible than Gyongju, Ansong, Boun-A, Jongju-A and Kwangju-A. 2. Twisting and growth retardation due to bifenox was less sensitive in E. oryzicola with less intra-specific variations than in E. crus-galli. Among E. crus-galli accessions, Boun-B, Ansong, Ichon-A, Ichon-B, Wonju and Kwangju-B were particulary susceptible, and Jinyang, Jongju-B, Jongju-A, Daejon, Kurye and Kwangju-A were tolerant as much as E. oryzicola. 3. Growth retardation and withering to dead due to quinclorac was more sensitive in E. oryzicola with less intra-specific variations than in E. crus-galli. Among accessions of E. curs-galli, Boun-A, Iri, Jongju-A, Jongju-B, Kwangju-A and Kwangju-B were rather similar suseptible to E, oryzicola than kimhae, Gyongju, Kumi, Wonju, Ichon-A, Ichon-B and Ansong. 4. Most accession of E. oryzicola was tolerant to both pyrazolate and bifenox, while susceptible to quinclorac. Among other accessions of E. crus-galli, Kurye, Kimhae, and Daejon were tolerant to all experimented herbicides, and Iri, Jongju-A, Jongju-B, and Kwangju-A were only tolerant to both pyrazolate and bifenox, while Kumi, Wonju, Ichon-A, Ichon-B, Boun-B and Kwangju-B were only tolerant to quinclorac.
Effect of Tuber Size, Bud and Tuber Removal, Tuber Cutting on Growth of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Kim, J.C. ; Son, S.Y. ; Yu, K.R. ; Yoon, J.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 28~33
This study was examined for the effect of tuber size, bud and tuber removal, and tuber cutting on growth of Eleockaris kuroguwai Ohwi. Elongation of plumule and radicle, and the weights of tuber, rhizome and shoot were increased as tuber size is large. The weights of shoot and tuber reduced by bud planting without tuber at 15 days after budding, however number of tubers were increased compared with normal tuber. When cross-cutting tubers were seeded, the weights of shoot, rhizome and tuber were produced as 84%, 85%, 71%, respectively compared with normal tuber, and the number of tubers was not influenced. The weights of tuber, rhizome and shoot were lowed as the bud removal, and there were a great number of tubers at bud removal of 15 days after budding. Tuber of E. k, contained as nonfibrous 78.9gr, phosphorous 77mg, iron 16.8mg, niacin 1.3mg per 100gr edble portion. The positive correlations were observed between shoot weight and tuber weight, and number of tubers.
Tuberization Time and Control of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi
Im, I.B. ; Shim, I.S. ; Lee, S.Y. ; Park, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 34~38
This study was conducted to investigate the tuberization time and the control method for Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi. The control methods were compared the shoot cutting and bentazon treatment for E. kuroguwai with untreatment. The initial tuberization time of E. kuroguwai, when E. kuroguwai was planted and without rice planted, was about August 18th and 10th, respectively. When the shoot of E. kuroguwai was cut, the regrowth vigour scarcely revived for the cutting on September 12. The least tuberization of E. kuroguwai, when E. kuroguwai was just planted and planted with rice plant, were on August 28 and August 3 to the top cutting of E. kuroguwai, respectively. Bentazon treatments from July 19 to August 3 hardly induced tuberization of E. kuroguwai, while as the delay of bentazon treatment time the tuberization of E. kurguwai was little by little increased.
Effect of Repeated Use of Same Herbicide on Weed Growth in Lowland Rice
Choi, C.D. ; Kim, S.C. ; Hwang, D.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 39~45
An experiment was conducted at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station for 4 years from 1985 to understand the effect of repeated use of same herbicide on weed growth. For this, the most common 6 herbicides, butachlor, bifenox, butachlor/pyrazolate, piperophos/dimethametryne, bentazon and propanil were used as single treatment or combination treatment. For non chemical plots, weed occurrence was rapidly increased with time in terms of number and weight. However no rice plot recorded the least increasing ratio. Similar trend was obtained at the herbicide plot even though the increasing ratio varied by herbicide properties. The least increasing ratio (1200 was recorded at the plot of butachlor/pyrazolate (5 days after transplanting, 5 DAT) followed by bentazon+propanil(25 DAT) while the greatest ratio (28%) was obtained from the plot of bifenox (5 DAT). In general, Scirpus hotarui, Eleocharis kuroguwai and Cyperus serotinus was gradually inereased with time by herbicide application, particularly at the butachlor/pyrazolate treatment. The community dominance and simpson index increased at the plot of bentazon and propanil due to increased of particular species while other herbicide plots exhibited reverse trend. Grain yield was curvilinearly decreased with weed weight for both times, 40 DAT and heading time eventhough the correlation coefficient of heading time was higher than 40 DAT.
Stomata Variation of Rice and Weeds
Kim, S.C. ; Lee, S.K. ; Chung, G.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 46~55
Stomatal variation was observed at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station in 1988 using 42 rice cultivars and 30 weed species. The shape, density or size of stomata was varied depending on the species. Two general trends, however, were found that more number of stomata was found at lower leaf epidermis than upper leaf epidermis and stomata number was negatively correlated with stomata size. Aneilema japonica and Portulaca oleracea had the least number of stomata having 17-20 stomata per
for upper leaf epidermis and 17-54 stomata for lower leaf epidermis while Polygonum conspicuum had the greatest number of stomata (449 for upper leaf epidermis and 511 for lower leaf epidermis). Soybean, Aeschynomene indica, Ludwigia prostrata and Lactuca indica had the smallest in stomata size while the biggest stomata was found at P. oleracea and A. Japonica that had the least number of stomata. Cyperus species such as C. difformis, C. iria and C. serotinus had no stomata at upper leaf epidermis. The stomata were distributed only at lower leaf epidermis for these species. Potamogeton distinctus, on the other hand, had stomata almost at upper leaf epidermis and thus, hardly found the stomata at lower leaf epidermis. Among rice cultivars, Tongil-type had the greatest number of stomata followed by Indica-type and Japonica-type, in order. Cultivars released after 1960 had more stomata than cultivars released before 1960 for Japonica-type cultivars while stomata size had reversed trend. Jinheung had the least number of stomata (
) while Yushin had the greatest number of stomata (350 for upper and 449 for lower leaf epidermis, respectively) among rice cultivars. Other cultivars having more than 350 stomata per
were Samgangbyeo, Milyang 23, Woonbongbyeo, etc.
Effect of Plant Growth Regulator Treatments on the Growth and Lateral Root Formation in Soybean Sprouts - I. Effect of Plant Growth Regulator Treatments on the Growth in Soybean Sprouts
Kang, C.K. ; Lee, J.M. ; Saka, H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 56~68
aA series of experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of plant growth regulator treatments on the growth and lateral root formation in soybean sprouts in order to establish the effective method of producing root-less or short-rooted soybean sprouts with larger diameter in the hypocotyl. Major results can be summarized as follows. 1. Soybean sprouts showed fairly uniform elongation rate from 3 to g days after imbibition with daily increase of 3.8cm. The speed of elongation of hypocotyl was reduced whereas that of root accelerated 7 days after imbibition. Lateral roots began to emerge fairly evenly from 5 to 9 days after imbibition with a daily increase of 4.4. 2. Auxins(IAA, IBA, NAA, 2,4-D) inhibited hypocotyl elongation and formation of lateral roots and increased hypocotyl diameter without influencing root length and hook diameter at higher concentrations. The dry weight of cotyledon was increased significantly as compared to that of hypocotyl and root. Among the tested auxins, 2, 4-D was the most effective. 3. BA and 4PU-30 significantly reduced elongation of hypocotyl and root and resulted in the biggest diameter of hypocotyl when treated at higher concentrations. The lowest effective concentration of BA to prevent the formation of larval gal roots was 12.5ppm. The formation of lateral roots could be completely prevented by BA and 4PU-30 treatment but kinetin, zeatin, zeatin riboside resulted in many lateral roots and increased thickness of soybean sprouts with little influence. Cotyledon deformation was found in soybean sprouts treated by 4PU-30. 4. 2, 4-D was the most effective for increasing the hypocotyl diameter while 4PU-30 was the most effective for reducing no. of lateral roots. 5. It can be concluded that among the plant growth regulators tested, BA was effective in reducing root length and increasing hypocotyl diameter. BA 12.5 ppm or 15 ppm may thus be the more practical for production of soybean sprouts. 6. ABA showed no significant effect of growth parameter, however ABA 25 ppm inhibited only no of lateral roots with little influence on the growth of seedling. 7. Ethephon inhibited the elongation of hypocotyl and root and increased hypocotyl diameter at higher concentrations. 8. The combined effect of cytokinins and ethephon was very similar to result of BA treatment alone. As the ethephon concentration increased, hypocotyl diameter and dry weight of cotyledon tended to increase.
The Search for Naturally Occurring Herbicidal Compounds - I. Screening Search for Herbicidal Substances in Higher Plants
Ahn, J.W. ; Kim, J.S. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 69~75
To search germination inhibitors in higher plants, first of all, some experiments containing selection of test weed seeds and effects of solvents and surfactants for bioassay establishment were conducted. Then MeOH-extracts of 45 plants were assayed for germination inhibition activities against Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv, Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., Cyperus iria L., Portulaca oleracea L. and Oenothera lamarckiana Ser. seeds. Among them extracts from Rhathiolepis ovata Briat and Picea abies (L.) Karst showed strong inhibitory effect (60-90% inhibition) on the germination of tested weed seeds at 5000 ppm. On the other hand, the extract from Youngia sonchifolia Max stimulated the germination and growth of tested weeds.
The Search for Naturally Occurring Herbicidal Compounds - II. Isolation of Pinoresinol from Rhathiolepis ovata Briat and Its Biological Activity
Ahn, J.W. ; Choi, J.S. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 1, 1989, Pages 76~79
As a result of screening search for biologically active substances to weed seeds among higher plants, MeOH extract from Rhathiolepis ovata Briat was found to inhibit germination of test weeds considerably. In the course of purifying the active substances, pinoresinol which showed very similar behavior with the active fraction on various chromatographies, was isolated from the same source, spectrally identified and bioassayed. Pinoresinol exhibited germination inhibitory activity against the common purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) only ; the inhibitory effect was about 55% at concentration of 5 mg/ml.