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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Weed Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Dec 1989
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
Selecting the target year
Competition between Bulrush(Scirpus juncoides Roxb.) and Rice under the Different Fertilizer, Water Depth, and Light Restriction
Huh, S.M. ; Guh, J.O. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 177~182
The plant height, shoot numbers and dry matter weight in both bulrush and rice were increased by high level of nitrogen fertilizer and especially the dry matter weights in both species were sharply increased by high level of nitrogen fertilizer. The plant height, dry matter weight in rice, and shoot, and dry matter weight in bulrush were increased by high level of phosphorus fertilizer. The deficient symptom disappeared with change of low level into high level phosphorus in rice. The plant height, dry matter weight and shoot numbers in rice and bulrush were increased by high level of potassium fertilizer. In the inter-specific competition in bulrush according to various water levels, the plant heights in both species elongated longer with deep water levels, and the plant height and dry matter weight in bulrush were more sharply decreased than in rice by deep water levels. The shoot numbers and dry matter weight were critically dropped above 6-8 cm water level. In case of the shoot numbers for light source, in both species were more decreased in mixed culture than each monoculture. The exserted shoot length and weight in bulrush were larger than those in rice. The shaded shoot dry weight was more decreased in mixed culture than in each monoculture, and the decrement was larger in bulrush than in rice.
Adaptation Strategy in Dry Matter and Seed Production of Rice and Weed Species
Kim, Soon-Chul ; Moody, Keith ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 183~200
An experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of the International Rice Research Institute in 1987 to find out the character of dry matter production, the potential seed production ability and the ecological and physiological strategies to adaptation. For these, two rice cultivars, IR64(lowland rice) and UPLRi-5(upland rice), and seven weed species were used ; Echinochloa glabrescens Munro ex Hook. f., E. cress-galls ssp. hispidula (Retz.) Honda, E. colons (L.) Link, Monochoria vaginalis (Burin. f.), Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq.) Raven, Fimbristylis miliacea Vahl and Cyperus difformis L. Adaptation strategies of weed species varied by species. However, they had efficient seed production strategy through different ways. In general, sedge weed species (F. miliacea and C. difformis) produced great amount of seeds at the expense of seed size through greater ratooning ability and low relative dry weight for flowering. For broadleaved weed species, greater number of descendants were obtained through high plasticity and low relative dry weight for flowering (M. vaginalis) or greater growth ability through effective photosynthetic efficiency (L. octovalvis). Grass weed species, on the other hand, produced their seeds through effective growth (net assimilation rate and relative growth rate), high ratooning ability (except E. crus-galls ssp. hispidula) or low relative dry weight to maximum dry weight for flowering (E. glabrescens). The harvest indices of the weed species were considerably lower than those of rice. Fimbristylis miliacea had the greatest ratooning ability followed by C. difformis, E. colons and E. glabrescens. The greatest seed productivity was recorded by C. difformis (279, 000) and L. octovalvis (268,000) while rice produced the least number of seeds (1300-6100). Log seed weight had a negative linear relationship with log seed number (y=6.30-1.48X,
). For all species plant plasticity response was not directly correlated with mortality response.
Weed Flora of Cultivated Land and Its Surrounding Area in Cheju Island
Kim, K.U. ; Kim, J.H. ; Back, K.W. ; Lee, I.J. ; Kim, S.H. ; Choi, Y.S. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 201~213
About 233 weed species belonging to 54 families mainly occurring in summer were observed in cultivated land and its surrounding area in Cheju Island. The compositae was the most widely occurring family covering 41 weed species, followed by 28 species in gramineae, 14 in labiatae, 13 in leguminasae and 12 in polygonaceae etc.. In terms of the lands classified about 126 species in 39 families were observed in upland ared and 38 species in 20 families occurred in lowland area, 108 species in 36 families in orchard and 214 species in 50 families observed in non-cultivated area. The most dominant weed species in Cheju Island were Portulaca oleracea, Digitaria sanguinalis in both the upland and orchard, Monochoria vaginalis, Cyperus amuricus in lowland, and Digitaria sanguinalis, Artemisia princeps, Partulaca oleracea in non-cultivated land area. There were two communities in upland area, such as Phyllanthus urinaria, Siegesbeckia orinexitalis etc., and Cephalonaplos segetum, Mosla dianthera etc.. The lowland area composed of one major community like Onenanthe javanica, and Eleocharis acicularis. The orchard consisted of the communities of Stellaria aquatics, Viola mandshurica etc., and Justicia procumbens, Varedellia crustacea etc.. The non-cultivated land composed of two major communities like Amplicarpaed edgeworthii, Lactuca indica etc., and Clematis appiiforia, Aster hispidus etc..
Effect of Fenclorim on Reducing Herbicidal Injury in Direct-seeded Rice
Lee, H.Y. ; Pyon, J.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 214~220
The experiments were conducted to evaluate safening effect of fenclorim (CGA 123'407, 4,6-dichloro-2-phenyl pyrimidine) against injuries of pretilachlor, butachlor, and benthiocarb in direct-seeded rice under flooded conditions. Pretilachlor and butachlor and benthiocarb reduced crop standing and inhibited growth of rice plants. However, premixture application of pretilachlor, butachlor or benthiocarb with fenclorim at 10-30 g ai/10a greatly reduced rice injury caused by the application of each herbicide alone and thus increased crop standing plant height and dry weight of rice plants compared to herbicide treatments alone.
Effect of KIM-112 Application on Internode Elongation and Lodging Characteristics in Paddy Rice
Im, I.B. ; Jun, B.T. ; Park, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 221~229
This study is conducted to evaluate the effect of KIM-112 (Ca-3, 5-diode-4-propyonly-cyclohexane-1-carboxylate) application at 13, 8 and 3 days before heading for the possibility of lodging prevention, growing pattern of several organisms, growth and yield in paddy rice. KIM-112 was the most effective in reducing elongation of the third internode when it was applied at 13 days before heading(13DBH) and the second internode when it was applied at 8DBH and 3. KIM-112 gradually inhibited internode elongation of rice with increase in dosage starting from 1.0ga.i./10a. The culm length shortened by 7-17% at 3DBH. The maximum distribution of leaf blade at canopy structure was positioned higher on KIM-112 application than on untreated. Lodging index decreased by 8-47% on KIM-112 application and field lodging degree(0-5) was 5 at untreated but KIM-112 application was only 1.3-2.0 of 3 DBH and was little lodging of 8-13 DBH. Ripened grain ratio of KIM-112 application were higher than those of untreated. Yield increased by 27-37% at KIM-112 application.
Influences of Temperature and Light on the Herbicidal Activity of Bleaching Herbicides
Kim, J.S. ; Na, J.Y. ; Cho, K.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 230~237
This research was carried out to investigate the influences of temperature and light on the herbicidal activity of oxyfluorfen, oxadiazon and paraquat. Increased temperature from 10 to
resulted in increase of herbicidal activity in whole plants or leaf discs treated with herbicides. It seemed that temperature affected herbicide penetration into and reaction to the action site rather than appearance process of herbicidal activity (maybe membrane peroxidation after being absorbed. The activity of compounds tested increased with increased light intensity. Paraquat showed similar activities regardless of light qualities but oxyfluorfen and oxadiazon showed the highest activities in blue light spectrum, indicating that they seemed to be closely related to chlorophyll biosynthesis rather than carotenoid biosynthesis or electron transport systems of photosynthesis and respiration.
Studies on the Herbicidal Properties of Dithiopyr(MON-7200) - 2. Variation of Weeding Effect of Dithiopyr
Ryang, H.S. ; Choi, Y.C. ; Choi, E.S. ; Kim, C.B. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 238~244
The experiment was carried out to evaluate the herbicidal properties of dithiopyr(3, 5-pyridine dicarbothioic acid-2-(difluoromethyl)-4-(2-methylpropyl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)-S,S-dimethyl ester). Weeding effect of dithiopyr was determined under various factors such as dosage, soil type, leaching amount, temperature, water depth, overflow time, and application time and method. Dithiopyr showed very high phytotoxic activity on most major annuals weeds, expecially Echinochloa crus-galli and Monochoria vaginalis. Excellent control of Echinochloa crus-galli was obtained at 0.04kg a.i./ha with preemergence application and 0.12kg a.i./ha with early post-emergence application (12 DAT ; Echinochloa crus-galli of 1.5 leaf stage). Weeding effect of dithiopyr decreased when applied at the soil surface 2days before transplanting. Soil type, leaching amount, temperature, water depth, overflow time did not affect the weeding effect.
Effects of Butachlor on the Cell Division and Protein Synthesis on Oat(Avena sativa L.)
Kwon, S.W. ; Kim, J.C. ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 245~249
The effects of varying concentrations and durations of butachlor [N-(bytoxymety 1,)-2-chlor -2, 6-diethy lacetanilide treatment on oat(Avena sativa L.) root cell division and protein synthesis were studied. The highest concentration (
) of butachlor caused the significant inhibition of cell division after 18hrs treatment. After 18hrs treatment, 59% and 82% inhibition of cell division occurred at
, respectively, while 9% inhibition of cell division did at
concentration at the same exposure period. To investigate protein synthesis, the oats were treated for 18 and 24hrs with concentrations ranging from
butachlor. After 18hrs, butachlor treatment of oat with
inhibitited 23% protein synthesis, and butachlor treatment with
caused 34% inhibition after 24hrs. With SDS-PAGE of proteins extracted from oat root tips, butachlor usually inhibited the 16, 18, 30, 43 and 43.5 kD polypeptide, and proteins of root tips are made up of subunits below 100 kD polypeptide.
Effects of a Growth Retardent Paclobutrazol on the Oil, Protein Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Peanut(Archis hypogea L.)
Lee, Hyo-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Weed Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 250~261
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of retardent Paclobutrazol on the seed quality factors such as oil content, protein content and fatty acid composition in peanut cv. Saeddle(early variety) and Napung(medium variety). The results are summarized as follows : Oil content of seed was appeared to increase when Paclobutrazol was applied and especially it was remarkably increased at 120 ppm-90 DAS both in varieties. Even though protein content showed a little increase at 120 ppm-70 DAS in early variety and 120 ppm -90 DAS in medium variety, however, it was decreased in most case. Saturated fatty acids such as palmitic and stearic acid was reduced by Paclobutrazol treatment but unsaturated fatty acids such as oleic, linoleic, eicosenoic and eicosadienoic acid was tended to increase in early variety while palmitic acid was increased in medium variety but linoleic acid reduced and no change was observed in oleic acid content.