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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Sep 1993
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jul 1993
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A Numerical Study on the Turbulent Flow Characteristics Near Compression TDC is Four-Valve-Per-Cylinder Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~13
The three-dimensional numerical analysis for in-cylinder flow of four-valve engine without intake port has been successfully computed. These computations have been performed using technique of the general coordinate transformation based on the finite-volume method and body-fitted non-orthogenal grids using staggered control volume and covariant variable as dependent one. Computations are started at intake valve opening and are carried through top-dead-center of compression. A k-
model is used to represent turbulent transport of momentum. The principal study is the evolution of interaction between mean flow and turbulence and of the role of swirl and tumble in generating near TDC turbulence. Results for three different inlet flow configuration are presented. From these results, complex flow pattern may be effective for promoting combustion in spark-ignition engines and kinetic energy of mean flow near TDC is well converted into turbulent kinetic energy.
Effect of Coolant Flow Pattern on Metal Temperature of Combustion Chamber
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 14~21
The effect of coolant flow pattern on the metal temperature of the combustion chamber was studied in 1.5L and 1.8L gasoline engines. One of the main important points in the design of the water jacket is the increase of the coolant flow velocity. In this paper, the water jackets of the cylinder head and the cylinder block were visualized for the purpose of improving the coolant flow pattern. By the use of this technique, the optimal design of the size and th location of the water transfer fole was possible. And, to lower the metal temperatures of the thermally critical parts, the drilled water passages were employed. To investigate of effect of the improved flow pattern and the drilled water passages, the metal temperatures of the combustion chamber were measured. As a result of the temperature measurement, it was found out that both the change of flow pattern and the drilled water passages have significant effect on the reduction of the peak metal temperature.
The Effect of Intake Air Temperature on Knock Characteristics in a Spark-Ignition Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 22~31
Spark-ignition engine knock is affected by engine operating conditions such as engine speed, spark timing and intake air temperature. In this study the effect of intake air temperature on knock characteristics was studied experimentally using a 4-cylinder carburetor spark-ignition engine. The cylinder pressure data at 2000rpm were taken for intake air temperature range of
interval. And 80 consecutive cycles were taken at each experimental condition. As the same spark timing, as the intake air temperature increased by
, the mean knock intensity increased about 20kPa. This effect corresponds to that of spark timing advance of 3 crank angle degrees.
A Numerical Simulation of Flows in an Engine Cooling Passage
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 32~40
Flow fields in model engine cooling passages are studied numerically by using TURBO-3D program, a finite volume based 3-D turbulent flow program adopting a general body fitted coordinate system. The effects of exit position on mass flow rate at each gasket hole are examined for a model cooling passage in order to understand the flow distribution inside the water jacket. The results of the present study can be applied to the design of high performance, high reliability engine.
An Experimental Study on the Piston Slap Motion Measurement during Real Operation of an IDI DIESEL Engine.
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 41~49
Piston slap is one of the major sources of noise in a 4-cycle diesel engine. Piston slap is not only one of major source mounted near the top and bottom of the piston thrust and antithrust skirts. Effects of engine speed, load and coolant temperature on piston motion were investigated. The measured piston motion showed 6 slapes per cycle resulting from the change of side force. Major piston slap timing was retarded as engine speeds became higher. The increase of engine load made large piston transverse movement toward thrust side of cylinder block. Piston transverse movement was due to reduced piston-liner clearance at higher coolant temperature.
A Study on the Ignition Delay of Fish Oil Using a Constant Volume Combustion Bomb
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 50~58
The ignition delay of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils was investigated at various pressure and temperature conditions in a constant volume combustion bomb. The evaporation and combustion duration of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils were respectively different in high and low temperature. The dependence of ignition delay on the temperature was different in high and low temperature ranges which were divided at the 773K. The dependence of ignition delay on the pressure was almost linear, regardless of the test fuels at the constant temperature(863K). The ignition delay became longer as the blending rate of fish oil increased at the constant temperature and pressure, but it was especially short with 20% fish oil blended with diesel oils.
Prediction of Development Process of the Spherical Flame Kernel
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 59~65
In a spark ignition engine, in order to make research on flame propagation, attentive concentration should be paid on initial combustion stage about the formation and development of flame. In addition, the initial stage of combustion governs overall combustion period in a spark ignition engine. With the increase of the size of flame kernel, it could reach initial flame stage easily, and the mixture could proceed to the combustion of stabilized state. Therefore, we must study the theoretical calculation of minimum flame kernel radius which effects on the formation and development of kernel. To calculate the minimum flame kernel radius, we must know the thermal conductivity, flame temperature, laminar burning velocity and etc. The thermal conductivity is derived from the molecular kinetic theory, the flame temperature from the chemical reaction equations and the laminar burning velocity from the D.K.Kuehl's formula. In order to estimate the correctness of the theoretically calculated minimum flame kernel radius, the researcheres compared it with the RMaly's experimental values.
Combustion Characteristics in a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber with Sub-chamber(I) -Effect of Geometric Configurations of Passagehole on Combustion-
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 66~79
To construct the design back data for a lean-burn gas engine, we have designed a constant volume combustion chamber with sub-chamber. With constant volume ratio of main-sub combustion chamber and constant equivalence ratio of methane-air mixture, the influence of geometric configurations(diameter, injection angle, number, length) of passagehole upon combustion characteristics were studied. It was found that combustion characteristics in the main combustion chamber were greatly influenced by the injection angle and length of passagehole.
A Performance Simulation for Spark Ignition Wankel Rotary Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 80~89
Performance simulation for a Spark Ignition Wankel rotary Engine is presented in this paper. The volume of chamber at each eccentric shaft angle is evaluated by using geometric models of housing and rotor. A thermodynamic model which includes the first law of thermodynamics, combustion and convective heat transfer from chamber contents to surroundings is imployed. A thermochemical equilibrium model which considers 10 species(CO,
, OH, O, NO,
) in the burned gas region, is also employed. Four processes of gas exchange, compression, combustion and expansion are considered and the pressure, temperature and composition of chamber gas at each eccentric shaft angle in each process are computed in this performance simulation. This performance simulation must be useful for optimal design of Spark Ignition Wankel Rotray Engine with parametric study for various design parameters and operating conditions.
Performance Analysis of a Semi-Active Variable Damper Featuring Electro-Rheological Fluids
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 90~100
This paper presents some inherent characteristics of a semi-active variable damper featuring electro-rheological (ER) fluid. The damping force of the damper can be selectively adjusted or controlled by employing electric field to the ER fluid domain. This is possible owing to the pressure drop across the piston occured by field-dependent variable yield stress of the ER fluid. This is fundamentally different than the performance of a conventional adjustable viscous damper. To demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority over the conventional one, the proposed damper is incorporated with a suspension system. A quarter car model with the suspension system is formulated and represented by a state equation. By choosing numerical values based on realistic package size, power requirements and suitable ER properties, the performance characteristics of the suspension system are obtained and evaluated in both frequency and time domains. The effects of constant electric field and on-off controlled electric field which relates to the damping force are also examined.
Analysis of Dynamic Characteristics of an Electro-Magnetic Clutch
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 101~109
Dynamic characteristics of an electro-magnetic clutch transmission system were investigated by using Bondgraph modeling method. Simulation results showed that when the rotor engaged with the armature, the response time of the current, the driver torque, the rotational speed and the relative sliding time between the driver and the driven side decreased, as the gap size between the rotor and the armature decreased and the number of coil turns increased. Also, when the rotor disengaged with the armature, the delay time increased with the decreased gap size and the increased number of coil turns. It was found that the experimental results of the current, the driver torque, the rotational speeds were in good accordance with the theoretical results. The results of this study can be used as basic design materials of the electro-magnetic clutch.
A Study on the Improvement of the Sound Quality of the Interior Noise of A/T Vehicle in Idle State
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 110~119
A Study on the Evaluation of Engine Motion for the Design in Automobile Exhaust System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 120~130
In the analysis of automobile exhaust system, the exciting forces from the engine determine the dynamic behavior of the system and the dynamic characteristics influence the riding quality. Therefore, the identification of the force in numeric value is quite important for the vibrational reduction. However, the value is difficult to obtain by experiments due to harsh conditions around the engine. In this research, an optimization technology is adopted to evaluate the exciting forces. An experimental method is conducted for the verification of the finite element modeling. Displacements on the end of the exhaust system are measured under the idling environment. cost function is set up to minimize the differences between the displacements of the numerical simulation and the experiment. Design variables are the components of the exciting forces. That is, optimization is utilized to estimate the forces with existing data. Excellent estimations have been calculated efficiently and the information is used again for the forced vibration of the exhaust system.
Low Cycle Fatigue Characteristics of A356 Cast Aluminum Alloy and Fatigue Life Models
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 131~139
Low cycle fatigue characteristics of cast aluminum alloy A356 with a yield strength and ultimate strength of 229 and 283 MPa respectively was evaluated using smooth axial specimen under strain controlled condition. Reversals to failure ranged from 16 to 107. The cast aluminum alloy exhibited cyclically strain-gardening behavior. The results of low cycle fatigue tests indicated that the conventional low cycle fatigue tests indicated that the conventional low cycle fatigue life model was not a satisfactory representation of the data. This occurred because the elastic strain-life curve was not-log-log linear and this phenomena caused a nonconservative and unsafe fatigue life prediction at both extremes of long and short lives. A linear log-log total strain-life model and a bilinear log-log elastic strain-life model were proposed in order to improve the representation of data compared to the conventional low cycle fatigue life model. Both proposed fatigue life models were statistically analyzed using F tests and successfully satisfied. However, the low cycle fatigue life model generated by the bilinear log-log elastic strain-life equation yielded a discontinuous curve with nonconservatism in the region of discontinuity. Among the models examined, the linear log-log total strain-life model provided the best representation of the low cycle fatigue data. Low cycle fatigue life prediction method based on the local strain approach could conveniently incorporated both proposed fatigue life models.
An Effective Iteration Method for the Large Deformation Calculation of a Binder Wrap
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 1, 1993, Pages 140~148
When a large automobile sheet metal part is formed in a draw die, the binder wrap is first calculated to predict the initial punch contact location for avoiding wrinkles and severe stretching of its thin blank sheet. Since the boundary of a pseudo blank in calculating a binder wrap by means of a geometrically nonlinear finite element method is unknown in advance, an iteration method is generally used. This paper presents an effective iteration method for correction of the pseudo blank in a binder wrap calculation. For the performance test, two examples are adopted. The calculated results for both examples show the good convergence which wasted solutions are obtained in the second iteration step.