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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Sep 1993
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jul 1993
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A Study on the Optimum Design Parameters of the Thermostat for Coolant Temperature Control of an Automotive Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 1~16
It is widely recognized that exhaust emissions, fuel economy and engine torque are affected by engine temperature, and logic would suggest that a cooling system offering a better compromise of engine temperature would improve both overall engine performance and economy. Author measured coolant temperature of some parts and flow rate which are necessary to heat transfer in a engine. And Author determined parameters necessary for the optimum design of a thermostat to keep the best engine performance ; determined the optimum operating temperature of electric cooling fan. A summary of this study is followed. 1. Study of the effects of cooling condition to combustion character in a engine. 2. Analyze of heat transfer surrounding engine cylinders. 3. Study of the effects of cooling character to engine heat rejection, determination of the optimum collant temperature for keeping the optimum engine performance and determination of the optimum design of a thermostat for keeping that temperature.
The Effect of Compression Ratio on Combustion and Performance Characteristics of Direct Injection Spark Ignition Hydrogen Fueled Engine.
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 17~26
As fundamental step to find the suitable compression ratio of hydrogen fueled engine, performance and combustion characteristics of that engine were analyzed. Qualitative characteristics of the hydrogen fueled engine were similar to that of the gasoline engine, and it was also found that knock limit compression ratio of the hydrogen fueled engine was higher than that of the gasoline engine.
The Performance and Emission of the Intake Port Injection Type Hydrogen Fueled Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 27~33
Using the solenoid driven gas injection valve, Hydrogen fuel supply system was made. It was attached to a single cylinder research engine and intake port injection type hydrogen fueled S.I. engine was constructed. Engine performance, emission characteristics, and abnormal combustion were studied through the engine test performed with the variations of fuel-air equivalence ratio and spark timing. Compared with gasoline, hydrogen burns so fast that cylinder peak pressure and temperature are higher and NO is emitted more at full load condition. IN the case of intake port injection type engine, COVimep becomes lower due to the well-mixing of air and fuel, and engine output is lower owing to the low volumetric efficiency. As fuel-air equivalence ratio goes up, the combustion speed increases, and COVimep decreases. NO emission peaks slightly lean of stoichiometric. As spark timing advances and fuel-air equivalence ratio goes up, the cylinder peak pressure and temperature become higher, so abnormal combustions take place easily.
A Study on the Performance and Particulate Emission Characteristics for the Hydrogen-Premixed Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 34~41
In order to reduce harmful substances such as particulates and nitric oxides emitted from diesel engine, man kinds of methodology like high pressure spray of diesel fuel oil, exhaust gas recirculation, emulsified fuel usage and dual fuelling have been studied. Dual fuelling of a diesel engine with hydrogen which is well-known as the clean fuel and has excellent combustibility is expected to be effective in reducing harmful substances from diesel engine. This experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of premixed hydrogen with intake air on the performance and particulate emission characteristics using a single cylinder, prechamber type diesel engine. As a result, it was clarified that a hydrogen-premixed diesel engine can be operated in the state of lower particulate emission and slightly aggravated fuel economy, compared with the conventional diesel engine.
The Numerical Modelling and Dynamic Collapse Analysis of the Rectangular Tube
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 42~48
In this paper, dynamic collapse behavior of the rectangular tube under impact loading is anlayzed using nonlinear finite element method of shell element. In case of shell element formulation using corotational element coordinates system, dynamic collapse behavior is analyzed without initial imperfection, and with initial imperfection. This paper reveals that the collapse of a rectangular tue without initial imperfection is caused by an error of transformation of the corotational coordinates system.
Detection of MIsfired Engine Cylinder by Using Directional Power Spectra of Vibration Signals
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 49~59
A new signal processing technique is applied to four-cylinder spark and compression ignition engines for the diagnosis of power faults inside the cylinders. This technique utilizes two-sided directional power spectra(예S) of complex vibration signals measured from engine blocks as the patterns for engine cylinder power faults. The dPSs feature that they give not only the frequency contents but also the directivity of the engine block motion. For the automatic detection/diagnosis of cylinder power faults, pattern recognition method using multi-layer neural networks is employed. Experimental results show that the sucess rate for diagnosis of cylinder power faults using dPSs is higher than that using the conventional one-sided power spectra. The proposed technique is also tested to check the robustness to the sensor position and the engine rotational speed.
3-D Numerical Simulation of Flows Inside a Passenger Compartment of a Model Vehicle foer Hearting, Air-Conditioning and Defrosting Modes
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 60~68
Flows inside a passenger compartment of a 1/5 scale model vehicle have been simulated by using a general purpose FVM code, TURBO-3D. Three HVAC modes of heating, air-conditioning, and defrosting are simulated by defining three different inlets. Comparisons are made with the published experimental and computational results, giving a good agreement. A method of predicting the defrosting contours on the wind shield is also proposed in the present study, which enables design modifications in design stages.
Measurement of Engine Piston Temperature Distribution by Using Scissors-type Linkage System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 69~76
The program for the development of linkage system was made and the scissors-type linkage system was designed. The piston temperature distribution under steady state was measured by the linkage system and thermocouple. The effects of engine speed, coolant outlet temperature, and torque on the piston temperature were investigated.
A Study on Improvement of the Power Plant Vibration for the Noise Reduction and the Sound Quality Improvement in the Compartment.
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 77~88
This paper shows the methods about an improvement of the sound quality, which is improvement for automobil market recently. Especially, the rumble noise in the passenger compartment makes driver uncomfortable. For an improvement of the rumble noise, in this paper, the increase of the number of balance weight of the crank shaft(from 4 to 8), the vibration constrainer of cylinder block and the flexible flywheel were applied to power plant. Among those kinds of applications, the application of the flexible flywheel to power plant makes not only the vibration of the engine mount boss reduce most effectly but also the interior noise. It also improves the sound quality and the rumble noise disappears in the passenger compartment.
Tribological Behaviour of Plasma Sprayed Ceramic Coatings for the Application to the Cylinder Linerin Engines
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 89~102
In this experimental investigation, various plasma-sprayed zirconia contained coatings and a kind of alumina-zirconia coating were studied to gain a better understanding of their tribological behaviour under dry contact condition in a reciprocating motion at temperature of 200℃. Particular attention was made for finding appropriate coatings in cylinder liner/piston ring application with an emphasis on the antiwear property. In order to identify the wear mechanism, SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope), optical micrograph, and roughness tester were used. Alumina-zirconia and 8% yttria-zirconia were found to be most appropriate for the application to the cylinder liner/piston ring and, especially, alumina-zirconia exhibited highest wear-resistance and also showed good friction characteristics. Wear mechanisms of ceramic coatings identified.
An Experimental Study on the Optimum Grinding of Alumina Ceramic Parts
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 103~116
Recently, engineering ceramics called as the 3 material have been concerned significantly with some excellent mechanical properties and many functions as new materials for high precision mechanical components and engineering parts for at large. Then, for designing engineering parts using engineering ceramics, bending strength value data with high reliability is more essential than any other mechanical properties. But, because of brittleness and structural characteristic, it is very hard to grind with conventional tools, and the generation of cracks and various defects of engineering ceramics parts during grinding machining process are serious problems. Thus, in present study, surface grinding experiments with various machining conditions using resin bond diamond wheels are carried out to obtain the most excellent guality of testpiece surface and optimum step of grinding process for the high efficient stock removal rate to save running time. As the results from grinding experiments and 3-points bending strength test of ground Al2O3 ceramics parts on Korean Standard, manufactured in our country and Japan, basic technology and know-how to develop the optimum grinding machining conditions and also high bending strength values with high reliability are obtained.
Analysis of Stress Intensity Factor Using Boundary Element Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 117~124
This study is concerned with an application of the boundary element method on the crack problem. The stable and efficient analysis method of two dimensional elastostatic stress intensity factor on the mode I deformations is established from the result o stress analysis for the center cracked plates. In order to precisely analyse, The subelements of quadratic element, singular elements on the crack tip and interface and division into regions are applied to elastic stress. The usefulness of the method has been tested with a center cracked plates, a double edge cracked plate and a single edge cracked plate, and the results have turned out to be fairly satisfactory.
A Study on the Rotating Displacement Measurement of Rigid Body by ESPI Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 125~133
Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry(ESPI) using a CW laser, a video system and image processor was applied to the rotating displacement of rigid body. ESPI require no special surface preparation or attachments and displacements between any two arbitrary points on the surface can be measured. The characteristic speckle pattern formed when imaging a scattering surface illuminated by laser light retains phase information, which can be used for interferometric measurement of surface displacement. The application of this principle to measuring in-plane displacement resolved in one direction is described, together with the novel use of television equipment to detect and process the information contained in the speckle pattern. This is faster, and more convenient and versatile than customary photographic methods.
Synthesis of Filled-up Pothole Surface by Automatic Pothole Repair Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 1, issue 2, 1993, Pages 134~143
The trajectory planning for the manipulator installed on "the automatic pothole repair vehicle" is discussed and the final surface of the patched pot hole is simulated in this work. The relationship between the accumulation data of the mixture with and without the movement of the manipulator is identified to utilize the latter data for the calculation of the former one. Based on this relationship, the method to calculate the accumulation of the mixture when the manipulator changes the speed and the direction is also introduced. The trajectory is determined to make the final surface smooth under the condition that the pothole is cut to hexahedron before patching and only the spacing and the shifting of the manipulator is controllable. Final surface is simulated by the computer to prove the adequacy of the determined trajectory.