Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Nov 2002
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 2002
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Jul 2002
Volume 10, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Mar 2002
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Measurement Technique for Injection Rate and the Effects of the Nozzle Hole Number on Injection Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 1~7
Recently, many researches for the improvement of DI diesel engines have been performed to reduce the fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. Among the various factors effect on combustion and emission in Dl diesel engines, one of the most important factors is the characteristics of the fuel spray. Accordingly, the investigation on the characteristics of spray is needed to analyze the diesel combustion exactly, In this study, the measurement technique fur injection rate using the Zeuch method was developed. In addition, the effects of nozzle hole number on the spray and flame were investigated by visualization experiment
A Study on Characteristics of Rice Bran Oil as an Alternative Fuel in Diesel Engine(II)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 8~17
In this study, it was tried to analyze not only total hydrocarbon but individual hydrocarbon components from C
6/ in exhaust gas using gas chromatography to seek the reason fur remarkable differences of smoke emission of diesel fuel, esterfied rice bran oil and blended fuel(esterfied rice bran oil 20vo1-% + diesel fuel 80vo1-%). Individual hydrocarbons(C
6/) as well as total hydrocarbon of esterfied rice bran oil is reduced remarkably compared with diesel fuel. Although smoke emission of esterfied rice bran oil reduced remarkably compared with commercial diesel fuel, NOx emission of esterfied rice bran oil and blended fuel was increased slightly at high loads and speeds. And, it was tried to reduced NOx emission of them by exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) method. Simultaneous reduction of smoke and NOx emission was achieved with the combination of esterfied rice bran oil and EGR method in consequence.
A Study on the Flame Temperature and KL Value in Inner and Outer Cavity in a D.1. Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 18~27
Flame behavior in inner and outer the cavity and flame temperature have an important influence on the formation and oxidation of NOx and soot. Therefore, in this study, the combustion chamber of toroidal and reentrant that have different flow characteristics of inside and outside the cavity and load, and so forth are determined as parameters of experimental conditions. An attempt has been made to obtain the effect of flame temperature and KL value in idler and outer cavity on the formation and oxidation of soot using the two-color method.
Some Considerations for Performance of D.I. Diesel Engine Using Auxiliary Fuel Such as Alcohol
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 28~35
The objective of this paper is to quantitatively investigate the effects of alcohol mixture on the combustion improvement of main fuel in supplying alcohol to direct injection diesel engine by auxiliary injection method and blend method. If alcohol is supplied, engine performance greatly improves in high load range. In case of supplying ethanol, BSFC improves, the emission of smoke and NO decreases by delaying main fuel injection timing 5
A. The maximum delivery quantity of alcohol is limited to approximately 50% of total fuel delivery due to misfire and knocking. The limit quantity of main fuel injection that does not accompany misfire and the deterioration of BSFC was approximately 15∼18.5mg/st.
An Experimental Studies on Impingement Spray Characteristic in High Temperature and Pressure Chamber
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 36~43
The characteristics of spray has much effect on performance and emissions for automobile, diesel engine, gas turbine and combustion engines. So spray behavior after impinging the wall is very important for prediction the engine performance. This studies examined about impingement spray considering ambient density(18,24,30kg/ms), temperature(293,473K), impingement angle(0,30,45°). The images of impingement spray were obtained by the high speed video camera. After that we analyzed impingement spray characteristics to use this images. In this experiment, we found that 1) The spray width is reduced by increasing the ambient gas density and temperature,2) The growth of downstream is increased by increasing the impingement angle.
The Effect of Oil Pressure Fluctuation on the Engine Lubrication System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 44~50
The connecting rod big-end bearing is one of the most heavily loaded components of the lubrication system of high-speed combustion engines. The supply oil flow has to pass to the main bearing and the rotating crankshaft before entering the connecting rod bearing. It is common knowledge that the centrifugal forces due to the crankshaft rotation influence the oil flow to connecting rod bearing through the oil supply bore, especially, when the oil supply system to the connecting rod bearing has a 180
circumferential groove via a single drilling in the crankshaft. In this case, it should be confirmed that the groove oil pressure in the main bearing is sufficient to overcome these centrifugal forces. For the purpose, the dynamic oil pressure before entering oil supply bore to the connecting rod bearing was measured instead of averaged oil pressure in main gallery. Experimental test results show that the dynamic oil pressure in the oil groove was more useful than that of main gallery. And it was also found that the oil pressure fluctuation in the groove was sensitively affected by the reduction of the main bearing clearance.
A Study on Prediction Method of Vehicle Cooling Performance with A/C Condenser
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 51~60
An analysis method to predict performance of a vehicle cooling system which is composed of radiator, A/C condenser, cooling fan, and etc. is suggested. Air flow through the heat exchanger system and heat rejection rate which dominate the cooling performance are analyzed. Heat transfer with A/C refrigerant phase change is also considered in the analysis. Some predicted results are compared with experimental data for various operating conditions. This evaluation procedure will be useful for the design of optimal vehicle cooling system.
Parametric Study of Engine Operating Conditions Affecting on Catalytic Converter Temperature
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 61~69
To meet stringent LEV and ULEV emission standards, a considerable amount of development work was necessary to ensure suitable efficiency and durability of catalyst systems. The main challenge is to cut off the engine cold-start emissions. It is known that up to 80% of the total hydrocarbons(THC) are exhausted within the first five minutes in case of US FTP 75 cycle. Close-Coupled Catalyst(CCC) provides fast light-off temperature by utilizing the energy in the exhaust gas. However, if some malfunction occurred at engine operation and the catalyst temperature exceeds 1050
, the catalytic converter is deactivated and shows the poor conversion efficiency. This paper presents effEcts of engine operating conditions on catalytic converter temperature in a SI engine, which are the indications of catalytic deactivation. Exhaust gas temperature and catalyst temperature were measured as a function of air/fuel ratio, ignition timing and misfire rates. Additionally, light-off time was measured to investigate the effect of operating conditions. It was found that ignition retard and misfire can result in the deactivation of the catalytic converter, which eventually leads the drastic thermal aging of the converter. Significant reduction in light-off time can be achieved with proper control of ignition retard and misfire, which can reduce cold-start HC emissions as well.
Effect of Engine Specification and Driving Conditions on the Idle Emission Characteristics of SI Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 70~76
This study focus on the effect of engine specification, driving conditions and the vehicle type on the idle emission characteristics. In order to obtain the characteristics of exhaust emissions, 1,260 vehicles of spark ignition engine are sampled and investigated. The exhaust emissions are measured with a CO/HC emission gas analyzer. The Sl engine vehicles are investigated by the effect of various exhaust emission parameters such as vehicle milage, engine specification, valve trains and fuels. The results show that the amount of CO and HC emission is not directly related to the driving mileage of the vehicle. However, the engine specifications and fuels such as the type of valve train and piston displacement have influence on the exhaust emissions. In addition, the LPG vehicle emits more CO and HC than gasoline vehicle. Based on the test results of SI vehicles, the influence of excess air and displacement volume are discussed.
Effects of Acoustic Excitation on NOx Emission in Partially Premixed LPG/Air Flames
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 77~84
Measurements of NO and NOx emission of laminar partially premixed LPG/air flames with and without acoustic excitation are reported. The NOx emission at the tailpipe of a combustion chamber is determined by chemiluminescent analyser. The NOx measurements are taken in flames with several different center tube equivalance ratio( ø
o/), and overall equivalace ratio(ø
o/) for a fixed fuel flowrate. The NOx emission decrease to reach a minimum value at an optimum ø
c/ 2. Theø
c/ 2 flame gives a compromise of thermal NO and prompt NO mechanism. In the case of excitation. the visual shape of the flame is changed from laminar flame to turbulent-like flame. With increasing levels of excitation amplitude, an optimum value of the NO and NOx emission exists. A shorter flame caused by the enhanced upstream mixing due to acoustic excitation results in the reduction of NO and NOx emission in the present flames. The reduction of flame length affects the shorter residence time of center tube mixture, and significantly influences the NOx reduction.
The Analytic and Experimental Research on Dynamic Characteristics of EMV System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 85~92
This paper presents the effects of design and operating parameters to meet the static and dynamic performances of the electro-mechanical valve(EMV) actuator which can provide more flexible controllability of valve events compared to conventional variable valve actuation devices. The model of the EMV system was also set up and applied to identify the dynamic behavior of the system. And the effects of external disturbances were also investigated such as cylinder pressure, armature neutral position and current supplying time effects and so on. Experiments were carried out to verify the model using the prototype actuator on test bench, it was found that there is a relatively good agreement between experimental data and modeling results. Also, the actuators meet the general engine speed range (over 6000rpm) and the variable valve event control for various VVT effects.
Emission Characteristics of a Gas Fueled Sl Engine under Lean Burn Conditions
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 93~100
For natural gas and LPG fuel, measurements on the concentrations of individual exhaust hydrocarbon species have been made as a function of air-fuel ratio in a 2-liter four-cylinder engine using a gas chromatography. NMHC in addition to the species of HC, other emissions such as CO
, CO and NOx were examined for natural gas and LPG at 1800rpm far two compression ratios (8.6 and 10.6). Fuel conversion efficiencies were also investigated together with emissions to study the effect of engine parameters on the combustion performances in gas engines especially under the lean bum conditions. It was found that CO
emission decreased with smaller C value of fuel, leaner mixture strength and the higher compression ratio. HC emissions from LPG engine consisted primarily of propane (larger 60%), ethylene and propylene, while main emissions from natural gas were mothane (larger than 60%), ethane, ethylene and propane on the average. The natural gas was proved to give the less ozone formation than LPG fuel. This was accomplished by reducing the emissions of propylene, which has relatively high MIR factor, and propane that originally has large portion of LPG. In addition, natural gas shows a benefit in other emissions (i.e. NMHC,NOx, CO
and CO), SR and BSR values except fuel conversion efficiency.
An Experimental Study on Exhaust Emission Characteristics by Various Oxygenated Additives in Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 101~110
In this paper, the effects of oxygen component in blended fuel on the exhaust emissions have been investigated far direct injection diesel engine. It was tested to estimate change of engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics for th? commercial diesel fuel and oxygenated blended fuels which have three kinds of fuels and various mixed rates. And, it was tried to analyze not only total hydrocarbon but individual hydrocarbons(C
6/) in exhaust gases using gas chromatography to seek the reason far remarkable reduction of smoke emission on various oxygenated fuels. This study carried out by comparing the chromatogram with diesel fuel and diesel fuel blended DGM(diethylene glycol dimethyl ether), MTBE(methyl tart-butyl ether) and EGBE(ethylene glycol mono-n-butyl ether). The results of this study show that individual hydrocarbons as well as total hydrocarbon of oxygenated fuel are reduced remarkably compared with commercial diesel fuel.
A Basic Study of the European Offset Characteristics of Electric Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 111~122
European offset impact analysis of an electric vehicle was done using the robust design method. Section properties of some of the vehicle structure components which influence the european offset impact characteristics were chosen as the main factors fur the design. Eight factors were considered for the analysis: one with two level and seven with three level combinations comprising the L
7/) orthogonal array. It is shown that the sensitivities of the factors and the best combination of the factors can be obtained. One of the noteworthy results is that the design with the lower stiffness of the front components of engine room than the rear components can absorb more crash energy. Also it is shown that there exist interactions between some of factors considered.
Vehicle - to - Vehicle Distance Control using a Vehicle Trajectory Prediction Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 123~129
This paper proposes a vehicle trajectory prediction method far application to vehicle-to-vehicle distance control. This method is based on 2-dimensional kinematics and a Kalman filter has been used to estimate acceleration of the object vehicle. The simulation results using the proposed control method show that the relative distance characteristics can be improved via the trajectory prediction method compared to the customary intelligent cruise control algorithm.
A Study on the Curing Method to Improve Bonding Strength of Aluminum/CFRP Composites
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 130~135
This study investigates the effect of curing method on the bonding strength of aluminum/CFRP composites. The surface of aluminum panel was treated by DC plasma. Lap shear tests and T-peel tests were performed based on the procedure of ASTM 906-94a and ASTMD1876-95, respectively. Test samples were fabricated by using the co-curing method and the secondary curing method. The results showed that the shear strength of test samples made by the co-curing method was 2.5 times greater than that of test samples made by the secondary curing method. The T-peel strength of the co-curing method case was almost 2 times greater than that of the secondary curing method case.
A Study on Characteristics of HFC-l34a and OS-l2a Refrigerant in Automobile Air-Conditioning System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 136~142
HFC-134a is currently used as the refrigerant in automobile air-conditioner, replacing the ozone depleting refrigerant CFC-12. Although HFC-l34a has no ozone depletion potential, it has a relatively high global warming potential, approximately 1300 tins that of CO
over a 100 year time horizon. Therefore, HFC- l34a does not seem to be a perfect alternative refrigerant due to high GWP. For this reason, non-azeotrope refrigerant mixture have been proposed as a long-term and drop-in alternative to HFC-l34a in the automobile air-conditioning system which has variable operating conditions with changes in RPM and pressure ratio. In this study,OS-l2a of which thermodynamic properties are similar to those of HFC-l34a is selected among the mixed refrigerant. HFC-l34a and OS-l2a are examined experimently by the performance test in the same automobile air-conditioning system,
Finite Element Analysis of Primary Cup-Seal in a Clutch Master Cylinder
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 143~150
The characteristics of rubber cup seal is highly nonlinear due to the nature of the material's non-linearity and large deformation with frictional contact. And the performance of sealing in master cylinders of automobile is one of the most important factors which affects the safety of drivers. The effects of various shape of the primary cup seal in clutch master cylinder was investigated to reduce oil leakage and to obtain a long reliable life. Deformation and distribution of stresses on the primary cup seal against hydraulic oil pressure were analyzed with changing design parameters such as depth and radius in cup-seal. The obtained results indicate that the depth of cup seal plays a major role on deformation resulting in the sealing force to the wall of clutch master cylinder.
Development of a Diagnosis System far CAD Model Errors using OpenCASCADE
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 151~158
Automotive engineers involved in a new car project use various CAD systems that are chosen based on work requirements. For example, engineers in Hyundai Motors are using Pro/Designer and Alias fur the style design, but they use CATIA to design parts and assemblies, ANSYS for FEM analysis, and Pro/Engineer to design engines. Because they use different CAD systems, they have difficulties in collaborative design. Data, which contains errors, is transferred between CAD systems. It is difficult to find out such errors in a large CAD model. An evaluation method for CAD models has been developed in this study. This diagnosis tool analyses a STEP or an IGES file generated from a CAD system, and produces a quantitative error report. The tool has been tested with actual data sets. This paper proposes an algorithm that produces mathematical error values of entities of IGES models that have geometrical data, and entities of STEP models that have topological data, and inspects every part off model. To develop this system, we have used the OpenCASCADE kernel, which is an open source kernel developed by Matra Datavision of France.
A Study on the Injection Molding Process for Manufacturing of Alternator Pulley
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 159~165
So far, an alternator pulley has been formed by cold forging and casting with a metal due to the necessity of its high strength. Various advantages such as the light weight, the low cost, and the high productivity can be obtained by the injection molding process using engineering plastics. Engineering plastics have an excellent performance in the characteristics off strength vs. weight, a good forming ability and a productivity. The object of this study is to develop an alternator pulley, which has been made with a metal, using the injection molding process based on Taguchi methods. A sink mark is considered as a characteristic parameter to improve the quality. The FEM Simulation CAE tool, Moldflow, is used for the analysis of injection molding process.
Study on the Heat Generation of Tank Track Rubbers under the Consideration of the Road Conditions
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 166~175
Tank track rubbers, which undergo dynamic stresses and strains under various road conditions, leads to a result of considerable internal temperature rise due to the heat generation. Since rubber materials are not fully elastic, a part of the mechanical energy is converted into heat because of the hysteresis loss. Heat generation without adequate heat dissipation leads to heat build-up, i.e. internal temperature rise which, if excessive, exerts a bad influence upon the performance and the life of the tank track rubbers. The purpose of this paper is to predict temperature distributions of the rubber components off tank track subjected to complex dynamic loads under various read conditions. In steady state analysis temperature fields are displayed in contour shapes, and in unsteady analysis the temperature variations of some important nodes are represented graphically with respect to the running time of the tank.
Optimization of the Automotive Side Door Impact Beam Considering Static Requirement
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 176~184
The door stiffness is one of the important factors for the side impact. Generally, the researches have been conducted on the assembled door. A side impact door beam is installed in a door to protect occupants from the side impact. This research is only concentrated on the side impact beam and a side impact beam is designed. The cross section is defined to have an elliptic shape. An optimization problem is defined to find the design maximizing the intrusion stiffness within the specified weight. Design variables are the radii and the thickness of the ellipsoid. The analysis of the side impact is carried out by the nonlinear finite element method. The optimization problem is solved by two methods. One is the experimental design scheme using an orthogonal array. The other is the gradient-based optimization using the response surface method(RSM). Both methods have obtained the better designs than the current one.
Design and Analysis of Intermediate Shaft of the Steering System using Vehicle Dynamics Program CADyna
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 185~191
A window-based multibody dynamics program CADyna(Computer Aided Dynamics) is developed and applied for kinematic and dynamic analysis ova steering system. The program is composed oft pre-processor, a main processor, and a post-processor. The pre-processor is developed with Visual C7+ and the post-processor is developed with OpenGL and TeeChart. The main processor generates the equations of motion employing velocity transformation technique. The developed program is customized for the design of an intermediate shaft in a steering system.
A Study on the Tuning Parameter of Continuous Variable Valve for Reverse Continuous Damper
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 192~200
Semi-active suspension systems are greatly expected to be in the mainstream of future controlled suspensions for passenger cars. In this study, a continuous variable damper for a passenger car suspension is developed, which is controlled actively and exhibits high performance with light weight, low cost, and low energy consumption. To get fast response of the damper, reverse damping mechanism is adapted, and to get small pressure change rate after blow-off, a pilot controlled proportional valve is designed and analyzed. The reverse continuous variable damper is designed as a HS-SH damper that offers good body control with reduced transferred input force from tire, compared with any other type of suspension system. The damper structure is designed, so that rebound and compression damping force can be tuned independently, of which variable valve is placed externally. The rate of pressure change with respect to the flow rate after blow-off becomes smooth when the fixed orifice size increases, which means that the blow-off slope is controllable using the fixed orifice size. The damping force variance is wide and continuous, and is controlled by the spool opening, of which scheme is usually adapted in proportional valves. The reverse continuous variable damper developed in this study is expected to be utilized in the semi-active suspension systems in passenger cars after its performance and simplicity of the design is confirmed through real car test.
Control Strategy of Ratio Changing System for a Metal V-Belt CVT Adopting Primary Pressure Regulation
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 201~208
In this paper, the control strategy of ratio changing system for a metal belt CVT adopting primary pressure regulation is developed, and the shirting performance of pressure regulating type CVT with the suggested control strategy is investigated. The control strategy suggested in this study is composed of 2 feedback loop, one is speed ratio feedback and the other is primary pressure feedback. The pressure feedback is adopted to ensure prohibiting a belt slip during transient period in a fast downshift mode. Simulation results show that the system with suggested control strategy gives appropriate response time and tracking Performance for upshift and also gives a proper primary pressure which can prohibit the belt slip. In addition, it is fecund that the given system has an acceptable servo property in tracking the target speed ratio and robustness for the disturbance of line pressure.
Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Engine Mount with Considering Driveline
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 209~217
This gaper discusses a multidisciplinary design optimization of the engine mounting system to improve the ride quality of a vehicle and to remove the possibility of the resonance between the powertrain system and vehicle systems. The driveline model attempts to support engine mount development by providing sufficient detail for design modification assessment in a modeling environment. Design variables used in this study are the locations, the angles and the stiffness of an engine mount system. The goal of the optimization is both decoupling the roll mode ova powertrain and minimizing the vibration transmitted to the vehicle including the powertrain, simultaneously. By applying forced vibration analysis for vehicle systems and mode decouple analysis for the engine mount system, it is shown that improved optimization result is obtained.
Development of Toroidal Type Continuously Variable-Speed Transmission for Agricultural Tractor(1): Transmission Mechanism
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 218~226
This study was carried out to develop continuously variable-speed transmission(CVT) fur an agricultural tractor. The full-toroidal variator mechanism with flour discs and six rollers was utilized as a device fur changing speed ratio continuously. In system layout design, the sizes of the roller cylinders and the end-load cylinder, which were critical factors for controlling the variator, were designed. The planetary gear unit and six pairs of the gear assemblies were designed to establish the maximum speed of the vehicle at 30 ㎞/hr. In addition, the hydraulic clutch, the silent chain, the hydraulic manifold and the electronic controller were designed. Based on the design, a prototype CVT was developed and tested. Test results show that the CVT developed in this study could successfully provide variable speed of the tractor.
Experimental Modal Analysis for 3-D Vibration Characteristics of Radial Tire for Passenger Car under Free-Suspension
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 227~236
We have performed two kinds of experimental modal analyses fur a radial tire for passenger car under free-suspension. One is the modal analysis to obtain three-dimensional modes of tire using accelerometers and the other is the one to identify cavity resonance frequency using a pressure sensor. From the first analysis, we have obtained the three-dimensional natural modes, which makes it possible to grasp the features of the modes and to classify the vibrational modes into symmetric, non-symmetric, and antisymmetric modes in a simple way by using the experimental results. From the first and the second experimental analyses we have identified the cavity resonance frequency and its three-dimensional mode shape.
Design Sensitivity Analysis of an Engine Mount System using the Multi-Domain FRF-based Substructuring Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 237~244
Analyzing acoustic-structural systems such as automobiles and aircraft, the FRF-based substructuring (FBS) method is one of the most powerful tools. In this paper, a general procedure for the parametric sensitivity analysis of vibro-acoustic problems has been presented using the multi-domain FRF-based substructuring formulation. For an acoustic-structural system sub-structured by multiple domains, the substructuring formulation gives the reaction farces on the interface boundaries. The design sensitivity formula is obtained from the direct differentiation of the reaction force expression with respect to the design vector. As a practical application, the proposed design sensitivity formula is applied to an engine mount system of passenger car. An objective of the problem is to identify the most effective engine mounts and bushes in minimizing the interior noise over the concerned rpm range. The comparison of the sensitivity results with those of the finite difference method shows excellent agreement. In addition, stiffness modifications of the mounts and bushes identified through the design sensitivity analysis lead to a successful decrease of the interior noise. This results show usefulness of the present method very well.
A Study On Driver Model far Steering Simulation of Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 3, 2002, Pages 245~253
A driver model with nervous neuromuscular system was developed to steer a vehicle along the prescribed path during handling simulations. A 3-dimensional vehicle model with 10 DOF and 3 DOF steering handle are used to perform a computer simulation. PID and fuzzy controller are used to perform single and double lane change, and their tracking abilities were compared. The effects of time delay and preview distance are also investigated, and it is demonstrated that the driver model developed can be an aid far objective evaluation of vehicle handling simulation.