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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Nov 2002
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 2002
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Jul 2002
Volume 10, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Mar 2002
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Visualization of Coolant Flow in the Cylinder Read and Exhaust Valve Bridge for the Countermeasure of Thermal Loading in the DOHC Gasoline Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 1~10
As the preliminary stage for the countermeasure of thermal loading in miller cycle engine, coolant flows in the cylinder head of base engine including exhaust valve bridge were visualized and analyzed by using PIV technique. It was found that low coolant velocity regions were around exhaust valve bridge, around which stagnation of the coolant flow was observed due to the complex geometry configuration of water jacket. And velocity variation between each cylinder was remarkable. For the countermeasure of these, it is necessary to enhance coolant flow around exhaust valve bridge and to improve the deviation of coolant flow between each cylinder.
Effect of Operating Conditions on the Residual Gas Fraction in an SI Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 11~18
Residual gas fraction in an engine cylinder affects engine performance, efficiency and emission characteristics. With high residual gas fractions, a flame speed and maximum combustion temperature are decreased and these are deeply related with combustion stability especially at idle and NOx emission at relatively high engine load. In this work, the residual gas fraction was calculated by an engine simulation code, which was validated by the experimental data (cylinder pressure and emissions) obtained from 4-cyliner spark ignition engine. A comparison between experimental and computational calculation results was made. The residual gas is generated mostly at low engine speed by the larger pressure difference between the intake and exhaust port. As the valve overlap duration was increased, the amount of residual gas in the cylinder, the amount of HC emission in the exhaust gas and the variation of power output increased.
Effect of Ambient Pressure on Internal Structure of a DI Gasoline Spray
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 19~26
The objective of this study is to examine a DI(Direct Injection) gasoline spray development process under different ambient pressures using PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry). fuel spray experiments were performed within a constant volume chamber. The spray structure, velocity maps, velocity and vorticity contours were obtained to investigate its spray characteristics. It was found that higher ambient pressure has a significant effect on radial growth of the spray. The position which has a maximum velocity moved from the spray edge to the spray center as ambient pressure was increased. Higher ambient pressure moved a maximum vorticity position upward of the spray.
Modeling of Spray Atomization of Fuel Injector Using Hybrid Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 27~33
This paper presents the comparison of prediction accuracy of hybrid models. To obtain the experimental results fur comparing with the numerical results, the macroscopic and microscopic structures of the hollow-cone spray such as spray development process, spray penetration and the distribution of mean droplet size are investigated by using a shadowgraph technique and phase Doppler particle analyzer. Also, the numerical researches using various hybrid models are performed. LISA model and WAVE model are used for the primary breakup, and TAB, DDB, and RT model are used for the secondary breakup.
Analysis of Camshaft Vibration Characteristics with Mixed Lubrication
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 34~43
This paper focused on the dynamic behavior of camshaft in a direct acting type valve train system. To investigate camshaft behavior, transient vibration analysis is performed by using the transfer matrix method. The camshaft is treated as a lumped mass system supported by spring and damper, From the presented analytical model, we could predict dynamic behavior of camshaft, shaft locus within bearing and bearing load. The presented model and results will be very helpful to design the optimal camshaft and valve train system.
An Investigation on the Spray Homogeneous Characteristics of a GDI Spray for Entropy Analysis Method using Laser Scattering Images
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 44~50
The spray characteristics of GDI(Gasoline Direct Injection) injector affects on engine efficiency and emission of a GDI engine. Thus, many researchers have investigated the spray characteristics and the mixture formation of GDI injector. In this study, it was tried to provide the fundamental data for GDl injector design which effects on the spray macroscopic characteristics such as penetration and spray angle. In addition, the mixture formation analyzed by using entropy analysis. The entropy analysis is based on the concept of statistical entropy, and it identifies the degree of homogeneity in the fuel concentration. The results show that as injection pressure increases but as ambient pressure increases, spray penetration decreases and spray angle doesn't affected by increasing injection pressure and ambient temperature. From the entropy analysis results, we could find that the direct diffusion phenomena is a dominant factor in the formation of a homogeneous mixture at downstream of GDI spray especially in vaporizing conditions.
Effect of Damkohler Number on Superequilibrium Concentration and Flame Structure in Turbulent Nonpremixed Jet Flames
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 51~58
The RPV(Reaction Progress Variable) combustion model has been applied to numerically investigate the effects of Damkohler number on the superequilibrium concentration and flame structure in the nonpremixed turbulent flames. Computations are performed for the two turbulent jet flames of CO/H
(40/30/30 volume percent) having the same jet Reynolds number of 16,700 but different nozzle diameters(4.58mm and 7.72mm). The detailed discussions have been made for the interaction between fluid dynamics and chemistry in the flame field.
An Experimental Study on Exhaust Gas Change of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine by EGR
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 59~64
The effects of EGR on emissions were investigated by using a six-cylinder, 8 litre, turbo-charged, heavy-duty diesel engine with a low pressure route EGR system. The experiments were performed at various engine loads while the EGR rates were set from 0% to 30%. Hot and cooled EGR are achieved without cooling and with cooling respectively. To verify the possibility of EGR technology for the applications, test were performed with steady state test cycle. It was found that the exhaust emissions with the EGR system resulted in a very large reduction in oxides of nitrogen at the expense of higher smoke and PM emissions. Increasing the EGR rate leads to deteriorating specific fuel consumption and power at lower speed and higher load. Also, the reduction rates of NOx emissions for hot and cooled EGR are similar.
Experimental Study on the Effect of Plasma Reactor Type on Corona Discharge and NO-NO2 Conversion Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 65~71
Characteristics of corona discharge of the different types of the plasma reactors which are cone-hole and cone-plate is investigated experimentally. The discharge starts at lower voltage for the cathode corona than the anode corona and spark occurs at higher voltage for the cathode corona. And the cathode corona makes more stable discharge than the anode corona. The effect of the base gas in corona discharge for different O
concentrations is related with the gas molecular weight. The discharge for the smaller molecular weight gas occurs easier than for the high molecular weight gas. The discharge current decreases with the increase of oxygen concentration and it increases more sharply for anode corona than for cathode corona as discharge voltage increases after corona onset voltage. NO-NO
conversion increases with the energy density of corona discharge and the addition of O
in a base N
A Study on Relationship between Fuel Characteristics and Combustion Characteristics of Reformed Diesel Fuels by Ultrasonic Irradiation (I) - Relationship between Chemical Structure and Higher Heating Value
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 72~79
The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between chemical structure and higher heating value of reformed diesel fuels by ultrasonic irradiation. In order to analyze the chemical structure changes of the reformed diesel fuels by ultrasonic irradiation, Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer(1H-NMR) was used and to analyze the effect of higher heating values of these diesel fuels, the bomb calorimeter was used. From the study, following conclusive remarks can be made. 1) The aromatic carbon percentages and higher heating values of the reformed diesel fuels by ultrasonic irradiation increased more than the conventional diesel ones. 2) The aromatics percentages and Branch Index(BI) of the reformed diesel fuels by ultrasonic irradiation decreased more than the conventional diesel ones. 3) The higher heating values on both for conventional fuel and reformed diesel fuels by ultrasonic energy irradiation is directly proportional to aromatic carbon percentages and inversely proportional to aromatic percentages and BI for these fuels.
Numerical Analysis for the Soot Formation Processes in Acetylene-Air Nonpremixed Turbulent Jet Flame
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 80~89
The flame structure and soot formation in Acetylene-Air nonpremixed jet flame are numerically analyzed. We employed two variable approach to investigate the soot formation and oxidation processes. The present soot reaction mechanism involves nucleation, surface growth, particle coagulation, and oxidation steps. The gas phase chemistry and the soot nucleation, surface growth reactions are coupled by assuming that the nucleation and soot mass growth has the certain relationship with the concentration of pyrene and acetylene. We also employed laminar flamelet model to calculate the thermo-chemical properties and the proper soot source terms from the information of detailed chemical kinetic model. The numerical and physical model used in this study successfully predict the essential features of the combustion processes and soot formation characteristics in the reaction flow field.
Characteristics of Thermo-Fluid Flow in Dilution Chamber of Micro-Dilution Tunnel for Diesel Particulate Measurement
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 90~99
The main purpose of this study lies on the development of micro dilution tunnel based on the Sierra Dilution chamber model. As a primary examination, characteristics of flow and temperature distributions during the steady dilution process in dilution chamber are observed with numerical analysis. The penetration of dilution air through porous tube as well as wall temperature and temperature gradient inside porous tube are examined. The thermophoretic velocity in terms of temperature behavior inside porous tube are defined and examined. Based on the ratio of penetration and thermophoretic velocities, all part of porous tube are shown to be safe from the particulate depositions. However, The inlet portion of porous tube in addition to the portion of impinging of dilution air are marginally safe from the particulate depositions. Generally the safer design against particulate deposition is required in provision f3r steady dilution process and for transient process as well.
Flame and Combustion Characteristics of D.I. HCCI Diesel Engine using a Visualization Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 100~107
Combustion characteristics of diesel engine depends on mixture formation process during Ignition delay and premixed flame region. Fuel and air mixture formation has a great influence on the exhaust emission. Therefore, the present study focused on the combustion mechanism of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine. This study was carried out to investigate the combustion characteristics of direct injection type HCCI engine using a visualization engine. To investigate the combustion characteristics, we measured cylinder pressure and calculated heat release rate. In addition, we investigated the flame development process by using visualization engine system. From the experimental result of HCCI engine, we observed that cool flame was always appeared in HCCI combustion and magnitude of cool flame was proportional to magnitude of hot flame. And we also found that fuel injection timing is more effective to increase lean homogeneous combustion performance than intake air temperature. Since increasing the intake air temperature improved fuel vaporization before the fuel atomizes, we concluded that increasing the temperature has disadvantage fur homogeneous premixed combustion.
The Characteristics of Exhaust Emissions by using Oxygenated Fuels and EGR in IDI Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 108~116
The diesel engine is one of the most effective transport options available in all sizes and covering a wide range of applications. But, many researchers developing the diesel engine are facing tough challenges in view of the increasingly lower emissions standards. Thus, this study will explore the possible fuel additive technology to further reduce the emissions from the IDI diesel engine. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of oxygenated fuels on the exhaust emissions and to attain a better trade-off relation between smoke and NOx in four cylinder diesel engine. Experiments were conducted with oxygenated fuels as an effective way to improve the combustion efficiency. Some of oxygenated fuel(Diglyme and DEE) were added to the conventional diesel fuel which had no an oxygen content. Also, EGR was adopted for reducing NOx without any strong adverse effects on other exhaust emissions. This study concluded that exhaust emissions in diesel engine could be reduced by adding the oxygenated fuels which had lower boiling point, and the combustion efficiency was also improved as the oxygen content in fuel increased.
Development of Chassis Dynamometer Test Modes to Derive the Emission Factors for Light Duty Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 117~124
For the correct estimation of air pollutant emission from automobiles which is the largest contributor of metropolitan area air pollution, the total pollutant emission from automobiles should be estimated accurately. Nationwide emissions from automobiles, such as CO, HC and NOx, are calculated by using emission factor and total VMT(vehicle miles traveled). The emission factors were derived from the emissions data on chassis dynamometer with test modes which represent the real driving patterns. In the present study, test modes to derive the emission factors for light duty vehicles are developed by using the real driving pattern data for the urban, suburban and express way.
Optimum Design of an Automobile Front Bumper Using Orthogonal Array
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 125~132
Bumpers are structural components to reduce physical damage to the front and rear ends of a passenger motor vehicle from low speed collisions. Damage assessment and the protectiveness are the commonly used designing criteria but in this study, relative displacements of the bumper are examined. To absorb the crash energy without significant damage to the bumper itself, foam material is installed between fascia and beam. However, it is not easy to predict the exact displacements generated in bumper structures through FEM because the compressive stress-strain curve of a foam material depends on strain rates that deviates significantly on each trial. Under this uncertain condition, a range of displacements is calculated and the optimum design is performed using the design of experiments. The result will be used to find the design that minimizes the weight within displacement constraints. The orthogonal array of L9 is introduced to find the optimum of the design variables that considers the thickness of inner beam, outer beam and stay, This study will suggest the design procedure of a front bumper using the uncertain stress-strain curve of a foam material.
Numerical Simulation of Fatigue Growth of Multiple Surface Crack under Fatigue Load
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 133~141
This paper describes a versatile finite element technique which has been used to investigate wide range of structural defects of practical importance. The procedure automatically remeshes the three-dimensional finite element model during the stages of crack growth. Problems include the surface cracks in leak-before-break situations, the shape development of multiple surface defects.
A Study on the Improvement of Frictional Properties of Nylon Impregnated with Wax and Oil or Graphite
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 142~149
The frictional properties of nylon can be improved by the impregnation of lubricants like wax, oil or graphite. The inclusion of these lubricants, on the other hand, decreases the mechanical properties of nylon, such as tensile strength, hardness and impact strength. As an attempt to maximize frictional properties, while minimizing a decrease in the mechanical properties, various kinds of nylon containing 3 wt% wax and varying contents of oil or graphite were prepared. It was found that the synergy effects to improve both friction and anti-wear properties is evidenced by impregnating a combination of wax/oil or wax/graphite. The wear rate of a nylon containing 3 wt% of wax and 1.5 wt% of oil turned out to be 1/4 of that of nylon impregnated with 8 wt% wax or 8 wt% oil. The latter showed the lowest wear rate among the nylons prepared with a single lubricant. In addition, the friction coefficient of the developed nylon was found to be very similar to the nylon with 8 wt% wax only.
A Study on the Measurement of Residual Stress in Rolled Steel for Automobile using X-ray Diffraction
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 150~157
In textured material, diffraction angle
usually shows a nonlinear relation against
due to elastic anisotropy of crystals. SPHD and SPCD steel is cold-rolled carbon steel for automobile. The characteristics X-ray for stress measurement is Cr
characteristic X-ray. The
diagram under elastic strain seems to have a linear behavior using regression line of data but has a nonlinear behavior in distribution of data by Cr
characteristic X-ray. As the plastic strain of specimen increases, the nonlinearity of
with respect to
increases remarkably. On the other hand, the diffraction angle
characteristic X-ray shows a good linearity on
diagram under plastic strain as well as elastic strain. Therefore, this paper presents the measurement of residual stress in cold-rolled carbon steel for automobile using penetration depth of Mo
characteristic X-ray and multiplicity factor of crystal diffraction plane.
The Strength Evaluation of Al5083-O GMA Welding Zone According to the Heat Input and Mixing Shield Gas Ratio
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 158~165
This study was to evaluate mechanical properties and toughness of the Al5083-O aluminum alloy welding zone according to the mixing shield gas ratio and heat input change. The GMA(Gas Metal Arc) welding of the base metal was carried out with four different mixing shield gas ratios(Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%) and three different heat inputs(low, medium, and high). To investigate the Charpy absorbed energy of the weld zone, the specimens were divided base metal, weld metal, fusion line, and HAZ notched specimen according to the worked notch position. The different gas ratio and heat input had little effect upon the tensile strength. But Ar33%+He67% mixture had the greatest mechanical properties considering that the more He gas ratio concentrations, the higher yield strength and elongation. The maximum load and displacement of the weld metal notche specimen was so much low more than that of the base metal, but fusion line and HAZ notched specimens showed almost same regardless of the mixing shield gas ratio and heat input. The Charpy absorbed energy was lowest in weld metal notched specimen, and increased in the fusion line, and HAZ notche specimen in order. Ar33%+He67% mixture had the greatest toughness considering that the more He gas ratio, the higher absorption energy.
A Study on a Development of Hybrid(Magnesium & Steel) Structure for Application of Cockpit Module
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 166~170
A hybrid structure composed of magnesium and steel is Instrument Panel structure used for the basement of cockpit module components. For that reason, A hybrid structure has to be designed for satisfying components assembly design facility and styling. There are various models of If like steel structure assembly, however having been applied normally, but magnesium structure assembly selected far saving weight down. This paper introduces a hybrid structure having advantages between steel and magnesium structure and presents a CAE technical solution based on a development project. furthermore, it provides desired direction of the future development is suggested.
A Study on the Frictional Abrasion Properties of MMC
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 171~177
Metal matrix composites had generated a lot of interest in recent times because of significant in specific properties, it was also highlighted as the material of frontier industry because strength, heat-resistant, corrosion-resistant and wear-resistant were superiored. In recent years, the study of metal matrix composite has increased by aluminum alloy. The study is based on the tribological properties of AC4CH that is a part of the mechanical property of metal matrix composites. Metal matrix composite that is produced from matrix material AC4CH and reinforcement SiO
are added to the metal matrix composite fur strength so binding among the whisker can take place. Each metal matrix composite is produced using the squeeze casting method. To test for tribe a pin-on-disk machine and lubricant is used without paraffine 8.2CST at room temperature which is 40
. As the results of this study, the tribological properties of each specimen are more improved than AC4CH. The variation of coefficient resistance is more stable at the AC4CH and TiO
, but the variation rates are higher at the inanimate binder.
Effect of Trunk Height and Approaching Air Velocity of Notchback Road Vehicles on the Pressure Distribution of the Car Surface
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 178~186
3-D numerical studies are performed to investigate the effect of the trunk height and approaching air velocities on the pressure distribution of notchback road vehicle. For this purpose, the models of test vehicle with four different trunk heights are introduced and PHOENICS, a commercial CFD code, is used to simulate the flow phenomena and to estimate the values of pressure coefficients along the surface of vehicle. The standard k-
model is adopted for the simulation of turbulence. The numerical results say that the height variation of trunk makes almost no influence on the distribution of the value of pressure coefficient along upper surface but makes very strong effects on the rear surface. That is, the value of pressure coefficient becomes smaller as the height is increased along the rear surface and the bottom surface. Approaching air velocity make no differences on pressure coefficients. Through the analysis of pressure coefficient on the vehicle surfaces one tried to assess aerodynamic drag and lift of vehicle. The pressure distribution on the rear surface affected more on drag and lift than pressure distribution on the front surface of the vehicle does. The increase of trunk height makes positive effects on the lift decrease but negative effects on drag reduction.
Development of the Kinematic and Dynamic Analysis Program for the Design of the Folding Door Mechanism
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 187~193
Since the bus is regarded as the one of the most public transportation systems, research on the safety and facilities of the bus has been increased actively in recent years. In this paper, we concern the design of the bus door mechanism that is composed of many linkages and actuators(or motors). In particular, the folding door mechanism is representative system installed in most of urban buses. To design the folding door mechanism, we construct the kinematic and dynamic analysis model fur computer simulation. Also, the dynamic analysis is accomplished by both direct dynamics and inverse dynamics. Since the folding door mechanism has many design variables, the analysis program is developed to perceive kinematic and dynamic characteristics according to the design variables and simulation conditions.
Determination of Optimal Speed of the Freight Car Transporting 300m CWR on KNR Line
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 194~201
In this study is presented a numerical method which assesses running safety of the freight car loading with loom CWR and structural safety of conventional railway track and fastening when passing over sharp curves and steel girder bridges. Optimal speed of the freight car is suggested based on the numerical reviews of the safety against derailment of the freight car and structural safety of track and fastening at vulnerable points of the conventional line.
Improvement of on Center Steer Feel by Using Power Steering Gear Box Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 202~208
Ball k nut type steering gear box has disadvantages on on-center range as compared with rack & pinion type because of many linkages. In this study, a technique which can improve the on-center loose feel is introduced. The improvement can be obtained by putting simple devices on steering gear box valve body which can change the stiffness of steering gear on on-center handling range. Analysis and test of the vehicle with improved steering system are performed.
Development of V Belt Pulley Design/Analysis System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 209~218
A V belt pulley is widely used in automotive industry. More than tow pulleys in one automobile are used, such items as crankshaft, water pump, air-con compressor and power steering pump. Although the shape and usage of pulleys are very simple, the design evaluation of a pulley design is difficult because the load conditions and the installation environment are complicated. So, we formulated the design evaluation for the V belt pulley by using CAE system, which enables to develop a design automation system. By using this system, an engineer can evaluate a pulley design easily without any painstaking effort, such as consideration of the complicated loads and CAE activities. Also the system helps to accumulate the design experience of a company, which guides the optimum design based on experience.
Performance Evaluation of an Automotive Fuel Filter by Multi-Pass Filtration Test
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 219~226
Filtration performance of an automotive fuel filter was evaluated based on the theory of Beta ratio. This study also introduced the fuel components' contamination performance test stand incorporating the multi-pass filtration test circuit. The theoretical basis of multi-pass test and test procedure were described in detail. The specification of commercial fuel filter currently available was just the maximum pressure drop across the filter assembly and the holding capacity of contaminants. However, test results revealed that the fuel filter tested could not maintain consistent Beta ratio, that is filtration efficiency, although it had the holding capacity close to the specification. Hence the Beta ratio should be specified in service life. The results also showed that filtration system model should be refined including desorption ratio to estimate the variable Beta ratio in the test.
A Stop-and-Go Cruise Control Strategy with Guaranteed String Stability
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 227~233
A vehicle longitudinal control strategy with guaranteed string stability for vehicle stop-and-go(SG) cruise control is presented in this paper. The SG cruise control systems should be designed such that string stability can be guaranteed in addition to that every vehicle in a string of SG cruise control vehicles must track any bounded acceleration and velocity profile of its preceding vehicle with a bounded spacing and velocity error. An optimal vehicle following control law based on the information of the 1311owing distance (clearance) and its velocity relative to the vehicle ahead (relative velocity) has been used and string stability analysis has been done based on the control law and constant time gap spacing policy, A validated multi-vehicle simulation package has been shown that the string stability analysis using the approximate model of the vehicle servo-loop which includes vehicle powertrain and brake control system dynamics is valid in the design of the SG cruise control law with guaranteed string stability.
Absolute Vehicle Speed Estimation considering Acceleration Bias and Tire Radius Error
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 10, issue 6, 2002, Pages 234~240
This paper treats the problem of estimating the longitudinal velocity of a braking vehicle using measurements from an accelerometer and wheel speed data from standard anti-lock braking wheel speed sensors. We develop and experimentally test three velocity estimation algorithms of increasing complexity. The algorithm that works the best gives peak errors of less than 3 percent even when the accelerometer signal is significantly biased.