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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Nov 2003
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Sep 2003
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 11, Issue 3 - May 2003
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Mar 2003
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Combustion and Emission Characteristics in CNG Engine with SCV
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~6
Natural gas is one of the promising alternative fuels because of the abundant deposits and the cleanness of emission gas. CNG has a lot of merits except lower burning speed has a slow disadvantage. One way to overcome the disadvantage is to raise a turbulence intensity. We give various intake for changing turbulence intensity in the cylinder by three kinds of swirl control valve with a way to raise a turbulence intensity. In the present study, a
conventional gasoline engine is modified to use a CNG as a fuel instead of gasoline. We try to virify combustion and emission characteristics in each engine parameters. Parameters of experimentation are equivalence ratio, spark timing and intake flow change. The results of this study are as swirl flows. In the case of adding swirl flow, burning speed and torque are increased. But NOx and THC concentration are increased a little respectively.
Fuel Stratification Process in a Lean Burn Internal Combustion Engine by Using Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 7~12
Mixture formation in the cylinder of a lean bum engine has been observed by Laser Induced Fluorescence technique. XeCl laser (308nm) was used to produce a laser sheet. 3-pentanone has been added to iso-octane fuel to produce fluorescence, the intensity of which is proportional to the concentration of the fuel. The laser sheet was introduced through the piston window and the fuel distribution in the vertical plane was observed through a side window. Comparison has been made for the cases of selected fuel injection timing as 0, 360, 405, and 450 CA. For the case of 0 and 360 CA injection, uniform fuel distribution in the combustion chamber has been obtained at the ignition time which is favorable for the high load mode. And the late injection cases, 405 and 450 CA, revealed the stratified formation of rich mixture around the spark plug. That extends the lean misfire limit and reduces cyclic variation in the low load mode.
Simplified Reaction Scheme of Hydrocarbon Fuels and Its Application to Autoignition of Gasoline with Different Octane Numbers
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 13~19
Mathematically simplified reaction scheme that simulates autoignitions of the end gases in spark ignition engines has been studied computationally. The five equation model is described, to predict the essential features of hydrocarbon oxidation. This scheme has been calibrated against autoignition delay times measured in rapid compression machines. The rate constants, activation temperatures, Ta, Arrhenius preexponential constants, A, and heats of reaction for stoichiometric n-heptane/air, iso-octane/air, and their mixtures have all been optimised. The optimisation has been guided by Morley's correlation of the ratio of chain branching to linear termination rates with octane number. Comparisons between computed and experimental autoignition delay times have validated the Present simplified reaction scheme and the influences of octane number upon autoignition delay times have been computationally investigated. It has been found that both cool flame and high temperature direct reactions can have an effect on autoignition delay times.
A Study on Fuel Transport Characteristics in a Port Fuel Injected Sl Engine during Transient Condition
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 20~27
In this paper, the fuel transport characteristics during transient condition was studied by using a Fast Response Flame Ionization Detector(FRFID). The quantitative measurement method for the inducted fuel mass into cylinder is studied. The inducted fuel mass into the cylinder was estimated by using calculated air-fuel ratio by hydrocarbon concentration of cylinder and air flow model. In order to estimate the transportation of injected fuel from the intake port into cylinder, the wall wetting fuel model was used. The two coefficient
) of the wall-wetting fuel model was determined from the measured fuel mass that was inducted into the cylinder at the first cycle after injection cut-off To reduce an air/fuel ratio fluctuation during rapid throttle opening, the appropriate fuel injection rate was obtain from the wall wetting model with empirical coefficients. Result of air/fuel ratio control, air/fuel excursion was reduced.
Finite Element Analysis of Cylinder Head/Block Compound
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 28~38
Finite element analysis of cylinder heat/block compound under assembly, thermal and firing condition were performed. FE model including two cylinders with gasket, head bolts, liners and valve seats was used. FE modeling method and boundary conditions were introduced. Stress distribution and deformation of cylinder head and block under each loading condition were presented. Gasket pressure distribution and bore distortion level were predicted. Measured data of bore distortion was compared with the analysis results. The analysis result showed similar trends with the experimental data. High cycle fatigue analysis on the basis of this result has been performed in order to find the critical areas of the engine assembly.
Emission Reduction using Unburned Exhaust Gas Ignition
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 39~47
UEGI (Unburned Exhaust Gas Ignition) is an alternative method for fast light-off of a catalyst. It ignites the unburned exhaust mixture using two glow plugs installed in the upstream of the close-coupled catalysts. In addition, a hydrocarbon adsorber was applied to the UEGI, for more effective reduction of HC emission. Engine bench tests show that the CCC reaches the light-off temperature laster than the baseline exhaust system and HC and CO emissions are reduced significantly during the cold start. From the vehicle test, it was observed that a few amount of HC emission was reduced even the catalysts were aged. It is expected to develop a solution kit applicable to a new vehicle or used one, to meet the emission regulation
Combustion Characteristics of Methane-Air Mixture in a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber(1): Homogeneous Charge
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 48~57
A cylindrical constant volume combustion chamber was used to investigate the flow characteristics at spark plug and the combustion characteristics of homogeneous charge methane-air mixture under various initial pressure, excess air ratio and ignition times in quiescent mixture. The flow characteristics such as mean velocity and turbulence intensity was analyzed by hot wire anemometer. Combustion pressure development measured by piezoelectric pressure transducer and flame propagation acquired by ICCD camera were used to investigate the effect of initial pressure, excess air ratio and ignition times on pressure, combustion duration, flame speed and burning velocity. Mean velocity and turbulence intensity had the maximum value at 200 or 300ms and then decreased to near 0 value gradually after 3 seconds. Combustion duration, flame speed and burning velocity were observed to be promoted with excess air ratio of 1.1, lower initial pressure and ignition time of 300ms.
Macroscopic Characteristics of Evaporating Dimethyl Ether(DME) Spray
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 58~64
Dimethyl Ether(DME) has been considered as one of the most attractive alternative fuels for compression ignition engine. Its main advantage in diesel engine application is high efficiency of diesel cycle with soot free combustion though conventional fuel injection system has to be modified due to the physical properties of DME. Experimental study of DME and conventional diesel spray employing a common-rail type fuel injection system with a 5-hole sac type injector was performed in a constant volume vessel pressurized by nitrogen gas. Spray cone angles and penetrations of the DME spray were characterized and compared with those of diesel. For evaluation of the evaporating characteristics of the DME, shadowgraphy technique employing an Ar-ion laser and an ICCD camera was adopted. Tip of the DME spray was formed in mushroom-like shape at atmospheric chamber pressure, which disappeared in higher chamber pressure. Spray tip penetration and spray cone angle of the DME became similar to those of diesel under 3MPa of chamber pressure. Higher injection pressure provided wider vapor phase area while it decreased with higher chamber pressure condition.
A Study on an Adaptive Three-Way Catalyst Model for the Monitoring Algorithm
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 65~70
In this paper, an adapted TWC model and its application to the monitoring algorithm are proposed. As TWCs have the different characteristics, the model has to be corrected to diagnose more accurately. In the TWC model oxygen storage and release rate model are adapted to the installed TWC to whose characteristics related. The model learns from the downstream
sensor output during the vehicle's operation. From the results, the model is adapted to the Installed TWC's characteristics. using this model, the monitoring algorithm can diagnose the no more accurately. Finally the algorithm is validated with simulations using the data logged from a retail car
Performance Prediction of SCR-DeNOx System for Reduction of Diesel Engine NOx Emission
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 71~76
A numerical simulation of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for NO with
is conducted over the
catalysts. The governing
and NO transport equations are considered by using the time-dependent FCT (Flux-Corrected Transport) algorithm. After a validating simulation for
step feed and shut-off experiments is analyzed, transient behavior of
and NO concentration in a SCR catalyst is investigated by changing such parameters as inflow
concentration, temperature of the catalyst, and
Numerical Study of Impinging Sprays Considering Anisotropic Characteristics of Turbulence
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 77~84
It is an aim of this study to perform extensive numerical study for analyzing the anisotropic turbulence effects on spatial and temporal behaviors of diesel sprays after wall impingement. The turbulence model of Durbin is used for comparisons with the
model. The turbulence-induced dispersions of droplets are considered to describe the anisotropy of turbulence effectively and the spray/wall interactions are simulated using the model of Lee and Ryou. The present study investigates the internal structures of impinging diesel sprays such as Sauter mean diameter (SMD), loca1 droplet velocities, and local gas velocities and also compares the results predicted by two turbulence models with the experimental data. The Durbin's model considering the anisotropy of turbulence predicts both gas and droplet tangential velocities better than the
model does. It is concluded that the anisotropy of turbulence should be considered in simulating impinging diesel sprays.
An Experimental Study on Simultaneous Reduction of Smoke and NOx in a Agricultural Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 85~91
In this study, the potential possibility of oxygenated fuel such as Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) was investigated for the sake of exhausted smoke reduction from diesel engine. MTBE has been used as a fuel additive blended into unleaded gasoline to improve octane number, but the study of application for diesel engine was incomplete. Because MTBE includes oxygen content approximately 18%, it is a kind of oxygenated fuel that the smoke emission of MTBE is reduced remarkably compared with commercial diesel fuel. But, the NOx emission of MTBE blended fuel is increased compared with commercial diesel fuel. And, it was tried to analyze not only total hydrocarbon but individual hydrocarbon components from
in exhaust gas using gas chromatography to seek the reason for remarkable reduction of smoke emission. Individual hydrocarbons(
) as well as total hydrocarbon of oxygenated fuel are reduced remarkably compared with diesel fuel. And, the effects of exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) on the characteristics of NOx emission has been investigated, too. It was found that simultaneous reduction of smoke and NOx was achieved with oxygenated fuel and cooled EGR method.
Investigation on the Injection Timing and Double Ignition Method for Heavy-duty LPG SI Lean Burn Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 92~98
An LPG engine for heavy-duty vehicles has been developed using liquid phase LPG injection (hereafter LPLi) system which has regarded as one of the next generation LPG fuel supply systems. In this wort to investigate the lean bum characteristics of heavy-duty LPLi engine, various injection timing (SOI, start of injection) and double ignition method were tested. The results showed that lean misfire limit of LPLi engine could be extended. by 0.2
value, using the optimal SOI timing in LPLi system. Double ignition method test was carried out by installing the second spark plug and modified ignition circuit to ignite two spark plugs simultaneously. Double ignition resulted in the stable combustion under ultra lean bum condition, below
, and extension of lean misfire limit compare to ordinary case. Therefore, LPLi engine with optimal SOI and double ignition method could be normally operated at around
and showed higher engine performance.
Optimization of Swirl Ratio of Intake Port in 11L LPLi Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 99~105
The configuration of intake port is a dominant factor of inlet air flow and mixture formation in an engine. In this study, as an available technology to optimum intake port, the flow box system using resine has been applied. So we presents a methodology for estimating inlet flow characteristics in this paper. This quantified experimental result shows good agreements with visualization data in a cylinder. We obtained the optimal value of swirl ratio and flow coefficient under steady flow rig test for new development of intake port for heavy-duty engine. From this results, the cylinder heat with a good evaluated swirl flow characteristics was developed and adapted for a 11L heavy-duty engine using the liquid phase LPG injection (LPLi) system. This .research expects to clarify major factor that make the intake port efficiently.
A Study on the Discharge Pressure Ripple Characteristics of Variable Displacement Vane Pump
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 106~114
The pressure ripple in the delivery port is caused by flow ripple, which is induced by variation of pumping chamber volume. The other reason is the reverse flow from the outlet volume produced by pressure difference between pumping chamber and outlet volume, when the pumping chamber is connected with the outlet volume. In this study, a mathematical model is presented for analyzing discharge pressure ripple, which includes vane detachment, cam ring movement , and fluid inertia effects in V-groove in the side plate. From the analysis and experiment, it was found that V-groove on the side plate, coefficient of spring supporting the cam ring, and average discharge pressure are the main factors of discharge pressure ripple in variable displacement vane pump. The theoretical results, provided in this study, were well agreed with experimental results. The analytical model to estimate the magnitude of pressure ripple in this study is expected to be used f3r the optimal design of the variable displacement vane pump.
A Numerical Study on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Bus-Like Bluff Body - Effect of Turbulence Model and Discretisation Scheme -
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 115~123
With the advent of high performance computers and more efficient numerical algorithms, computational fluid dynamics(CFD) has come out as a modem alternative for reducing the use of wind tunnels test in automotive engineering. However, in spite of the fact that many competent researchers have made all their talents in developing turbulence model over since the past dozen or more years, it has been an important impediment in using the CFD effectively to design machinery and to diagnose or to improve engineering problems in the industry since the turbulence model has been acting as the Achilles' tendon in aspect of the reliability even to this time. In this study, Reynolds-averaged Wavier-Stokes equations were solved to simulate an incompressible turbulent flow around a bus-like bluff body near ground plane. In order to investigate the effect of the discretisation schemes and turbulence model on the aerodynamic forces several turbulence models with five convective difference schemes are adopted. From the results of this study, it is clear that choice of turbulence model and discretisation scheme profoundly affects the computational outcome. The results also show that the adoption of RNG
turbulence model and nonlinear quadratic turbulence model with the second order accurate discretisation scheme predicts fairly well the aerodynamic coefficients
Development of Falling Weight Deflectometer for Evaluation of Layer Properties of Flexible Pavement
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 124~130
Many structural evaluation procedures of road and airfield pavements use the Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) as a critical element of non-destructive deflection testing. FWD is a trailer mounted device that provides accurate data on pavement response to dynamic wheel loads. A dynamic load is generated by dropping a mass from a variable height onto a loading plate. The magnitude of the load and the pavement deflection are measured by a load celt and geophones. And database concerning pavement damage should be enhanced to analyze loss of thickness asphalt layer caused from the plastic deformation of pavement structure, such as cracking or rutting. The prototype FWD is developed, which consists of chassis system, hydraulic loading system, data acquisition and analysis system. This system subsequently merged to from automation management system and is then validated and updated to produce a working FWD which can actually be used in the field.
Analysis of Door Effort using 2D Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 131~137
Proper door effort, required force to open or close a vehicle door, is an essential door design factor for the safety of passengers and pedestrians. Section shape of the door checker arm is the most influential design parameter for achieving a door effort design target. In this research. an analysis procedure to predict door effort using a simplified plane strain finite element model wes investigated for two passenger cars, for which mechanism of checker systems were: different. The variation of checker arm force to be required during moving on arm in opening and closing direction was estimated through analysis, and the result was transformed to the door effort with respect to door opening angle by considering door characteristics. Also, the self·closing force due to door weight was theoretically calculated and added to the door effort from checker arm force. Finally the estimated results of door effort were compared with test results
Shape Optimization Design of the Knuckle using the Orthogonal Array and the Finite Element Analysis
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 138~144
Recently, the weight reduction of vehicle influences its environment problems and performances. It is a trend that a lot of parts have been currently changed to an aluminum alloy from steel materials. In this study, the shape optimization using an orthogonal array is performed to determine the design of the knuckle which is a part of suspension system. With the material of the weight reduction was achieved by satisfying the constraints of a strength requirement. The orthogonal array of
is introduced to find the optimum design variables that considers the shape of the knuckle. The characteristic function composed of the objective and the construct is defined to the feasibility. Comparing to the weight of the initial design with steel materials that of optimum design with aluminum alloy material is reduced by 60%.
Implementation of 3-point Seat Belt Model into ATB Program
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 145~154
Occupant simulation models have been used to study trends or specific design changes in several typical crash situations. The ATB, Articulated Total Body, was developed and used to predict gross human body responses to vehicle crashes and pilot ejections. Since the ATB source code is open to public, the user can add their own defined modules and functions. The introduction of seat belts into cars significantly decreased the injury risk of passengers in frontal impacts. In this paper, a new seat belt model was developed and implemented into the ATB. For this purpose, a subroutine of the new seat belt was constructed. A force-deflection function was added to replace an existing function to consider energy absorption. The function includes hysteresis effects of the experiment data of the loading and unloading parts of the seat belt load-extension curve. Moreover, this belt model considers a slip between ellipsoid and belt segments. This paper attempted to validate the ATB program which includes the subroutine of new belt models comparing with the real car frontal crash experiments and MADYMO frontal models. The analysis focusses on the human movement and body accelerations.
Crashworthiness Design Concepts for the Improved Energy Absorbing Performance of an Aluminum Lightweight Vehicle Body
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 155~160
For the weight reduction of vehicle body up to 20∼30% compared to the conventional monocoque steel body·.in-white, most automotive manufacturers have attempted to develop the aluminum intensive body-in-white using an aluminum space frame. In this paper, the crush tests and simulations for the aluminum extrusions filled with the structural from are performed to evaluate the collapse characteristics of that light weighted material. From these studies. the effectiveness of structural for is evaluated in improving automotive crashworthiness. In order to improve the improve energy absorption capability of the aluminum space frame body, safety design modifications are performed and analyzed based on the suggested collapse initiator concepts and on the application of the aluminum extrusions filled with structural foam. The effectiveness of these design concepts on the frontal and side impact characteristics of the aluminum intensive vehicle structure is investigated and summarized.
Shape Optimization for Improving Fatigue Life of a Lower Control Arm Using the Experimental Design
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 161~166
In order to improve the fatigue lift of a lower control arm in the vehicle suspension, a new shape optimization procedure is presented. In this approach, the shape control point concept is introduced to reduce the numbers of shape design variables. Also, the two-level orthogonal way is employed to evaluate the design sensitivity of fatigue life with respect to those shape design variables, because the analytical design sensitivity information is not directly supplied from the commercial CAE softwares. In this approach, only the six design variables are used to approximate the shape of lower control arm. Then, performed are only 10 fatigue life analyses including the baseline design, 8 DOE models and the final design. The final design, the best combination obtained from the sensitivity information, can maximize the fatigue lift nearly two times as that of the baseline design, while reducing the 12 percentage of weight than it.
The Development of Muffler with Controller Sensing Exhaust-gas Pressure in Automotive Exhaust System (II)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 167~176
This study is focused on the development of a new muffler. A control valve installed in the exhaust system is operated by torsion springs, and its open angle is controlled automatically corresponding to the engine operating conditions. A control valve and a control muffler sensing exhaust-gas pressure are made f3r developing a new muffler. The experiments were done using an exhaust system simulator having the same pulsation wave frequency and similar pulsation propagation characteristics of a real exhaust system. The purpose of this study is to develope a new muffler system which has improved noise reduction quality and less power loss than conventional mufflers and electronic-control mufflers. Finally the characteristic of noise compared with conventional muffler and muffler sensing exhuast-gas pressure.
Topology Optimization of Cylinder Block using Component Mode Synthesis
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 177~183
Vibration analysis using component mode synthesis method was carried out to identify that to some extent each component contributed to the whole vibration of a powertrain consisting of several components. This analysis helped decide the component to be modified to reduce the powertrain weight, without degrading its current vibration characteristics. As a result, a cylinder block was chosen as a redesign object. Topology optimization analysis was performed to design the topology of the cylinder block whose flange connected with the transmission was chosen to be the design domain. After all, a new prototype of cylinder block was manufactured based on the analysis results for the verification experiment. It was confirmed from the analytical and experimental results that u optimally designed cylinder block had an advantage over the current one in the powertrain weight, with the powertrain vibration characteristics improved slightly.
Development of HILS System for VDC
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 184~191
HILS(Hardware-ln-the-Loop Simulation) is a scheme that incorporates hardware components of primary concern in the numerical simulation environment. Due to its advantages over actual vehicle test and pure simulation, HILS is being widely accepted in automotive industries as test benches for vehicle control units. Developed in this study is a HILS system for VDC(Vehicle Dynamics Control) with a valve control system that modulates the brake pressures at low wheels. Two VDC control logics were developed and tested in the HILS system. Test results under various driving conditions are presented in this paper.
Development of the Road Profiling System and Evaluation of Korean Roads Roughness Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 192~197
The ‘AEIPR’(Accelerometer Established Inertial Profiling Reference) method has been applied to measure the road profile. The dynamic road profiling method using AEIPR has the advantages of cost effectiveness, measuring speed and relatively high reliability. However, it is required to improve the double integration algorithm to get the measurement results with the accuracy of hither level. In the first part of this paper, the effective double integration algorithm is suggested and the ‘Road Profiler’ software is developed on the basis of the algorithm. Road profiling tests are performed using the developed ‘Road Profiler’ system on the specially designed tracks for the durability tests and the various types of pubic roads. Test results are shown and evaluated by the international road evaluation indicies and classification.
Study on Development of a Design Program for Torsion Beam Axle Suspension
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 198~203
Due to the low production cost and space availability which are originated from the structural simplicity of the torsion beam axle suspension, the suspension has been frequently used for sedan and SUV style vehicles. The design procedure of the suspension, however, requires significant amount of time which prohibits more efficient design of the suspension. In this study, an integrated procedure and constituting modules are explained and the performance of the corresponding program is exhibited. The integrated procedure enables one to save the design time and cost significantly.
A Development of Clutch-by-Wire System for Automotive
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 204~208
This study presents a clutch-by-wire system for automotive which can be utilized on a vehicle with a manual transmission real time while the vehicle is in motion. The system consists of air valve, spring, oil pressure control valve, oil pressure cylinder, switch, etc. In this study, commercial vehicle was studied on improvement of no clutch pedal system. Therefore the results obtained effective driveability, gear shiftability, convenience for driver.
Application of Accelerated Vibration Testing to Spot-welding Specimen
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 209~213
It is advantage of accelerated vibration testing to compress service exposures to operating vibration into a reduced laboratory test by increasing the amplitude or frequency of the applied input excitations. This paper proposes an accelerated test method to estimate the high-cycle fatigue life under random excitation. The method consists of conducting a test with amplified input excitation and extrapolating linearly the lift in the accelerated condition into the real lift in field condition. The extrapolation is carried out applying the high-cycle irregular excitation fatigue theory including the rainflow counting, Miner’s damage accumulation rule, and Goodman’s mean stress correction. As a verification, those estimated lift is compared with that acquired by experiment f3r the simple case of spot welding specimen with good agreement. This testing procedure will provide an useful scheme that can reduce testing period associated with developing time schedule of new product.
Tractive Force Estimation in Real-time Using Brake Gain Adaptation
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 3, 2003, Pages 214~219
This paper includes real-time tractive force estimation method using standard vehicle sensors such as wheel speed, brake pressure, throttle position, engine speed, and transmission carrier speed sensor. Engine map, torque converter lookup table, shaft torque observer, and brake gain adaptation method are used to estimate the tractive force. To verify this estimator, measurement which uses strain-based brake torque sensor and estimation results are presented. All results was performed using a real vehicle in a real-time.