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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Nov 2003
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Sep 2003
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 11, Issue 3 - May 2003
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Mar 2003
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of the Methanol Blended Fuel in SI Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 1~6
The engine performance and combustion characteristics of methanol blended fuel in a multiple-point electronic control gasoline engine were discussed on the basis of experimental investigation. The effects of methanol blending fuel on combustion in cylinder were investigated under various conditions of engine cycle and blending ratio. The results showed that the engine performance was influenced by the methanol blended ratio. The results showed that the engine performance was influenced by the methanol blending ratio and the variations of operating conditions of test engine. The increase of blended fuel brought on the improvement of emission characteristics such as THC, CO, and NOx concentration. The effect of methanol blended fuel on the fuel consumption rate and the other characteristics of performance were discussed.
Effects of Injection Timing and Intake Flow on In-Cylinder Fuel Behavior in a GDI Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 7~13
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the in-cylinder flows and different injection timings on fuel behavior in the cylinder of a GDI engine. Three different flows types induced by using masked port, unmasked port, and port deactivation were tumble, swirl&tumble, and high swirl respectively. LIEF technique was applied to investigate the mixture formation and fuel distribution at ignition time in the transparent engine with optical access through the piston top and upper part of cylinder liner. Injection timings of 180,90, and 60 degrees before TDC were examined. It was found that tumble flow was more effective on the homogeneous mixture formation than other flow and swirl flow transported more fuel vapor to the exhaust side at early injection mode, and swirl and swirl & tumble flow made fuel vapor concentrate around the cylinder center at late injection mode.
A Study on Engine Valve and Seat Insert Wearing Depending on Speed Change
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 14~20
The minimization of valve and seat insert wear is a critical factor in the pursuit of engine performance improvement. In order to achieve this goal, we have developed a new simulator, which can generate and control high temperatures up to
and various speeds up to 80Hz during motion, just like an actual engine. The wear simulator is considered to be a valid simulation of the engine valve and seat insert wear process with various speeds during engine activity. The objective of this work focuses on the different degrees of wear from two different test speeds (10Hz & 25Hz). For this study, the temperature of the outer surface of the seat insert was controlled at
, the cycle number was 2.1
106, and the test load was 1960N. The wear depth and surface roughness were measured before and after the testing using a confocal laser scanner. It was found that a higher speed (25Hz) causes more wear than a lower speed (10Hz) under identical test conditions (temperature, cycle number and test load). In the wear mechanism adhesive wear, shear strain and abrasive wear could be observed.
The Study on the Control Performance of a Screw Type Super-charger for Automotive Use
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 21~29
Boosting of engine power by using Turbo- or Super-charger is a solution to comply with
-regulation in Europe. Turbo-charger is now playing a major role in the field of charging system thank to its technical advantages such as no demand of operation power from engine. A mechanically driven Super-charger, however, is now popular due to quick speed response to change of the driving mode-high engine torque even at low engine speed. Since Super-charger needs operation power from engine, it is difficult to improve its relatively higher fuel consumption than that of Turbo-charger. This negative point is still an obstacle to the wide use of Super-charger. This study aims to develop power control concept to achieve the minimization of operation power when it is not necessary to charge at idling or part load driving condition. A screw type Super-charger was modified in design partially and adapted an internal bypass valve and a bypass tube to control charging pressure at part load. The various control concepts show a possibility to reduce operation power of Super-charger and result in improvement of fuel consumption.
The Effects of Valve Timing Dual Equal Retard/Advance on Performance in an SOHC SI Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 30~36
Variable valve timing(VVT) mechanisms are used widely for improving fuel consumption and reducing emissions. Most of application, however, are limited in the DOHC engine. Dual equal retard/advance strategy is relatively simple one and can be applied to both SOHC and DOHC engines. In this study, effects of dual equal valve timing retard/advance are investigated to observe the feasibility of VVT system on an SOHC SI engine. The result shows that fuel economy and emissions are improved in the dual retard condition due to increased internal EGR. Some amount of increase in volumetric efficiency can be achieved by advancing valve timing at low speed and by retarding at high speed. In this case, however, full load power is not so much improved as the volumetric efficiency increases because of severe knock. In the dual advance condition, there is no merit in the fuel economy and emission.
A Study on the Combustion Characteristic and Soot Distribution of a Common Rail Type D.I.Diesel Visualized Engine with Pilot Injection
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 37~43
The objective of this work is to investigate the effect of swirl, injection pressure and pilot injection on D.I. diesel combustion by using a transparent engine system. The test engine is equipped with common rail injection system to obtain high pressure and to control injection timing and duration. In this study, the combustion analysis and steady flow test were conducted to estimate the heat release rate from in-cylinder pressure. Soot distribution in diffusion flame according to swirl ratio, injection pressure and pilot injection was investigated by using LII technique. As the results, high injection pressure was found to shorten ignition delay as well as enhance peak pressure and heat release rate was greatly affected by injection timing and pilot injection. In addition, the results showed that the period of soot formation corresponded to the diffusion flame.
Evaluation of Thermal Fluid Characteristics for EGR Cooler with Spiral Type
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 44~50
Cooled EGR is an effective method for the reduction of NOx from a diesel engine and an EGR Cooler is the key component of the system. High efficiency, low pressure loss and compactness are required for the EGR Cooler. To meet these requirements, new geometric tube must be developed. In this paper, a full size EGR cooler test bench has been developed to validate the CFD flow and heat transfer models. Fluid temperature and pressure drop measurements are provided. fillet temperature is
, and flow rates vary from 0.008 kg/sec to 0.019 kg/sec. The gas flow and heat transfer in a single tube cooler have been studied using computational fluid dynamics(CFD). Analysis has been carried out in a single tube with a plain tube and six spirally enhanced tubes of varying pitch to depth ratio(p/e).
A Cycle Simulation Method for an HCCI Engine using Detailed Chemical Kinetics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 51~58
A cycle simulation method is developed by coupling a commercial code, Ricardo's WAVE, with the SENKIN code from CHEMKIN packages to predict combustion characteristics of an HCCI engine. By solving detailed chemical kinetics the SENKIN code calculates the combustion products in the combustion chamber during the valve closing period, i.e. from IVC to EVO. Except the combustion chamber during the valve closing period the WAVE code solves thermodynamic status in the whole engine system. The cycle simulation of the complete engine system is made possible by exchanging the numerical solutions between the codes on the coupling positions of the intake port at IVC and of the exhaust port at EVO. This method is validated against the available experimental data from recent literatures. Auto ignition timing and cylinder pressure are well predicted for various engine operating conditions including a very high ECR rate although it shows a trend of sharp increase in cylinder pressure immediate after auto ignition. This trend is overpredicted especially for EGR cases, which may be due to the assumption of single-zone combustion model and the limit of the chemical kinetic model for the prediction of turbulent air-fuel mixing phenomena. A further work would be needed for the implementation of a multi-zone combustion model and the effect of turbulent mixing into the method.
Performance Evaluation of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts for Diesel Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 59~64
Recently, as people pay attention to the environmental pollution, the emissions of diesel engine have been a serious problem. We carried out the performance evaluation test of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC) for HSDI diesel engine equipped vehicles. The DOC, basically coated with Pt catalyst, was manufactured with various washcoat materials. It was found that CO conversion efficiency depends on temperature, but THC conversion efficiency is dominated by temperature and space velocity. The THC and CO conversion efficiencies of aged catalysts were increased with additions of
and zeolite B in the washcoat. We found that DOC performance changes with coating techniques, even through it has same washcoat materials. The DOC coated by high temperature washcoat coating technology showed good conversion efficiency than low temperature washcoat coated DOC.
An Experimental Study on the Turbulent Combustion Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Mixtures by Hydrogen Addition
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 65~72
In order to clarify turbulent combustion characteristics of hydrocarbon mixtures by hydrogen addition, turbulent burning velocities in a constant volume vessel were measured for both lean and rich hydrocarbon mixtures. Moreover, the configuration characteristics of turbulent flame was investigated in the wrinkled laminar flame region. A laser tomography technique was used to obtain the images of turbulent flame, and quantitative analyses were performed. As a result, the characteristics of turbulent burning velocity was shown a distinct difference with the addition rate of hydrogen between lean and rich mixtures. On the other hand, the obtained tomograms showed that the surface area of turbulent flame depends almost only on the turbulence intensity.
An Experimental Study on the NOx Formation of Fuel Staged Combustor
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 73~79
The characteristics of NOx emission in multi fuel/air staged combustor have been experimentally studied. The design concept of multi fuel/air staged combustor is creation of two separate flame, a primary flame is act as a pilot flame for the secondary combustion stage combustion zone, where most of fuel burns. Experiments were performed on a semi-industrial scale (thermal input 0.233 ㎿) in a laboratory furnace and Liquefied Petroleum Gas(LPG) was used as primary and secondary fuels. The study included parametric study to identify the optimum operating conditions which are primary/secondary fuel ratio, primary/secondary air ratio, primary swirl intensity and secondary swirl intensity for reducing NOx emission. The test demonstrated that NOx emission can be reduced by >70% in accordance with operating conditions.
Dynamics Analysis of Pressure Control Characteristics in a Variable Pressure Solenoid Valve
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 80~85
In the present paper, dynamics analyses of pressure control characteristics have been performed in a variable pressure solenoid valve. A number of solenoid valves have been used in the electronic control system, especially automatic transmission of an automobile. Variable pressure solenoid valve is intended to produce spatial movement by the electrical signal. Dynamics analyses of pressure control characteristics have been practiced by the Finite Difference Method, which show the pressure distribution in the solenoid valve. The results of numerical analyses show the dependence of pressure distribution on the displacement of the spool in the solenoid valve, and then, are compared with the experimental results.
The Characteristics of Ozone Formation from a Gaseous Fueled SI Engine with Various Operating Parameters
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 86~92
To analyze the characteristics of ozone formation, measurements of the concentrations of individual exhaust hydrocarbon species have been made under various engine operating parameters in a 2-liter 4-cylinder engine for natural gas and LPG. Tests were performed at constant engine speed, 1800 rpm for two compression ratios of 8.6 and 10.6, with various operating parameters, such as excess air ratio of 1.0~1.6, bmep of 250~800 na and spark timing of BTDC 10~
. It was found that the natural gas gave the less ozone formation than LPG in various operating conditions. This was accomplished by reducing the emissions of propylene(
), which has relatively high maximum incremental reactivity factor, and propane(
) that originally has large portion of LPG. In addition, the natural gas show lower values in the specific reactivity and brake specific reactivity. Higher compression ratio of the test engine showed higher non methane HC emissions. However, specific reactivity value decreased since fuel species of HC emissions increase. brake specific reactivity showed almost same values under high bmep, over 500kPa for both fuels. This means that the increase of non methane HC emissions and the decrease of specific reactivity with higher bmep affect each other simultaneously. With advanced spark timing, brake specific reactivity values of LPG were increased while those of natural gas showed almost constant values.
The Thermal Analysis of Brake Disc using the Solid Model and 2D Coupled Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 93~100
This paper describes the thermoelastic instability arising from friction heat generation in braking and proposes the finite element methods to predict the variation of temperature and thermal deformation. In a conventional disc brake analysis, heat generation is only related with wheel speed and friction material and the interface pressure between disc and pad is assumed constant. But under dynamic braking conditions, the frictional heat causes the thermoelastic distortion that leads to more concentrated contact pressure distribution and hence more and more non-uniform temperature. In this paper, to complete the solution of the thermomechanically coupled problem, the linear relation model between pressure and temperature is proposed and demonstrated in examples of a simple two dimensional contact problem. And the two dimensional model has been extended to an annular three dimensional disc model in order to consider more realistic geometry and to provide a more accurate critical speed for automotive brake systems.
Fatigue Analysis of Spot-welded Multi-Lap Joint of STS301L Using the Maximum Stress
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 101~107
Since stainless steel sheets have good mechanical properties, weldability, appearance and corrosion resistance, they are commonly used as one of the structural materials of the railroad cars or the commercial vehicles which are manufactured by the spat welding. Among the many kinds of spot welded lap joints, it can be found that multi-lap joints are employed in their body structure. But, fatigue strength of these joints is lower than that of base metal due to high stress concentration at the nugget edge of spot weld and is considerably influenced by welding conditions as well as the mechanical and geometrical factors. Thus, it is necessary to establish a reasonable and systematic design criterion for the long life design of the spot-welded body structures. In this paper, the stress distribution and deformation around the spot-welded multi-lap joints subjected to tensile shear load was numerically analyzed. Also, the
P-Nf curve was obtained by fatigue tests. Using these results,
P-Nf curves were rearranged in to the
-Nf relation with the maximum stress at nugget edge of spot weld.
Evaluation and Testing of out of Position for Airbag Design
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 108~117
Development of advanced restraint system challenges both restraint and automobile manufacturers to come up with proper airbag design to reduce occupant out-of-position related injury. The important component of the advanced restraint system is the multi stage inflator. The multi stage inflator can independently control two or more airbag inflation stages to maximize occupant protection. The objective of this research is to develop relationship between airbag inflation characteristics, the occupant positions and the airbag design variables. The tests are conducted using five kinds of inflators, two kinds of airbag cushion folding methods and two kinds of tear lines. In the case of inflator, the out-of-position tests are performed with a traditional inflator, a depowered inflator and a dual stage inflator. And the efficiency and injury mechanism are evaluated by analyzing the injury pulses and values. Using this relationship, airbag design guideline is established for airbag aggressivity thresholds and the risk of injury is identified according to occupant positions.
Manufacturing Preparations in the New Car Development for an Automotive Body Shop by Digital Manufacturing Technologies
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 118~126
Digital Manufacturing is a technology facilitating effective developments and agile productions of the product via digital computer models representing physical and logical schema and the behavior of the real manufacturing systems including manufacturing resources, environments and products. For the successful application of this technology, a digital factory as a well-designed and an integrated environment is essential. In this paper, we constructed the sophisticated digital factory of a Korean automotive company's body shop, and conducted precise simulations of unit cell, lines and the whole factory for the collision check, the production flow analysis and the off-line programming. We expect that this digital factory of the body shop helps us achieve great savings in time and cost for many manufacturing preparation activities of the new car development.
A Study on the Development of No Spin Differential for an Off-road Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 127~133
NSD(No Spin Differential) has been developed fer a military truck. A benchmarking study for USA and Russian NSD has been carried out. Axiomatic approach has been applied for improving the design. A test code for NSB has been developed and applied to the developed sample. In the test results of comparing the developed sample with the USA imported sample, three major characteristics-the noise, mobility and steerability - are in the range of the intended target. A practical process for the evolution design is proposed.
Development and Application of System for Pressure Distribution Measurement
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 134~140
The film sensor is used for measuring pressure distribution at planar area, especially at a small space or gap. The present paper deals with the development of film type sensors and system for pressure distribution measuring. The developed system is consist of (1)film sensor with 40/sup */40 array, (2)PCI interface card with maximum sampling rate of 100㎐, and (3)software for data processing and real-time display. The contact pressure test of wiper blade and front glass of vehicle was performed with wiper blade by 40cm. Generally spring force of wiper arm is designed at 0.7∼1kN. Test results of total force was 9.4N and 7.1N in each driver and passenger toward. The paper suggested possibility for base definition in wiper design. A windshield wiper blade experiment revealed that the system successfully measured the contact force distribution during static state, showing the usefulness of the developed system.
Effect of Corner Exit Speed on the Time to Go Down a Straight
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 141~146
This paper calculates the elapsed time to go down a straight as a function of the corner exit speed and considers air resistance, rolling resistance, and slope resistance to figure out the force for forward acceleration. In a car racing, the most critical comer in a course is the one before the longest straight. A driver can lose a quite amount of time by taking a bad line in a corner. Taking a bad line also causes poor comer exit speed which in turn costs more elapsed time to go down a straight. The results are not so dramatic as in the case of cornering but are showing why one should take the correct corner racing line to get the maximum exit speed. Also, for the case of drag race, the elapsed time to go 1/4 mile is calculated.
Stress Analysis for Torsional Spring Box of Radial Dual Mass Flywheel
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 147~154
Radial Dual Mass Flywheel(RDMF) is designed to reduce torsional vibration and noise occurring in automotive powertrain. In this paper, finite element method is used to evaluate stress level and critical area of the torsional spring box, a major part of RDNF system. In finite element analysis, both static and dynamic loadings are considered and it is found that the most critical spot is the welded zone of spring box. Also, fatigue test is performed and fractured surfaces are examined to find fatigue stress level by experiment.
Development of IEEE 1451 based Smart Module for In-vehicle Networking Systems
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 155~163
As vehicles become more intelligent for convenience and safety of drivers, the in-vehicle networking(IVN) systems and smart modules are essential components for intelligent vehicles. However, for wider application of smart modules and IVN's, the following two problems should be overcome. Firstly, because it is very difficult that transducer manufacturers developed the smart module that supports all the existing IVN protocols, the smart module must be independent of the type of networking protocols. Secondly, when the smart module needs to be replaced due to its failure, only the transducer should be replaced these without the replacement of the microprocessor and network transceiver. To solve these problems, this paper investigates the feasibility of an IEEE 1451 based smart module. More specifically, a smart module for DC motor control has been developed. The module has been evaluated for its delay caused by the IEEE 1451 architecture. In addition, the time required for transducer replacement has been measured.
Transient Dynamic Analysis of a Patterned Tire Rolling over a Cleat with an Explicit Finite Element Program
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 164~170
The finite element analysis of tires has been conventionally performed by either neglecting tread pattern or modeling only circumferential grooves. Besides, the tire analysis has been mainly limited to static or steady state rolling analysis. In this paper, a transient dynamic analysis of a patterned tire rolling over a cleat with an explicit finite element program is presented. The patterned tire with detailed tread blocks is modeled by a systematic mesh generation procedure, in which tire body and tread pattern meshes are separately generated in the beginning and then both meshes are combined by the tie constraint method. The cleat impact analysis is conducted by using both the patterned tire and the smooth tire models to predict the cleat enveloping characteristics. It is seen that the analysis results of the patterned tire model are in a good agreement with the experimental results.
3-D Vibration Modes of the Tire in Ground Contact and Its Effects on Axle When Excited by a 3-D Impact at the Center of Contact Patch
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 171~182
Tire vibration modes are known to play a key role in vehicle ride and comfort characteristics. Inputs to the tire such as impacts, rough road surface, tire nonuniformities, and tread patterns can potentially excite tire vibration. In this study, experimental modal analysis on the tire in ground contact are performed by a 3-D impact at the center of contact patch to investigate which modes of tire influence the vibration of wheel and axle. Through the experiment, the vibration transmission properties from tire to axle are examined. And we have compared the influential tire modes when the tire is excited by a vertical impact with those when excited by the 3-D impact. Additionally, the modes of ground contact tire are compared with those of the suspended tire.
The Performance Improvement for an Active Noise Contort of Automotive Intake System under Rapidly Accelerated Condition
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 183~189
The study of the automotive noise reduction has been concentrated on the reduction of the automotive engine noise because the engine noise is the major cause of automotive noise. However, many studies of automotive engine noise led to the interest of the noise reduction of the exhaust and intake system. Recently, the active control method is used to reduce the noise of an automotive exhaust and intake system. It is mostly used the LMS(Least-Mean-Square) algorithm as an algorithm of active control because the LMS algorithm can easily obtain the complex transfer function in real-time. Especially, Filtered-X LMS (FXLMS) algorithm is applied to an Active Noise Control system. However, the convergence performance of LMS algorithm went bad when the FXLMS algorithm was applied to an active control of the induction noise under rapidly accelerated driving conditions. So, in order to solve this problem, the modified FXLMS algorithm is proposed. In this study, the improvement of the control performance using the modified FXLMS algorithm under rapidly and suddenly accelerated driving conditions was identified. Also, the performance of an active control using the LMS algorithm under rapidly accelerated driving conditions was evaluated through the theoretical derivation using a chirp signal to have similar characteristics with the induction noise signal.
Tooth Load Sharing and Deformation Overlap of Helical Gear Pairs for the Manual Transmission of Automobile
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 190~196
The load sharing and teeth deflection of helical gear system are analyzed to investigate the deformation overlap. The deformation overlap, which is calculated by the results of displacement analysis, is suggested as the basis for the tooth profile modification. Helical gear systems are formulated as contact problems, and solved by elastic contact theory and FEM. The developed computer program, which offers gear teeth deflection and deformation overlap, will be of much help to the improved design of manual transmissions for automobiles.
Development of a Computer Model of a Large-sized Truck Considering the Frame as a Flexible Body
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 197~204
This paper develops a computer model for estimating the handling of a cabover type large-sized truck. The truck is composed of front and rear suspension systems, a frame, a cab, and ten tires. The computer model is developed using ADAMS. A shock absorber, a rubber bush, and a leaf spring aunt a lot on the dynamic characteristic of the vehicle. Their stiffness and damping coefficient are measured and used as input data of the computer model. Leaf springs in the front and rear suspension systems are modeled by dividing them three links and joining them with joints. To improve the reliability of the developed computer model, the frame is considered as a flexible body. Thus, the frame is modeled by finite elements using MSC/PATRAN. A mode analysis is performed with the frame model using MSC/NASTRAN in order to link the frame model to the computer model. To verify the reliability of the developed computer model, a double lane change test is performed with an actual vehicle. In the double lane change, lateral acceleration, yaw rate, and roll angle are measured. Those test results are compared with the simulation results.
The Strength Analysis of Passenger Car Seat Frame
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 205~212
This paper may provide a basic design data for the safer car seat mechanism and the quality of the material used by finding out the passenger's dynamic behavior when protected by seat belt during collision. A computer simulation with finite element method is used to accomplish this objective. At first, a detailed geometric model of the seat is constructed using CAD program. The formation of a finite element from a geometric data of the seat is carried out using Hyper-Mesh that is the commercial software for mesh generation and post processing. In addition to seat modeling, the finite element model of seat belt and dummy is formed using the same software. Rear impact analysis is accomplished using Pam-Crash with crash pulse. The part of the recliner and right frame is under big stress in rear crash analysis because the acceleration force is exerted on the back of the seat by dummy. The stress condition of the part of the bracket is checked as well because it is considered as an important variable on the seat design. Front impact model which including dummy and seal belt is analyzed. A Part of anchor buckle of seat frame has high stress distribution because of retraction force due to forward motion of dummy at the moment of collision. On the basis of the analysis result, remodeling and reanalysis works had been repeatedly done until a satisfactory result is obtained.
Research of the Unmanned Vehicle Control and Modeling for Lane Tracking
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 213~221
This paper describes a method of lane tracking by means of a vision system which includes vehicle control and modeling. Lane tracking is considered one of the important technologies in an unmanned vehicle and mobile robot system. The current position and condition of the vehicle are calculated from an image processing method by a CCD camera. We deal with lane tracking as follows. First, vehicle control is included in the road model, and lateral and longitudinal controls. Second, the image processing method deals with the lane detection method, image processing algerian, and filtering method. Finally, this paper proposes a correct method for lane detection through a vehicle test by wireless data communication.
Development of a Lane Departure Avoidance System using Vision Sensor and Active Steering Control
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 11, issue 6, 2003, Pages 222~228
Lane departure avoidance system is one of the key technologies for the future active-safety passenger cars. The lane departure avoidance system is composed of two subsystems; lane sensing algorithm and active-steering controller. In this paper, the road image is obtained by vision sensor and the lane parameters are estimated using image processing and Kalman Filter technique. The active-steering controller is designed to prevent the lane departure. The developed active-steering controller can be realized by steer-by-wire actuator. The lane-sensing algorithm and active-steering controller are implemented into the steering HILS(Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulation) and their performance is evaluated with a human driver in the loop.