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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 4, Issue 5 - Sep 1996
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 4, Issue 3 - May 1996
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Mar 1996
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
Development of a Driving Simulator
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 1~10
The objective of this paper is to develop a motion base for the vehicle driving simulator. Kinematic analysis are carried out to obtain maximum strokes and velocities of hydraulic actuators. Hydraulic control forces of the actuators are estimated by inverse dynamic analysis. Finally, an optimal design is performed to find attachment points of the actuators so that control forces are minimized. A control logic for the motion base is developed to make the motion base follow the given reference signals. The control logic is implemented on a digital signal processor(DSP) board.
A Study on NOx Pollutant Reduction and Combustion Characteristics of Impinging-Jet-Flame combustion Process(III)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 11~22
It has been generally accepted that NOx formation increases as the maximum temperature or correspondingly the maximum pressure of a combustion system increases. Recently some exceptional experimental results have been reportes that under certain circumstance NOx formation could be reduced while the maximum pressure was increasing by varying the methods of combustion for the same kind of premixed gases. Until now that kind of results have been acquired only for the case of a dual opposed prechamber. But the mechanism has not been clearly understood yet. 3D computer simulation has been tried to clarify the mechanism. Flor this purpose KIVA-Ⅱ has been modified and applied to the model combustion chamber with which the same kind of experimental works have been done by the authors. A good agreement with the experimental results was achieved with the spatial and temporal resolution which is hard th be obtained by the experimental methods. And it was observed that for the dual opposed prechamber case the time for the NOx formation, which is non-equilibrium reaction, is shorter than any other case by an appropriate mixing process in the main combustion chamber. The shorter time reduceed heat loss through the combustion chamber walls and thereby obtaines the higher maximum pressure.
Misfire Detection by Using the Crankshaft Speed Fluctuation(1)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 23~31
The crankshaft speed fluctuation was measured every crank angle. In order to detect the misfire, the engine and the dynamometer were considered as a single- degree of freedom system. From this modeling, the detection criteria were derived and examined by the engine test. By this method the single misfire or multiple misfires can be detected. Even on the condition of low load and higher speed than 3000rpm, where it was difficult through the other methods, misfire detection was carried out steadily. From this results, the method proposed by this paper proved reasonable.
Concurrent Engineering System for an Automation of Wiring Harness Design
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 32~49
An approach to providing computational support for concurrent design is discussed in the context of an automobile wiring harness design problem. Key issues include the development of an architecture that supports collaboration among specialists, the development of hierarchical representations that capture different characteristics of the design, and decomposition of tasks to achieve a tradeoff between efficiency and robustness of the system. We present an architecture in which the main design tasks are supported by agents-asynchronous and semi-autonomous modules that automate routine design tasks and provide specialized interfaces for working on particular aspects of the design. The agent communication and coordination mechanisms permit members of an engineering team to work concurrently, at different levels of detail and of different versions of the design. The design is represented hierarchically, with detailed models maintained by the participating agents. In conjunction with the architecture and design representations, issues pertaining to the exchange of information among different views of the design, management of dependencies and constraints, and propagation of design changes are discussed.
A Study on the Heat Load Transferred to a Passenger Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 50~59
The computer simulation program that calculates the transient heat load transferred to a passenger vehicle has been developed. Method for modeling mathematically various kinds of the heat load was presented and the derived equations were solved numerically. To find out the accuracy of the simulation program, the correlation of experimental and analytical results was demonstrated. By using this program, the typical characteristics about temperature distribution and instantaneous or of vehicle body color, material of glass, air-conditioning capacity, driving direction, and speed. Under a steady-state condition, the ratios of the heat load, resulting form vehicle body, glass, and interior part, were 35%, 29%, and 36%, respectively.
Analysis Surrounding Condition for the Design of a Novel Direct-injection Diesel engine Combustion System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 60~68
Dynamic Stress Intensity Factor
of Crack Propagating with Constant Velocity in Orthotropic Disk Plate Subjected to Longitudinal Shear Stress
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 69~79
Dynamic stress intensity factors are derives when the crack is propagating with constant velocity under longitudinal shear stress in orthotropic disk plate. General stress fields of crack tip propagating with constant velocity and least square method are used to obtain the dynamic stress intensity factor. The dynamic stress intensity factors of GLV/GTV=1(=isotropic material or transversely isotropic material) which is obtained in out study nearly coincides with Chiang's results when mode Ⅲ stress is applied to boundary of isotropic disk. The D.S.I.F. of mode Ⅲ stress is greater when α(=angle of crack propagation direction with fiber direction) is 90° than that when α is 0°. In case of a/D(a:crack length, D:disk diameter)<0. 58, the faster crack propagation velocity, the less D.S.I.F. but when crack propagation velocity arrive on ghear stress wave velocity, the D.S.I.F. but when crack propagation velocity arrive on shear stress wave velocity, the D.S.I.F. unexpectedly increases and decreases to zero.
Fatigue Life Evaluation of Notched Shaft Using Local Strain Approach
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 80~89
Fatigue life of a notched shaft was evaluated in order to estimate the durability and integrity of the notched shaft in design stage. Cumulative fatigue dama- ge analysis was performed using local strain approach based on the assumption that the fatigue life of a notched component is approximately same as that of a smooth specimen is subjected to the same strain at the notched component. In this paper, shafts with different notch root radius of 1, 2㎜ resulting in different values of stress concentration factors were tested under||rotating bending fatigue loading condition. Theoretical stress concentration factor for each notch type was calculated using finite element method. Fatigue life prediction program, FALIPS, written in C language was developed using the strain-life curve, and the local strain approach integrating Neuber's rule, cyclic stress-strain, and hysteresis loop equations. The fatigue life evaluated using the fatigue notch factor obtained from the experimentally determined fatigue strength showed very large scattering with nonconservatism, but the fatigue notch factors derived from the stress concentration factors and Peterson's equation reduced the considerablely accurate fatigue life evaluation within a factor of three.
A Study on Real Simulator of Running Power Train for Construction Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 90~105
A real tine simulator of running power train for a construction vehicle was developed. The simulator mainly consists of following two parts; (1) running power train part and (2) running load generation part. An optimal servo control algorithm was adopted for designing the multi-variable digital control system of the simulator. By experiments investigating response characteristics under step-wise variation or pre-determined scenario of target vehicle velocity and target load torque, it was verified that the simulator could reproduce physical situations at and actual vehicle with excellent similarity.
An Experimental Study on the Simultaneous Reduction of Smoke and NOx by Oxygenated Fuel Additives in DI Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 106~114
Extensive experiments were conducted to investigate the emission of DI diesel engine by using DMC(dimethyl carbonate) as an oxygenated fuel additives. The results indicate that smoke reduces almost linearly with fuel oxygen contents. Reductions of HC and CO were attained noticeably, while a small increase in NOx was encountered concurrently. The effective reduction in smoke with DMC was maintained with the presence of CO2, which suggested a low NOx and smoke operation could be obtained in combination of using oxygenated fuel and EGR. Further experiment was conducted a thermal cracking set-up for mechanism studies.
Parameter Sensitivity Analysis of Autonomous Robot Vehicle for Trajectory Error and Friction Force
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 115~126
In order to obtain the principal design data for developing the Autonomous Robot Vehicle(ARV), Sensitivity analysis on the trajectory error and friction force with respect to the dynamic parameters is performed. In the straight motion, the trajectory error has been proved to be much affected by the mass variance of the ARV while the lateral friction force is much affected by the location of the mass center. In the curved motion, the effect of mass and moment of inertia is considered importantly. In addition, the lateral offset gives more effect than the geometric dimension of the ARV on the trajectory errors and friction force.
Effect of Chassis Flexibility on Ride Quality
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 127~136
Dynamic analysis of a three-axle heavy truck is carried out with rigid body model and flexible body model. To see the effects of chassis flexibility, the chassis is modeled as flexible body. The mass matrix, stiffness matrix, and vibration normal modes of the chassis are obtained by a finite element analysis program, and four vibration normal modes are used in the flexible body model. The vehicle model consisting of a frame, a cab, suspensions, an engine, a deck, a seat, and tires, has total 77 degrees of freedom. The result shows that the peaked acceleration in the flexible model is lower than that of the rigid body model.
Behaviour of Ultra-High Pressure Diesel Spray on Electronic Hydraulic FuelInjection System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 137~146
Behaviour of ultra-high pressure diesel spray and its structure in a constant-volume pressure chamber were studied with injection pressure ranging from 35 to 110MPa. Sprays were observed by using the back illumination scattering method and righ angle scattering method. The spray process mechanism were investigated with both photographs. As a result, the spray angle and air entrainment angle was larger as injection pressure and back pressure increase. It becomes clear that mean air-fuel ratio is increased by increasing the injection pressure.
Fundamental Experiments of a Compression Ignition Engine Using Gaseous Fuel
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 147~157
Natural gas is gaining more attraction as a future fuel in particular both for environmental protection and energy conservation. In order to bring about more widespread use of gaseous engines, the technology capable of achieving output and efficiency performance equivalent to that of diesel engines needs to be developed. In the present paper, the requirements of the pilot torch from pre-chamber for ensuring ignition and promoting combustion are discussed by means of taking high-speed flame photography and system can run with leaner mixture of various fuels comparing to the electric plug ignition system cause the ignition delay period ignited with the torch and the combustion period are very short in spite of changing A/F of gaseous fuels in the main chamber. However, the suitable piston-cavity design for the use of lower-hydrocarbon fuels such as propane and butane must be discussed increasingly in the mear future.
The Numerical Study of the Effect of Car Front Opening Area on the mean Flow in Engine Room
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 158~165
The knowledge of air flow in an engine room has become more and more important in recent car design. The fluid flow in the engine compartment was investigated by numerical analysis. Due to the complex geometry of the engine compartment, mesh generation is a time-consuming job. In this research, the "ICEM" code was used to generate meshes by the Cartesian mesh model. The Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes equations, together with the porous flow model for radiator and condenser, were solved. Computation was performed for the steady, incompressible, and high speed viscous flow, adopting the standard K-ε turbulence model. The "STAR-CD" code was used as a solver. The effect of car front openning area on the flow in engine room was also investigated.
Analysis of the Crankshaft Speed Fluctuation in Intra-Cycle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 166~172
This paper presents the characteristics of the crankshaft speed fluctuations. To analyze them, the speed waveforms were measured both at the flywheel and at the front end of the engine. The speed waveform measured at the flywheel shows better result than at the front end one, because of the torsional vibration and the auxiliary components. And the patterns of the speed fluctuations are classified into three region, such as low load, middle load and high load region with the variations of the loads. Additionally, as the engine speeds increase and the loads decrease, the analysis of the speed becomes more difficult due to lower variation of the speed. And in all the regions, the main frequency component of the speed fluctuation is firing frequency.
Mechanical Properties of Particle and Fiber Reinforced SMC Composites
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 173~182
An analytical model has been developed to predict the elastic properties of a filled resin reinforced by chopped fibers, a three-phase composite such as a filled sheet molding compound(SMC). In the model the matrix material and fillers form an effective matrix. The effective matrix is then considered to be reinforced with long fibers lying in the sheet plane but randomly oriented in the plane. Expressions for the resulting transversely isotropic composite properties are explicitly presented. Using this model, the Young's and shear moduli are calculated for the SMC sample with filler weight fraction of 35% and fiber content of 30%. The same properties are also determined experimentally. The agreement between the calculated and measured elastic moduli is found to be very good for the in-plane properties. However, the out-of-plane properties show a large difference because the effect of voids is not taken into account in the model.
Finite Element Modeling of Low Density Polyurethane Foam Material
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 183~188
The compressive stress-strain response of Low Density Polyurethane foam material is modeled using the finite element method. A constitutive equation which include experimental constants based on quasi-static and dynamic uniaxial compression test is proposed. Impact test with different impactor masses and velocities are performed to verify the proposed model. The comparison between impact test and finite element analysis shows good agreements.
Crashworthiness Improvement of Idealized Vehicle's Side Rails
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 189~197
In this study, the crashworthiness analysis was carried out for the hat type section side rails which had an important role of absorbing the impact energy during frontal crash. In case of a tapered hat type section model, numerical simulation models and test models were designed with varing design variables; welding pitch, taper angle, initiator shape, initiator location. The effect of variation of the design variables was investigated by quasi-static and dynamic test and numerical simulation.
Vehicle Shudder Associated with Axial Thrust Force of C.V.Joint For Automobile
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 198~208
The plunge joints of C.V. Joint for vehicle tend to produce a cyclic axial disturbance at a frequency of three of six times shaft speed, in which this distrubance caused by internal frictional effect is related to joint angle, rotational speed, torque, and joint size. This principal axial thrust force might make vehicle shuddered when coinciding with vehicle frequency of tranverse direction, and be one of reasons to have driver feel uncomfortable, unesay, while driving vehicle. The paper makes analysis of axial thrust force & vehicle shudder through computer simulation, comparing the result with experimental data, and reviewing the effect by changing of variables such as dimensions and driving conditions.
Dynamic Performance Analysis for 4WD/4WS Electric-driven Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 209~220
In this paper, dynamic performance of 4WD/4WS Electric-driven vehicles is investigated. A coupled dynamic model is introduced for longitudinal, lateral and yawing motion of 4WD/4WS vehicles. Based on the coupled model, dynamic performance is analyzed for steady-state steering, acceleration steering and brake steering, respectively. These non steady-state cornering analysis is important for non-paved road maneuvering, trajectory projection for armored vehicle and future AVCS(Advanced Vehicle Control System) technology. Simulation results are obtained based on a simulink module for the introduced model.
Modeling and its Experimental Validation on Cycle Variability of Combustion at Idle Operation
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 221~229
The engine speed fluctuation at idle operation mainly comes from cyclic variation of combustion in SI engine. In the present study, engineering model that is representing the cyclic variation of combustion was proposed for the sub-model of the engine cycle simulation. From the observed behaviors of the mass burn rates, probability density functions for the parameters of Wiebe function were defined. The mass burn rate of each cycle is obtained by Monte Cralo perturbation method with the probability function. The simulation results shows that trends of cylinder pressure variation and imep distribution follow up with those of experimental results at idle condition.