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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 4, Issue 5 - Sep 1996
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 4, Issue 3 - May 1996
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Mar 1996
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
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The Experimental Study for Heat Transfer and Combustion Characteristics of Gaseous Impinging Jet Premixed Flame
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1~10
In the present study, the structure and the characteristics of gaseous premixed flame impinging normal to the flat plate have been investigated experimentally. For the examination of the heat transfer and combustion characteristics, measurements of temperature, direct and schlieren photography were performed. The results of present study show that the length of inner flame becomes smaller as distance from nozzle exit to plate decrease. The width of flame becomes larger as air-fuel ratio decreases. The smaller Reynolds number at nozzle exit and the smaller distance from nozzle exit to plate lead to the higher heat transfer rate in the region of center of plate. As the air-fuel ratio decreases, the heat transfer at plate with moderate rate occurs on wide region.
A Study on the Performance Improvement for a Natural Gas Engine under Lean Burn & WOT Condition
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 11~17
Many researches on natural gas engines, with lean mixtures are being conducted for the purpose of preservation of global environment. Lean combustion is one of the most promising method for increasing engine efficiency and reducing the emission from SI engines. Due to the possibility of partial burn and misfire, however, under lean burn operation, stable flame kernel formation and fast burn rate, by use of swirl or tumble flow, are needed to guarantee a successful subsequent combustion. Experimental data were obtained on a 4-stroke, natural gas fueled SI engine to investigate the effect of compression ratio, swirl and spark plug electrode rotation on efficiency and emission under lean burn condition. Experimental results have displayed that higher compression ratio, presence of swirl vane and favorable direction of electrode gap brougth about the improvements in engine efficiency and its operational stability.
A Study on Residual Stress of SiC Whisker Reiforced AI Alloy/
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 18~26
A two dimensional thermo elasto-plastic finite element stress analysis was performed to study residual stress distributions in AI composites reinforced by SiC whisker and
ceramic joints. The influences on the residual stress distributions due to the difference of the reinforcement volume fraction and interlayer material property were investigated. Specifically, stress distributions between AI interlayer material property were investigated. Specifically, stress distributions between AI interlayer and
ceramic and between the AI interlayer and AI composite were computationally analzed.
2-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Forming Processes of Automotive Panels Considering Bending Effects
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 27~38
A two-dimensional FEM program, which considers bending effects in the membrane fromulation, was developed under plane strain assumption for analyzing forming processes of an arbitrarily shaped draw-die of automotive panels. For the evaluation of bending effects with membrane elements, the bending equivalent forces and stiffnesses are calculated from the bending moment computed using the changes in curvature of the formed shape of two membrane ones. The curves depicted with 3 nodes are described by a circle, a quadratic equation, and a cubic equation, respectively, and in the simulation of the stretch/draw sections of an automotive inner panel, three different description results are compared each other. Also, the bending results are compared with membrane results and measurements in order to verify the validity of the developed program.
Development of the Dynamic Model and Control Logic for the Rear Wheel Steering in 4WS Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 39~51
In the turning maneuver of the vehicle, its motion is mainly dependent on the genuine steering characteristics in view of the directional stability for stable turning ability. The under steer vehicle has an ability to maintain its own directonal performance for unknown external disturbances to some extent. From a few years ago, in order to acquire the more enhanced handling performance, some types of four wheel steering vehicle were considered and constructed. And, various rear wheel control logics for external disturbances has not been suggested. For this reason, in this posed rear wheel control logic is based on the yaw rate feed back type and is slightly modified by an yaw rate tuning factor for more stable turning performance. And an external disturbance is defined as a motivation of the additional yaw rate in the center of gravity by an uncertain input. In this study, an external disturbance is applied to the vehicle as a form of the additional yawing moment. Finally, the proposed rear wheel control logic is tested on the multi-body analysis software(ADAMS). J-turn and double lane change test are performed for the validation of the control logic.
Position Control of ER Valve-Cylinder System Via Neural Control Technique
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 52~64
This paper presents an active position control of a single-rod cylinder system featuring an electrorheological(ER) fluid-based valve. The ER fluid consisting of silicone oil and chemically treated particles is firstly composed and its Bingham property is tested as a function of imposed electric field. A multi-channel plate type of ER valve is then designed and manufactured on the basis of the field-dependent Bingham model. Performance test of the ER valve is undertaken by evaluating pressure drop with respect to the number of electrode as well as the intensity of the electric field. Subsequently, the ER valve-cylinder system is constructed and its governing equation of motion is derived. A neural control scheme for position control of the cylinder is formulated by incorporating proportional-plus-derivative(PD) controller and implemented. Experimental results of both regulating and tracking control responses are presented in order to demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed ER valve-cylinder control system.
Combustion Characteristics of a Small Diesel Engine Converted to Spark Ignition Operation and Fuelled with Natural Gas
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 65~77
A small-sized industrial diesel engine was converted to a spark ignited engine and then adapted for fuelling with natural gas. After conversion work, general combustion characteristics of the gas engine(such as ignition delay, main and total combustion durations, and heat release characteristics) were studied as a functio of major engine operating variables such as air to fuel ratio, spark timing, and spark plug type. Some other studies on cyclic variation characteristics in IMEP, Pmax and (dp/dφ)max, and also optimum combustion phasing angle were performed.
Considerations on the Temperature Distributions and Gradients in the Filter During Regeneration in Burner Type Diesel Particulate Trap System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 78~84
In order to eliminate TPM(Total Particulate Matter) from a diesel engine, we designed and developed a particulate trap system using a burner, which was named as AEFR(Active Exhaust Feeding Regeneration) system. We have considered the temperature distributions and gradients in the filter being regenerated according to regeneration control schemes Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ. Schemes Ⅲ has shown the most desirable peak temperature and temperature gradients in AFER system. Finally, it was concluded that much lower peak temperature and temperature gradients in the filter could be obtained than that of other advanced research results by our AEFR system.
Establishment of an Occupant Analysis modeling for Automobile Side Impact Using ATB Software
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 85~96
Most protection systems such as seat belts and airbags are not effective means for side structure. There has been significant effort in the automobile industries in seeking other protective methods, such as stiffer structure and padding on the door inner panel. Therefore, a car-to-car side impact model has been developed using ATB occupant simulation program and validated for test data of the vehicle. Compared to the existing side impact models, the developed model has a more detailed vehicle side structure representation for the more realistic impact response of the door. This model include impact bar which effectively increases the side structure stiffness without reduction of space between the occupant and the door and padding for absorbing impact energy. The established model is applied to a 4-door vehicle. The parameter study indicated that a stiffer impact bar would reduce both the acceleration-based criteria, such as thoracic trauma index: TTI(d), and deformation-based criteria, such as viscous criterion(VC). Padding on the door inner panel would reduce TTI(d) while VC gives the opposite indication in a specified thickness range. For a 4-door vehicle, the stiffness enhancement of B-pillar is more beneficial than that of A-pillar for occupant injury severity indices.
A Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of Center Pivot Rocker Arm Type OHC Valve Trains with Hydraulic Lash Adjuster
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 97~108
A modeling technique is proposed for dynamic simulations of OHC valve trains with HLA(hydraulic lash adiuster). HLA is expressed by an air-oil mixture model considering HLA leak-down and aeraton effects. A compact nonlinear equation is derived which describe the short term dynamic behavior of the HLA. Valve spring is analyzed by a distributed parameter model including nonlinear characteristics in the spring surge phenomena. Global behavior of the remaining valve train is expressed by a lumped mass model. The experiental results prove that the simulation model developed here is accurate and useful for the dynamic simulations of OHC valve trains with HLA.
Dynamic Analysis of Automotive Belt Drive Systems
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 109~120
Serpentine belt drive system offers the advantages of light weigh, low cost, quientness, and efficiency. Since these belts are typically longer than conventional belts, a tensioner component is added to maintain acceptable belt tension levels and make no slippage between pulleys and belts. This paper addresses the modeling and analysis of the automotive belt drive systems and also addresses the predicton of slippage on rotational modes. Vibration characteristics are determined from the eigenvalue problem governing the free response. Under certain engine operating conditions, the dynamic tension fluctuations may be sufficient to cause the belt to slip on particular accessory pulleys, It is found that this slippage can be reduced by adding the tensioner component from the analysis of belt tension and belt compression.
A Study for the Parameters of Handling Performance in the Design of Suspension System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 121~132
As a new suspension is being designed, the designer should consider that the vehicle has a good ride and handling performance. It is not easy for a yound desigineer to decide the design parameters. In this study, the design process of a suspension system is described. the method of optimized design to achieve the target of vehicle performance from the initial layout to detailed design stage is also described. As a result, the effects of design parameters in the vehicle dynamic performance are mentioned by the synthesized program
Development of the Software for Analysis and Improvement of the Performance of a Passanger Car's Muffler
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 133~143
The need of comfortable car and the efforts to overcoming the noise regulations on passenger cars bring about a series of studies on the ruduction of exhaust noises. In this study, acoustic characteristics of various components that compose mufflers of automobiles were analyzed theoretically, and the program which predicts the performance of mufflers was developed by the transfer matrix approach. The simulations were verified by the experiments on a real muffler. By using the developed simulation program, we investigate the effects of each component on the entire muffler system and the energy loss coefficient on absorption materials in the front muffler. Finally, we proposed two designs to improve the performance of a muffler and verified the improved performance by the experiments and simulations.
Effect of Fuel Injection Timing on the Performance Characteristics in an Si Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 144~152
In the sequential MPI system with one injection for each cycle, engine performance is influenced by the mixture conditions. It can be said that engine performance is improved by being better identical mixture formation conditions for all cylinders. As the fuel injection timing to the intake port effects on the mixture formation conditions and the engine performance, injection timing must be better adjusted to engine requirements. Engine behavior was clearly different depending on the injection time during intake storke. Therefore it was studied that injection timing of fuel effects on the engine performance I. e. combustion stability, COV(imep), A/F excursion, CO,HC emission concentration and fuel consumption. It was found that late intake-synchronous injection was deteriorated the combustion characteristics and performance characteristics, while early intake-synchronous infection resulted in favorable engine behavior.
Development of an Expert System for Design of High Performance Compressor Valve System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 153~163
An expert system to design compressor valve systems has been developed. Design process is viewed as a chain of devisions based on the results of necessary analyses. Actual design is implemented by the interaction between the expert system and the user. In this work, it is demonstrated how a final design is achieved by utilizing the rule bases and analysis capability of the system. The structure of the rule bases and related parameter studies are also explained. Advantages of using an expert system approach for valve designs are explained using a practical example.
Control and Response Characteristics of a Continuously Variable ER Damper
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 164~174
This paper presents control and response characteristics of a continuously variable ER(electrorheological) damper for small-sized vehicles. The ER damper is devised and its governing equation of motion is derived from the bond graph model. The field-dependent yield shear stresses are distilled from experimental investigation on the Bingham property of the ER fluid. The distilled data are incorporated into the governing system model and, on the basis of this model, an appropriate size of the ER damper is manufactured. After evaluating the field-dependent damping performance of the proposed ER damper, the skyhook control algorithm is formulated to achieve desired level of the damping force. The controller is then experimentally implemented and control characteristics of the ER damper are presented in order to demonstrate superior controllability of the damping force. In addition, response characteristics of the damping force with respect to the electric field with fast on-off frequency are provided to show the feasibility of practical application.
Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control Using the Adaptive Fuzzy Control
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 175~186
In Advanced Vehicle Control System(AVCS), Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control(AICC) is generally understood to be a system that can be achieved in the near future without the demanding infrastructure components and technoloties. AICC is an automatic vehicle following system with no human engagement in the longitudinal vehicle direction. This paper presents a fuzzy control algorithm to develop the AICC system. The control performance was studied information of vehicles using computer simulations. The most improtant aspects of the work reported here are the adoption of the fuzzy adaptive control law, and the use of filtering concept to reduce the slinky effects that may appear in a formation of vehicles equipped with AICC systems. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the fuzzy adaptive AICC system and its beneficial effects on traffic flow.
Optimum Design Scheme of Receiver Dryer in an Automotive Air-Conditioning System using HFC-134a Refrigerant
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 187~195
Because an alternative refrigerant(HFC-134a) is being used instead of CFC-12 for automotive air-conditioning system, newly designed air-conditioning components are necessary due to changes in characteristics. Optimum design scheme for receiver dryer in an automotive air-conditioning system is described with emphases upon the volume of desiccant and container. The volume of the container, that is manufactured based on the study, is reduced down to one half of the existing receiver dryers.
Dynamic Modeling and Control of Electronic Timer in Fuel Injection System of Light-Duty Diesel Engines
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 196~204
The simplified dynamic models of the timer assembly in the diesel engine fuel injection system were developed. The first order system with time delay was assumed and the various parameters in this model were obtained by experimental data. These simplified dynamic models were used for the development of control algorithm of the injection timing control system. The PI control algorithm was modified to include the anti-windup property and disturbance compensation. This modified PI control algorithm was used for the control of the injection timing. Improved control accuracy and reduced control efforts were observed.
The Development of the Software for the Powertrain Design Using Graphic User Interface
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 205~215
In this paper, the performance analysis of the vehicle with the Ravigneaux type automatic transmission has been carried out using information of engine and drivetrain. It is necessary to understand the overall system including engine, torque converter, clutch, planetary gears, and road load. The equations of motion are derived from dynamic model. The GUI computer simulation program has been developed to analyze the powertrain performance of the vehicle with the Ravigneaux type automatic transmission.
Roof Crush Analysis Technique Using Simple Model with Plastic Hinge Concepts
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 216~222
This paper presents a computational technique to predict roof crush resistance in early design stage of passenger car development. This technique use a simple F.E. model with nonlinear spring elements which represent plastic hinge behavior at weak areas. By assuming actual sections as equivalent simple sections, maximum bending moments which weak areas in major members can stand are theoretically calculated. Results from prediction of roof crush resistance are correlated well with test results.
A Study for the Improvement of the Brake Squeal Noise
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 223~228
The frequency of the brake squeal noise can be changed during braking, and this frequency shifting is due to variation of braking deceleration rate. The natural frequency of the brake system also shifted according to deceleration rate. It makes difficult to treat this problem. This paper shows an experimental study on the brake squeal noise having main frequencies of about 450~500Hz. And it shows how to improve the brake squeal noise problem.
A Study on Improving Ride Quality of the Commercial Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 229~235
The tapered leaf spring is regarded as the adequate tool to improve ride quality and to reduce vehicle weight of commercial vehicles. These effects are due to minimizing the contact area of each leaf by reducing the number of leaves and by optimizing the thickness profile of each leaf. But in adapting the tapered leaf spring to improve ride quality, we often have some problems of bad pitching and bouncing motion. This paper shows the basic properties of tapered leaf spring by rig tests and how to improve ride quality of a vehicle with tapered leaf springs, compared with multi-leaf spring. From the results of vehicle tests and rig tests it is concluded that the ride quality was effected by the dynamic spring rate and the friction of the tapered leaf spring.
Finite Element Modeling of Folded Airbag and Analysis of Deployment Process
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 236~246
The deployment process of fully folded airbag is analyzed. The methodology of finite element modeling is presented for flat driver side airbag and 3-dimensional passenger side airbag. 'Initial metric option' is used to model 3-dimensional passenger side airbag before deployment. The deformed shapeds and pressure waveforms inside cushion evaluated from simulation are compared to the test results. The agreements between the simulation and the experiments are satisfactory, and the results of simulation are confirmed to be applied to the design of airbag module
Kinematic Design Sensitivity Analysis of Suspension System Using a Symbolic Computation Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 4, issue 6, 1996, Pages 247~259
Kinematic design sensitivity analysis for vehicle in suspension systems design is performed. Suspension systems are modeled using composite joins to reduce the number of the constraint equations. This allows a semi-analytical approach that is computerized symbolic manipulation before numerical computations and that may compensate for their drawbacks. All the constraint equations including design variables are derived in symbolic equations for sensitivity analysis. By directly differentiating the equations with respect to design variables, sensitivity equations are obtained. Since the proposed method only requires the hard point data, sensitivity analysis is possible in suspension design stage.