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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Nov 1997
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Sep 1997
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Jul 1997
Volume 5, Issue 3 - May 1997
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Mar 1997
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
Effect of Initial Track Tension on the Tractive Performance of Tracked Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 1~12
A computer program was developed to simulate effect of the initial track tension on the tractive performance of tracked vehicles. The performance was evaluated in terms of drawbar pull, motion resistance, tractive coefficient and tractive efficiency. Results of the simulation showed that increase in track tension decreases the sinkage and mean maximum pressure in clay, making the ground pressure distribution more uniform. This tendency became more evident when the number of roadwheels increased. However, such change in MMPs was negligible in firm soils. Motion resistance was also decreased with increase in track tension and the number of roadwheels. Under weak soil conditions, tractive coefficient and efficiency increased generally as the track tension increased for a slip range of 10∼30%. For slippage less than 3∼4%, however, the tractive coefficient decreased with increase in track tension. In general, it was known that increasing track tension improves tractive performance in weak soil conditions. However, high track tension can reduce efficiency due to the increment of internal motion resistance caused by increased track tension.
Power Circulation Characteristics of Hydro-Mechanical transmission System in Steering
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 13~22
Power flow characteristics of a hydro-mechanical transmission system(HMT) are investigated for tracked vehicle in steering. A HMT consisting of two hydrostatic pump motors(HST), several planetary gear trains and steer differential gear is considered. In order to obtain the direction and magnitude of the power flow of the HMT, network theory for the general power transmission is used. Network model for the HMT in steering is developed, which consists of shafts, nodes and transmission elements such as clutch, gear, etc. Power flow analysis procedure consists of two stages : (1) traction force analysis in steering, (2) power flow analysis in HMT. Torque and speed of every transmission element of the HMT is determined from the network analysis. Also, efficiency, mechanical and hydraulic power loss including HST, are obtained. In addition, the regenerative power flow resulting from steering can be studied in graphic display. The power flow analysis program(PCSTEER) developed in this work can be used as a useful design tool for the tracked vehicle with HMT.
Frontal Crashworthiness Analysis of Vehicle Using simplified Structure Modelling
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 23~30
Modelling and crashworthiness analysis of simplified vehicle structures with beam element and nonlinear spring element to which axial and bending collapse mecha- nisms are applied are carried out. And on the basis of these analyses, two types of full car modelling and crahworthiness analyses with nonlinear spring and beam element are accomplished. The one is the full car model of which 30% of the structures are modelled with nonlinear spring and beam element, and the other 75% of whole structures. And the results are compared with those of full car analysis with shell element.
Dynamics Analysis and Simulation of a Passive Suspension System Using 7 DOF Full Car Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 31~41
Equations of motion for a 7 DOF full car model is developed in detail and used for the design of LQR based active suspension system. The frequency response to road disturbance input and the motion of a car passing unequal bumps were used to analyzed the dynamic characteristics of the 7 DOF full car with passive or active suspensions. The resulting linear equations of motion may be usefull in designing other types of active suspension.
A Study on the Performance of EFI Engine Used Ultrasonic Energy Adding Fuel System(I) -Attaching Importance to Fuel Characteristics for Ultrasonic-
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 42~49
This experimental study was performed to find fuel property variations of the ultrasonic energy adding gasoline and improve the spray characteristics of the multipoint injector for EFI engine. The cause and effect of the characteristic improvement of the ultrasonic energy adding fuel was found out by the chemical structure analysis (NMR, IR), distillation and viscosity test. The results are obtained that the chemical property of gasoline organizition was changed aromatics to paraffins and branch index as the physical characteristics of gasoline were improved by ultrasonic energy. There were higher distillation and lower viscosity in ultrasonic energy adding gasoline.
Numerical Study on the Effects of Pressure Wave Propagation for Tunnel Entrance Shape Change in High-Speed Railways
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 50~59
When a front head of train enters a tunnel at a high speed, compression wave is generated at tunnel entrance due to the confinement effect and propagated along the tunnel with sound of speed. The propagated compression wave is reflected at tunnel exit due to abrupt pressure change at passage. The reflected wave is expansion pressure wave. And when the rear head of train goes through the tunnel entrance, another expansion pressure wave is generated and propagated along the tunnel. The pressure drop occurs seriously around train when the two expansion pressure waves come cross on train in the tunnel. In order to reduce the pressure drop, the compression wave front must be controlled because the intensity and magnitude of pressure drop is nearly proportional to that of compression wave at tunnel entrance. This study relates to reduction of the pressure wave gradient with respect to tunnel entrance shape change with various kind of angle and rounding. The results show characteristics of wave propagation in tunnel, usefulness of characteristic curve to estimate proper time domain size in numerical study and measuring time in actual experiment. Also rounding is contributed to improve pressure wave front even if its radius is very small at tunnel entrance. In order to improve of pressure wave front at tunnel entrance, proper angle is prefered to rounding with big radius and an angle of around 14
is recommended according to this simulations, And it is expected to reduce additional pressure drop in tunnel when the location and the size of the internal space for attendant equipment are considered in advance.
Am Experimental Study on Measurement of Number Density and Temperature Distributions in
Flame by UV Laser Rayleigh Scattering
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 60~68
Rayleigh Scattering Cross Sections(
i) of various gases and the temperature distributions of premixes C3H8/O2 flame are measured by high power KrF(248nm) Exci- mer laser and ICCD camera. Results show that
i of O2 and Propane(C3H8) gases agree well in the 5% error range, but of H2 has the more or less difference from the calcul- ated value by other groups. This is attributed to the low RS signal of H2 to Nosie level(S/N ratio). The temperature distributions of flame range out between 300K in the air and about 2000K in the burned area. In this temperature range, out system has the about 250K temperature resolution. Because low RS signals in the reaction area with high temperature are affected highly by noises, temperature uncertainty of this area is relatively high to another part of flame. Experimental results show that UV Rayleigh Scattering can be used for the measurement of mixing ratio of mixed gases and the temperature distributions of flame. Especially, this technique can be applied for the measurement of the mixing ratio of air/fuel before the ignition and the flame structure after the ignition inside the Engine.
A Study on the Scavenging Efficiency Evaluation for the RSSV Configuration of 2-Stroke Engine with Popet Valve Type Using Single-Cycle Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 69~79
This paper deals with the measurement and analysis on the scavenging performance of the oppet-valve type two-stroke engine with different shroud system. The scavenging flow characteristics is investigated by flow visualization under steady condition, in which a dye is introduced into single-cycle method using the difference of specific gravity between two working fluids is used to evaluate the scavenging efficiency and the trapping efficiency. The 90° shroud system was found to be the highest efficiency system through both flow visualization and single-cycle test, as well as the shroud system to generally be efficient for reducing a short-circuiting flow during scavenging process in a two-stoke engine.
A Study on the Performance of EFI Engine Used Ultrasonic Energy Adding Fuel system(II) -Attaching Importance to the Fuel Spray-
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 80~86
This experiment was undertaken to investigate spray characteristics of the conventional injection system and the ultrasonic energy added injection system. Sauter mean diameter was measured under the variation of injection pressure and the spray distance. To measure the droplet size, we used the Malvern system 2600C. The spray angle and mass distribution were analyzed to the CCD camera and the patternater. After experiment, it was found that the ultrasonic energy added injection system had smaller Sauter mean diameter of droplet, wider mass distribution and wider spray angle than the conventional injection system had.
Strength Evaluation of Adhesive Bonded Joint for Light Weight Structure by Single-Lab Joint Test
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 87~93
The bonding strength evaluation of light weight materials for electrical vehicle applications has been performed through single lap joint tests in which the design parameters such as fillet, joint style, adherend, bonding overlap length,bonding thickness, and environmental condition(soaking time in
water) are considered. It is experimentally oberved that lap shear strength of joint increases for higher fillet height, longer overlap length, and thinner bonding layer thickness. Al-Al adherend combination shows much higher lap shear strength than AL-FRP and FRP-FRP adherend combinations. Riveting at adhesive bonded joint of AL-AL adherend combination makes lap shear strength decrease. Effect of soaking time on lap shear strength is negligible.
Dynamic Simulation of Engine Torque for Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 94~110
In the present study, a mean torque predictive model has been proposed and experimentally validated. It includes induction air mass model, fuel delivery model and mean production mode. Air induction and fuel delivery model considering dynamic behaviors of air induction and fuel delivery were proposed to predict the air-fuel ratio excursions under transient condition. Torque function model reflects thermal efficiency, volumetric efficiency, friction and effect of spark timing. In the spark timing model, knock limit and acceleration retard are included. Experiments were carried out to validate the simulation model for the step changes of throttle at constant engine speed. The results show reasonable agreements between simulation and experiment at fully warmed condition. Using this model, fueling strategies are varied with fast throttle open and it can predict air-fuel ratio excursion and IMEP.
A Study on the Modeling and Optimization of Check Valve in Automatic Transmission
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 111~119
The operating characteristics of the check valve in the clutch piston of an automatic transmission have a great effect on the shifting performance. This paper addresses the modeling, dynamic analysis, and optimization of the check valve. It was found that the vortex causes a pressure drop, which is related to the rotating speed of the clutch piston, oil volume discharged from the check valve, and valve geometry. Maximizing the oil volume discharged, geometry of the check valve is optimized. The results can be used to design an improved check valve which provides a suitable oil pressure curves for achieving smoother shifting.
A Study on the Estimation Method of the Wheel Acceleration
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 120~126
In this study, an effective estimation method of wheel acceleration is presented. The wheel acceleration is mainly used in the ABS(anti-lick brake system) and the TCS(traction control system). The wheel acceleration is a derivative term of the wheel speed which is generally measured by the wheel speed sensors. The results of a simple differentiation of the signal and an observation of the signal by Kalman filter show that Kalman filter has better performance than the simple differentiation. The differentiated sine signal which is contaminated with random noise shows a rugged signal compared with the signal which is filtered by the Kalman filter. The covariance of the differentiated signal is higher than that of the Kalman-filtered signal, too. The presented Kalman filter technique shows an effective way of solution to get the estimated wheel acceleration value which is sufficient to be applied to ABS or TCS control algorithms.
Emission characteristics of Natural Gas Fueled Vehicl and its Purification Technologies
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 127~135
Experiments have been conducted to investigate emission characteristics of compressed natural gas fueled vehicle(CNGV) by the FTP 75 mode test. Its purification technologies were also investigated. It was found that CNGV was operated on the rich A/F condition by comparison with gasoline vehicle. The Pd catalyst was higher in methane purification performance than Pt and Pd/Pt/Rh catalysts. Up to 60% portion of the accumulative HC emissions(that contains above 80% methane) form CNGV occurs during the first phase of the FTP 75 mode. CO that is exhausted at rich conditions of the air-fuel ratio more than lean conditions should be used for the catalytic reduction of NOX, because the methane is not the effective reduction for NOX in the CNGV with 3-way catalyst system.
Performance Prediction of Centrifugal Compressors
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 136~148
The present study has been carried out to develop a computational procedure for the analysis of the off-design performance in centrifugal compressors with vaneless diffusers by integrating empirical loss models and analytical equations. Losses in centrifugal compressors stem from a number of sources and their exact calculation is not yet possible. This study investigates several modeling schemes and shows that a fairly good prediction can be achieved by a proper selection of the most important flow parameters resulting form a meanline one-dimensional analysis. The performance maps for compressors are calculated and compared with measured performance maps. The off-design performance characteristics in terms of the pressure ratio vs. mass flow produced have generally correct forms. However, no universal means have been found to predict accurately the onset of surge. The prediction method developed through this study can serve as a tool to ensure good matching between parts and it can assist the understanding of the operational characteristics of general purpose centrifugal compressors.
Study on the Experimental Optimization of DOHC Intake Port Shape for Swirl Generation
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 149~161
Masked intake ports of a DOHC gasoline engine were divised and the shape was optimized to maximize the swirling and tumbling motions in the cylinder. Performances of the ports, swirling number, tumbling number and discharge coefficient were measured by Ricardo's rig test. By combination of the angle and height of the protrusions in the intake ports wall, swirling and tumbling strength can be controlled and the port shape can be optimized to increase the swirling number 13 times and tumbling number 2 times larger than those of an original port of DOHC engine with the expense of 3% decrease of discharge coefficient.
Passby Noise Prediction in Semi-anechoic Chamber
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 162~172
We investigated passby noise measurement method in a small-sized semi-anechoic chamber satisfying the American based SAE J1470 Recommended Practice to facilitate the measurements. We have tired two passby noise prediction methods. One is line array microphone method in which the free space sound field is decomposed into its eigenfunctions in the spherical coordinates and rearranged according to the order of the spherical Hankel function. However, due to the characteristics of the spherical Hankel function, it is impossible to distinguish the function's characteristics according to the order in farfield. Consequently it can be applied in the transient region of the nearfield and the farfield. The other method is nearfield acoustic holography(NAH). Although measuring hologram for the several operational engine speeds by conventional scanning method is time-consuming work, we can greatly reduce the measuring time by selecting the appropriate engine speed through preexperimental knowledge. To verify this method we experimented with the outdoor passby noise measurements and the passby noise prediction in the small-sized semi-anechoic chamber for the identical passenger vehicle and obtained reasonable and acceptable results.
A Study on the Local Instantaneous Flame Temperature and Soot Formation and Oxidation in a Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 173~182
The instantaneous flame temperature and soot formation and oxidation in a D. I. diesel engine are measured by using a two-color method. The proposed method based on the continuous spectral radiation from the soot particles in flames is applicable to industrial diesel engines without major modifications of their main characteristics. Measurements are performed at one location inside the combustion chamber of a D.I. diesel engine. Effects of different engine speeds and loads on flame temperature and KL factor which is an index of soot concentrations were examined. A little temperature change were observed with increasing engine speed, while increased with loads. The higher the flame temperature is, the lower the KL factor is.
A Study on the Flow Characteristics of the Intake Port and Cylinder Generated by a Tumble Intensifying Valve
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 183~196
Gas flow field within the cylinder which is called a tumble flow is important factor in improving lean combustion stability. In this study, steady state flow tests were performed to quantify tumble ratio of flowfields generated by a tumble intensifying valve(TIV). In addition, velocity and fluctuation profiles in an intake port and flowfields in th cylinder were inspected using a hotwire anemometer and a laser light sheet method with various TIV configurations. These experimental results show that installated TIV has a great effect on flow field distribution in an intake port and test effects enhance a tumble flow in the cylinder.
Effect of Piston Ring Gap on the Axial Motion of Piston Ring and Oil Consumption
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 197~204
In order to investigate the relationship between the ring gap ratio and oil consumption, the axial motion of piston ring was measured by capacitance technique. The pressures of each land and the motions of each ring were calculated by orifice-volume method in which it is assumed that the ring gaps are the only gas leakage paths. The calculated results were compared with the measured ones. Consequently, it is known that the increase of ring gap ratio has the effect of lifting the first ring. The calculated results were roughly in accordance with those measured. Therefore, it is possible to predict the effect of design variables on the pattern of ring motion. It is known that the lift off of first ring accompanied by the increase of ring gap ratio make rise of oil consumption.
Active Vibration Control of Flexible Cantilever Beam by Intelligent Control Technique
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 205~212
In this study, active vibration control for a flexible cantilever beam was performed by using the intelligent control technique. The intelligent control method which integrating the back propagation algorithm and the fuzzy inference technique was proposed and its performance was examined. The proposed control algorithm for the flexible cantilever beam was verified via computer simulation of active vibration control. Furthermore, the control system and its efficiency were investigated via experiments on active vibration control by the intelligent control technique without a digital signal processing device.