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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Nov 1997
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Sep 1997
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Jul 1997
Volume 5, Issue 3 - May 1997
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Mar 1997
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Collapse Characteristics of Thin-walled Structural Members for Automobiles Under Axial Compression Load
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 1~14
In this paper, collapse test of thin-walled structural member widely used for automobiles is carried out under static compression load to observe the effects of cross- sectional shape and material on the energy absorbing capacity in the viewpoint of cras- hworthiness. Specimens tested consist of two sorts(Aluminium, CFRP) and configur- ations(Circular, Square) with variation in thickness. Also, comparisons of Al circular and square specimens are made to find the influence of difference in shape on the energy absorbing capability according as the thickness of specimen varies.
Theoretical Study for Vehicle Applications of Electrically Heated Catalyst(EHC)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 15~26
In this study, the theoretical investigation of the electrically heated catalyst(EHC) for vehicle application has been carried out using the thermal equivalence of EHC system and the data of vehicle tests to meet ultra low emission vehicle(ULEV) standard. To improve the efficiency of EHC system, it is necessary to understand relation between the power, the operating time and the conversion efficiency of EHC system. The relation was found with thermal equivalence of EHC system which considers the power supply to EHC, heat loss, chemical exothermic energy generated by oxidation reaction and net energy coming in via the exhaust gas. From this relation, the limits of needful power and operating time to meet the ULEV standard can be suggested, when the conversion efficiency of catalyst was known.
A Study on the Effect of Valve Timing on the Performance and Idle characteristics of 3-Cylinder LPG Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 27~34
The effects of the intake and exhaust valve timing to improve the engine performance in a spark ignition 3-cylinder LPG engine with a closed loop fuel supply system were studied. The engine torque and power have been measured using the 75kW EC-dynamometer while adjusting the optimal fuel consumption ratio with a solen- oid driver. As the results from this experiment, when intake valve opening is
BTDC, intake valve closing is
ABDC, exhaust valve opening is
ATDC, and exhaust valve closing is
BBDC respectively, the best torque characteristics in low and high speeds for a gives engine were obtained. And also we could find that the torque characteristics in low speeds were affected by the timing of exhaust valve open. An increased valve overlap by the EVC delay was ineffectual to the torque characte- ristics improvement in high speeds.
A Study on Flow Analysis of Exterior Rear View Mirror of Passenger Car
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 35~46
In order to satisfy customer's requirements of ride comfort and high performance, it is necessary for designers to fully understand vehicle aerodynamics and wind noise of newly produced cars because characteristics of flow and wind noise are heavily dependent on each other. In this study numerical and experimental study have been carried out to analyse the effect of flow characteristics at around of rear view mirror on wind noise and soiling on the front S/W. As a result, it's found that the spiral flow mear the front pillar is weakened and spreaded because rear view mirror obstructs the flow. It is also shown that there is abrupt change of gradient of separa- tion line, separation area, intensity of spiral flow and turbulent kinetic energy with varying shape of neck and housing of rear view mirror.
Study of Pressure and Flow in the Air-Cleaner of Commercial Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 47~53
The importance of intake system can not be overstressed in the recent heavy duty commercial vehicle design. The basic requirements of intake system are to have less flow resistance and better air cleaning performance which have direct effects on the performance and service life of engine. In order to improve the performance of engine intake system, the flow phenomena in the intake system should be fully understood. With readily availble CFD code, the numerical analysis becomes the more reliable tools for flow optimization in recent design work. In this research, flow field in the intake system was analyzed by STAR-CD, the 3-D computational fluid dynamics code. Especially, the flow inside of air cleaner was thoroughly analyzed. Pressure distribution and velocity profile in the air cleaner and intake duct was obtained. Having the dust seperated from incoming air at the expense of less pressure drop is the ultimate goal for the research.
Quantitative Measurement of Soot concentration by Two-Wavelength Correction of Laser-Induced Incandescence Signals
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 54~65
To quantify the LII signals from soot particle of flames in diesel engine cylinder, a new method has been proposed for correcting LII signal attenuated by soot particles between the measuring point and the detector. It has been verified by an experiment on a laminar jet ethylene-air diffusion flame. Being proportional to the attenuation, the ratio of LII signal at two different detection wavelengths can be used to correct the measured LIIsignal and obtain the unattenuated LII signal, from which the soot volume fraction in the flame can be estimated. Both the 1064-nm and frequency-doubled 532-nm beams from the Nd : YAG laser are used. Single-shot, one-dimensional(1-D) line images are recorded on the intensified CCD camera, with the rectangular-profile laser beam using 1-mm-diameter pinhole. Two broadband optical interference filters having the center wavelengths of 647 nm and 400 nm respectively and a bandwidth of 10 nm are used. This two-wavelength correction has been applied to the ethylene-air coannular laminar diffusion flame, previously studied on soot formation by the laser extinction method in this laboratory. The results by the LII measurement technique and the conventional laser extinction method at the height of 40 nm above the jet exit agreed well with each other except around outside of the peaks of soot concentration, where the soot concentration was relatively high and resulting attenuation of the LII signal was large. The radial profile shape of soot concentration was not changed a lot, but the absolute value of the soot volume fraction around outside edge changed from 4ppm to 6.5 ppm at r=2.8mm after correction. This means that the attenuation of LII signal was approximately 40% at this point, which is higher than the average attenuation rate of this flame, 10~15%.
Acoustic Coupling Between Passenger and Luggage Compartments Through Loudspeaker Holes Using Indirect BEM
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 66~75
Sound transmission from the luggage comparment into the car cabin is important in the viewpoint if exhaust and road noises of passenger cars. In this paper, acoustic modal coupling between passenger and luggage compartments through loudspeaker holes at parcel shelf is dealt with for a sedan type passenger car with rigid rear seat. For these purposes, a half-scaled model car is tested and computed by the indirect BEM. Predicted acoustic transfer functions are compared with experimental ones and they agree reasonably well. It is found that the fore-aft resonance frequencies of the passenger cavity in the absence of coupling holes are tend to shift to higher frequencies when the luggage compartment is coupled to the passenger cavity.
A Study on the Full Active 4WS Control Method Using Nonlinear Tire Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 76~85
The understeer characteristics of four wheel steering system(4WS system) in a high speed region have a negative effect upon the yaw velocity, leading to a decrease in the handling ability of vehicle. As a result, even if the side slip angle of vehicle can be kept up a minimum, a driver must compensate a decrease in yaw velocity by increasing the steering wheel angle in order to track the desired vehicle path. In this study, to keep the side slip angle of vehicle at zero and achieve a suitable yaw velocity in vehicle motion, a full active 4WS system(FA 4WS system) with actively steerable front and rear wheels is presented based on a nonlinear vehicle model and a model following control of yaw velocity. And the analysis results show the fat that, besides the excellent stability of vehicle, the FA 4WS system is able to realize better handling performance of vehicle than the previous 4WS systems in the high speed region.
Study I of Catalyst Aging
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 86~94
Quick aging of catalysts has done with IAE(Institute for advanced engineering) AGING MODE suggested by IAE. To estimate the effects of number of aging cycle, temperature and
, characteristics of surfaces, mechanical properties and weibull modulus were estimated. Also, the conversion efficiency of aged catalysts was evaluated with model gas bench test. The area of surface and pore volume were decreased according to the number of aging cycle. The precious metal which is well dispersed in fresh state was sintered and agglomerated with aging. The mechanical of deactivation and sintering of catalysts are discussed on the basis of mechanical tests. The conversion efficiency was decreased with the repeats of aging. Especially, the existence of
in supply gas had a main role in catalyst deactivation withy high temperature.
Effects on Diesel Spray for Variation of Ambient Pressure and Impingement Land Position
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 95~105
A diesel engine has become smaller and higher, thus sprays injected in high speed may be impinged on a small combustion chamber wall if there is not enough strong swirl. Those combustion chambers should have proper measures to avoid the spray impinged and deposited on a wall. One of the measures is a chamber prepared impingement parts raised on a chamber wall surface. In this system a spray is injected into the raised pip, broken into a number of smaller drops and spreaded out away from the wall surface. Therefore the fuel droplets distributes over inside of the combustion chamber. In this study, the positions, sizes and angles of the raised land are discussed to help the chamber design using spray wall impaction. The characteristics of the spray impinged on various lands are investigated and compared with each other. Then chamber shapes are discussed with the spray characteristics and the proper positions and size are proposed in some chamber volumes.
A Study on Multi Pass Transmission System for a Flywheel Hybrid Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 106~116
In this paper, using MATLAB SIMULINK, a generalized design methodology was suggested for multi pass transmission(MPT) by classifying the vehicle power train as prime mover, MPT and vehicle dynamics. This approach enables a designer to investigate the influence of each transmission component by simple combination of system components without changes of overall program. Using the design methodology, a MPT consisting of CVT, 2, clutches and reduction gears was designed for a braking energy regenerative flywheel hybrid vehicle. The CVT is essential in order to connect the engine and flywheel speed with the vehicle speed. For the purpose of smooth clutch operation, control algorithm was suggested by introducing dead zone for the clutch engagement. Using the SIMULINK model, performance of the flywheel hybrid vehicle with MPT was investigated. It was observed from the simulation results that the MPT vehicle showed better fuel economy, 47% than that of AT vehicle, 27% than that of CVT vehicle for ECE-15 driving cycle. Especially destinct fuel efficiency improvement was obtained for city driving cycle requiring more frequent stop and start.
A Study on the Prediction for the Performance and the Size of the Vehicle Radiator
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 117~127
To maintain the reasonable temperature in the engine is very important to keep the steady combustion state of engine and to prevent increasing of lubricant consump- tion, deteriorating of lubricant, shortening of the life time of engine and decreasing of material strength. The method of energy balance for devided elements of radiator is considered to analyse the performance of radiator. Th data of engine test and vehicle cooling tunnel test are applied to program for calculation of radiator outlet temperature, and this result is compared with outlet temperature of vehicle cooling tunnel test. As a result, the radiator outlet temperature by numerical analysis agrees well with that by experiment. It is concluded that this simulation program is available in developing the cooling system for a new car.
Intermittent Spray Characteristics of the Injection Nozzle for a Gasoline Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 128~136
Spray characteristics of a fuel injector have an important effect upon engine power and emission. Thus this study was investigated the spray characteristics of the intermittent injection using a gasoline fuel injector. Image processing system and PDA system were utilized for visualization of a spray behavior and measurements of a droplet size and velocity, respectively. Fuel injection duration was fixed with 3ms and injection pressure was varied such as 250kPa, 300kPa, 350kPa. for a high fuel injection pressure, spray tip arrival time was fluctuated at a vigorously disintegrated cross section. Axial velocity was linear correlated with fuel droplet size in the time interval of an injected main spray at spray downstream.
Effect of Solid Body rotating Swirl on Spray Structure
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 137~146
Spray characteristics of high pressure injectors for diesel engines have been experimentally studied with special emphasis on the effect of swirl. A constant volume chamber was rotated in order to generate a continuous swirl having the flow field of a solid body rotation, resulting in the linear dependance of the swirl number on the rotating speed of the chamber. Emulsified fuel is injected into the chamber and the developing process of fuel sprays is visualized. The fuel spray developing process in D.I. diesel engine was investigated by this liquid injection technique. The effect of swirl on the spray tip penetration is quantified through modelling. Results show that the spray tip penetration is qualitatively different for low and high pressure injections. For high pressure injection case, a good agreement is achieved between the experimental results and the modeling accounting the effect of swirl. For low pressure injection, a reasonable agreement is obtained. It is found that excessive swirl may cause adverse effect on spray dispersion during the initial combustion period since the spray can not be impinged on chamber wall.
An Analysis of Diesel Engine Cylinder Block-Liner-Gasket-Head Compound by Finite Element Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 147~158
This paper presents the analysis technique and procedure of main engine components-cylinder block, cylinder liners, gasket and cylinder head-using the finite element method, which aims to assess mainly the potential of lower oil consumption in a view point of engine design and to decide subsequently the accuracy of engine design which was done. The F.E. model of an engine section consisting of one whole cylinder and two adjacent half cylinders is used, whereby the crankcase is cut off at the block bottom deck. By means of a 3-dimensional F.E. model-including cylinder block, liners, gasket, cylinder head, bolts and valve seat rings as separate parts a linear analysis of deformations and stresses was performed for three different loading conditions;assembly, thermal and gas loads. For the analysis of thermal boundary conditions also the temperature field had to be evaluated in a subsequent step.
Computer Simulation for Noise Source Identification and Application to Vehicle Using Complex Acoustic Intensity Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 159~171
Sound intensity distributions and energy flow in the near field of dipole source system and flat plate were investigated. First, the effectiveness of complex acoustic intensity was proved by using mathmatical and experimental methods in order to inden- tify noise sources and transmission paths of dipole field which is effected by the presence of neighbouring coherent sources. Next, analytical complex acoustic intensity method was discussed and the characteristics and energy flow of sound induced from the plate are clarified. The velocity of plate obtained from Finite Element Method was used for calculation of complex acoustic intensity in the near field. Finally experimental complex acoustic intensity method using both of active and reactive intensity is vital in devising a strategy for the identification and the reduction of vibration and noise.
Computer Simulation for Noise Source Identification and Application to Vehicle Using Complex Acoustic Intensity Method
O, Jae Ung ; Kim, Sang Heon ; An, Ji Hun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 171~171
Sound intensity distributions and energy flow in the near field of dipole source system and flat plate were investigated. First, the effectiveness of complex acoustic intensity was proved by using mathmatical and experimental methods in order to indentify noise sources and transmission paths of dipole field which is effected by the presence of neighbouring coherent sources. Next, analytical complex acoustic intensity method was discussed and the characteristics and energy flow of sound induced from the plate are clarified. The velocity of plate obtained from Finite Element Method was used for calculation of complex acoustic intensity in the near field. Finally experimental complex acoustic intensity method was applied to a passenger car. It can be seen that complex acoustic intensity method using both of active and reactive intensity is vital in devising a strategy for the identification and the reduction of vibration and noise.
Analysis of the Dynamic Characteristics of A Passenger Car Automatic Transmission
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 172~181
The dynamic characteristics during gear ratio change including the disturbance of output torque has been one of the most important issues in the study of automatic transmissions of passenger cars. In this paper, to investigate the dynamic characteristics of a passenger car automatic transmission during gear ratio change, a dynamic model of the driveline of a passenger car focused on the automatic transmission is proposed and the dynamic simulation program is developed. The results of the simulation show good agreements with the experimental data, which process the use fullness of the dynamic model and the simulation of the driveline.
A Study on the Weight Minimization of an Engine Block
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 182~190
Recently to develope an automobile with better properties, much researches and investments are executed in many countries. In this paper, it is intended to minimize the weight of an engine block without changing the dynamic characteristics. The weight minimization is executed by the sensitivity of the natural frequency of the engine block. To decrease the engine weight, much less thickness than the original thickness of the engine is selected to initial value and the structure modification is performed to recover the dynamic characteristics of the engine. Here, the original thickness of the engine is 8mm and the initial thickness is selected to 5mm, 6mm and the number if the natural frequencies fitted are 2, 6, 7, respectively. As the results, it is found that; (1) the weight of each case could be reduced without changing the objective natural frequencies. Specially, in the case of fitting 2 natural frequencies with 5mm initial thickness the weight could be reduced to 4.21kg(23.3% for engine weight). (2) according to the driving frequency range of engine, the weight minimization could be performed choicely, (3) improving a vibration characteristics of a orignal structure, the weight minimization could be performed.
Control System of Throttle Actrator for TCS
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 191~201
Accurate positioning of a throttle valve is required to implement the traction control system(TCS) which improves acceleration performance in slippery roads. In this research, position control system is developed for the main throttle actuator(MTA) system which uses one throttle actuation for small volume and DC servo motor for fast response. In order to drive DC motor, PWM signal generator and PWM amplifier were built and interfaced to the motor and controller. Digital PID control law is used as basic control algorithm. In order to prevent overshoot and improve accuracy, velocity profiles are generated and implemented whenever the targer throttle angle is given from the TCS controller. Thanks to velocity profiles, the control performance was very good and only one set of PID gains was used to cover the entire operating range. Also, the resolution of position is about 0.4
, which is better than that of stepping motor also used as throttle actuator in some products. The response time of the developed system is also fast enough to implement the engine control based TCS algorithm.
Measurement and Analysis of Knock Using a Microphone Sensor in a S.I. Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 202~208
The knocking is one of major parameters to improve engine performance in a spark ignition engine. Many researches have been carried out to identify them using cylinder pressure, vibration signal and so on. In the present study, measurement and analysis was conducted to set up the criteria of knock occurrence by using microphone signal. Cylinder pressure was measured for the reference signal of knocking. It has been observed that resonance frequencies of pressure wave are nearly independent of engine operating conditions such as engine speed, air fuel ratio, load and octane number of fuel within to limited experimental conditions. SDBP(sum of different band-pass data) method using resonance frequency of knock was proposed for estimating knock intensity. SDBP method is superior to identify knock occurrence and its intensity in case of sound pressure measurement.
A Preview Predictor Driver Model with Fuzzy Logic for the Evaluation of Vehicle Handling Performance
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 209~219
A fuzzy driver model based on a preview-predictor and yaw rate is developed. The model is used to investigate the handling performance of two wheel steering system(2WS) and four wheel steering system(4WS) vehicles. The two degree-of- freedom model which has yaw and lateral motion predicts the path of the vehicles. Based upon the yaw rate and lateral deviations, the fuzzy engine describes the human driver's complicated control behavior which is adjusted for the driving environment. Both typical single lane change maneuver and double lane change maneuver are adopted to demonstrate the feasibility of fuzzy driver model.
A Study on the Vibration Analysis of Composite Laminated Structure Using F.E.M
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 3, 1997, Pages 220~228
We discuss finite element approximation and use a Mindlin plate element based upon uniformly reduced numerical integration. The finite element selected for use in this work is a four-node, bilinear displacement element based upon the Mindlin theory of plates. Such elements show good accuracy for laminated composite plates when reduced numerical integration is used to evaluate the element marices. This study presents both the experimental and F.E. results for the natural frequencies of CFRPURETHANE-CFRP Composite plate. Good agreement between experimental and calculated frequencies is achived.