Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Nov 1997
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Sep 1997
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Jul 1997
Volume 5, Issue 3 - May 1997
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Mar 1997
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study for the Optimum Conditions of Painting Using Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 1~20
The automotive industry as the major industry of the nation has affected both society and economy since the automobile was invented, and the main technique that help to performance improvement of the automobile has been developed. But, the painting technique lags behind the main technique of the automobile because that was neglected. Specially, we can say that in case of the painting technique of the automobile of our nation is so weak situation. After we changed the injecting pressure, the composition ratio (paint, hardener, thinner) and the injecting flow rate from spray-gun by PDPA, we studied the character of the injecting velocity and droplet size, and found the fittest condition. So, we got the following result to help mending paint technique of automobile surface. We could know the following fact from the experiment result. When it does mending paint of automobile, there is most suitable that to inject the paint as injecting pressure 200∼300 kPa and to inject the ratio of paint 10 : 1 : 1 when the fluid adjective knob valve spay-gun is open full.
Development of a CAT System for Measuring and Analysing the Ride and Handling Performances of Vehicle under Windows GUI Environment
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 21~28
The vehicle handling performances have a close relation with the driver's safety. And the CAT(Computer aided testing) system has been introduced as a powerful tool for improving the handling performances. In this study, a CAT system for effectively measuring and analysing the handling performances is developed based on the windows GUI(Graphic user interface) environment. Especially, in order to derive a lot of significant handling performance parameters from a series of proving ground tests, the CAT system has various functions related to real time measurement, time domain analysis, frequency domain analysis, steady state analysis and so on.
Brake Steering Analysis of Electric-driven Special-purpose Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 29~38
In this paper, brake steering performance of electric-driven special-purpose vehicles is investigated. A 14 DOF model is developed considering nonlinear character- istics of the suspension and tire. Based on the model, cornering performance is analyzed for brake steering, acceleration steering and pivoting, respectively. Simulation results are obtained based on the developed SIMULINK module. This analysis about the non steady state cornering performance is particularly important for armored vehicles because the projected route of the vehicle at emergency should be predicted accuracy.
A Mathematical Model of a Power Steering System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 39~47
The focus of this research is to set up and describe the mathematical derivation of an automobile power-assisted rack and pinion steering system dynamics. The mathematical model of the power steering system dynamics with a 5 DOF linear vehicle model will be used in the computer simulation and evaluated comparing with the experimental results. This model is flexible to accommodate different vehicles through simple parameter changes. The developed mathematical model will attempt to provide enhanced driver realism to a Systems Technology, Inc. driving SIMulator(STISIM).
A Study on the Design Optimization of Composite cylindrical shells with Vibration, Buckling Strength and Impact Strength Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 48~69
The use of advanced composite materials in many engineering structures has steadily increased during the last decade. Advanced composite materials allow the design engineer to tailor the directional stiffness and the strength of materials as required for the structures. Design variables to the design engineer include multiple material systems. ply orientation, ply thickness, stacking sequence and boundary conditions, in addition to overall structural design parameters. Since the vibration and impact strength of composite cylindrical shell is an important consideration for composite structures design, the reliable prediction method and design methodology should be required. In this study, the optimum design of composite cylindrical shell for maximum natural frequency, buckling strength and impact strength are developed by analytic and numerical method. The effect of parameters such as the various composite material orthotropic properties (CFRP, GFRP, KFRP, Al-CFRP hybrid), the stacking sequences, the shell thickness, and the boundary conditions on structural characteristics are studied extensively.
A Study on the Combustion and Smoke Emission Characteristics of the Natural Aspiration Type Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 70~83
We made a selection of engine operating conditions in the natural aspiration type diesel engine as load and speed. The effects on the power, smoke emission and cylinder pressure characteristics of these variations in operating conditions were observed experimentally. Also, the smoke emission was predicted by using the Arrhenius equation and empirical equation of the smoke emission was made. At the same time, the correlations, between the combustion and smoke emission characteristic were examined. From the above results, it is clear that to prevent power dropping and to decrease exhaust fume whin the conditions are changed, one should improve the intake system. To do this, the best way is to lower the air-fuel mixing ratio. We found that the parameters of the indicated mean effective pressure, maximum pressure and its location and combustion duration, etc. change the motion in accordance with the conditions described above. Also, we found that the variation of the pressure cycle comes from an amplified variation of the early part of process. From the analysis of comparing combustion and exhaust fume, the exhaust fume is produced at the latter time of combustion and decreased when the combustion ratio is higher. Also, we developed a special formula which can predict the exhaust fume value according to the engine load and speed.
Transfer Path Identification of Road Noise;Using Multiple Coherence Function and Relative Acceleration
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 84~92
Among the various sources of vehicle interior noise, this paper concerns the road induced noise ; the identification of its transfer path by using experimental method. Multiple input and single output model is taken as a noise generation model. Because it is impossible to measure the road imput forces directly, the acceleration signals are measured on four axle;three directions for each point. By considering the cross correlations of input signals, four uncorrelated source groups are taken. Multiple coherence function is employed to investigate the contribution of each group. In addtion, to identify the detailed path through the suspension systems, the contributions of all possible paths are ranked by using the coherence functions between interior noise and the relative accelerations of connections such as bushings and mountings. Measurements are performed with passenger vehicle traveling on concrete and asphalt roads at 60㎞/h.
A Study on Diesel Engine Performance with Ar and
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 93~99
The re quest to develop the engines that are able to run without air or with very little oxygen condition is raised with the interest of ocean science or the mines. This research had already be gun before the world war II, but had been stagnant owing to the appearance of nuclear power. Recycle diesel engines have ability to run under the above mentioned condition the recycle diesel engine recirculates exhaust gases into intake port and consumes additional oxygen supplied by oxygen tank. Carbon dioxide is controlled by the absorber. The combustion and emission characteristics of recycle diesel engines are quite different with conventional one because the working fluids of recycle diesel engines consist of Ar,
as well as
. Recycle diesel engine is therefore different with general diesel engine from the viewpoint of intake air composition. It is required to investigate the effect of intake composition in the combustion and emission to know recycle diesel engine. In this study, NOx concentration, smoke and cylinder pressure are measured with the variation of Ar and
Reduces show that the addition of Ar reduces NOx but increases smoke. Otherwise
reduces smoke and NOX simultaneously. Only
increases the ignition delay and both gases increase fuel consumption Ar addition is superior to
addition for the performance of recycle diesel engine system but
has the avantage with respect to emission.
Robust Torque Control of Internal Combustion Engine Using LMI Technique
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 100~109
Parameters in the internal combustion engines are variable depending on the operating points. Therefore, it is necessary to compensate for the uncertainties. Form this point of view, this paper gives a controller design method and a robust stability condition by LMI approach for engine torque control which satisfies the gives H
control performance in the presence of physical parameter perturbations. To the end, the robustness of the system in the presence of perturbation is guaranteed in the all engine operating regions. Its effectiveness is demonstrated by simulation.
A Study on the Minimization of Transmissibility of Seat Foam in Passenger Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 110~120
One of the most important factor for the comfort of the passenger vehicles is the minimization of the compressible transmissibility during the running vehicles. Seat foam materials of I2 series(index 95 and the contents of isocyanate TDI was changed in percentages 75, 70, 65, 60, 50, 40) and DI series(density 50kg/
, index was changed 100, 95, 90) showed the significant differences in their transmissibility depended upon their chemical constitution such as index and contents of isocyanate TDI. The minimum trasmissibility of seat foam materials of I2 series was found from the materials with the contents of 65% isocyanate TDI and the index 95 at the frequency 4.79~5.31Hz. Also the minimum transmissibility of seat foam materials of DI series was found from the materials with the index 90 and the density of 50kg/
at the frequency of 4.79~5.31Hz.
An Experimental Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of a Planetary Gear Train in the Low Speed Region
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 121~129
Gear train system test rig of power circulating type was fabricated, and systematic experiment for measuring dynamic characteristics of the planetary gear trains in the low speed region has been carried out using the test rig. The measured parameters are fillet strains of the sun gear and ring gear, carrier displacements, torques of the input and output shafts. The results are as follows : i) Even though the loading torque is constant, torque variation has been observed on the input and output hafts, ii) The variation of the torque has two frequency components, i.e. lower one of the input shaft rotation and higher one of the two teeth meshing, iii) The variation of the fillet strains shows the same tendency as that of the torque, iv) The loci of the carrier depend on the torque and rotational speed.
An Experimental Study on the Control of the Combustion Rate by Temperature Control of Gas Entrained into the Filter in Burner-Type Particulate Trap
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 130~141
Work on the reduction of particulate matter(PM) from a diesel vehicl has led to a new trp system and a control method to control the combustion rate of the PM filtrated in the trap, which was named as 'Active Exhaust Feeding Regeneration(AEFR) System' by its operation mechanism. Ceramic cordierite filter is a major component of the trap and susceptible to thermal shock. Therefore the system should be designed to reduce the peak temperature and temperature gradients in the trap ; these have been considered to be the main factors causing thermal shock of the filter during the regeneration. It uses the engine's exhaust gas partially for the regeneration of the ceramic filter. It controlled bypass flow rate of the engine's exhaust gas precisely to control the temperature of the gas entrained into the filter. Gas temperatures were measured inside filter, and the oxygen concentration at the outlet of the filter was also monitored during the regeneration to analyze the combustion process of the PM. The temperature distributions and temperature gradients in the filter during the regeneration varied widely according to the regeneration control schemes. Finally, this system shows relatively low peak temperature and temperature gradients in the filter during its regeneration. It is considered that this system uses a mew method to control the combustion rate of the PM, which is different from the methods used in the previous studies.
Role of Side Impact Airbag in Order to Reduce Passenger Injury Value
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 142~151
In order to reduce passenger injuries in side collisions, car makers are developing a side impact airbag system while Volvo has already adopted. This study examines dummy injury reduction effect of a side airbag system using full car side impact simulation according to FMVSS 214 test procedure. The simulation result without side airbag shows a good correlation with test data. The folded airbag simulation is carried out to check main design factors. Through the simulation with side airbag module integrated in the seat frame, it is found that the side airbag system provides a substantially enhanced protection for car occupants in side collisions.
The Transfer Matrix Method for Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Crank Shaft
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 152~159
This paper presents a vibration analysis method of crank shaft of six cylinder internal combustion engine. For simple analysis journal, pin and arm parts were assumed to have uniform section. Transfer Matrix Method was used, considering branched part and coordinate transformation part. Natural frequencies, modeshapes and transfer functions of crank shaft were investigated based upon the Euler beam theory: It was shown that the calculated natural frequencies, modeshapes agree well with the existing paper results.
Performance Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Using the Change of Injection Nozzle Type and Ultrasonic-Energy-Added System(I)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 160~170
The objective of this study is to investigate the atomization characteristics and the performance characteristics of a C. I. engine by using the changes of the injection nozzle type and the ultrasonic-energy-added system. In order to evaluate the effect of ultrasonic energy and of change of injection nozzle type in the performance characte- ristics of a diesel engine, measurements of droplet size of diesel fuel were carried out by using Malvern system. In all types of injection nozzles, SMD of the ultrasonic- energy -added diesel fuel was smaller than that of the conventional diesel fuel and the more injection pressure increased, the more SMD decreased. There was a small increase in SMD with the distance from injection nozzle under all conditions of the injection nozzle types. The minimum SMD was found in the injection nozzle of B type. In the diesel engine test, there were three results about the engine performance. Compared with the injection nozzle of A type, B type had excellent effects in the engine performance. The most excellent effects about the engine performance were obtained in the case of ultrasonic-energy-added diesel fuel. In addition, the torque diagram in the case of ultrasonic-energy-added diesel fuel was more stable and periodical than others.
A Study on the Noise Reduction of Compartment of Vehicle Using Sensitivity Analysis of Engine Exciting Force
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 171~178
Vehicle interior noise has become increasingly important in this recent years. The noise of a vehicle is one of the important problems in a vehicle design. The interior noise is caused by various vibration sources of vehicle compartment. The booming noise of a vehicle can be significantly affected by vibrations transmitted from engine excitation forces to the vehicle body. Specially, we are interested in the state of transmission paths such as engine mounts to reduce noise in a vehicle compartment. In this paper, we have been calculated the contribution of each transmission path such as engine mounts to interior noise. To identify contribution of each input sources and transmission paths to output, the effectiveness of each input component to output is calculated. Sensitivity analysis is carried out for investigation of contribution to output due to input variations. With the simulation of magnitude and phase change of inputs using vector synthesis diagram, the trends of synthesized output vector are obtained. As a result, we suggested sensitivity analysis of vector synthesis as a technique of prediction and control for noise in a vehicle compartment.
A Theoretical Study on Exhaust Gas Reduction by Oxidation Catalyst in Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 179~189
Among aftertreatment devices which reduce exhaust gas of diesel engine, diesel oxidation catalyst(DOC) with high reduction efficiency for gaseous matter and particulate matter is now studied actively. In this study, a transient one-dimensional model developed to simulate the thermal and conversion characteristics of adiabatic monolithic converters operating under warm up conditions is presented. This model takes into account the gas solid heat and mass transfer, axial heat conduction, chemical reactions and the related heat release. The model has been used to analyze the transient response of an axisymmetric catalytic converter during a warm-up as a function of catalyst design parameters and operation conditions in order to observe their effects on the lightoff behaviour. The experimental test was carried out 2400 cc light diesel engine with DOC.
Optimal Wheel Slip Control for Vehicle Stability During Cornering
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 190~198
Traction control systems are used to prevent the wheel slippage and to maximize the traction force. A new scheme of controlling the wheel slip during cornering by varying the slip ration as a function of the slip angle is proposed and dynamically simulated with the model of a front wheel driven passenger vehicle. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme is superior to conventional ones based on the fixed slip ratio during cornering and lane changes.
Process Design of Pulley for Automobile Airconditoner in Cold Forging
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 199~206
The inner pulley is an automobile component used as air conditioner clutch assembly. In cold forging of inner pulley, the design requirements are to keep the same height of the inner rib and outer one, and to make uniform the hardness distribution in the forged product. In industry, the design of forging processes is performed based on experience-oriented technology, that is, designers experience and expensive trial and error. Using the rigid-plastic finite element simulations. we design the optimal process conditions, which has a preforming operation. Also the final product configuration of forging has to be designed again in view of metal flow involved in the operation, derived from the finite element simulations. The forged pulley is investigated by checking the hardness distribution and it is noted that distribution has improved to be even and high enough for industrial application.
A Study on the Intial Blank Design Using Ideal Forming Theory
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 207~218
A new blank design method is introduced to predict the blank shape and the strain distribution in the sheet metal forming process. This method deals with only one step from the final shape to the initial blank using the ideal forming theory. Based on this theory, a three-dimensional membrane finite element code has been developed to design an initial blank in the sheet metal forming process. In this paper, the designs of initial blanks for forming a cylindrical cup, a rectangular cup, and a front fender are presented as examples. Also, it compares the two shapes, the target shape with the shape which is deformed from the initial blank using the FEM analysis code. The results illustrate the information that this direct design code is useful in the preliminary design state.
Simultaneous Measurments of Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Liquids with a Transient Short-Hot-Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 219~224
A transient short-hot-wire technique has been presented for simultaneous measurements of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of fluids under the microgravity condition. Two-dimensional heat conduction equations for concentric cylinders with various radius ration and length-diameter ratio have been solved numerically by taking account of the heat capacity of the inner cylinder. A unique relation between the non-dimensional temperature of inner cylinder and Fourier number is obtained for a wide range of thermal properties of the fluids, because the relation if found to be almost independent of these properties. Then the characteristic could be utilized as a masterplot to evaluate both the thermal conductivity and diffusivity. In principle, this method is proved to have an error within 1% for both of these properties.