Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 5 - Sep 1998
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Jul 1998
Volume 6, Issue 3 - May 1998
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Mar 1998
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Improvement of Gasoline Engine Performance by Modifying the Engine Cooling System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 1~10
In this paper, we investigated the improvement of characteristics of knock, emission and fuel consumption rate by optimizing the location and size of water transfer holes in cylinder head gasket without change of engine water jacket design itself. The cooling system was modified in the direction of reducing the metal temperature in the head and increasing the metal temperature in the block. The optimization of water transfer holes in cylinder head gasket was obtained by "flow visualization test". The water transfer holes were concentrated in front side of the engine in order to reduce thermal boundary layer in the water jacket of No. 2 and No. 3 combustion changer in the cylinder head, which would have a large knock intensity, and increase thermal boundary layer in the water jacket of the cylinder block. When the modified coolant flow pattern was applied as proposed in this paper, the knock characteristic was improved. The spark timing was advanced up to 2
in low and middle speed range at a full load. In addition, HC emission at MBT was reduced by 5.2%, and the fuel consumption rate was decreased up to 1% in the driving condition of 2400 rpm and 250 KPa. However, since this coolant flow pattern mentioned in this paper might deteriorate the performance of vehicle cooling system due to the coolant flow rate reduction, a properly optimized point should be obtained. obtained.
Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Tracked Vehicles (I) : Development of the Recursive Formulation Module
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 11~17
In this study, a procedure is presented for the dynamic analysis of a multibody tracked vehicle system. the planner tracked vehicle model used in this investigation is assumed to consist of two kinematically decoupled subsystems, i.e., the chassis subsys- tem and track sub-system. The chassis subsystem includes the chassis frame, sprocket, idler and rollers, while the track subsystem is represented as a closed kinematic chain consisting of rigid links interconnected by revolute joints. The recursive kinematic and dynamic formulation module of the vehicle will be developed.
The Study of Safety Evaluation of Improvement on LOWER ARM (II)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 18~25
This paper performed stress analysis and bench test for the LOWER ARM of H' type which was improved on LOWER ARM with the section of H type. And we investigated the safety of the section of H' type. The results of this study are as follows ; The section of H' type satisfied the required safety factor and has the highest stress value on the B part of the LOWER ARM. And the magnitude is similar to the fatigue strength of the GCD45(300㎫). Hence, the H' type has an advantage to reduce the cost of production.
In-Cylinder Flow Characteristics of a Lean Burn Engine under Steady Conditions for Different Port Shapes
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 26~33
An experimental study has been conducted for the three-dimensional in-cylinder swirl flow under steady conditions. Velocity fields are measured by using an LDV at various valve lifts. Effects of geometry of inlet ports on swirl flows are investigated for standard and helical ports. Swirl distributions evaluated from velocity measurements are compared with those obtained from an impulse torque swirl meter. Results show that the helical port generates more intensive swirl than the standard one but it causes red- uction in air flow coefficient. At the lower valve lift, no significant difference is observ- ed in non-dimensional swirl values between two ports because of limited pre-swirl effect, while it becomes significant as the valve lift increases.
Understanding Automobile Roll Dynamics and Lateral Load Transfer Through Bond Graphs
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 34~44
It is clear that when an automobile negotiates a curve the lateral acceleration causes an increase in tire normal load for the wheels on the outside of the curve and a decrease in load for the inside wheels. However, just how the details of the suspension linkages and the parameters of the springs and shock absorbers affect the dynamics of the load transfer os not easily understood. One even encounters the false idea that since it is the compression and extension of the main suspension springs spring body role which largely determines the changes in normal load, of roll could be reduced, the load transfer would also be reduced. Using free body diagrams, one can explain quite clearly how the load is transferred for steady state cornering, and, using complex multibody models of particular vehicles one can simulate in good fidelity how load transfer occurs dynamically. Here we adopt a middle ground by using the concept of roll center and using a series of half-car bond graph models to point out main effects. Since bond graph junction structures automatically and consistently constrain geometric and force variables simultaneously, they can be used to point out hidden assumptions of other simplified vehicle models.
HWILS Implementation of TCS Control System Based on Throttle Adjustment Approach
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 45~53
Traction control systems(TCS) improve vehicle acceleration performance and stability, particularly on slippery roads through engine torque and/or brake torque control. This research mainly deals with the engine control algorithm based on adjustment of the engine throttle valve opening. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation(HWILS) is carried out where the actual hardware is used for the engine/automatic transmission and TCS controller, while various vehicle dynamics are simulated on real-time basis. Also, use of the dynamometer is made in order to implement the tractive force that a road applies to the tire. Although some restrictions are imposed mainly due to the capability of the synamometer, simplified HWILS results show that the slip control algorithm can improve the vehicle acceleration performance for low-friction roads.
Collapse Behavior of Vehicle Structures
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 54~62
In this study, collapse behavior of frame composed of thin-walled rectangular tube is investigated. Considering the collapse of frame, the bending and compression members undergo large deformation. The stiffness of the compound element is obtained from analytical moment-rotation relationship and approximated load-deflection relationsh- ip of thin-walled rectangular tube. A computer program is developed for the large deformation analysis of frame. An incremental displacement method is used in the program and at each incremental stage, the stiffness matrix of the total structure is checked with the state of each element for bending and compression.
Estimation of Wall Wetting fuel by FRFID in an S.I. Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 63~70
According to the stringent exhaust emission regulation control of air fuel ratio is one of the most important issues on gasoline engine. Although many researches have been carried out to identify the fuel transport phenomena in a port fueled gasoline engine, complexity of fuel film behavior in the intake port makes it difficult. The fuel film behavior was investigated recently by using visualization method and these gave us qualitative understanding. In this paper, the quantitative measurement method for the port fuel film is studied by using Fast Response Flame Ionization Detector(FRFID). The mass of fuel film on the port wall was measured by using the methods of fuel injection off, injection on and regression. The Fuel film mass was increased with incresing load at the same engine speed.
Analysis of Frictional Characteristics of Direct-Acting OHC Valve Train System Equipped with HLA
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 78~87
A dynamic model of direct-acting OHC valve train system has been used to determine the load conditions in the system. The modified equations for calculating the friction forces between cam and HLA, and at a camshaft bearing have been defined considering the lubrication conditions. Then, to understand the frictional characteristics in the system, a parameter study has been performed. As the results of the analysis, valve spring stiffness and preload have great effects on the friction in the system, but the effects of other parameters are negligible. So, how to design the valve train system with respect to the reduction of friction is to minimize the valve spring stiffness and preload in the limit of satisfying the dynamic constraints.
A Study on the System Parameters to Reduce the Idle Gear Rattle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 88~96
The rattle noise is the most significant in many kinds of manual gearbox nioses, which is generated at the idle stage of the engine operation. The main torsional vibrat- ion source of the driveline is the fluctuation of the engine torque. The gear rattle is impacts generating in the backlash of the free gear due to this torsional vibration. Many researchers reported the clutch torsional characteristic optimization method to reduce the idle gear rattle but only few of them give sufficient consideration to the system parameters like gear backlash, drag torque, system inertia, inertia distribution, engine torque fluctuation, idle engine rotation speed, and accessory load. In this paper, influence rate of system parameters on the gear rattle is presented and counterplans like backlash reduction, drag torque increase, inertia addition, inertia distribution modification and engine torque characteristic control are suggested.
A Numerical Study on the emission Characteristics of DI Diesel Engine by Wall Impingement of Spray
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 97~105
High pressure injection is recently used to reduce the emissions and increase the power of DI diesel engine. This high pressure injection makes the spray strike the cylinder wall. This spray/wall impingement is known to affect the emission and performance of DI diesel engine such that it is very important to know the spray/wall impingement process. In this study, multidimensional computer program KIVA-II was used to clarify the effect of spray wall impingement by different injection spray angle with the spray/wall impingement model consiedering rebound and slide motion and also the improved submodel for liquid breakup, drop distortion model.
Design Techniques for reduction of Cogging Torque in Brushless DC Motors used for Electric Power Steering
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 106~114
Cogging torque is often a principal source of vibration and control difficulty in permanent magnet motors, especially at low speeds and loads. For example, reduction of cogging torque is an important specification for DC motors used for electric power stee- ring. This paper examines two motor design techniques, stator tooth notching and rotor pole skewing with magnet pole shaping, for reduction of cogging torque, and the effect of each method on the airgap flux, and the use of the Maxwell stress method and Fourier decomposition to calculate the periodic cogging torque. The analyses show that the cogging torque can be nearly eliminated by the suggested designs, with minimal scacrifice of output torque.
A Study on the Event Processing for Electronic Control
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 115~122
For digital engine control timings, such as ignition, are based on the crank shaft angle. Therefore, it is very important that the angle of the crank shaft can be detected with accuracy for optimal ignition timing. Sequential multi-point injection(MPI) systems that have independent injection events for each cylinder, are used to inject an accurate quantity of fuel, and to cope with varying engine status promptly. In this study the distributorless ignition timing. A crankshaft position sensor has been installed such that it generates a number of pulses per crankshaft revolution to permit accurate detection of the crank shaft angle. An event detecting algorithm has been developed, which detects the crank shaft pulses generated by the position sensor, and the software outputs the required control signals at given crank angle values. We clarified that the hardware method is the best way to increase the performance of the control system, because the event detecting duration T(1+2)max becomes zero.
Stress Analysis of C.V. Joint Rubber Boots by Finite Element Method and Application to Design Modification
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 123~137
The finite deformation with self contact problem of C. V. joint boots is analysed by using the implicit finite element code ABAQUS/Standard. It is shown that analysis results have a good agreement with experimental ones to the degree of maximum rotation angle. As an application of design modification, the effects of thickness change of the rounded part of boot model on the bending and the contact situation of deformed geometry are investigated. In this paper, the effect of the design modification in the end on the leakage is examined using 2-D finite element simulation. To solve the leakage problem of grease, the length of the small end is enlarged. From this study, it is confirmed that we can save the cost and time by applying FEM techniques to analyze and design the boot model.
An Experimental Study on Emission Reduction by Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel in Diesel Oxidation Catalyst of Heavy Duty Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 138~142
Among aftertreatment devices which reduce exhaust gas of diesel engine, diesel oxidation catalyst(DOC) with high reduction efficiency for gaseous matter and particulate matter is now being studied actively. In this study, an experiment was conducted to analyze the effects of low sulfur diesel fuel in heavy duty diesel engine equipped with DOC. We tested to estimate change of engine performance for the low and high sulfur diesel fuels in a 11,000cc diesel engine equipped with DOC. We conducted test to estimate the reduction efficiency of exhaust gas in D-13 mode of heavy duty diesel regulation mode and in smoke opacity mode for two samples of high sulfur content (0.2%) and low sulfur content(0.05%)
Implicit Numerical Algorithm for Real-time simulation of a Vehicle
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 143~153
In this reaserch, a program for real time simulation of a vehicle is developed. This program uses relative coordinates to save the computation time and BDF(Backward Difference Formula) to integrate system variables. Numerical tests were performed for J-turn and Lane change steering, respectively. The validity of the program is proved by the ADAMS package. Numerical results showed that the proposed implicit method is more stable in carrying out the numerical integration for vehicle dynamics than the explicit method. Hardware requirements for real time simulation are suggested.
An Analytical Study of Suspension Design Parameters in order to Reduce the Pitching Motion of Medium Truck
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 154~160
Ride quality of medium truck became a very important factor in the suspension design, to the demand of more comfortable ride of passengers. This study describes how to determine and evaluate design parameters related to the chassis suspension system with time and frequency analysis. The spring stiffness and damping force of the chassis suspension system were obtained by observing the vertical acceleration PSD. The simulation was carried out on various road profiles, which was suggested by ISO. The pitching motion of the medium size truck was observed to improve the ride quality. A computer simulated truck model was constructed using DADS, a commercial dynamic analysis software, in order to simulate the truck motions. From the analyzed process of suspension parameters, it was concluded that the spring and the shock absorbers affect the pitching of the vehicle. In order to validate the computer simulated truck model, a physical prototype was constructed and tested.
Development of the On-Vehicle Information Display System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 161~168
This paper presents the on-vehicle information system that displays the states of the vehicle in brief words instead of symbols. Main functions of this system include a system check function, trip function, warning function, and clock function. With this system, a driver can obtain all sorts of useful information related to various conditions of the vehicle, and if any problem arises in the vehicle, he can recognize it by the displayed words with a warning sound. Also, this system is very helpful for safety driving because it displays whatever a driver wants to have concerning trip information. By experimental test and driving test, the development system shows good results for each function.
Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Systems Undertaking Impulsive Force using Kane's Method
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 169~176
A method for the dynamic analysis of multibody systems undertaking impulsive force is introduced in this paper. A partial velocity matrix based on Kane's method is introduced to reduce the number of equations to be solved. Only minimum number of equations of motion can be obtained by using the partial velocity matrix. This reduces the computational effort significantly to obtain the dynamic response of the system. At the very moment of the impulse, instead of using the numerical integrator to solve the equations of motion, the impulse and momentum principle is used to obtain the dynamic response. The impulse as wall as the reaction force acting on the kinematic joints can easily calculated too.
Sound Absorption Effects in a Rectangular Enclosure with the Foamed Aluminum Sheet Absorber
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 177~186
For the purpose of finding out the sound field characteristics in a cavity of a rectangular enclosure with foamed aluminum lining, analytical and experimental studies are performed with random noise input. Experimental method using two-microphone impedance tube measures the absorption coefficients and the impedances of simple sound absorbing materials. Measured acoustical parameters of the test samples are applied to the theoretical analysis to predict sound pressure field in the cavity. The sound absorp- tion effects from measurements are compared to prediction in both cases with and without foamed aluminum lining in the cavity of the rectangular enclosure.
Spray Behavior and Atomization Characteristics of Air-Assist Type Gasoline Fuel Injector
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 187~197
To investigate the spray behavior and atomization characteristics using an air-assist injector, spray visualization and PDPA measurements were carried out under the various assisted air pressures and the fixed fuel pressure. The air assist pintle type injector employed in this study is consisted of the air assist adaptor and an injector housing using the gasoline fuel and air as the working fluids. As results, increasing pressure of assisted air, the growth of spray tip penetration is gradually reduced at the end of spray and spray angle is steadily increased at the main spray region except from the early spray. For the air assist pressure of 25㎪ in a spray downstream, it is doncluded that droplet size distribution shows the peak of 10
and most of the droplet sizes are less than 50
. Also, the air-assist injector extremely improves fuel atomization in order to produce much finer droplets, it shows that approximately, in this case, 50% decreade of SMD than without air assit.
The Effect of Temperature and Microstructure on High Temperature Fatigue Crack Propagation Property in Ti-3Al-2.5V Alloy
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1998, Pages 198~207
To determine the effect of temperature and microstructure on the fatigue crack propagation behavior in Ti-3Al-2.5V alloy, experimental investigations have been carried out with the specimens of different temperatures and different volume fractions of prime
-phase. The temperatures employed were room temperature, 20
under the same frequency of 20Hz. To obtain the different volume fractions of the primary
-phase, specimens were solution-treated at
and above the
region. From the experimental results, following conclusions were obtained. (1) ΔKth was observed to increase with the less volume fraction of the primary
-phase. (2) As the temperature increased. (3) Microstructures having more primary
-phase showed higher strength at the high temperatures.