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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Nov 2000
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Sep 2000
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Jul 2000
Volume 8, Issue 3 - May 2000
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Mar 2000
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Effects of Induced Mixture Flows and the Stratified Charge for a Lean Burn
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~9
In the present study, the IDI-type constant volume chamber, which utilizes the indirect injection stratified charge method, is used to solve several problems including misfires and cycle-variations caused by unstable initial ignitions. A subchamber has been used to make an ignitable mixture under the low mean equivalence ratio. After burned in the subchamber, the flame jet getting through the passage hode enters the main chamber and burns the lean charge. There are many factors which affect the combustion characteristics of the indirect injection stratified engine. The passage hole angle is the most important since it determines the direction of flame flows into the main chamber. In the present study, we measured the combustion pressure, and the wall temperature, and computed the heat flux through the cylinder wall in order to understand the combustion characteristics depending on passage hole angle and the equivalence ratio.
An Experimental Study of Reconstruction from Laser Diffraction Measurement for Axisymmetric Sprays
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 10~16
Spatially resolved liquid volume fractions from a set of line-of-sight laser diffraction measurements for axisymmetric sprays generated from a pintle-type gasoline injector have been tomographically reconstructed by Abel transformation, Fourier transformation and onion peeling method. Spatially resolved liquid volume fractions classified into 32 size groups were translated characteristics of SI engine fuel sprays. These data were also obtained from the phase Doppler measurements for the same sprays. The comparison between laser deffraction measurements and transformation reconstructs more reasonable spatially resolved characteristics for axisymmetric sprays as well as for asymmetric sprays.
Calculation of Stretched Laminar Diffusion Flame Using the Coherent Flame Sheet Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 17~22
The transient process simplified by the 1-D stretched laminar flame formed at the fuel-oxidizer interface was investigated using the coherent flame sheet model. Under the combustion environment of high temperatures and pressures the results show that the time required to reach the steady state was relatively short compared to the reverse of strain rate. Hence the employment of the tabulation of precalculated steady-flame results in the calculation of turbulent diffusion flames using the coherent flame sheet model is concluded valid, Also upstream temperatures were found to have only a minor effect on the nondimensional flame temperature and nondimensional fuel even through the letter is sensitive to pressure changes.
A Study on the knock and misfire detection system using by Spark-plug in a Gasoline Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 23~31
Knock and misfire, kinds of abnormal combustion, are highly undesirable effect on the internal combustion engine. So, it is important to detect these avnormal combuition and control the ignition timing etc. to avoid these mal-effect factors in real engine system. In this study, the system which detects the knock and the misfire using by spark plug is presented. This system is based on the effect of modulation breakdown voltage(BDV) between the spark gaps. The voltage drop between spark plug electrodes, when an electrical breakdown is initiated, depends on the temperature and pressure in combustion chamber. So, we can detect knock and misfire that produce changes in gas temperature and pressure (consequently, its density) using by BDV signal change which carries information about the character of combustion.
Dynamic Modelling and Simulation of Engine Starting Process for Optimization of Diesel Engine Cold Starting System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 32~39
To optimize the cold start process of a 4-stroke, 8 cylinder Diesel engine, a dynamic simulation model from cranking to idle speed is developed. Physically-based first order starter motor dynamics are used to model the performance of starting process which is very complex. These equations are solved using numerical schemes(Petzold-Gear BDF method) to describe the starting process of diesel engine and to study the effects of starting parameters. The validity of this model is examined by start test. This model can be served as a tool for computer aided control systems design to improve cold improve cold start performance.
A Prediction of DI Diesel engine Performance using the Multizone Model
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 40~47
A model for the prediction of combustion and exhaust emissions of DI diesel engine has been formulated and developed. This model is a quasi-dimensional phenomenological one and is based on multi-zone combustion modelling concept. This model is developed based on the concept of Hiroyasu's multizone combustion models. It takes nozzle injection (spray) parameters, induction swirl into consideration and the models of zone velocity, air entrainment, fuel droplet evaporation and mixture combustion are upgraded. Various parameters, such as cylinder pressure, heat release rate, Nox and soot emission, and these parameters in the zone are simulated. The results are compared with the experimental ones, too.
Effect of the Pressure and the Flow Pattern in a Sac Chamber of a Diesel Injection Nozzle on the Issued Spray Behaviors
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 48~53
The effects of the internal flow in a diesel injection nozzle on the atomization of the spray has been investigated experimentally. Flow visualization was made using a transparent acrylic model nozzle. And also, measurement of the sac chamber pressure was made for clartfying the effect of pressure fluctuation in the sac chamber on the wpray behaviors. The geometry of the model nozzle was scaled up 10 times of the actual nozzle and the injection pressure for the model nozzle was adjusted so as to achieve a Reynolds number at the discharge hole which was the same as the actual nozzle. Polystyrene tracers, a laser sheet light and a still/high speed video camera were used to visualize the flow pattern in the sac chamber. When the needle lift was small, the high turbulence in the sac chamber generated by the high velocity seat flow made the spread angle of the spray large. Cavitation which arose in the sky chamber induced the pressure fluctuation and then affects the spread angle of the spray.
A Study On Characteristics of Nozzle/Flapper Type Flow Control Servo Valve
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 54~62
The purpose of this study is to bring out the optimal design factors which effect on dynamic characteristics in the design of flow control servo valve with high response characteristics, and to verify the validity of the design factors. In this study, force feedback type flow control valve with nozzle/flapper and with no drain is studied. And, the effect of the parameters, such as fixed orifice, nozzle diameter, and maximum displacement between nozzle and flapper are analyzed. We have done simulations using the optimal design factors and simulink(Matlab) as a simulation tool, and verified the validity of our simulations by means of comparison our simulation results with an experimental results of another similar valve.
Two-Speed Gear Shift System for Electric Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 63~71
A shift control algorithm of a newly developed two-speed gear shift system is proposed for electric vehicle applications. The algorithm is formulated according to the motor torque map and optimized to obtain the adequate propulsion characteristics for vehicle. Two speed gear system with shift control algorithm has proved greater efficiencies in terms of energy economy with its simplified hardware and software structures. The gear shifting is designed to be carried out by an actuator and the control signal from a vehicle control unit equipped with
-processor. The results of performances and efficiency of the algorithm by simulation and vehicle test are described.
Porformance Sensitivity Analysis of the Parallel Type Hybrid Drivetrain System for the Transit Bus
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 72~84
To analyze the correlation between drivetrain systems and to optimize the vehicle design with satisfying of the initial design objects, the performance sensitivity analysis through the iterative design procedure must be carried out. In this study, effects of the design parameters for the main components of the parallel type hybrid drivetrain system are analyzed by using the developed method of the vehicle performance simulation, and the basis of the optimal selection of the design parameters from the relation of design constraints and required performances is suggested. In driving control of the parallel hybrid vehicle, power split ratio is the most important factor, and the improved drivetrain system can be constructed through the only change of the algorithm for determination of the power spilt ratio, which is strongly applicable to the driving patterns and the environments. Therefore, Various techniques, such as the change of the weighting factors and the range extended algorithm, are suggested and evaluated in this paper.
A Study of Aging of Oxygen Sensor (1)
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 85~91
Oxygen sensors taken from the aftertreatment systems of 4 vehicles which had been aged in domestic filed were examined for aging pattern using a idle engine bench. The sensors were then cut into each layers along their components and characterized for poisoning, surface area and morphology. This study shows that amplitude and mean value of aged sensors are seriously affected by high temperature and oil components of exhaust gas.
--window Range of the Three-Way Catalyst for Natural Gas Vehicles
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 92~100
The model gas reaction tests were carried out to investigate the purification characteristics of methane on the exclusive catalyst for NGV. The experiment was conducted with the factors which affect the conversion efficiency of methane, such as Redox ratio, coexistence components of CO, MO,
, precious metals and additives. The catalyst loaded with larger amount of pd and with additive La showed lower light-off temperature. In the presence of CO and NO, the conversion efficiency of methane was varied according to the kind of additive loaded. The conversion efficiency of methane was dropped for the catalyst loaded with La under lean air-fuel ratio, while it increased for the one loaded with Ti+Zr for the same condition. It was shown that the water vapor inhibited methane from oxidation by its poisoning on the surface of catalyst.
Development of Side Impact Crash Simulation Methodology and Its Applications
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 101~109
Occupant protection in the side impact of a car became one of the most important issues of car crashworthiness due to high injury level in a side impact crash. An accurate simulation of the side impact crash is an essential tool for the reduction of development time and cost for side impact safety system. This paper describes a new test methodology that can accurately generate the crash pulses of a vehicle and a door in a very cost-effective manner, and then evaluates the injury values of the dummy for the various sled pulses. This test methodology is simple and easy to approach because the door velocity is controlled by the hydraulic actuator and brake and the seat velocity is only adjusted by the friction force of the hydraulic brake. The superiority of the proposed test methodology is proven by the evaluation of dummy's injury values according to the change of the pressure of the hydraulic brake and by the application as a tool for the development of side airbag.
Modal Analysis of Suspension System with Kinematic Constraints and Elastic Elements
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 110~123
In this Study, the dynamic equation for vibration analysis of mechanical systems with kinematic constraints is derived. This equations are derived in terms of small displacements of Cartesian coordinates, and are applied to compute the dynamic response and the natural modes of the suspension system of a vehicle. The results are validated through the comparison with the results from conventional nonlinear dynamic analysis and modal test.
A Study on the Control Algorithm for a Ball Screw Type of Motor Driven Power Steering System
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 124~134
The power wteering system for automobiles is becoming core popular for supporting steering efforts of the drivers, especially for a parking lot maneuver. Though hydraulic power steering has been widely used for a long time, the efficiency of that is not high enough. The motor driven power steering system can solve the problems associated with the hydraulic power steering system. In this study, dynamic model and control algorithm of the ball screw type of MDPS systenem have been derived and analysed by using the method of discrete modeling technology. To improve steering feel and power steering characteristics, the additional scheme is proposed to the conventional power boosting control algorithm. Through simulations, control gain effects to the steering angle gain in the frequency domain were verified. The steering returnability and steering torque phase lag in on-center handing test were performed also.
A Study on the Comparison of Performances between Section Property Method and Section Shape Method for the Section Design of Vehicle Structure
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 135~147
Section design of vehicle structure has been developed by two methods. One is the section property method which uses section property as a design variable. This method shows the tendency of an optimum section approximately. The other method is the section shape method which utilizes geometric parameter of section as a design variable. Practical solutions are obtained by this method. However, it is very expensive for large-scale problems due to the large number of geometric parameters. These two methods are compared through several sample problems. The finite element method is used for the structural and sensitivity analyses. The results are analyzed based on the number of function evaluations, the quality of cost function, the complexity of programing, and etc. The applications of both methods are also discussed.
Vibration Analysis of In-line Three Cylinder Engine with Balance Shaft Using DADS
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 148~156
For the in-line three cylinder engine whose crankshaft has a phase of 120 degrees, the total sum of unbalanced inertia forces occurring in each cylinder will be counterbalanced among three cylinders. However, parts of inertia forces generated at the No.1 and No.3 cylinders will cause a primary moment about the No.2 cylinder. In order to eliminate this out-of-balance moment, a single balance shaft has been attached to the cylinder block so that the engine durability and riding comfort may be further improved. Accordingly, the forced vibration analysis of the in-line three cylinder engine must be implemented to meet the required targets at an early design stage. In this paper, a method to reduce noise and vibration in the 800cc, in-line three cylinder LPG engine is suggested using the multibody dynamic simulation. The static and dynamic balances of the in-line three cylinder engine are investigated analytically. The multibody dynamic model of the in-line three cylinder engine is developed where the inertia properties of connecting rod, crankshaft, and balance shaft are extracted from their FE-models. The combustion pressure within the No.1 cylinder in three significant operating conditions(1500rpm-full load, 4000rpm-full load and 7000rpm-no load)is measured from the actual tests to excite the engine. The vibration velocities at three engine mounts with and without balance shaft are evaluated through the forced vibration analysis. Obviously, it is shown that the vibration of the in-line three cylinder engine with balance shaft is reduced to the acceptable level .
A Study on the Static and Dynamic Equivalent Load of the Ball Bearings
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 157~162
The ball bearings are the widely-used machine elements in many machineries. They support not only the radial and the axial force but also the moment in many cases. To simply determine the limit load which can be maintained on an ball bearing or survived in wanted life, the combined the radial and axial force with the moment is converted to the equivalent radial or axial load. However, it is not easy to calculate the equivalent load on the ball bearings. So the simplified equations to evaluate the dynamic and static equivalent load considering the axial force and moment are proposed in this analysis. And the modified equation for the static equivalent radial load with the moment and the axial load is proposed. It is desired that these equations are effectively refered in designing the machineries where the ball bearings are installed.
An Experimental Study on the Vibration Characteristics in Viscous Damper using Magneticfluid
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 163~171
The aim this study is to provide fundamental informations for the development of magneticfluid damper. To achieve the aim. the damping effect of magneticfluid is investigated by experiments that the diameter of inner circular bar and the input amplitude vary in the magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet and the electromagnet. From the study, the following conclusive remarks can be made. As the diameter of inner circular bar and the input amplitude increase. the damping effect is improved. And we can know that as the contact area between inner circular bar and magneticfluid increases, damping ratio is improved. Also we consider the cases that there is magnetism generated by electromagnet and DC voltage is supplied to electromagnet from 10V to 50V by 10V. In these cases, the amplitude ratio decreases sharply from 1.8 1.0 And for these cases, the damping ratio is .745.
Development of Hybrid Type Automotive Drivers Seat
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 172~182
A hybrid type automotive drivers seat was invented with new concepts for the reduction of weight and manufacturing costs. Fundamental studies were performed to determine the basic geometry of reinforcing support. A prototypical design was provided by the manufacturer considering compatibility with other parts. Several structural analyses simulating various crash situations were performed and modifications were continued until a final design was reached. A sample product was manufactured and sled crash tests were performed to verify the safety of the seat. Comparisons of test results with the previous model and a seat from another company proved safety performances to be superior.
Establishment for Failure Criterion of Adhesively Bonded Joint
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 183~190
The objective of this work is to develop a criterion for predicting the failure strength of the joints bonded by ductile adhesives. To obtain a criterion, first, fracture tests were carried out for T-peel joint and Single-lap joint with widely differing joints geometries. Then using the fracture loads obtained at tests, the finite element analysis were performed, in which the stresses in the adhesive bonds were calculated in great detail. After examining four epoxy adhesives, it is concluded that the fracture of adhesively bonded joint occurs when the maximum of the ratio of the mean to effective stresses exceeds a constant value which can be determined from analysis and test for each adhesive.