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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Nov 2000
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Sep 2000
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Jul 2000
Volume 8, Issue 3 - May 2000
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Mar 2000
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study on the Analysis of Exhaust Gas Concentration by Using DMC in Diesel Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 1~8
Recently, Our planet is faced with very serious problems related to the air pollution due to the exhaust emissions of the diesel engine. So, lots of researchers have studied to reduce the exhaust emissions of diesel engine that influenced the environment strong. But most researchers have mainly studied and suggested the solution of reduction on the total exhaust emissions of diesel engine. In this study, the quantities of the low and high hydrocarbon among the exhaust emissions in diesel engine have been investigated by the quantitative analysis of the hydrocarbon C1~C6 using the gas chromatography. This study carried out by comparing the chromatograms with diesel fuel and mixed fuel which are blended the diesel and DMC(dimethyl carbonate)that includes the oxygen of about 53%. The results of this study show that the hydrocarbon C1~C6 among the exhaust emissions of the mixed fuel are exhausted lower than those of the diesel fuel at the all load.
Effects of the Inlet Flow Conditions of a Helical Intake Port on the In-cylinder Swirl Characteristics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 9~18
Combustion and emission characteristics in a direct injection diesel engine is closely related to the intake port system. It is therefore important to understand the swirl flow characteristics formed by a helical intake port. However there are still many uncertainties. The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of the valve eccentricity ratio and the inlet flow conditions of a helical intake port on the characteristics of an in-cylinder swirl flow. A steady state flow test rig consisted of ISM(impulse swirl meter), LFM(laminar flow meter) and cylinder head with a helical intake port was used. The swirl ratio(Rs) and mean flow coefficient(Cf(mean)) with inlet flow conditions were measured. The results of these experiment can be summarized as follows. Swirl flow characteristics of a helical intake port are affected by the inlet flow conditions, and especially they are much affected by the length of a manifold runner and the rotational angle of a curved manifold runner.
and NOx Emission Characteristics of Methane-Air Premixed Flame in Constant Volume Combustion Chamber
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 19~26
This paper presents the effects of initial pressure of mixture on CO,
and NOx emissions in constant volume combustion chamber. The CO,
concentrations in the chamber are determined by thermal conductivity detection (Gas-chromatograph) wile the NOx concentration is measured by chemiluminescent detection (NOx Analyser). Methane-air mixture is used as premixed fuel and the measurements are taken with equivalence ratios(
) varing from 0.6 to 1.3, and initial pressures of methane-air mixture varing from 0.1MPa to 0.8MPa in constant volume combustion chamber. The NOx concentration steadily increases with increasing equivalence ratio, peaks in lean flame (
=0.85~0.9), and then rapidly decreases. However, as the initial pressure of mixture is increased, the equivalence ratio corresponding to the point of peak [NOx] shifts towards leaner conditions. This is caused by a similar shift in the peak [CH], which is caused by the variation with pressure and equivalence ratio of the rate of CH production from
and OH. The maximum combustion pressure peaks at
=1.05 and the
concentration peaks at
=0.95~1.0 while the CO concentration rises sharply at the condition of fuel-rich mixtures. This is caused by complete combustion at
Effect of Ambient Conditions on Spray Behavior of Gasoline Injector
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 27~32
The main objective of this work is to investigate the effect of ambient conditions on the spray behavior and spray characteristics of high-pressure fuel injector. For this purpose, the effects of ambient pressure and temperature on the spray characteristics have been studied by applying the analysis of visualization system and phase Doppler particle analyzer. In this experiment, the visualization of spray behavior was performed under various ambient gas conditions and injection parameters such as gas temperature, ambient pressure, injection pressure of injector, and axial distance from the nozzle tip. Based on the investigation results, the spray tip penetration and spray width decrease with the increase of ambient gas pressure in the spray chamber. The effects of the spray parameters on the microscopic characteristics of gasoline spray were discussed.
Prediction Modeling of Unburned Hydrocarbon Oxidation in the Exhaust Port of a Propane-Fueled SI Engine
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 33~40
In order to investigate the exhaust structure and secondary oxidation of unburned hydrocarbon (HC) in the exhaust port, a numerical simulation was performed with 3-dimensional flow model and oxidation mechanism optimized for port oxidation. To predict the exhaust and oxidation process with consideration of flow, mixing, and temperature, 3-dimensional flow model and HC oxidation model were used with a commercial computational program, STAR-CD. The flow model were with moving grid for valve motion, which could predict the change of flow field with respect to valve lift. Optimization was performed to predict the HC oxidation with temperature range of 1200~1500K, low HC and oxygen concentration, existence of intermediate species, as typical in port oxidation. The constructed model could predict the port oxidation process with oxidation degree of 14~48% according to the engine operation conditions.
The Response of a Wide-Range Oxygen Sensor to the Flow of Misfired Gas and Its Application for the Misfire Detection
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 41~49
To understand the signal fluctuation of a wide-range oxygen sensor installed at the exhaust confluence point, when a misfiring is triggered in a cylinder, the steady state and the transient response characteristics of the sensor to the flow of the misfired gas were investigated quantitatively. It was recognized that the steady state output voltage of the sensor increased higher when it contacted the misfired gas even though the fueling condition was the same as the normal combustion case and this characteristic enabled the application of the wide-range oxygen sensor for the misfire detection. The transient response was compared at different engine speeds and it was found that the response speed increased with the engine speed. The signal fluctuation was also estimated quantitatively, using these steady state and transient response of the sensor, and the estimated signal showed satisfactory correlation with the measurements.
A study on the spray combustion characteristics in a cylinder of a D.I.diesel engine with the electronically controlled injector
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 50~56
It is well known that the combustion phenomenon of diesel engine is an unsteady turbulent diffusion combustion. Therefore, the combustion performance of diesel engine is related to a complex phenomenon which involves the various factors of combustion, such as a injection pressure, injection timing, injection rate, and operation conditions of engine. In this study, the spray and the flame development processes in a single cylinder D.I. diesel visualization engine which uses the electronically controlled injection system were visualized to interpret the complicated combustion phenomenon by using high speed CCD camera. In addition, the cylinder pressure and heat release rate were also obtained in order to analyze the diesel combustion characteristics under several engine conditions.
Improving Performance and Emissions in a Diesel Engine Dual Fueled with Compressed Natural Gas
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 57~63
This paper deals with a study on combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection diesel engine dual fueled with natural gas. Dual fuelling systems tend to emit high unburned fuel especially at low load, resulting in a decreased thermal efficiency. This is because natural gas-air mixtures are too lean for flame to propagate under low load conditions. Suction air quantity and injection timing controls are very useful to improve emissions and thermal efficiency at low load.
Soot Measurement in an Optically Accessible Diesel Engine Using Laser Sheet 1st report : The Development of Optically Accessible Diesel Engine and Photography of 2D Soot Images Using Laser Sheet
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 64~71
In order to clarify the characteristics of soot formation and oxidation in-cylinder of a diesel engine, it is necessary to diagnose accurately for combustion of in-cylinder. The past techniques for soot measurement have limitations in providing the characteristics of soot in a diesel engine, whereas, laser-based 2D imaging diagnostics have the potential to provide better temporally and spatially resolved measurements of the soot distribution. We rebuilt an optically accessible diesel engine which is similar to the conditions of a conventional engine and tried to measure soot distribution in a cylinder of the diesel engine using laser induced scattering(LIS) and laser induced incandescence(LII). Some results were acquired in this study. LIS and LII signal that show soot distribution of a in-cylinder were taken by ICCD properly. The signal of LIS was intenser than that of LII. Although they have some differences of signal intensity in early combusion period, both of signals show that they are generally similar in late combustion period, after ATDC 50 degree.
Design and Performance Analysis of Screw Supercharger
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 72~80
This study aims at the optimal design of the screw rotor, its performance analysis, and development of a small screw supercharger which has a low noise compared with the root type supercharger. The basic theoretical equations and the basic design of the screw supercharger have been established. The optical design of the screw rotor's shape has been also performed theoretically. Also, the performance analysis technique of the designed screw rotor has been developed.
Analysis of Line Regulator Valve and Ratio Control Valve Considering CVT Shift Dynamics
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 81~91
Dynamic models of line regulator valve(LRV) and ratio control valve (RCV) are obtained for an electronic controlled CVT. LRV and RCV are operated by variable force solenoid(VFS). Considering the CVT shift dynamics, oil pump's efficiency and saturation characteristics of VFS, simulations are performed and compared with test results. Simulation results are in good agreement with the experiments, which shows the validity of the dynamic models of LRV and RCV obtained. In addition, the effects of the orifice size in the exhaust port of RCV are investigated. Simulation results show that as the orifice size decreases, the residual pressure in the primary actuator increases which insures the large torque transmission capacity, meanwhile the duration time for the downshift increases.
A Study on the Autonomous Cruise Control using the Sliding Mode
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 92~101
The objective of this paper is to design the controller for longitudinal vehicle following which makes the vehicle follow the lead vehicle and keeps a safety distance without human driver operation. This paper presents a sliding mode control algorithm for the ACC system. The controller is based on three sliding surfaces. Each surface plays an individual control-deviation control, throttle control and brake control. In addition to sliding mode control, we propose some additional schemes to enhance controller performance. The first one is a gear shift-down controller which makes tractive force increase with a change of gear ratio. The other is a predictive correction method which reduces slinky effect.
States/Road Input Observer-based Control of Semi-active Suspensions
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 102~109
This paper deals with an observer-based preview control for semi-active suspensions. An Observer has been designed such that all the state variables and road inputs can be estimated from accelerations. Since the road input to the rear wheels is a delayed version of that to the front wheels, it can be obtained by estimating the road input to the front wheels without preview the estimated values of state and the estimated road input has been investigated. The results show that the observer-based control can provide good performance. The observer-based preview control improves the dynamic behavior of the rear axle and that of pitch motion compared to the LQ optimal control.
A Study on the Evaluation of the Flexibility of Joint Area including Circular Section
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 110~119
In this study, we considered the method evaluation the flexibility of joint area including member with circular section. We regarded the flexibility of joint area as translational and rotational springs for the purpose of expressing local deformation. We verified this method by the use of normal mode analysis. We also calculated this joint area occurring in penetration so as to apply this method to other cases. Compare with the shell element model. we can the considerably approximate values.
Optimum Design of Front Toe Angle Using Design of Experiment and Dynamic Simulation for Evaluation of Handling Performances
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 120~128
At the initial design stage of a new vehicle, the chassis layout has the most important influence on the overall vehicle performance. Most chassis designers have achieved the target performances by trial and error method as well as individual knowhow. Accordingly, a general procedure for determining the optimum location of suspension hard points with respect to the kinematic characteristics needs to be developed. In this paper, a method to optimize the toe angle in the double wishbone type front suspension of the four-wheel-drive vehicle is presented using the design of experiment, multibody dynamic simulation, and optimum design program. The handling performances of two full vehicle models having the initial and optimized toe angle are compared through the single lane change simulation. The sensitive design variables with respect to the kinematic characteristics are selected through the experimental design sensitivity analysis using the perturbation method. An object function is defined in terms of the toe angle among those kinematic characteristics. By the design of experiment and regression analysis, the regression model function of toe angle is obtained. The design variables which make the toe angle optimized ae extracted using the optimum design program DOT. The single lane change simulation and test of the full vehicle model are carried out to survey the handling performances of vehicle with toe angle optimized. The results of the single lane change simulation show that the optimized vehicle has the more improved understeer tendency than the initial vehicle.
Improvement of Steering-Wheel Idle Vibration in a Passenger Car using Design Sensitivity Analysis
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 129~137
In the prototype stage of a car developing program, the efficiency of trouble shooting is an important factor to be considered. Structural modifications by the design sensitivity analysis are applied to a steering wheel system for improving the idle vibration of the prototype passenger car. For the design sensitivity analysis, the experimental modal analysis for the steering system attached to a body-in-white is fulfilled and the modal parameters extracted from the experimental data are used to predict the effect of structural modification, The design sensitivity results rank the locations to be reinforced in terms of frequency variation. The modification of steering system according to the sensitivity analysis results shifted the resonant frequency of the system effectively. In addition, the idle test of the car after the structural modifications f steering system shows that the proposed method can reduce vibration of the steering wheel efficiently.
Finite Element Stress Analysis of Coil Springs using a Multi-level Substructuring Method I : Spring Super Element
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 138~150
This study is concerned with computerized multi-level substructuring methods and stress analysis of coil springs. The purpose of substructuring methods is to reduce computing time and capacity of computer memory by multiple level reduction of the degrees of freedom in large size problems which are modeled by three dimensional continuum finite elements. In this paper, a super element has been developed for stress analysis of coil springs. The spring super element developed has been examined with tension and torsion simulation of cylindrical bars for demonstrating its validity. The result shows that the super element enhances the computing efficiency while it does not affect the accuracy of the results and it is ready for application to the coil spring analysis.
Shape Optimization for Multi-Connected Structures
Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 151~158
The growth-strain method was used for shape optimization of multi-connected structures. It was verified that the growth-strain method is very effective for shape optimization of structures with only one free surface to be deformed. But it could not provide reasonable optimized shape for multi-connected structures, when the growth-strain method is applied as it is. The purpose of this study is to improve the growth-strain method for shape optimization of multi-connected two- and three- dimensional structures. In order to improve, the problems that occurred as the growth-strain method was applied to multi-connected structures were examined, and then the improved method was suggested. The effectiveness and practicality of the developed shape optimization system was verified by numerical examples.