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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Weed & Turfgrass Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Weed Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Distribution and Control of Aquatic Weeds in Waterways and Riparian Wetlands
Pyon, Jong Yeong ; Kim, Sang Woo ; Lee, Jeung Ju ; Park, Kee Woong ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.1
Many irrigated and drainage canals, reservoirs, lakes, and rivers are choked by the explosive growth of aquatic weeds, resulting in enormous direct loss in Korea. Distribution of aquatic weeds and exotic invasive plant species in irrigation and drainage waterways, and riparian wetlands was reviewed to provide basic information for management of aquatic weeds and invasive plant species in wetlands. Dominant emergent weeds in canals, reservoirs and lakes were Phragmites communis, Leersia japonica, Zizania latifolia, Conyza canadensis, C. annuus, Rumex crispus, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Bidens frondosa, and Oenothera odorata. Dominant emergent weeds in wetlands of rivers include Digitaria sanguinalis, P. communis, R. crispus, Artemisia princeps, Humulus japonicus, Echinochloa crusgalli, B. frondosa, and Persicaria thunbergii. In irrigation and drainage canals and lakes, dominant submersed weeds were Hydrilla verticillata, Najas minor, Potamogeton malaianus, P. crispus, Ceratophyllum demersum, Myriophyllum verticillatum, Salvinia natans, and Trapa natans. Dominant exotic weeds in wetlands include Trifolium repens, O. odorata, C. annuus, B. frondosa, Avena fatua, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, X. strumarium, and P. dichotomiflorum. Approaches to aquatic weed control were mechanical, chemical and biological control techniques. Periodic monitoring of aquatic weeds and exotic weeds, and their integrated management studies are needed in waterways and riparian wetlands in Korea.
Investigation of Weed Flora in Pastures in Jeju Island
Lee, In-Yong ; Kim, Chang-Seok ; Lee, Jeongran ; Hwang, Kyung-Jun ; Kim, Kyung-Hoon ; Kim, Mi-Seon ; Song, Hee-Kun ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 10~17
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.10
This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of weed flora in pastures in Jeju island of Korea and to establish the basic data for controlling them occurred in the pastures. Weed flora was investigated twice, May and July on 2003. There were a total of 207 weed species including 49 families. Among them 67 species were annual, 39 species were biennial and 101 species were perennial. The compositions of major plant families, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae were 17, 15, 8, 7, 6%, respectively. Sixty-eight species of exotics were occurred, as well. Rumex obtusifolius was the highest in importance analysis and the followings were in order of Trifolium repens, Artemisia princeps, Plantago asiatica, Potentilla anemonefolia and Rumex acetosella etc. Among the exotic weeds, R. obtusifolius, T. repens, R. acetosella and C. holosteoides var. hallaisanense might be most problematic weeds species in pastures in Jeju island in the future. And at the boundary of some pastures and mountains Smilax china, Duchesnea indica, Rosa maximowicziana, etc. 17 shrub species were also occurred.
Molecular Identification of Pooideae, Poaceae in Korea
Lee, Jeongran ; Kim, Chang-Seok ; Lee, In-Yong ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 18~25
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.18
A universal DNA barcoding for agricultural noxious weeds is a powerful technique for species identification without morphological knowledge, by using short sections of DNA from a specific region of the genome. Two standard barcode markers, chloroplast rbcL and matK, and a supplementary nuclear ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region were used to examine the effectiveness of the markers for Pooideae barcoding using 163 individuals of 29 taxa across 16 genera of Korean Pooideae. The rbcL and ITS revealed a good level of amplification and sequencing success while matK did not. Barcode gaps were 78.6% for rbcL, 96.2% for matK, and 91.7% for ITS, respectively. Resolving powers were 89.3% for rbcL, 92.3% for matK, and 79.1% for ITS. The matK obtained the best both barcode gap and resolving power. However, it should be considered not to employ matK for Pooideae barcode because of low rate of PCR amplification and sequencing success. As a single DNA marker, rbcL and ITS were reasonable for Pooideae barcode. Barcode gap and resolving power were increased when ITS was incorporated into the rbcL. The barcode sequences were deposited to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database for public use.
Identification of Korean Poaceae Weeds Based on DNA Sequences
Lee, Jeongran ; Kim, Chang-Seok ; Lee, In-Yong ; Oh, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Jung Hyun ; Kim, Sun Yu ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 26~34
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.26
Korean Poaceae includes approximately 80 species of the agricultural weeds. Precise species identification is the first step for more effective weed management in the agricultural fields. However, the identification of species in Poaceae is not easy without the assistance of taxonomists or identification experts although they are relatively easy to distinguish from the plants of the other family by the unique characteristics of caryopsis. Thus, DNA barcode was suggested as an alternative powerful technique for species identification by using short sections of DNA from a specific region of the genome. Two standard barcode markers of vascular plants, chloroplast rbcL and matK, and a supplementary nuclear ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region were used for barcode of major Korean Poaceae weeds, 403 individuals of 84 taxa. All the barcode markers revealed a good level of sequencing success with the lowest 73.7% for matK and the highest 88.8% for rbcL. The barcode sequences were deposited to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database for public use. Combined matK and ITS showed very high resolving power with 92.9%. Besides the identification of weeds for weed managment, the generated DNA barcode data could be used for many other applications such as rapid biodiversity assessment and conservation prioritization.
Dormancy Associated Weedy Risk of the F1 Hybrid Resulted from Gene Flow from Oilseed Rape to Mustard
Lim, Yeonhwa ; Yook, Min-Jung ; Zhang, Chuan-Jie ; Nah, Gyoungju ; Park, Suhyoung ; Kim, Do-Soon ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.35
To assess the dormancy associated weedy risk of the F1 hybrid generated by hybridization between Brassica juncea (maternal) and Brassica napus (paternal), seed germination, dormancy and longevity were examined sequentially after seed harvest. The F1 hybrids exhibited the intermediate characteristics of their parents in seed germination and dormancy with relatively high dormancy rate of 41.1%. In summer, F1 hybrid seeds buried in the 3 cm soil exhibited greater viability (52.4%) than those in the soil surface with greater seed longevity (74.6%) than its maternal (63.3%) and paternal (33.7%) parents at 100 days of over-summering in soil. In winter, F1 seeds buried in the soil surface were more viable than those in the 3 cm soil with greater seed longevity (83.5%) than its maternal (39.0%) and paternal (71.7%) parents at 100 days of over-wintering in soil. Therefore, it is concluded that F1 hybrid resulted from gene flow from OSR to mustard has high seed dormancy and longevity during summer and winter, suggesting its weedy risk potential. Further studies are required to examine the reproductivity and fitness cost of F1 hybrid to make a clearer conclusion of its weedy risk.
Weed Control and Safety of Transgenic Rice Event, CPPO06 in Direct-Seeding Flooded Rice Field
Won, Ok Jae ; Park, Su Hyuk ; Eom, Min Yong ; Kim, Chang-Gi ; Lee, Bum Kyu ; Kang, Hong-Gyu ; Lee, Jeung Ju ; Park, Kee Woong ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 44~48
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.44
This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of weed control and phytotoxicity of oxyfluorfen using a transgenic rice line (CPPO06 event) resistant to protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibiting herbicides in the direct-seeding flooded rice. Five annual weeds including Echinochloa oryzoides and two perennial weeds were occurred in the test field. Oxyfluorfen at 120 g a.i.
in the application timing of two days before sowing and 0 and five days after sowing showed more than 90% weed control value except for Juglans mandshurica. Total weed control value was more than 95% in any application timing indicating a highly effective herbicide in the direct-seeding flooded rice. When compared with untreated control, no visual injuries were detected at single and double dosage of oxyfluorfen. The agronomic characteristics and yield components of CPPO06 event was reasonable in any time of application in this study. Based on these data, oxyfluorfen application before and after sowing can be applied to provide effective weed management in the direct-seeding flooded field.
Spring Green-up and Winter Leaf Discoloration of Three Ornamental Grasses (Gramineae spp.)
Kim, Ki-Dong ; Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Joo, Young-Kyoo ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.49
This research was initiated to analyze the periods of spring green-up and winter leaf discoloration of three ornamental grasses which have potential to be widely used with seed propagation. Two native grasses of Arundinella (Arundinella hirta var. ciliata Koidz), fountaingrass (Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng), and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) was tested. Spring green-up were evaluated after one year growth from seed propagation on April 1, 2009. Arundinella started with quick pick of spring green-up during
of May. Fountaingrass and switchgrass showed relatively slow picks of green-up during
of May. However, winter leaf discoloration started on swtichgrass and fountaingrass but Arundinella terminated relatively slowly. Swtichgrass showed the pick discoloration during
of October from the bottom to top parts of the plant. Fountaingrass showed the pick winter discoloration started from bottom to top parts during the
of October. However, Arundinella showed relatively slow discoloration from upper to bottom parts during October
. Arundinella showed a relatively higher ornamental value with 125 days of the complete green period compared than fountaingrass and swtichgrass which maintained approximately 105 days of green period.
Biological Control of the Black Cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with the Korean Entomopathogenic Nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae GSN1 Strain (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) in Turfgrasses
Lee, Dong Woon ; Potter, Daniel A. ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 58~64
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.58
The black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) is a major insect pest of economic crops including turfgrasses on golf courses. The entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae GSN1 strain (ScG), a Korean isolate, is an effective biological control agent for soil dwelling and greenhouse insect pests in Korea. In addition, ScG is commercially produced in Korea. We conducted laboratory, greenhouse, and field trials to evaluate efficacy of ScG against black cutworms in turfgrasses. A rate of 63 infective juveniles (Ijs) per larva killed >90% of
instars feeding in cups of artificial diet within 3 days. In greenhouse trials against cutworms feeding in pots of turfgrass, efficacy of ScG was higher against
instars than against
instars (90.0 vs 81.2% mortality, respectively, at
) in perennial ryegrass, and higher against
instars in creeping bentgrass, Agrostis palustris than in zoysiagrass, Zoysia japonica (96.7 vs 52.5% mortality at
) in pot. The corrected mortality of
instar was 79.9% at the rate of
in the creeping bentgrass in the field. So ScG could be used as biological control agent against black cutworm in turfgrass of golf courses.
Distribution and Botanical Characteristics of Unrecorded Alien Weed Spartina anglica in Korea
Kim, Eun-Kyu ; Kil, Jihyon ; Joo, Young-Kyoo ; Jung, Young-Sang ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 65~70
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.65
We have found the plants belonging to the genus Spartina which has not yet been reported for the flora of Korea. This has been distributed at Dongmak seashore in Ganghwado since 2012. These were identified as common cordgrass (Spartina anglica C. E. Hubb.) belonging to the family Poaceae, the genus Spartina. It is a perennial halophyte as an alien weed that can grow in the tidal flat, native to southern England. Here, we named it for 'Young-guk-Gaet-ggeun-pool' in Korean refer the origin, reported the distribution, spreading condition, and botanical characteristics of common cordgrass. In China, Spartina anglica was introduced in 1963, it was approved that it had benefit in a bioengineering side firstly. But it was known that as a highly invasive plant to make a monotype meadow of Spartina anglica which has deteriorate the ecological function of saltmarsh. And also it has another problem that is not easy to eradicate. The spreading of Spartina anglica which was appeared in the West coast of Korea may threaten severely to the domestic mudflat and estuary ecosystem. For the maintenance of mudflat ecosystem soundly, continuous monitoring and active eradication plans are required.
Comparison of Surface and Air Temperature depending on Cover Materials in Playground
Lee, Hak Hyeong ; Kwon, Oh Gyung ; Shin, Jin He ; Kabir, Faisal Md. ; Lee, Kang Su ; Ryu, Sungpil ; Lee, Dong Woon ;
Weed & Turfgrass Science, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 71~75
DOI : 10.5660/WTS.2015.4.1.71
Playground is frequently used for physical and sports activity by students as well as by common people, which is constructed with various cover materials on the ground. This research surveyed the surface temperature in Kyungpook National University Sangju campus playground which is covered with various cover materials [bare field, zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) turf field, urethane track, concrete field, epoxy field and artificial turf field] in Sangju, Gyeongsangbukdo, Korea. Temperature was measured 4 times per day at 09:00, 12:00, 15:00, and 18:00 from May to October 2014 in surface and 1 m height above the ground. Surface temperature was different, depending on cover materials and survey time. Bare field and zoysiagrass turf field was lower surface temperature than other sites. Higher surface temperature site was different depending on survey time. Urethane track and artificial turf field was hotter than other sites at 12 and 15 hours, however concrete and epoxy field was hot at 18 hours. One meter above ground temperature was the highest in artificial turf field except at 18 hours. So natural turf, zoysiagrass playground will increase the athletic performance by reduce the surface and above ground temperature.