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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 18, Issue 5 - 00 1997
Volume 18, Issue 4 - 00 1997
Volume 18, Issue 3 - 00 1997
Volume 18, Issue 2 - 00 1997
Volume 18, Issue 1 - 00 1997
Selecting the target year
Articles : Mixed Carbonate - Detrital Sediments on the Southeastern Continental Shelf of Korea
Choe, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 293~293
An Analysis of the High School 'Common Science' Contents and Textbooks
Lee, Gwang-Ho ; Choi, Jong-Bum ; Park, Moon-Kook ; Cho, Kyu-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 453~463
The contents of high school 'Common science' textbooks was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Seven common science textbooks were selected and its contents, structure, inquiry, activities, appendix and its characteristics were investigated, and analyzed using the Goal Clusters of Project Synthesis and Romey's indices of text evaluation were calculated. The contents of each unit are not much different among textbooks because they are written according to the curriculum ordinance and textbook guidelines of the Ministry of Education. The textbooks was consist of
pages. It was distribute similarly among the chapter of 'materials', 'forces', lives' and 'earth'. The chapter of 'energy' and 'environment' was treat significantly. The contents and structure of common science is a mere physical consolidation. I make an alternative plan that a topic form. Inquiry activities used in the textbooks are 11 type, however most of that is interpretation of data, experiment, survey and discussion. Ninety six percents of the experiment, belong to the 1st level, four percents of that belong to the 2nd level of the Schwab's inquiry level and there are no activities of the 3rd level. Little attention is given to Goal Cluster I, II, IV in the common science textbooks currently employed. Its content should be broadened to include all Goal Clusters of Project Synthesis. Homey's indices representing the degrees of student involvement. are
for sentence analysis,
for figure and diagram analysis,
for analysis of questions at chapter ends, respectively, student activity per page investigated being
. But chapter summaries cease to repeats the conclusions of the chapter also it be rather formally and inattentively written.
A Study on Problems and Improvement Plan in Training and Employment of Science Teachers in Secondary School.
Cho, Ju-Whan ; Kim, Sang-Dal ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 464~472
The purpose of training science teachers is to bring up the ideality and the most excellent science teachers whom our society needs. So, teacher training college curriculums of science education should be the ones that will train competent and respectable science teachers who have the technical and practical theory and knowledge through the process of high level academic experiences and activities. Accordingly, the training system and improvement plan for the problems in employment of science teachers in secondary schools should be as follows: 1. The employment examination for teachers should be abolished instead, the system of an apprentice teacher should be brought in, or private schools as well as public schools should bring in employment examination system. 2. With the modification of science teacher training curriculums, the cooperative studies of science major subjects and science education subjects should be strengthened and the connection between real needs of secondary schools and curriculums of secondary school science teacher training should be embodied. 3. Bringing up excellent science teachers should be facilitated through the establishment of administrative and financial aiding system about teacher training college.
The Effects of STS Program-Oriented Earth Science Instruction on the Science-Related Attitude and Scientific Achievement of High School Students
Ryu, Joo-Hyun ; Yoo, Kye-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 473~479
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of STS program in Earth Science instruction on science-related attitude and scientific achievement of high school students. The students were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group was taught by the STS program and the control group was taught by the conventional lecture. The science-related attitudes have been improved in the experimental group more positively than in the control group. The experimental group showed a higher improvement in scientific achievements than the control group.
Petrogenetic Study on the Foliated Granitoids in the Chonju and the Sunchang Area(I) -In the Light of Petrochemical Properties-
Na, Choon-Ki ; Lee, In-Sung ; Chung, Jae-Il ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 480~492
In order to understand the processes involved in the petrogenesis and the differentiation of the primary magma spectrum, a petrological and geochemical properties were investigated for the Chonju and the Sunchang foliated granites, which are located in the southwestern part of the Okchon zone and extends up to the northwestern boundary of the Ryongnam massif as two subparallel batholiths. Major element analyses show that the Chonju and Sunchang foliated granites are classified petrologically into a weakly to strongly peraluminous or calc-alkaline, but do not fit neatly into either of the I/S-type or magnetite/ilmenite-series classification schemes for granites, although the I-type and magnetite-series characteristics seem to be predominant based on the major element chemistry. In normative compositions, the Chonju granite is petrographically evolved from granodiorite to granite, whereas the Sunchang granite is from granodiorite to quartz monzodiorite. It seems to suggest a difference of the magmatic evolution processes such as crustal assimilation and/or fractional crystallization in magma. The REE patterns of both batholiths show high similarity and strongly fractionated REE distributions which show high
ratios and little or no Eu anomalies. These REE patterns correspond broadly to those seen in the pre-Cretaceous granitoids of Korea. Apparently, the evidences obtained from the bulk compositions strongly suggest that the two foliated granitoids were formed by partial meltings of a relatively restricted and similar, may be common, source material which contains a continental crust component having an igneous composition, and have undergone a similar magmatic differentiation processes.
Mixed Carbonate-Detrital Sediments on the Southeastern Continental Shelf of Korea
Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 493~499
Grain size analysis have been made for the carbonate-detrital mixed sediments on the continental shelf off the southeastern coast of Korea. The detrital components are well-sorted with mean grain size between 2-3 phi. The detrital components are thought to be deposited in the beach environment during the glacial times when the sea level was low, representing typical 'relict' sediments. Most of the carbonate components consist of shell fragments, and are deeply weathered. They are also interpreted as the relict components that were deposited in the shallow marine environment. The carbonate fraction are coarser-grained and poorly sorted compared to the detrital component. The carbonate components are thought to have experienced the continuous environmental control of fragmentation and selective size sorting after the deposition.
Petrology and Amphibolites(Meta-Dolerite sill) in the Mungyong Areal Korea
Ahn, Kun-Sang ; Shin, In-Hyun ; Kim, Hee-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 500~514
With respect to the amphibolites in the Mungyong area of the central part of the Ogcheon Fold Belt, detail field occurrence, texture and geochemical properties within each sills and petrogenetic environment are presented. We confirmed that the amphibolites in the Sangnaeri Formation (Ogcheon Supergroup) and limestone(Cambro-Ordovician Chosun Supergroup) sequences are metamorphosed dolerite sills which are roughly concordant to bedding of country rocks. Geologic distribution of the rocks is distinctly improved compared with those of previous investigations. There are four main sills so far observed in the study area. One is emplaced in limestone(Ls Sill, about 3 m thick) and the others are emplaced in Sangnaeri Formation, which are named First Sill(about 40 m thick), Second Sill(about 100 m thick) and Third Sill(about 40 m thick) from lower to upper horizons of the meta-pelitic sequences. The thick sills are intruded by minor sills and the Third Sill is a composite sill consisting of two main and two minor sills. Each sill has fine grained chilled marginal zones and grain size increases inwards from both contacts. The Second Sill has various vein and white patch in central part and the rock compositions vary systematically from margin to central part.
decrease toward the contort. We investigate the major and trace element variations of ten selected rock compositions as intruding initial magma take occurrence and chemical properties into consideration. The compositional variations of them can not be explained by fractionation crystallization of single magma. Geologic distribution, geochemical properties and previous data suggest that amphibolite precursors(basaltic magma) of the study area were intrusive as sill-like in an intracontinental rift environment.
Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis Technique in Landfill Investigation
Kwon, Byung-Doo ; Kim, Cha-Soup ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 515~521
To investigate the nature of the waste materials in the Nanjido Landfill, we have conducted multivariate statistical analysis of geophysical data set comprised of magnetic, gravity, LandSat TM thermal band and surface depression measurement data. Because these data sets show different responses to the depth, we have transformed the observed total field magnetic data and gravity data to the residual reduced-to-pole(RTP) magnetic anomalies and the three dimensional density anomalies, respectively, and utilized the informations about the upper shallow part of the landfills only in the following process. For the statistical analysis at the points of depression measurement, the magnetic, density and LandSat data values at these points are determined by interpolation process. Since the multivarite statistical analysis technique utilizes a clustering algorithm for classification of data set and we have measured the dissimilarity between objects by using Euclidean distance, standardization was applied prior to distance calculation in order to eliminate any scaling effects due to different measurement unit of each data set. The hierarchial grouping technique was used to construct the dendrogram. The optimum number of statistical groups(clusters), which are classified on the basis of geophysical and geotechnical characteristics, appeared to be six on the resulting dendrogram. The result of this study suggests that the dimension and nature of the multicomponent waste landfills can be identified by application of the multivarite statistical analysis technique to integrated geophysical data sets.
A Study on the Orthometric Height Correction in Mt. Hangye Area
Choi, Kwang-Sun ; Lee, Jeong-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 522~528
Gravity surveys with accompanying spirit levelings were carried out in Mt. Hangye area. From these survey results, orthometric height correctioins were calculated. The correction reaches 5 cm when the height difference is 900 m in this area. The corrections were also calculated using an available Bouguer anomaly map, and they are little different from the previous results. In conclusion, orthometric height corrections are necessary in precise spirit leveling, specially in higher lands, and they can be easily calculated from an available Bouguer anomaly map without laborious gravity surveys.
Numerical Simulation of the Circulation and Suspended Materials Movement in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea by Tidal Residual and Wind-Driven Current
Jeon, Hye-Jin ; An, Hui-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 529~539
The circulations and movement of suspended materials by tidal residual current and seasonal surface wind in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea are investigated by using a 2-dimensional barotropic model and a particle tracing technique. The tidal residual current is relatively strong around the south and west coast of Korea including the Cheju Island and southern coast of China. The current has a maximum speed of 10 cm/s in the vicinity of Cheju Island with a clockwise circulation. General tendency of the current, however, is to flow eastward along the southern coast of Korea. At the east coast of China from Shanghai to Tunghai, it also shows a eastward flow toward the South Sea of Korea. The anticyclonic circulation formed by wind-driven current and southward current prevails along the coast of Korea in the winter season(from October to April) when northerly wind is dominant. In summer(represented by July), however, the cyclonic circulation appears due to the influence of southerly wind. Suspended materials are advected by tidal residual current and wind-driven current. The long period(ten days) displacement by wind-driven current is bigger than that by tidal residual current. However, the tidal residual current would have the more important role for the advection of the suspended material considering longer period more than several months.
A Vertical and Spatial Study of Sediment Deposits Developing Along Yeongsan River
Eun, Ge-Yeo-Na ; You, Hoan-Su ; Kim, Dong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 540~552
For the scientific and systematic study of sediment deposits along Yeongsan river, total 13 core samples were taken from Yeongsan river. The thickness of sediment deposits is 22.0m at YS 1, 20.0m YS 2, 18.5m YS 3, 12.0m YS 4, 3.0m YS 5, 5.5m YS 7, 3.0m YS 8, 5.9m YS 9, 5.0m YS 10 on main stream of Yeongsan river. The thickness of deposit is increasing from upstream to downstream. The composition of sediments dominates sandy gravel on the upstream and the lower part on the downstream, and mud deposits of
thick on the upper part of on the downstream(YS 1, YS 2, and YS 3). Contents of organic carbon and calcium carbonates occur being contrary to each other toward upstream. The content of organic carbon increases upstream, that of calcium carbonates decreases. According to size analysis of sediment, the content of gravel increases and mud decreases from downstream to upstream. Sediment deposits can be divided into two types whether gravel is or not. But this boundary is clear in the downstream(YS 1
YS 4) but is vague in the upstream. The result of this study could be provided engineering, environment, and architecture with geological background as the essential basis.
Synthesis and Crystal Structure of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia
Kim, Won-Sa ; Suh, Il-Hwan ; Bak, Ro-Hak ; Kim, Moon-Jib ; Kim, Huhn-Jun ; Lee, Chang-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Che ; Seong, Baek-Seok ; Lee, Jeong-Soo ; Shim, Hae-Seop ; Kim, Yi-Kyung ; Lee, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 553~558
Colorless and transparent cubic zirconia(
) crystal has been synthesized by the Bridgman-Stock-bager method(also called Skull melting method).
is used as stabilizer. The crystal shows a vitreous luster with a slight oily appearance. Under a polarizing microscope, it shows isotropic nature with no appreciable anisotropism. Mohs hardness value is measured to be
and specific gravity 5.85. Under ultraviolet light it shows a faint white glow. The crystal structure of yttria stabilized zirconia was determined, using single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques to be a cubic symmetry, space group
, Z=4, and R=0.0488 for 29 unique reflections. Each zirconium atom is at the center of eight oxygen atoms situated at the corners of a surrounding cube and each oxygen atom is at the center of a tetrahedron of zirconium atoms. So a coordination of 8:4 holds in the structure.
Geological and Geophysical Characteristics of the New Hebrides Basin
Park, Chung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 559~564
The New Hebrides Basin is an inactive non back-arc basin located at the convergent boundary of the Pacific and Info-Australian plates. This basin was formed from 46 Ma to 60 Ma. The basin has two spreading episodes with rates of 34 mm/a for 42 to 47 Ma and 17 mm/a for 47 to 60 Ma. The sediments covered in the basin has uniform thickness of 0.65 sec. The age-depth correlation curve of the New Hebrides Basin can be represented by the following equation:
The coefficient of 312 in this equation is close to that for major oceans, 350. This suggests that the cooling processes of the lithospheres in the New Hebrides Basin and major oceans are similar to each other. Free-air gravity anomalies of the basin varying from -22.3 mgal to +59.0 mgal. The mean value is +30.2 mgal higher than those of the normal oceans. Moderately large free-air gravity anomalies in the New Hebrides Basin are presumably owing to its location on a marginal swell along the New Hebrides Trench. It is generally observed that the ocean floor is very gently uplifted in a zone about 200 km oceanward of the trench axis. Positive free-air gravity anomalies amounting to
mgal are usually observed on the crest of the swell. This topography is presumably by bending of the oceanic lithosphere so as to dynamically maintain nonisostatic states for some duration.
A Classification of Clouds Observed in Korea
So, Seun-Seup ; Jeon, Sam-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 18, issue 6, 1997, Pages 565~578
Clouds are usually formed by adiabatic cooling through ascending currents, radiation cooling or a mixture of warm air and cold one. Ascending currents are caused by covection currents, or they are accompanied with fronts. Thus clouds are formed through various kinds of causes and procedures. So they are various in height and shape. Form of clouds was classified on the basis of the thecriteria that L. Howard proposed in 1803. He distinguished three simple, fundamental classes-Cirrus, Cumulus, Stratus-from which the others were derived by trasition or association. And they are subdivided into 10 genera according to their height and shape. Most of the clouds are subdivided into the detailed kinds to the characteristics such as appearance or intensity of convection current. Sometimes completly different shape of cloud can be developed out of the 'mother-cloud'. In korea, the stratocumulus, altostratus and cirrus clouds frequently appear. Generally we are likely to have rain or snow from the stratus cloud forms(As, St, Sc) and rain shower or hail from the cumulus forms(Ac, Cu, Cb).