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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Field Application of Earth Systems Education
Lim, Eun-kyoung ; Hong, Sang-Wook ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 93~102
The purpose of this study is to investigate Earth Systems Education, its matter and also its possibility of practical application in Korea. Some attempts are made to see the value of the Earth Systems Education. Adopting two kinds of Korean science textbooks of middle school and activity of Earth Systems Education were analyzed. The interview with teachers is implemented for the study on objective, the structure of matter and teaching strategy in Earth Systems Education. The program is given to 96 students(2 classes, the first grade at middle school). To analyze the effect of Earth Systems Education program, students were interviewed by their teacher. The conclusions of this study are as follows: 1. The Earth Systems Education is contributed to the way to enable students to have a cognitive perspective about the earth and to look for the nature. Earth Systems Education is to use interdisciplinary approaches for integration in science. 2. The result of analysis in the contents of Korean science textbooks, the viewpoints about Earth Systems Education were not found, but the accounts about the interactions among subsystems were found. 3. According to the results of interview with teachers, they approve of system approach, the structure of matter and teaching strategy of Earth Systems Education. 4. According to the results of interview with students, they understand the interactions among subsystems which are elements of Earth Systems. As a results, Earth Systems Education is a effective method for informed judgements about Earth and science and manner for work for integration in science curriculum. So Earth Systems Education be applied to science education in Korea.
The Effect of Enriched-Supplementary Ability-Grouping Within Class to Education in Middle School Science: In the Capter of 'Water Cycle and Weather Change'
Kim, Hye-Hyun ; Yoo, Jung-Moon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 103~115
The ability-grouping is the essence of the seventh educational curriculum, applied to school from year 2000, and its enriched-supplementary type will be carried out for science course. This study examines the effect of the enriched-supplementary ability-grouping within class to student's academic achievement and the attitude, related to science. Thus we developed teaching and learning methods with intellectual level about the subject of 'Water Circulation and Weather Change' in Middle-School Science 2. Then we tested 152 eighth graders who were divided into the experimental and control groups. The experimental one was taught through the ability-grouping for about six weeks, while the control through conventional lecture. The improvement of the experimental group in academic achievement was more effective than that of the control, and particularly to below-average students who ranked in lower thirty percent. The experimental one got more negative change in domain 'Science as a Subject, and in subdomain 'Anxiety in Science Lesson'. While outstanding students who ranked in upper thirty percent showed a significant positive change in subdomain 'Satisfaction in Teaching Method, the below-average were negatively changed in subdomain 'Anxiety in Science Lesson'. The current ability-grouping was suitable for the improvement of academic achievement, but not for the general attitude related to science. In order to enhance the ability-grouping effect in science education, we need to additionally consider student's interest and concern in grouping, and develop various teaching and learning methods together with proper textbook contents.
Development of Multimedia Database for Earth Science Learning
Lee, Won-Kook ; Kim, Yeo-Sang ; Kim, Chil-Young ; Kim, Jong-Hun ; Kim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 116~127
This study is aimed at the development of multimedia learning program for earth science in the middle and high school. This program was made of HTML format and includes a variety of texts, graphs, pictures, drawings, animations, and moving image materials. And it was composed of six database elements(learning context, terminology dictionary, practical science, inquiry actvity, image material, and test item). The results of applying this program to students and teachers gave affirmative answers. The program is being offered on an internet website under Institute of Science Education of Kongju National University.
Seasonal Variation and Transport Pattern of Suspended Matters in semiclosed Muan Bay, Southwestern Coast of Korea
Ryu, Sang-Ock ; Kim, Joo-Young ; You, Hoan-Su ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 128~136
To understand the variation and transport pattern of suspended matters, salinity, tidal current and suspended matters in semiclosed Muan Bay have been monitored during winter and summer. The suspended matters show considerably seasonal variations with low concentration and homogeneity in the water column during winter season, but with high concentration and layering during summer season. Particularly, during summer season, the freshwater and the suspended matters influxed by the gate operation of the Youngsan River sea-dike are transported northward in accordance with the would flow into the inner-bay by relaxed flood currents after the construction of sea-dike and sea-walls in the Mokpo coastal zone. But, in the south bay-mouth, those matters outflow through the bay-mouth, resulting from tidal ebb dominance and asymmetry in the west bay-mouth. The residual suspended matter flux is much higher in the south bay-mouth(-0.0955kg/m
sec) than that of west bay-mouth(0.0078kg1m
sec). Accordingly, The Muan Bay is interpreted as erosion-dominated environments, and the erosion somewhat progresses in the intertidal flat of the bay.
Intercomparison of Satellite Data with Model Reanalyses on Lower- Stratospheric Temperature
Yoo, Jung-Moon ; Kim, Jin-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 137~158
The correlation and Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analyses over the globe have been applied to intercompare lower-stratospheric (
70hPa) temperature obtained from satellite data and two model reanalyses. The data is the19 years (1980-98) Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) channel 4 (Ch4) brightness temperature, and the reanalyses are GCM (NCEP, 1980-97; GEOS, 1981-94) outputs. In MSU monthly climatological anomaly, the temperature substantially decreases by
21k in winter over southern polar regions, and its annual cycle over tropics is weak. In October the temperature and total ozone over the area south of Australia remarkably increase together. High correlations (r
0.95) between MSU and reanalyses occur in most global areas, but they are lower (r
O.75) over the 20-3ON latitudes, northern America and southern Andes mountains. The first mode of MSU and reanalyses for monthly-mean Ch4 temperature shows annual cycle, and the lower-stratospheric warming due to volcanic eruptions. The analyses near the Korean peninsula show that lower-stratospheric temperature, out of phase with that for troposphere, increases in winter and decreases in summer. In the first mode for anomaly over the tropical Pacific, MSU and reanalyses indicate lower-stratospheric warming due to volcanic eruptions. In the second mode MSU and GEOS present Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) while NCEP, El Ni
o. Volcanic eruption and QBO have more impact on lower-stratospheric thermal state than El Ni
o. The EOF over the tropical Atlantic is similar to that over the Pacific, except a negligible effect of El Ni
o. This study suggests that intercomparison of satellite data with model reanalyses may estimate relative accuracy of both data.
Statistical Testing of the Randomness and Estimation of the Degree of for the Concentration Earthquake Occurrence in the Korean Peninsula
Kim, Sung-Kyun ; Baek, Jang-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 159~167
We tested the randomness and estimated the degree of concentration for the earthquake occurrence in the Korean Peninsula by using the statistical methods for spatial data. For the randomness test, we applied both of the test statistics based method and the empirical distribution based method to the both of historical and instrumental seismicity data. It was found that the earthquake occurrences for historical and instrumental seismicity data are not random and clustered rather than scattered. A nonparametric density estimation method was used to estimate the concentration degree in the Peninsula. The earthquake occurrences show relatively high concentration on Seoul, Choongnam, Chonbook and Kyungbook areas for the historical seismicity data. Also,'L" shaped concentrations connecting Whanghaedo -the coast of Choongnam -the inland of Kyungbook area are revealed for the instrumental seismicity data.
Analysis of Tidal Phenomena in chunnam the Naju Lake and Youngsan River
Cho, Ju-Whan ; Im, Kwang-Heuyk ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 168~173
To investigate the characteristics of tides in the Naju Lake and Youngsan River, we measured the water level at the Naju Lake for one month (from 30 Dec. 1997 to 27 Jan. 1998) and at several points along the Youngsan River. We found that there are predominant waves with periods of semidiurnal and diurnal tides. The amplitudes of M
calculated by harmonic analysis are 0.56, 0.39, 0.48,0.43mm, respectively. The tidal ranges along the Youngsan River, which are almost coincident with the tidal variation of Mokpo, are from 4mm to 18mm depending upon the locations and the direction and that of six-hours period in the north-south direction.
Fluvial Deposits Distributed along the Seomjin River
You, Hoen-Su ; Cho, Seok-Hee ; Koh, Yeong-Koo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 174~187
The Quaternary coarse-grained sandy sediments are distributed along the channels of Seomjin River. The fluvial sediments were sedimentologically studied in horizontal and vertical distributions. To analyze depositional environments and facies changes in the sediments, sediment sampling from river mouth to upper stream and desctriptive approaches to the sediment profiles outcropped near Kurye were carried out. The sediments along the stream lines of the river are assigned to very coarse to coarse sand in grain size. The sediment grains are widely scattered in sorting and moderately sorted in average. For skewness and kurtosis, the sediments ranges from very fine to very coarse skewed and from very lepto-kurtic to extremelyl epto-kurtic states, respectively. The sediments are divided into slightly gravelly sand, gravelly sand and sandy gravel in sediment type. The pain shape in the sandy sediments are dominant in equant and tabular forms showing wide varieties. The sandy sediments are mostly poorly sorted and are highly variable in surface texture with SEM. Some smaller grains in the sediments ordinarily show polished surfaces. Of those grains, quartz ones are commonly angular to surounded. On the basis of facies changes and sedimentary structures, outcropped fluvial sediment profiles in Kurye are classified into xGyS, mGyS, gGyS, xSM, xS, mS, mGyM, IgM in facies. These eight facies are reformed as facies assemblage I and ll. The facies assemblage I and II are interpreted as the products of the channel deposits in braided stream and flood plain ones besides channels, respectively. The change facies assemblage I with facies assemblage ll imply that depositional environments hadbeen migrated from braied sream to flood plain ones.
Variation Analysis of Forest Resourcs in Anmyundo Using Landsat TM
Song, Moo-Young ; Sin, Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 2, 2000, Pages 188~200
On the basis of the Landsat TM scenes with 15 year's time differences, the topographic maps with 50 years differences, and the air photos with 25 years differences, we carried out the field survey for geology and forestry and analyzed the topographical change and the variation of the forest resource in Anmyundo. In terms of the discrimination of forest trees in Anmyumdo, the NDVI with larger than 0.5 in the winter season is the indicator of the surface of the pine tree land-cover. The peak values of NDVI appear on the surface of the pine aging 30 through 50 years and decrease a little and grossly stabilized over the more aging trees. The distinction of the deciduous forest and grass land from the pine tree was capable with the correlation with the abrupt seasonal variation of NDVI and the surface aspect. The great change of topography is detected in the region Changgiri due to the continuous tidal erosion since the canal construction about 370 years ago and along the all around coast of Anmyundo due to the reclamation for the paddy field. The surface area of the pine tree land-cover in Anmyundo was estimated 35.91 km
in 1986 and 33.15 km
in 1993, which is originated from the grassland development in the southeastern part of Anmyundo where the pine tree dominated by 1986. In the northen part of Anmyundo the surface area of the pine land-cover increased a little in 1993 comparing to 1986.