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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Science-related Attitudes of the Secondary School Science Teachers in Chonbuk, Korea
Cho, Kyu-Seong ; Lee, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Su-Min ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 201~207
We studied aspects of secondary school science teachers in the Chonbuk province concerning their science-related attitudes using the several measuring tools. We applied the multiple comparison to twelve factors at the science teachers 'backgrounds and analyzed the discrepancy in group levels. Science teachers feel half-hearted for the attitudes related to science teachers show a high correlation between the attitudes toward science and the scientific attitudes. We examined the tendency to the science-related attitudes of science teachers having various backgrounds within 5 percent differences of P-value. The contented teachers for their occupations marked higher than the other teachers in the tendency to the science-related attitudes, and the attitude-score of the science teachers graduated from regular colleges also marked higher than the teachers from the training institutes or the different majors. We have investigated the teachers just in Chonbuk province, but we should recognize that the scores in both the perception and the teachers are not improved comparing with the before-studies of Lee(1985), Park(1993), etc. As a result, the development of measuring tools which teachers can examine themselves as their features is needed and the educational systems to specialize the science education should be improved through the various programs for teachers' training courses.
Construction of the Scientific Effective Learning System on Web-Based Instruction
Choi, Young-Hee ; Yoon, Ill-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 208~218
The popularization and the common use of internet are realizing these days thanks to the development of web. Using the web as a teaching instrument is the Web Based Instruction(WBI). WBI, along with constructivism, has a great influence on the present educational society. However, many problems were found in learners' using the numerous WBI programs in cyber space. Above all, the interaction between teachers and learners is not enough, and searching for the materials on web is not easy. It's very difficult for a teacher to design and construct a WBI program in school teaching. But It is not so difficult to design and construct a WBI program based on interaction. Therefore, if a teacher familiar to students in school makes a web page and provides a cyberspace, the students will interact very easily them in the cyberspace. They can use the e-mail, bulletin board or discuss and chat. The cyberspace will make up for the insufficient interaction in school life. But because this program needs all students have proper material condition, there will be another kind of estranged learners. Thus, this problem can be solved by the cheap-popular PC offering movement backed by the government, and other types of projects systematically.
Teaching-Learning on 'The Beds and Fossils' Unit in Elementary Science from the Constructivist Perspective
Bae, Young-Boo ; Lee, Yu-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 219~229
Constructive learning is an active process of meaning construction and students decide their individual learning objectives according to their own interest concern and ability. The purpose of this study is to develop a teaching-learning model and classroom materials from constructivist perspectives and to apply them to an elementary school classroom in Seoul for one month. In this study, it was reorganized the contents of unit of 'beds and fossils' based on the discussion between students and teacher during the second semester of 4th grade class. The teaching-learning model consists of five steps: 1) introduction; 2) exercise; 3) presentation; 4) consensus; and 5) development. The implementation results were summarized.
Paleostress Reconstruction in the Tertiary Basin Areas in Southeastern Korea
Moon, Tae-Hyun ; Son, Moon ; Chang, Tae-Woo ; Kim, In-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 230~249
Southeastern Korean Peninsula has undergone the polyphase deformations according to the changes of regional tectonic settings during the Cenozoic. Through analyses of more than 600 fault-slip data gathered in the study area, five tectonic events are revealed as the followings: (I) NW-SE transtension, (II) NW-SE transpression, (III) NE-SW pure or radial extension, (IV) NNE-SSW transpression, (V) NE or ENE-WSW transpression. Event I was induced by the pull-apart type extension of the East Sea during 24-16 Ma, which resulted in the NW-SE extension of the Tertiary Basins in SE Korea. Event II was resulted from the collision of SW Japan and Izu-Bonnin Arc (or Kuroshio Paleoland) on the Philippine Sea Plate at
15 Ma, which stopped the extension of the Tertiary Basins and originated the uplift of fault blocks in and around SE Korean Peninsula. It was continued until
10 Ma. Event III is interpreted as the post-tectonic event after the block-uplifts due to the event II, which indicates a temporal lull in activity of the Philippine Sea Plate since 10 Ma. Event IV was originated from the resumption in activity of the Philippine Sea Plate which was restarted to move toward north at
6 Ma. The event made the EW compressional structures behind SW Japan as well as in the Korea Straits, and thus the block-uplifts in SE Korea was resumed again. Lastly, event V was resulted from the gradual decrease in influence of the Philippine Sea Plate and the cooperative compression due to the subduction of the Pacific Sea Plate and the collision of the Indian Plate since 5-3.5 Ma, which generated the NS compressional structures in the offshore along the eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula and thrust up the fault-blocks toward west. This event is continuing so far, and thus is making the active faultings resulting in the present earthquakes of the Korean Peninsula.
Fusulinids from the Upper Paleozoic Strata of Boeun Coalfield, Korea
Lee, Chang-Zin ; Kang, Chan-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 250~257
Two species of fusulinids, viz., Pseudoschwagerina paraborealis and Quasifusulina sp. are described from the limestone core sample(90-B-1). The core sample was obtained from Imgokri, Boeungun, Chungcheongbukdo, Korea. Recognition of Pseudoschwagerina helped the authors to establish the Pseudoschwagerina Zone. Pseudoschwagerina paraborealis has been reported from the Bamchi Formation of Yeongweol coalfield in Korea and also from the Asselian and Sakmarian strata in Eurasia. The occurrence of Pseudoschwagerina paraborealis in the Boeun coalfield demonstrates the existence of the early Permian strata that are equivalent to the Bamchi Formation of Yeongweol coalfield. The authors report Quasifusulina sp. which indicates the early Permian period as well as Pseudoschwagerina paraborealis. It is the first time that the species of early Permian fusulinids are identified from the Boeun coalfield.
Synoptic Analysis on Snowstorm Occurred along the East Coast of the Korean Peninsula during 5-7 January, 1997
Kwak, Byung-Chull ; Yoon, Ill-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 258~275
The purpose of this study is to investigate diurnal variations of snowstorm occurred along the East Coast of the Korean Peninsula. The snowstorm which occurred on 5
7 January 1997 have been analyzed. The pressure patterns were analyzed through surface and upper-air chart(850hPa). Diurnal variations of four areas, i. e. Youngdong, Mt. Taebaek, Youngseo and Kyungbuk regions were analyzed through wind direction and speed, cloud amounts, surface temperature, dewpoint temperature, relative humidity and sea level pressure. And snowfall amounts over four areas were analyzed through regional distribution, daily and temporal variations. The snowfall which occurred on January 5 was caused by the weak low pressure which is located in Kyusu region of Japan. The snowfall of January 6 occurred due to the Siberian high's expansion and instability. And northeasterly wind is one factor of the snowstorm which occurred in Mt. Taebaek region on 7 January. Heavy snowfall was caused by westerly wind but easterly wind occurred weak snowfall in Youngdong area. The precipitation of Kyungbuk region(eapecially, Pohang) was less than that of Youngdong region because the air mass which was not modified had influence on Kyungbuk region on 6
7 January, 1997.
Holocene Glaciomarine Sedimentation in Marian Cove, King George Island, West Antarctica
Chang, Soon-Keun ; Yoon, Ho-Il ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 276~286
A 2.3 m-long core obtained from Marian Cove, King George Island in the South Shetland Islands, West Antarctica shows clues to the glaciomarine sedimentation during the Holocene. The lower part below 115cm-deep of the core is predominated by coarser material such as diamictons compared with the higher part above 105cm dominated by finer material (rhythmite and massive muds). Based on the granulometric features the coarse materials are generally supposed to be glacially-driven and basal tills, whereas the fine materials appear to originate from various sources such as meltwater-supplied, glacially-supplied, wind-blown, and organic origins. However, the presence of erratic coarse particles in the finer materials suggests the ice-rafted origin of the relevant materials. The lower part below 105cm-deep of the core was characterized by lower TN, TC, and TOC contents, and by higher TS and CaCO
contents compared with its upper part. No significant changes in C/N ratio were shown throughout the core. The ice cliff along the east side of Marian Cove seemed to locate to the west by 1.6km at 8,300 years B. P. on the basis of the repetitive occurrence of rhythmite and diamicton. Since the retreat of ice cliff in 7,970
70 years B. P. the sediments of Marian Cove were dominated by fine materials and ice-rafted materials. The abrupt increase of coarse materials in 175cm-4 deep seems to result from supply of coarse materials due to earthquake or other drastic phenomena.
Characteristics of Vertical Ozone Distributions in the Pohang Area, Korea
Kim, Ji-Young ; Youn, Yong-Hoon ; Song, Ki-Bum ; Kim, Ki-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 287~301
In order to investigate the factors and processes affecting the vertical distributions of ozone, we analyzed the ozone profile data measured using ozonesonde from 1995 to 1997 at Pohang city, Korea. In the course of our study, we analyzed temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of ozone at four different heights: surface (100m), troposphere (10km), lower stratosphere (20km), and middle stratosphere (30km). Despite its proximity to a local, but major, industrial complex known as Pohang Iron and Steel Co. (POSCO), the concentrations of surface ozone in the study area were comparable to those typically observed from rural and/or unpolluted area. In addition, the findings of relative enhancement of ozone at this height, especially between spring and summer may be accounted for by the prevalence of photochemical reactions during that period of year. The temporal distribution patterns for both 10 and 20km heights were quite compatible despite large differences in their altitudes with such consistency as spring maxima and summer minima. Explanations for these phenomena may be sought by the mixed effects of various processes including: ozone transport across two heights, photochemical reaction, the formation of inversion layer, and so on. However, the temporal distribution pattern for the middle stratosphere (30km) was rather comparable to that of the surface. We also evaluated total ozone concentration of the study area using Brewer spectrophotometer. The total ozone concentration data were compared with those derived by combining the data representing stratospheric layers via Umkehr method. The results of correlation analysis showed that total ozone is negatively correlated with cloud cover but not with such parameter as UV-B. Based on our study, we conclude that areal characteristics of Pohang which represents a typical coastal area may be quite important in explaining the distribution patterns of ozone not only from surface but also from upper atmosphere.
Geological Structures of the Southern Jecheon, Korea: Uplift Process of Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex and Its Implication
Kihm, You-Hong ; Kim, Jeong-Hwan ; Cheong, Sang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 302~314
Keumseong area in the southern part of the Jecheon city, the Ogcheon Belt, consists of Precambrian Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex, Dori Formation of the Choseon Supergroup, and Jurassic Jecheon Granite. The Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex consists of quartz schist, mica schist. quartzite and pegmatite. The Dori Formation is composed of mainly laminated limestone. The rocks in the study area have been undergone at least three phases of deformations since Paleozoic period. The Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex is outcrop at three areas in the study area, which are exposed along the faults and occurred as inlier within the Dori Formation. Previous authors interpreted the uplift of the Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex by the Dangdusan Fault, but we could not find any evidences related to the Dangdusan Fault. Thus, we interpret the uplift of the Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex due to the D
Weolgulri and Dangdusan thrusts and post-D
Jungbodeul, Kokyo and Jungjeonri faults. The uplift of the Busan Metamorphic Complex to the west of the study area was interpreted by ductile deformation. However, the Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex is formed by brittle thrusts and faults in this study. According to deformation sequence, the characters of deformations in the Choseon and Ogcheon suprergroups had been changed from ductile to brittle deformations through the time. Therefore, we interpret the Dangdusan Metamorphic Complex is exposed later than the Busan Metamorphic Complex.
Thermoelastic Aspects of the San Andreas Faults under Very Low Strength
Park, Moo-Choon ; Han, Uk ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 315~322
In this study, the data used for the models were a set of 56 geologic estimates of long-term fault slip rates. The hest models were those in which mantle drag was convergent on the Transverse Ranges in the San Andreas fault system, and faults had a low friction (
= 0.3). It is clearly important to decide whether these cases of low strength are local anomalies or whether they are representative. Furthermore, it would be helpful to determine fault strength in as many tectonic settings as possible. Analysis of data was considered by unsuspected sources of pore pressure, or even to question the relevance of the friction law. To contribute to the solution of this problem, three attempts were tried to apply finite element method that would permit computational experiments with different hypothesized fault rheologies. The computed model has an assumed rheology and plate tectonic boundary conditions, and produces predictions of present surface velocity, strain rate, and stress. The results of model will be acceptably close to reality in its predictions of mean fault slip rates, stress directions and geodetic data. This study suggests some implications of the thermoelastic characteristics to interpret the relationship with very low strength of San Andreas fault system.
Petrological Study on the Ultramafic Rocks in Choongnam Area
Woo, Young-Kyun ; Suh, Man-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 323~336
Ultramafic rocks in Choongnam area are mainly serpenitinites which are parent rock of talc and asbestos ore deposits. About 10
NNE-trending parallel serpentinites masses occur as discontineous isolated lenticular intrusive bodies in Precambrian gneiss complex between Hongseong-Kwangcheon line and Onyang-Cheongyang line. The sizes of serpentinites vary from several centimeters to 1 kilometer in width and from several meters to 5 kilometers in length. The serpentinites show high SiO
(39.99wt.% in average), MgO(38.46wt % in average), Cr(>1011ppm), Ni(>1660ppm), and Co(>80ppm). Most serpentinites contain serpentine more than 50%. Some serpentines contain original minerals such as olivine, pyroxene and chromite. Also, serpentinites body may contain a little serpentinized peridotite, and some talc and asbestos ore deposits. The original rocks of the serpentinites interpreted as Alpine type ultramafic rocks, and dunite and/or harzburgite which were originated from slightly depleted upper mantle(30
40km deep), and emplaced in the crust through the large fault zones. It seems that main serpentinization from the original rocks was occurred during greenschist and/or amphibolite facies regional metamorphism in Choongnam area.
Conodont Fauna and Its Paleoecology of the Middle Carboniferous System in Taebaek Area, Gangwon, Korea
Park, Soo-In ; Oh, Jae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 337~348
The Middle Carboniferous Manhang and Geumcheon formations in Taebaek area consist of sandstones, shales, and limestones. The limestones of the formations contain abundant conodonts, fusulinids, crinoids, brachiopods, bryozoans, corals, etc. This study was carried out to investigate the microfacies of limestones and conodont faunas of the formations and to determine their paleoecology in detail. The limestones of the Manhang and Geumcheon formations of the study area consist of wackestone and packstone which are composed of crinoid fragments and other various fossil fragments. Some limestone beds of the Geumcheon Formation consist of only Chaetetes corals which indicate that the limestones deposited in a warm shallow sea. Conodonts found from limestones of the Manhang Formation are Neognathodus bothrops, N. medexultimus, Hindeodus minutus, Diplognathodus coloradoensis, D. edentulus, Idiognathodus delicatus, Streptognathodus elegantulus, and S. sp. And conodonts found from the limestones of the Geumcheon Formation are Neognathodus medexultimus, N. roundyi, N. dilatus, Gondolella bella, Diplognathodus coloradoensis, D. edentulus, Hindeodus minutus, Idiognathodus delicatus, and Streptognathodus elegantulus. Among these conodonts, Diplognathodus coloradoensis, D. edentulus, and Hindeodus minutu, are found generally from limestones which deposited in the shallow seas. According to the limestone facies and conodont faunas of the Manhang and Geumcheon formations of the study area, it can be concluded that the limestones of the formations deposited in the shallow sea.
Geophysical Study on the Ultramafic Rocks of Chungnam Province, Korea: Characteristics of Seismic Velocity
Suh, Man-Cheol ; Woo, Young-Kyun ; Song, Suck-Hwan ; Tianyao, Hao ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 3, 2000, Pages 349~358
Compressional and shear wave velocities (Vp and Vs) and densities have been measured for serpentinite, amphibolite, amphibole and biotite schist, and gneiss from western part of Chungnam Province at room temperature. Ranges of the density are 2.6
for serpentinite, 2.25
for talc, and 2.74
for metamorphic rocks. Of these rocks, talc shows wider ranges than serpentinite and amphibolites due to its metamorphic process from serpentinite. Values of Vp and Vs are 5719
6062m/s and 2898
3351m/s for serpentinites, 4019
5478m/s and 2241/
2976m/s for talc, 5375
6372m/s and 3042
3625m/s for amphibolite, 5290
5499m/s and 2968
3137m/s for schist, and 4788m/s and 2804m/s for gneiss, respectively. Velocity of P wave increases 1.47 times faster than S wave with increase of density. The results of seismic velocity measurement show anisotropy, higher velocity across than along the schistocity of rocks, especially in metamorphic rocks. This fact indicates that there were regional metamorphism related with tectonic forces. Values of seismic velocity increase with increasing pressure from 20 MPa to 70 MPa, especially in metamorphic rocks. Overall recalculated Vp and Vs values suggest that the serpentinite indicates for upper mantle in the respects of seismic characteristics, in spite of high degree of serpentinization. In addition, those of the amphibolite do for low crust, and gneiss and schist for upper crust.