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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
New Experimental Methods to Improve on the Understandings of Atmospheric Pressure for Middle School Students
Lee, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 647~654
The purpose of this study is to investigate the types of concepts about atmospheric pressure of middle school students and to design a new method to improve students' understandings on atmospheric pressure. The second grade students of the middle school has been selected and examined their pre-concepts on atmospheric pressure through questionnaires and interviews. Two groups of students have been taught using the second grade science textbooks and experimental methods designed from this study, respectively. The results suggest that we need to develope various teaching methods that can improve alternative concept as well as experimental tools that can help students understand difficult scientific concepts. The reason is that once alternative concept is occupied, it is extremely difficult to fix it. In addition, the proposed experimental methods are effective in establishing the concept and understanding on atmospheric pressure.
Application of Authoware for the Oceanography Learning System Based on WBI
Cho, In-Seok ; Lee, Byung-Gul ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 655~662
According to the development of internet with Web, WBI has greatly influence on the present educational society. However, it is difficutly to design the web of the dynamic motions of graphics or animation using general programming technique based on high or low level language. Recently, Mecromedia Company supported a tool that is called Authoware which is the leading visual rich-media authoring solution for creating Web and online learning applications, to solve the problem easily. In the paper, using the the Authoware we tried to develop a web page about tidal variations due to sea level change and intertidal zone variations using the Authorware 5.1. To do this, we used the ocean survey data of Iho beach and the tidal level data based on Tidal Tables of Cheju harbor. The results showed that the Authorware was very useful to construct the simulation of tidal phenomena on web. Therefore, the Authorware can be applied to the simulation related with animation and dynamic motions for the other WBI objective.
Palaeomagnetism of the Cretaceous Yuchon Group in Kosong Area, Southern Kyongsang Basin
Kang, Hee-Cheol ; Kim, In-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 663~674
A total of 165 independently oriented core samples were collected from 19 Cretaceous Yuchon Group sites in Kosong area, the southernmost part of the Miryang subbasin of the Kyongsang Basin in southern Korea. Stepwise AF and thermal cleaning revealed antipodal ChRM from 95 samples from 14 sites. Mean ChRM direction is d=26.0
, k=24.5, n= 14) before bedding correction and d=28.1
, k=70.6, n= 14) after bedding correction. A 2.88-fold increase of the precession parameter k by bedding correction indicates pre-folding age of the ChRM with 99% confidence level. Palaeomagnetic pole position calculated from the mean ChRM is 67.0
), which is significantly different neither from the poles of other part of the Kyongsang Basin nor those of Eurasia including SCB and NCB. This suggests stable relative position of the study area with regard to other parts of the Kyongsang Basin as well as to Eurasia continent since Cretaceous. Three ploarity reversals in the Kosong Formation in addition to the coexistence of normal and reversed polarities in the overlying Andesites and Welded Tuff suggest, in reference to the worldwide geomagnetic polarity time scale, an Albian to Maastrichtian (polarity chron 32r-31r) age of the Yuchon Group of the study area. An alleged hypothesis of stratigraphical correspondence between the Kosong Formation in the study area and the Tadaepo Formation in Pusan area is, however, not tenable: Not only because the latter shows a short reverse polarity only in its lowest part of the sequence but also because the Andesites overlying it is wholly normally magnetized, in contrast to the frequent reverals in the case of both the Kosong Formation and Andesites above it.
Two Dimensional Shear Wave Velocity Using the Inversion of Surface Waves
Jung, Hee-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 675~682
25 seismic shot gathers were obtained to study the two dimensional subsurface shear wave velocities in a landfilled area near the Keum river estuary. Borehole(BH#1 and BH#2) tests at two sites were made in the same area. Standard Penetration Tests were also performed at the same time. The 2-D shear wave velocity structure resulted from the inversion of the seismic data shows that the subsurface of the studied area consists of the upper 1
3 meter thick layer(200 m/sec
700 m/sec), the middle 5
8 m thick low velocity layer(100 m/sec
400 m/sec), and the lower layer of 1000m/sec or higher shear wave velocities. The thickness of the low velocity layer decreases from the BH #1 site to the BH #2 site. The depth to the basement also decreases toward the BH #2 site. The examination of the S wave velocity structure, the description of the geologic contents, and the Standard Penetration Test values indicate that the middle layer of low shear wave velocity may be related to the clay content of the layer. On the other hand, the Standard Penetration test values increase with depth, showing no significant relationship with the geologic contents of the subsurface. This study shows that the inversion of surface waves can be effective in the study of the shear wave velocity, especially in the area where low velocity layers can be found. The method of inversion of surface waves also can be used as a viable technique to overcome the limit of the seismic refraction method.
Palaeodepositional Environment of the Cretaceous Hampyeong Basin, Southwestern Korea
You, Hoan-Su ; Kenrick, Paul ; Koh, Yeong-Koo ; Yun, Seok-Tai ; Kim, Joo-Yong ; Kim, Hai-Gyoung ; Chung, Chul-Hwan ; Ryu, Sang-Ock ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 683~694
Abstrace: The palaeodepositional environment and age of the Cretaceous Hampyeong Basin (southwestern Korea) are reassessed based on new geochemical, lithological, sedimentological, and palaeobotanical data. Results indicate that the Hampyeong Basin was a tectonically active basin comprising predominantly fluvial and lacustrine sediments. Four distinctive facies types have been identified (acidic tuff, black shales/sandstones, red beds, intermediate tuff with tuffaceous conglomerate) and these reflect periods of significant environmental change within the basin and its neighbouring terrains. Volcanism driven by tectonic events provides a source for much of the sediment. The sedimentary sequences compare well with those in the neighbouring Haenam Basin. Sediments of volcanic origin are similar to those of the Neungju Formation of the Yuchon Group. The widespread occurrence of black shales is indicative of extended periods of deposition under anoxic conditions. Measurements of total organic carbon show that the values for the black shales (0.81% to 1.75%) are the average for petroleum source shales. Fossil plants occurred in the black shales and sandstones. The occurrence of platanoid leaves places these sediments in Oishi's angiosperm series, which is consistent with an Aptian/Albian or younger age.
Trace Fossil Protovirgularia McCoy, 1850 from the Nonmarine Cretaceous Jinju formation of the Sacheon area, Korea
Kim, Jeong-Yul ; Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Pickerill, Ron K. ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 695~702
The ichnogenus Protovirgularia McCoy, 1850 is reported from nonmarine strata of the Cretaceous Jinju Formation of the Sacheon area Korea. There, the Jinju Formation is composed mainly of fine-grained sandstone, grey to brownish grey mudstone, and shale which were deposited in a freshwater lacustrine environment. This occurrence represents the fist formal recording of the ichnotaxon from Korea and the first, on a global basis, from a nonmarine depositional environment.
Interannual Variation of the TOMS Total Ozone and Reflectivity over the Globe
Yoo, Jung-Moon ; Jeon, Won-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 703~718
In order to investigate interannual variation of total ozone and reflectivity over the globe, Nimbus-7/TOMS data were used on the monthly mean and its anomaly for the period of 1979-92. This study also examined MSU channel 4(Ch4; lower-stratosphere) brightness temperature data and two model reanalyses of NCEP and GEOS to compare the ozone variation with atmospheric thermal condition. In addition, the MSU channel 1(Ch1 ; lower-troposphere) brightness temperature was used to compare with the reflectivity. The ozone showed strong annual cycle with downward trend(-6.3
0.6 DU/decade) over the globe, and more distinct response to volcanic eruption than El Ni
o. The relationship between total ozone and MSU Ch4 observation, and between the ozone and model reanalyses of lower stratosphere temperature showed positive correlation(0.2-0.7) during the period of 1980-92. Reflectivity increased interannually by 0.2
0.06%/decade over the globe during the above period and reflected El Ni
o(1982-83, 1991-92) well. Its variability in annual cycle was remarkably smaller in tropics than in higher latitudes. This is inferred due to cloud suppression and tropical upwelling regions. Reflectivity correlated negatively(-0.9) to the Ch1 temperature over the globe, but positively(0.2) over tropical ocean. The positive value over the ocean results from the effect of microwave emissivity which increases the Ch1 temperature with enhanced hydrometeor activity. Significant correlations between total ozone and the Ch4 temperature, and between reflectivity and the Ch1 Suggest that the TOMS data may use valuably to better understand the feedback mechanism of climate change.
Application of UML(Unified Modeling Language) Towards Object-oriented Analysis and Design of Geo-based Data Model
Lee, Ki-Won ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 21, issue 6, 2000, Pages 719~733
Normally, a digital geologic map can be defined as mappable one whose spatial information with geographic information details and geologic database attribute, recorded in a digital format that is readable by computer. It shows fundamentally two different conceptual perspectives: cartography for digital mapping and analysis for geo-data processing. While, as both aspects basically relate to natural entities and their interpretation of complex features fused with multi-sources, digital geo-data mapping or geologic mapping, it should be distinguished from digital mapping in engineering such as UIS(Urban Infomation System) and AM/FM(Automated Mapping/Facilities Management). Furthermore, according to short-cycled development of GIS(Geographic Information System) software architecture based on IT(Information Technology) and wide expansion of GIS applications' fields, the importance of domain analysis and application model is emphasized at digital geologic informatizaion. In this paper, first terms and concepts of geo-data model with general data modeling aspects are addressed, and then case histories for geo-data modeling and several approaches for data modeling in GIS application fields are discussed. Lastly, tentative conceptual geo-data modeling by using UML(Unified Modeling Language) of OO(Object-oriented) concepts with respect to USGS/AASG geo-data mode is attempted. Through this approach, the main benefits for standardization and implementation lineage with conceptual model in consideration to reusability are expected. Conclusively, it is expected that geo-information system and its architecture by UML is the new coming key approach for the GIS application in geo-sciences.