Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Dec 2003
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Dec 2003
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Oct 2003
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Aug 2003
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Jun 2003
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Apr 2003
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Development and Effect of Learning Materials of Earth Science Using Simplifying Condition Method
Kim, Jong-Hee ; Jeong, Hui-Gyeong ; Kim, Sang-Dal ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 495~507
The purpose of this study was three-folded to suggest the Simplifying Conditions Method (SCM) as a means of task analysis and sequencing of instructional content, to develop teaching-learning materials by analyzing part of the geological time scale of the earth science and finally to analyze the effectiveness of this method. SCM began by simplifying a complex task into the basic components by eliminating various complexities, which produced a simple representative of the entire task. The next step was to relax conditions on the basic version one by one, thereby gradually introducing progressively more complex tasks to the students. This sequential strategy enabled students to understand the task holistically and to acquire authentic skills from very onset of the course. Moreover, Early mastery of skills enhances the effectiveness and efficiency of instruction. The result of this study revealed that instruction through SCM was more effective in developing students' self-directed learning characteristics and academic achievement than instruction through sequential task analysis methodology.
Development of the Test Tool of Astronomical Spatial Concept Level
Seo, Chang-Hyeon ; Lee, Hang-Ro ; Kim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 508~523
This study has developed the test tool to measure the level of spatial concept in the astronomy education for high school students. The items of the test tool are composed of basic elements (spatial position, spatial reasoning, spatial variation) forming spatial concepts in the astronomy. The test tool was applied to the 274 high school students. As a result of item analysis, the test tool showed that the content validity was 98%, the reliability (KR 20) was 0.84, the measure the level of astronomical spatial concept for the high school students.
Children's Generating Hypotheses on the Pendulum Motion: Roles of Abductive Reasoning and Prior Knowledge
Joeng, Jin-Su ; Park, Yun-Bok ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 524~532
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that student's abductive reasoning skills play an important role in the generation of hypotheses on pendulum motion tasks. To test the hypothesis, a hypothesis-generating test on the pendulum motion and a prior knowledge test about the length of the pendulum motion were developed and administered to a sample of 5th grade children. A significant number of subjects who have the prior knowledge about the length of the pendulum motion failed to apply that prior knowledge to generate a hypothesis on a swing task. These results showed that students' failure in hypothesis-generating was related to their deficiency in abductive reasoning ability, rather than the simple lack of prior knowledge. Furthermore, children's successful generating hypothesis should be required their abductive reasoning skills as well as prior knowledge. Therefore, this study supports the notion that abductive reasoning ability beyond prior knowledge plays an important role in the process of hypothesis-generation. This study suggests that science education should provide teaching about abdctive reasoning as well as scientific declarative knowledge for developing children's hypothesis-generating skills.
An Analysis and Numerical Simulation on Southwestern Prevailing Wind Phenomenon around Pohang in Winter
Lee, Hwa-Woon ; Kim, Hyun-Goo ; Jung, Woo-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 533~548
The prevailing wind phenomenon around Pohang in winter was investigated by using surface and vertical observatory datas and a numerical simulation was carried out to analyse this phenomenon using RAMS. Direction of the prevailing wind was westerly at upper atmosphere. However, near the surface, southwestern wind prevailed in winter. Using the RAMS to simulate a winter wind system numerically, it was found out that this phenomenon was strongly affected by the geographical features such as directions of coastline and low level valley, and distributions of land and sea. To investigate the accuracy of the model results, wind speed, temperature and wind direction of typical continuous southwestern wind occurring days were compared with observation data. Analyzing the characteristics of local circulation system was very hard because of horizontally sparse observation data. But from the result above, a numerical simulation using the RAMS, which satisfies the spatial high resolution, will provide more accurate results.
A Study of the Comparison of the Shear Wave Velocity Profiles Obtained by a Surface Wave Exploration Method with Borehole Measurements
Jung, Hee-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 549~557
Surface wave exploration method has many advantages over other conventional exploration methods. Only limited accumulation of the study results has been made due to the recent development of the method. In this study the characteristics of the phase dispersion curves of four sites with different geo-technical properties have been identified. A generalized inversion method was used to obtain the shear wave velocity profiles of the study areas. The shear wave velocity profiles were compared with the columnar sections of the boreholes at the sites. This study shows that the rapid changes in the shear wave velocities are consistent with the changes in the sedimentary or lithologic faces found in the borehole measurements. This implicates that the surface wave exploration method could be used to identify changes in the physical properties of sediments or rocks.
The Regional Dependency of Cloud-radiative Forcing on the Sea Surface Temperature in the Interannual and Seasonal Time Scales
Lee, Woo-Seop ; Kwak, Chong-Heum ; So, Seon-Sup ; Suh, Myoung-Seok ; Kim, Maeng-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 558~567
The regional dependency of cloud-radiative forcing at the top of atmosphere is studied using ERBE (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment), ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) and NCEP/NCAR (National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research) reanalysis data for 60 months from January 1985 to December 1989 over tropical ocean. In the interannual time scale, the dependency of cloud-radiative forcing on the sea surface temperature over the equatorial eastern Pacific ocean is about 7.4Wm
for longwave radiation and about -4.4Wm
for shortwave radiation, respectively. This shows that the net cloud-radiative forcing due to the increase of sea surface temperature over the equatorial eastern Pacific ocean heats the atmosphere. But the dependency is reversed over tropical oceans with -3.4Wm
for longwave and 1.9WmWm
for shortwave radiation, indicating that the net cloud-radiative forcing cools the atmosphere over tropical oceans. In raw data including seasonal cycle, the dependency of cloud-radiative forcing over the equatorial eastern Pacific ocean is very similar to that in interannual time scale in both the magnitude and the sign. But the dependency of cloud-radiative forcing on the sea surface temperature over tropical oceans is about 0.2Wm
for longwave and 2.7Wm
for shortwave radiation, respectively. These results represent that the role of seasonal cycle on the cloud radiative forcing is gradually more important than role of interannual time scale as the ocean area is broadening from the tropical central Pacific to the tropical ocean.
Beach and Sanddune Development along the Coastline of the Chungcheong-Namdo Province
Kahng, Tay-Gyoon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 568~577
The purpose of this paper is to examine the geomorphic processes of beach and sanddune development in the Chungcheong-Namdo Province. The sands consist mainly of quartz and feldspar with lesser amounts of mica and other heavy minerals. With the exception of those from the granite, the sands have a very fine texture. Another characteristic of the sand grains is low degrees of roundness and grading indicating that source areas for the material were in the vicinity of the accumulating field. Over the years, the beaches have receded as a response to the decreasing amount of depositional materials. The driving force for the formation and transformation of coastal dunes in the study area is dominant winds from the center of the Siberian High. To some extent, the erosion of coastal dunes has been a global phenomenon. The degradation process occurred most actively when spring tides attacked beaches, berms, and foredunes. The relief and shape of present-day coastal dunes is determined initially by the Pleistocene strata underneath. From the fact that the strata contained traces of frozen structure, it can be inferred that sediment once experienced the process of soil formation.
Seasonal Variation Patterns of Tidal Flat Sediments in Semi-enclosed Hampyong and Kwangyang Bays, West and South Coasts of Korea
Ryu, Sang-Ock ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 578~591
To investigate the seasonal variation patterns of tidal flat sediments in semi-enclosed Hampyong and Kwangyang Bays, respectively west and south coasts of Korea, accumulation rate and grain-size in the sediments were monitored during 2
4 years. The mud flats in the northern and eastern parts of Hampyong Bay were eroded in summer and deposited in winter, but mixed flats in the southern part of the bay show reversed seasonal variations to the mud flats. These variations are most likely connected with wave actions induced by monsoon and physiographic setting of the tidal flats in the bay. In contrast, the tidal flats of Kwangyang Bay were eroded in summer and deposited in other seasons except summer, different from the case of Hampyong Bay. The physiography of Kwangyang Bay are characterized by dominant flood tides and weak wave actions. However, in summer, the surface sediments were abruptly eroded by occasional typhoons and heavy rainfall. These weather conditions appear to be important factors to accelerate erosion on the tidal flat in semi-enclosed bays, south coast of Korea.
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 24, issue 6, 2003, Pages 592~592