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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Dec 2004
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Oct 2004
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Jun 2004
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Design and Application of the Problem Based Learning Model for Environment Teaching Unit
Park, Soo-Kyong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 205~213
The purpose of this study was to design the coaching strategies for the problem based learning and examine 'the problem situation' to analyze the process of learning as it applies to the students' perception on problem based learning. The steps of this model were as follows: 1) presentation of the problem situation 2) confrontation of the problem 3) know/ need to know 4) definition of the problem statement 5) collection and sharing of information 6)generation of possible solutions 7) assessment of the best fit of solutions 8) presentation of the solution. Problem-based learning steps and coaching strategies were designed and implemented to 2nd grade high school students for the environment teaching unit. The results demonstrated that group discussion in the know/need to know step was most helpful for students to review what they know and generate solutions. At first students tend to state problems widely but through repeated group discussions they gradually clarified the problems. In the students' personal reflection notes and perception questionnaire of problem-based learning, many students especially showed difficulties in defining the problem statement. In contrast they participated actively in the learning process and express their opinions enthusiastically. Therefore, this study suggests that developing problem situation based on real context is of great importance for implementing a problem based teaming model continuously.
The Effects of Teaching Methods on Conceptual Change of Atmospheric Pressure in Middle School Students
Kim, Jong-Hee ; Bae, Ju-Hyeon ; Lee, Yong-Seob ; Kim, Sang-Dal ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 214~221
The purpose of this study is to inquire into the effects of teaching methods in the class on the conceptual change of atmospheric pressure for middle school students. After analyzing the concept of atmospheric pressure in the middle school science textbooks on the present 7th Curriculum, classes were performed adopting classified Method A and Method 3. For Method A, the textbook is used to explain the concept in the view of weight. For Method B, the textbook is used to approach the concept in the views of molecular movement as well as of weight. This study consists of four classes in the third grade students of middle school in Busan, where they were divided into the Method A group and the Method B group. These study was carried out with pre-post on each of these classes on the learning achievement and on the conceptual change of atmospheric pressure. The results of this study were as follows: First, the effect on the learning achievement was displayed the average score of the Method B was showing a meaningful difference comparing to the Method A. Second, the effect on the conceptual change measured by verifying the score for the difference among the averages for each sub-scale three out of four conceptual factors,'the direction of atmospheric influence and the reason','the principle of atmospheric action' and 'the atmospheric changes by the temperature rise on the surface of the earth and the reason', showed meaningful improvement. But, the one left factor,'the distribution of atmospheric pressure by altitudes and the reason', displayed no meaningful difference. Third, The concept of atmospheric pressure is better defined as the pressure created by the movement of air particles, in the view of kinetic theory of gas, rather than explained by the notion of the weight of air.
Analysis of High School 「science」 Textbook on the Magma Formation in the Subduction Boundary
Park, Kyung-Eun ; Ahn, Kun-Sang ; Lim, Dhong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 222~231
The purpose of this study is to analyze the seventh curriculum textbooks and teacher's guides of high school science courses in relation to the generation (mechanism) of magma in subduction boundary and find the incorrect descriptions of the texts and the figures (illustrations) and then suggest some improved schemes. According to the result there are many discrepancies in definition of 'magma' among the textbooks and further little scientific explanations about the formation mechanism of magma in most textbooks, and even no descriptions about that. In addition, the figures are inconsistent with the description of the text and also have some incorrect depiction which might contribute to the forming and reinforcing misconceptions about Plate Tectonics as well as a volcanic activity in subduction boundary. On the basis of the previous researches, therefore, some improved schemes (text descriptions and figures) are suggested. The results of this study should be used as a reference for publishing science textbook, developing science curriculum, and teaching effectively in the high school.
Reconsideration on the Scientific Educational Validity of EBS Education Broadcasting
Shin, In-Hyun ; Lim, Dhong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 232~241
The purpose of this study is to investigate the educational validity of EBS education broadcasting. The purpose of science education is not only to improve metacognition, but also to make student acquire scientific knowledge. So, this study present the question of whether EBS education broadcasting could raise students' metacognition or not. At ㅂ highschool, the VOD texts provided by EBS education broadcasting was used for all curriculums including science in 2002 and 2003. It was accepted that the model wpuld be using considered VOD texts as materials and focusing on students' voluntary acting. But the students couldn't be given a stimulus raising metacognition by these models. The metacognition such as metaknowledge, metaexperience, and monitoring must be mediated during school hours for valuable science lessons. First, the manipulation such as teacher's pertinent question or comment reminding students about the materials was connected with teaming subject. Second, it is important for students to do an analogical experiment in odor to experience the reality. Third, feedback and the scripts of students' conversation must be given to students to monitor their own learning process.
An Effect of Academic Retention Concerned with High School Students' Cognitive Styles and Teaching Methods in 'The Weather and Climate' Unit
Ryu, Sang-Ock ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 242~250
The purpose of this study is to examine the interactive effects of teaching methods (expository and discovery) and learner's cognitive styles on the retention of learned content in Earth Science three weeks after an instruction is given. The subjects of this study were 1st graders of a boys' high school (n = 185) and co-educational high school (n = 189) in Gwangiu Metropolitan City of Korea. 92 students of the boys' high school and 95 students of the co-ed high school were assigned to the expository teaching group, and the rest of the boys' high school students and the co-ed high school students were to the discovery teaching group. The students were classified into field-independent learners, medium learners, and field-dependent learners based on their cognitive styles. The results of the study can be summarized as follows: First, the discovery teaching was more effective than expository teaching in terms of comprehension and application related to post-instruction retention of learned content. But there was no noticeable difference in knowledge domain. Second, the field-independent cognitive style was more effective than its counterpart, the field dependent cognitive style. Third, in the post-instruction retention test, not so much relevance was found between teaching methods and learner's cognitive style.
Petrology of Charnockite in Sancheong Area
Lee, Sang-Won ; Ock, Soo-Seck ; Lee, Young-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 251~264
The Charnockite in Sancheong region is quarzofeldspathic rock containing orthopyroxene and garnet with a color dark than common granitic rocks. The Chamockite are mostly massive and medium to coarse-grained with K-feldspar phenocryst, but reveal weak foliation. The rock consist mainly of quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase and orhopyroxene, with biotite, garnet, and anthophyllite. In petrochemistry, the Chamockite has 61-65%
contents, varying gradually into the margin contacted with orthogneiss, which have compositions of felsic igneous rocks. Major element show almost systematical variation with those of the marginal orthogneisses, except the hornblende gneiss and anorthosite. The Charnockite and orthogneisses show the tholeiitic differentiational trend. Trace and rare earth element abundance patterns in the Charnockite show remarkable negative Sr and Eu anomalies similar to orthogneisses, but different from the hornblende gneiss and anorthosite. Eu contents of the Charnockite are richer than that of orthogneisses. The metamorphic condition of the Charnockite were tested by an orthopyroxene-garnet geotherrnorneter and a plagioclase-garnet geobarometer. Estimated P-T conditions are about
and 7 kbar at peak metamorphism, but
and 6.4 kbar at retrograde metamorphism. This suggests that the Charnockite have from an early stage of high-grade metamorphism to represent the granulite facies and then to a late stage medium-grade metamorphism belonging to the amphibolite facies.
The Collection of Atmospheric Sulfur Gases Using Tedlar Bag: Preliminary Study for the Application of Correction Factors
Lim, Gye-Gyu ; Kim, Ki-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 265~269
Comparison of S-wave Yelocity Profiles Obtained by Down-hole Seismic Survey, MASW and SCPT with a Drilling Log in Unconsolidated Sediments
Kim, Hyun-Do ; Kim, Jin-Hoo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 270~276
Multi-channel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Seismic Cone Penetration Test (SCPT) have been recently developed to obtain S-wave velocity profiles which were conventionally investigated by a down-hole seismic survey. For unconsolidated sedimentary sites, we studied these three methods, and compared the results with a drilling log. All the methods showed that the changes in the S-wave velocities were consistent with the changes in the sedimentary facies. In addition, the SCPT was most sensitive to changes in sedimentary facies among the three profiles. The results of the SCPT showed that there exists a low velocity zone, which is mainly composed of clayey sand, at the depth of 8
12m in the sediments.
Case Study on the State of Sea Surface with Low Atmospheric Pressure and Typhoon Conditions over the fellow Sea
Pang, Ig-Chan ; Lee, Ho-Man ; Kim, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 4, 2004, Pages 277~288
In this study, state of sea surface were analyzed comparatively for cases of low atmospheric pressure, which occurred in the middle area of China and moved eastward to the Korean Peninsula across the Yellow sea during April 9-12, 1999, and typhoons 'NEIL' May 1999 and 'OLGA' July 1999, which moved northward along the west coast of the Korean Peninsula. In cases of low pressure, wind speeds and phases were respectively stronger and faster in the center area than in the surrounding areas. The wave heights seem to a somewhat differing tendency from that of the wind speeds due to the influences of geometry. On the other hand, wave heights were lower under typhoon weather than under low pressures, except the instance of wave height over 5 m on Chilbal when typhoon Olga pass northward from the southern area. Storm surges also showed larger amplitudes under low pressures than under typhoons. The results suggest that wave sand storm surges may be larger for a slow passing synoptic low pressures than for a fast passing local typhoon.