Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Dec 2004
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Oct 2004
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Jun 2004
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Development and Effects of Program for Enhancement of Spatial Abilities in the Units related to Geology of High School Students
Lee, Wang-Soon ; Kim, Hyouk ; Kim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 391~401
This study has developed the software to enhance the level of spatial perception of geological structure for high-school students. And it is examined the effects after applying in high school. The contents of the software are compose of the two elements (space direction, space visualizing) forming spatial concepts in the structure geology. The program was applied to the 60 high school students of 4 high schools in the Gyeonggido. And we interviewed with 4students of the study group to obtain the variation of the geology spatial concept. As a result of appling, the geology spatial concept level enhanced significantly (p < 0.05). And the result of interview for 4 students using the program showed more enhanced achievement for the students through the process of space visualizing.
Conceptions of Secondary School Science Teachers on Some Concepts of Atmosphere and Ocean
Kook, Dong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 402~408
The purpose of this study is to investigate various conceptions of secondary school earth science teachers on some concepts in secondary school earth science courses; wind in cyclone, western intensification of ocean current, westerly wave, greenhouse effect, ozone layer and atmospheric pressure. The subject is 26 in-service teachers of earth science teachers. The results were analyzed on the view of teaching sources for earth science teachers. The results show that earth science teachers have also various misconceptions on some concepts selected in this study. A number of partial understandings were found that were not enough to apply to teaching concepts. Those misconceptions were related to gradient wind on wind in cyclone and frictional force, related to earth rotation on western intensification of ocean current, related to angular momentum conservation and related to the roles of westerly wave. And misconceptions on greenhouse effect are related to main role of greenhouse effect gases, related to sources of ozone gas and phenomenons by atmospheric pressure. The various understanding types found in this study could be apply to teach the selected concepts in secondary school earth science course.
Development and Effects of Instruction Module Using ICT on Earth Field at Elementary School Science
Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 409~417
This study investigated the effects and development of instruction module using ICT on earth field at elementary school science. The effects by 5th graders appeared as follows; First. ICT-applied teaching method proved to enhance the science teaming achievement regardless of their grades compared to the ordinary one. Second, Instruction module using ICT devoted to improve 'self-directed learning characteristics' at all grades by comparition of the ordinary teaching method. The 5th graders showed the improvements in the fields of' openness', 'self-conception', 'initiative', 'future inclination', 'creativity', 'self-assessment ability' all of which belong to self-directed teaming characteristics. They did not, however, show meaningful effect on improving 'learning eagerness' and 'responsibility' improvement. Thirdly, ICT-applied teaching method proved that it is more effective for developing 'creativity' than the ordinary one at all sample grades. The effectiveness was presented highly at 'fluency', 'originality' all of which belong to creativity. They did not, however, show meaningful effect on improving 'flexibility'.
Numerical Simulation on the Wind Ventilation Lane and Air Pollutants Transport due to Local Circulation Winds in Daegu Districts
Koo, Hyun-Suk ; Kim, Hae-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 418~427
Recently, urban planning with consideration of urban climate, represented by the concept of urban ventilation lane is widely practiced in many countries. The concept of urban ventilation lane is mainly aimed to improve the thermal comfort within urban area in summer season. It has also the aim to reduce the urban air pollution by natural cold air drainage flows which are to be intensified by a suitable alignment of buildings as well as use zonings based on scientific reasons. In this study, the prevailing wind ventilation lane of a local wind circulation and around Daegu for a typical summer days was investigated by using a numerical simulation. The transport of air pollutants by the local circulation winds was also investigated by using the numerical simulation model, the RAMS (Reasonal Atmospheric Model System).The domain of interest is the vicinity of Daegu metropolitan city (about 900 km2). The horizontal scale of the area is about 30 km. The simulations were conducted under a late spring synoptic condition with weak gradient wind and almost clear sky. From the numerical experiment, the following three conclusions were obtained: (1) The major wind passages of the local circulation wind generated by radiative cooling over the representative mountains of Daegu (Mt. Palgong and Mt. Ap) were found. The winds blow down along the valley axis over the eastern part of Daegu as a gravity flow during nighttime. (2) At the flatland, the winds blow toward the western part of Daegu through the city center. (3) As the results, the air pollutants were transported toward the western part of Daegu by the winds during nighttime.
Chemical Composition Characteristics of Dustfall in Nakdong River Area
Jeon, Byung-Il ; Hwang, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 428~442
Dustfall samples were collected by the modified American dust jar (bulk type) at 5 sampling sites in the Nakdong river area from lune 2002 to May 2003. Nineteen chemical species (Al, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Si, V, Zn,
) were analyzed via the combination of ICP/AES, AAS, IC and UV. The purposes of this study were to qualitatively evaluate the chemical composition of dustfalls by examining their regional and seasonal distribution patterns. Computation of the enrichment factor showed that well-defined anthropogenic sources, particularly in Pb were found in the order Gamjeondong (industrial area), Wondong, Silla University, Samrangiin and Mulgum. The seasonal mean of soil contribution showed its highest value (16.3%) during the winter with an annual mean of 11.2%. The concentration ratio of [
] was found to be highest (5.12) during the winter, while the lowest ratio value (3.30) was seen during the all. fall, Also regional equivalent ratios of [
] were found in the order: Silla University (6.78), Gamjeondong (4.98), Mulgum (3.95), Wondong (3.85), and Samrangjin (2.87). Seasonal distribution of water soluble components for total dustfall were found in the order: spring (71.6%), summer (61.2%), fall (49.2%) and winter (48.6%) with a mean ratio of 57.6%. Regional contribution of sea salts of water soluble ions were found in the order: Silla university (34.5%), Gamjeondong (28.3%), Wondong (17.3%), Samrangiin (17.2%) and Mulgum (13.8%), the total mean contribution rate was 22.1%. As for the chemical composition of dustftll on the lower Nakdong river, there is a decreased influence of sea salt and artificial anthropogenic sources and increased influence of soil particle inland. Also, the total amount of deposition on the lower Nakdong river has decreased, with the river's surface serving as a confounding factor in resuspending dusts.
A Study on the Metamorphism of Gneisses in the Northern Gohung Area, Chonnam
Shin, Sang-Eun ; Cho, Kye-Bok ; Park, Bae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 443~473
In northern Gohung granitic gneiss, porphyroblastic gneiss and migmatitic gneiss are widely distributed. Gneisses were plotted in granodiorite domain on an lUGS silica-alkali diagram. The amounts of trace elements (Li, Zn, Sc, Sr, Ni, V Y etc.) vs.
, somewhat decreased. Plagioclase showed a wide compositional range (
were higher in garnet rim and
in garnet core. The rocks in the study area were formed from S and I-type magmas which generated from syn-collision and the late to post-orogenic tectonic environment. Metamorphic P-T conditions u·ere low to medium pressure, high temperature (803-913
, 6.1-7.3 kb) and overprinted by retrograde metamorphism (570-726
, 2.2-5.1 kb) and chloritization.
The Analysis of the Nocturnal Ozone Variations over Kangreung and Wonju
Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 474~483
This paper analyzed the characteristics of daily ozone variations over Kangreung and Wonju. It was found that the diurnal cycle of ozone over Wonju has a primary ozone peak in the afternoon and a minimum around sunrise, which is a typical diurnal ozone cycle observable in the urban area. However, the cycle over Kangreung shows a primary peak in the afternoon and secondary peak around 3 a.m. The amounts of ozone in the secondary peak is occasionally higher than that in the primary peak. This nocturnal ozone peak is frequently observed year-round, and the highest frequency and extent are observed in spring. The possible cause of this nocturnal ozone increase was investigated using meteorological parameters and the HYSPLIT trajectory model. It was found that the nocturnal ozone peak is highly correlated with strong wind speed, which has led to positive temperature anomaly. The trajectory model revealed that when the secondary peak occurred, the air was originated from the west and a sinking motion subsequently followed. These findings suggested that when the westerly wind is strongest in spring, the polluted airs from urban areas are transported to the upper boundary layer over Kangreung area. In the case of strong wind during the night, nocturnal ozone peaks were produced by active vertical mixing between lower boundary and upper boundary layers.
Gold and Silver Mineralization of the Soowang Ore Deposits in Muju, Korea
Park, Hee-In ; Youn, Seok-Tai ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 484~494
The Soowang Au-Ag deposits occur as quartz veins which filled fissures in middle Cretaceous porphyritic granite an/or gneiss of the Precambrian Sobaegsan gneiss complex. The paragenetic studies suggest that vein filling can be divided into four identifiable stages (I to IV). Stage I is the main sulfide stage, characterized by the deposition of base-metal sulfide and minor electrum. Stage II is the electrum stage, whereas stage III represents a period of the deposition of silver-bearing sulfosalts and minor electrum. Stage IV is the post ore stage. Mineralogical and fluid inclusion evidences suggest that mineralization of the Soowang deposits were deposited by the cooling of the fluids from initial high temperatures 300
to later low temperatures 150
. The salinity of the fluids were moderate, ranging from 10.4wt.% equivalent NaCl in sphalerite to 3.1wt.% equivalent NaCl in barite. The gold-silver mineralization of the Soowang mine occurred at temperatures between 140 and 250
from fluids with log
from -12 to -18 atm. A consideration of the pressure regime during ore deposition, based on the fluid inclusion evidence of boiling, suggests lithostatic pressure of less than 210 bars. This pressure condition indicates that vein system of the Soowang deposit formed at depth around 800 m below the surface at the time of gold-silver mineralization.
BLR Density Variations of the Seyfert 1 Galaxies NGC 4151 and NGC 5548
Son, Dong-Hoon ; Hyung, Siek ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 25, issue 6, 2004, Pages 495~501
Using numerous ground-based or space-based telescopes by many astronomers, AGN spectroscopic monitoring campaigns have been carried out over many years to study the variability of continua and emission lines. We investigate the SWP IUE spectra of a large aperture configuration for the Seyfert 1 galaxies NGC 4151 and NGC 5548. We estimate the BLR electron number densities and their variation from the line ratios of C III] 1909 to Si III] 1892. With the ratios of C IV 1550 to C III] 1909 which give us the information on the ionization parameter of BLR, we try to find the physical conditions of the BLR and activities of he super massive black hole surroundings. The BLR density variations scale as 4 and 8 for NGC 4151 and NGC 5548, respectively. Based on the BLR size and C III] line profiles, we found both black hole masses as about