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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - May 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on Student's Creativity in Middle School Science Class
Oh, Hee-Jin ; Kim, Sang-Dal ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of Problem-Based Learning on Student's Creativity Ability in Middle School Science Class. The experimental group had Problem-Based Learning classes for six weeks and control group had traditional inquiry instruction for the same period. The results of this study presents that Problem-Based Learning is significantly effective for the improvement of creative skills test and creative tendencies. And PBL group student's had positive thinking for PBL. It's not easy to generalize these results because of many different variables. but the results suggests that teachers should make an effort to improve student's creativity applying Problem-Based Learning. And it's necessary to develop many kinds of problems and teacher's instruction method to enrich creativity in the process of Problem-Based Learning.
A Qualitative Analysis on n Geological Field Excursion leaching Model on Tando Coast and Hanyom Area at Shiwha Lake In Kyounggido
Maeng Seung-Ho ; Wee Soo-Meen ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 9~29
By analyzing and integrating established geological field study instances, this study offered a new geological field excursion teaching model with several steps: unifying question raising. excursion generalization. intensive field direction, searching, primary conclusion, re-searching, group discussion. adjustment, and excursion summarizing. Then by Qualitatively assaying the responses which students showed after applying this teaching model, a concrete teaching plan was sought for earth science teachers who were planning to begin geological field excursion classes. Students evaluated very highly on the unifying question and excursion generalization because these items provided a sense of direction and an overall theme for geological excursion in advance. Also. since the students had little to none geological knowledge and field excursion experience, the intensive field direction gave them a lot of help with their field excursion activities. Students thought that coming up with a primary conclusion based on the summary of what they had observed in their activities was original. and highly valued the process of sharing different opinions in group discussions and drawing out a final conclusion. Teachers should help students develop a friendly atmosphere, by organizing group activities and continuously feedlng them with uniting questions and excursion generalization within the groups. Also they should prepare enough contents for intensive field direction and ways to get their points across. In the process, they should arrange beforehand detailed instructions for every outcome, with the intention of solving the question. Furthermore. teachers should follow carefully how conclusions are drawn. instruct students not to reach conclusions based on mere assumptions, and be aware of misconceptions students have toward geological phenomenon in advance, so that the discussion can be lead in the right direction.
Students' Perception of Teaching Activities and Verbal Interaction in Science Classes at the Gifted Science High School
Park Soo-Kyong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 30~40
The purpose of this study is to analyze gifted students' perception of the teaching activities at the gifted science high school (Busan Science Academy), in Busan, Korea, and to investigate the science experiment class practice. In this study, a questionnaire about the curriculum courses, teaching strategies, and evaluation method of the school was administered to 139 gifted students. The verbal interactions during the science experiment class were audio and videotaped, transcribed, and analyzed. The results of this study are as follows: First, according to the gifted students' perception, the credits of specialized courses and advanced elective courses need to be increased and the credits of general courses need to be reduced. Second, teachers at this school mainly use teaching strategies such as lecture, group activities, and discussion; on the other hand, the students prefer diverse teaching strategies such as discussion, lecture, experiment, inquiring activities, and problem solving. Third, students prefer a writing test assessment rather than a written report assessment or portfolio assessment. Fourth, the patterns of verbal interaction were different depending on the level of the teachers' questions and interactions between the students in the experiment class facilitated students' inquiry.
Development of Learning Place for Geologic Field Survey around the Duta Mountain, Chungbuk, Korea
Lee, Chang-Xin ; Cheong, Sang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~57
The purpose of the study is to develop a educational data in order for students to perform geologic field survey effectively by themselves. A area around the Duta Mountain is selected. which is located at the southeastern part of Eumsung sedimentary basin because various rock types and geologic structures are well shown in this area and also it is convenient to reach there. Thirteen stops for observation are chosen m a route f3r exercising field geologic investigation. Data for field research are given and described in detail from each stop for observation. To do this, students make their own route map using general or digital geographic map and aerial photo is added to know relationship between large-scale structure and different rock types regionally. Moreover, it is designed to minimize conflict factors that may be experienced from the real field survey by showing outcrop photographs and polarizing photomicrographs of rut samples related to each stop and geologic structures. The attitude of students is investigated with the data of field geologic survey for students of an Earth Science class in the College of Education in Chungbuk National University. The results indicate that the educational data for geologic field survey brought positive changes that greatly help students perform field survey in definitive side, especially formation of absolute concepts on earth science.
Application of Homomorphic Filtering to Satellite Imagery and Geophysical Image Data
Yoo Hee-Young ; Lee Kiwon ; Kwon Byung-Doo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 58~65
Homomorphic filtering improves image by enhancing high components and reducing low components in the Sequency domain based on FFT, as one of useful digital image processing techniques. In this study, the application program f3r homomorphic filtering was developed. Using this program, satellite imageries and geophysical image such as magnetic image data were processed and their results were analyzed. In case of applying to other techniques suck as histogram equalization and kernel-based masking f3r the same purpose. they often cause the slight distortion of boundary or overall change of brightness values on the whole image. Whereas. homomorphic filtering has ability to enhance selectively detailed components in a target image. Therefore. this technique can be effectively used for extraction or separation of complex types of characteristics contained in the satellite imagery. In addition, this technique would be applicable to investigate anomalous zone in various geophysical image data.
A Study on the Influence of Aerological Observation Data Assimilation at Honam Area on Numerical Weather Prediction
Ryu Chan-Su ; Won Hyo-Sung ; Lee Soon-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 66~77
Aerological observation at Heuksando located in south-western part of Koran Peninsula has been started at 1 June 2003. In order to clarify the improvement of meteorological prediction quality. it is necessary to compare between aerological data observed at Gawngju and Heuksando and to make clear the influence of Heuksando data assimilation. Therefore numerical simulations were carried out with High resolution meterological prediction system based on MM5(The 5th Generation Mesoscale Model). The pattern of wind and temperature field observed at Heuksando and Gwangju are different due to land surface friction End Sensible heat flux at surface and the wind field Simulated With Gwangju and Heuksando aerological data agree well with observation wind field. Although the amount of precipitation in these experiments is underestimated. the area and starting time of precipitation around Honam province in case with Heuksando data is more reliable that without the data.
Petrology on the Late Miocene Basalts in Goseong-gun, Gangwon Province
Koh Jeong Seon ; Yun Sung-Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 78~92
Petrographical and petrochemical analyses for late Miocene basalts in Goseong-gun area. Gangwon province, were carried out to interpret the characteristics and the origin of magma. The basaltic rocks occurred as plug-dome in the summit of several small mountain and developed columnar jointing with pyroxene-megacryst bearing porphyritic texture. And the basalt contains xenoliths of biotite granite (basement rocks), gabbro (lower crustal origin) and Iherzolite(upper mantle origin). The basalts belong to the alkaline basalt field in TAS diagram and partly belong to picrobasalt and trachybasalt field. On the tectonomagmatic discrimination diagram f3r basalt in the Goseong-gun area. they fall into the fields for the within plate and oceanic island basalt. The characteristics of trace elements and REEs shows that primary magma for the basalt magma would have been derived from partial melting of garnet-peridotite mantle. This late Miocene basalt volcanism is related to the hot spot within the palte.
Climatological Characteristics in the Variation of Soil temperature in Korea
Kim Seoung-Ok ; Suh Myoung-Seok ; Kwak Chong-Heum ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 93~105
Climatological characteristics in the variation of soil temperatures in Korea were investigated using Korea Meterological Administration's observation data. And the impacts of soil moisture on the variation of soil temperature were examined using observed precipitation data. The climatological averages of soil temperatures are ranged from 14.4 to
regardless of depths. And they showed an latitudinal gradient with a warm temperature at the southern region and 'U' shape as in the air temperature with a high value along the coastal region. The relatively higher heat capacity and low conductivity of soil compared to those of the air resulted in the significant delay of the maximum and minimum date with depth. As a results, soil acts as a heat source during winter while a heat sink during summer. Global warming and urban heat island have increased the soil temperatures with an average rate
as in the air temperature during last 30 years
. However, the warming rate is maximized during spring contrary to the winter in the air temperature. The temporal variation of soil temperatures is strongly affected by that of soil moisture through an modification of the heat capacity and heat convection. In general, the increased soil moisture clearly decreased the temporal variations and increased the deep layer soil temperatures during cold season.